wunv Mountain City is a national key cultural relic protection unit. It was built by Zhu Meng, the ancestor of Koguryo. The three gates of the city are narrow at the bottom of the wall, 6-8 meters high outside, 1-2 meters high inside and 3 meters wide at the top. They are made of blue and black flat stone. There are palaces, grain depots, guards'residences and water sources in the city. According to experts' textual research, it is the typical first Acropolis in the East. Koguryo, a 705-year-old local regime of ethnic minorities in northeastern China and Northern Korean Peninsula, began in Huanren County, a mountainous area in eastern Liaoning Province. On July 1, Huanren wunv Mountain City, as one of the Koguryo Kingdom Towns, was listed in the World Heritage List together with the Koguryo relics in Ji'an City, Jilin Province.
According to historical records, in 37 B.C., in order to avoid brotherly persecution, Zhu Meng, king of Fuyu in northeastern China, fled to the south of Fuyu and established the Koguryo Kingdom centered on "Niesheng Gucheng". According to experts'textual research, "Heshenggucheng" should be the site of Lower Ancient City near Huanren County, Liaoning Province, while wunvshan Mountain City is its mountain city. From here on, the Koguryo regime gradually expanded its sphere of activities, created Koguryo culture, and added a glorious pen to the history of Chinese culture.
From Huanren County, you can see wunv Mountain, which is 8.5 kilometers away and has a flat top like a tank. Driving down the winding highway to the foot of the mountain, we came to the ruins of the mountain city in the Koguryo era two thousand years ago. The mountain city mainly occupies the top platform and the eastern slope. The main peak of the mountain city is 821 meters above sea level, and the cliffs are 1,200 meters high in the west, north and south. Stone walls are built on a gentle half-hillside in the East and southeast.
"Eighteen Pans" was the main way to enter and leave the mountain city in the Gaogouli period, circling along the valley. Road width 1-1.5 meters, full length 938 meters, soil pavement, margin masonry slope protection. Today, new stone steps and railings have been built, but in order to understand the hardships of the Koguryo people and save energy, tourists here are more willing to take the "Eighteen Pans" ancient road.
There are three gates in wunv Mountain City, one in the East wall, the other in the south wall and the other in the west of the top of the mountain. "Eighteen Pans" through the west gate width of about 3 meters, both sides of the masonry wall, door slightly concave, showing the trend of urn door. Existing relics such as doorsteps, doorsteps, and guard rooms.
By climbing up to the mountain city through the West gate, we can see that the mountain city has formed a relatively complete defense system by utilizing the steep mountain terrain, which fully demonstrates the hegemony of the king city. The mountain city is slightly boot-shaped in plane, about 1500 meters long in North and south, 300-500 meters wide in East and west. It has a large scale and complete system. It can be divided into two parts: the mountain and the foothill. The existing city wall, the gate, the road, the large building base, the residential building complex, the reservoir, the watchtower, the sentry, etc.
In recent years, archaeologists have excavated many Koguryo relics in this mountain city. Among them, the first large-scale building site is 13.5 meters long and 5 meters wide, with seven original foundation stones, six foundation stones and a pillar pit, indicating that it should be a six-bay building, and typical objects such as Koguryo's early erect ear pottery pots have been unearthed. Judging from the scale and grade of the building, it is presumed to be the palace site. The residential complex site is composed of more than 20 buildings, densely distributed, are semi-underground cavern buildings, the plane is square or rectangular, with a folded-ruled fire kang. Most of the unearthed relics are ironclad and armor, presumed to be barracks. More precious is that a pair of iron shackles was unearthed in the mountain city, which is the only torture tool found in Koguryo cultural relics in China and has important research value.
The lookout tower stands abruptly high with thousands of walls. It is the commanding height of wunvshan Mountain City. It stands high and has a broad vision. It is commonly known as the "Point-to-Point Platform". From here overlooking the largest Huanren Reservoir in Liaoning Province, the scenery is very magnificent.
Water is undoubtedly very important to maintain a livelihood in mountain cities. There are two water sources at the top of wunv Mountain: one is located in the west of the central part of the mountain city. A stone rectangular pool is called Tianchi. It is 12 meters long, 5 meters wide and 2 meters deep. It accumulates water all the year round. It is the most important water source of the mountain city. There is a small well beside the pool. The pool water is filtered into the well for people to use. Another place called "Drinking Horse Bay" is a natural spring, located in the eastern side of the mountain city, not dry all year round, but less water.
Professor Geng Tiehua, a well-known expert in Koguryo and professor of Tonghua Normal College, analyzed that wunvshan Mountain City had a difficult geographical location, inconvenient traffic and poor living environment. It was very difficult for the nobles and princes of Koguryo to take it as a place of shelter in the daily life, and they could only take refuge in times of war and turmoil. From the analysis of the space on the top of the mountain, living conditions and architectural sites, dozens of people still barely maintain their daily garrison on the mountain, which can only provide for more than a hundred people's lives at most.
At the same time, experts pointed out that wunv Mountain City inherited the tradition of building mountain cities by the ancestors of northern China, and made great innovations in site selection, urban layout, wall masonry methods and stone processing, forming a very unique form of mountain city architecture, which left a glorious page in the history of ancient urban construction in China.
Huanren County, Liaoning Province, wunvshan City. In 37 B.C., the Koguryo Dynasty. My eyes were searching on a huge map of the People's Republic of China, moving east to north, rivers, rolling mountains, and a small footprint was clearly printed on the edge of Hengren County. I have taken another "Atlas of Chinese History" and printed it on the location of Hengren, Liaoning Province. The historical map is marked with a very old, mysterious and familiar name, the Kingdom of Koguryo. Time and space determine an accurate coordinate, coordinate points illusion of Koguryo's footprints. The footprints of a dynasty.
The setting sun sweeps over the steep rocks of wunv Mountain, sprinkles the last rays of sunlight on the turbulent surface of Hunjiang River from the narrow gap between the rocks, and leaps up thousands of broken gold. The shoe prints of a long string of pointed cowhide boots on the beach end with a long figure under the sunset. Black figure wandering in the river, floating light leaping gold, 10,000 points of luxurious gold sprinkled on the long black shadow of the white cloak, black shadow melted in the sun. The mountains are cold, the waters are thin, the forests are dense and the grass is abundant. The naked rocks at the top of Mt. wunv are like cliffs, which surround the mountain. A Castle rises from the top of the cliff. The fog of the river rises and the castle is in the sky.
The huge black figure suddenly fell on the ground three times, hands high, low throat issued a long whistle, whistle echoes in the valley, with the rising river mist climbing to the top, woke up the eagle perched between the rocks, Eagle wings, circling in the mist. The man in black, named Zhu Meng, was the son of the Sun God and the grandson of Hebo God. He stood in the sunset of the river bank and looked at wunvshan Mountain. His ancestors gave him a kind of inspiration in an instant. He thanked God for his gift. He couldn't stand on the ground for three taps and a long whistle.
Hunjiang River was called "Dangli River" in ancient times. On the narrow land in the valley area, there are several small pellet countries, such as Boiling Country, Huanglong Country and Tsuen People's Country. They live in trepidation for simple survival, or struggle, or integration, fighting and killing. Zhu Meng is the prince of Fuyu, whose ancestral home is described in historical materials as "from Beifuyu". Because of the power struggle within the Royal family, Zhu Meng, who is wise and brave, is often envied because of his emergence from the common people. In order to murder the princes and their important ministers, Zhu Meng had to abandon his country and flee to the south. He set up a new door and brought with him some excellent soldiers and powerful generals and a few subordinates.
Zhu Meng escaped the pursuit and met three idlers at the foot of wunv Mountain. A farmer dressed in sackclothes, known as "Rethinking". A monk dressed, dressed in mantle, known as "Wugu". An official dressed, dressed in algae clothes, named "Silent Residence". The three are willing to assist Zhu Meng to start his own business and build a country with God's gift. wunv Mountain is a dangerous city, and it's wonderful. "Every man has his destiny in heaven. He must have his luck in the earth and see it in the earth, so he has his destiny."
Zhu Meng declared the establishment of the Koguryo Kingdom. The royal city was built on the top of wunv Mountain. This year was 37 BC. Emperor Jianzhao of Han and Yuan Dynasty was 22 years old. Zhu Meng was the first king of Koguryo.
Koguryo King Town, built on the top of wunv Mountain, is called "Heshenggucheng". Since then, the situation of "Shancheng" has set a precedent in the history of Chinese cities and pools, lasting for two thousand years, affecting most areas of Japan and Korea in northeastern Asia.
In AD 3, the second generation king of Koguryo, Liuliming King, moved his capital to China and built Yuena King City, later renamed "Fandu Mountain City", which is located in Ji'an City, Jilin Province. In 427 AD, Koguryo moved its capital to Pyongyang, Korea, and built a mountain city on the North Bank of the Datong River. At the beginning of the 6th century, the Sui Dynasty unified the South and its national strength increased greatly. King Gaogouli led the army to plunder western Liaoning Province. Since then, the Sui and Tang Dynasties and Gaogouli have been fighting for years. In 645 AD, Tang Bingdu crossed Liaoshui and recovered the land of Eastern Liaoning. In 668 AD, Tang Bing conquered Pyongyang and the kingdom of Koguryo was destroyed. After the 28th dynasty, after 705 years, Koguryo huff and puff the sun and the moon, and establish territory, but has never been able to enter the Central Plains of the beautiful heavenly kingdom. As the leader of Northeast Asia, he reluctantly encountered the Tang Dynasty, which attracted worldwide attention. Hundreds of years of wind and rain, helpless flowers fell, leaving only a water Hunjiang, still vast east.
The wunv Mountain City is like a boot, which stands out on the hillside and cuts off the cliff, such as boot barrels, boot soles stretching toward the sky, overlooking the high altitude, protruding from the north and south to the east, concave in the middle, and a clear footprint between the mountains and rivers of Hengren, Liaoning Province, which confirms the historical footprint of Zhu Meng, a generation of hero, in the seven hundred years of Gaogouli's hegemony. Footprints will remain on Hengren's land forever. The footprints are built by a mountain city.
The city walls of wunv Mountain City are a combination of human beings and heaven. One is the natural wall, which is divided into cliff wall and ridge wall by using the steep cliff or ridge as the barrier directly. Artificial walls are made of stone. The outer walls are built with big stone strips, and the upper walls are built with wedge-shaped stones layer by layer. The inner walls are pressed by wedge-shaped stone staggered joints, which are intertwined with the outer walls. The mechanical restriction relationship between the stones and the stones is formed ingeniously.
Wedge-shaped stone is the unique precedent in the history of Chinese city-pool architecture. The Koguryo people built their wisdom in the cracks of the stone. I carefully studied the wedge-shaped stones, the rough stones are still the same after more than two thousand years. At the same time, the fine Qin bricks and Han tiles in the interior of the Central Plains are mostly turned into soil. Mountain is the mother of stone. Stone builds mountain city. Son belongs to mother's embrace. Blood is connected. Mountain is in the city. The wedge-shaped stone wall is the most important physical remains of wunv Mountain City. It is the business of experts and scholars to analyze it academically from architecture and military science. The mountain wall in the eyes of an ordinary person is the Gaogouli wisdom that the city depends on the mountains. Mountain is a city. A mountain city of wedge-shaped rocks and cliffs asserted. Zhu Meng left, with the hegemony and ambition of the first generation of Koguryo king, the peak of wunvshan, leaving a footprint of stone carving.
Every city has its doors, and every city has its dangers and its doors are accessible. There are three gates in wunv Mountain City. South Gate is located in the southeast corner of the mountain city, about 2 meters wide, wedge-shaped stone paved on the west of the city wall buttress. On the eastern side of the cliff, facing the deep valley, a goat intestine path is like an old vine climbing on the rocks, hanging from the top of the mountain to the bottom of the valley, and the mist looms from time to time. Even if thousands of troops and horses want to break down the city, they can only go up along the path in turn. The South Gate becomes a dangerous pass. "One husband should pass, ten thousand men should not open" to this point is not a lie, natural danger helps people, and non-manpower can do it. The East Gate is built between the two walls, with only a gap. The door is no longer there. It is a vague relic, spread among the lichen grass. Located in the west of the main peak, the two gates are built at the top of a valley. The bottom of the valley is wide and narrow. The two gates stand on two sides of the cliff. The gate is a natural pass through the mountain. The doorway is 3 meters wide. There are still doorsteps, pivotal stones, two guard rooms inside and outside the doors, and wedge-shaped stones at the cracks between the doors and cliffs. Three doors and three potentials, pure natural, semi-human and semi-natural, pure artificial, relying on mountains to resist danger, in the cold war era, the position and solid degree of doors and walls determine the defensive capacity of mountain cities.
In late winter and early spring, Canxue smiled and the Hunjiang River beneath wunv Mountain was enclosed with a circle of glittering silver edges. The walls of the mountain city are hidden in the sparse oak trees. The moss on the walls is mottled brown and yellow, like the old man on the face of the vicissitudes of life. On the patrol road around the mountain, the leaves fall, the wind blows, the sound of rustle falls into the valley, the mist between the valleys holds the echo of history, the sky is gloomy, a solemn and far-reaching mood. Heaven and earth are silent, the ancient wind is long, under the extreme eye mountain, spring is still early, farmers have not ploughed, fishermen have not cast nets, only the Eight Diagrams of Hengyuan County lies quietly on the edge of the Hunjiang River. Half a day of fatigue in the mountain city, reclining in moss, and launching a volume of "The History of Koguryo". The sound of horses'hooves jumped from line to line on the road to patrol the mountain, and gradually disappeared into the lonely and desolate forest. There was an uncertain sound in the air.
A slightly raised terrace lies in the middle of the peak of wunvtai. The remaining six blue stone pillar foundations are still stubbornly standing in the position of two thousand years ago. Regulation and form boast their identity to future generations. They are clearly the ruins of the palace.
More negative storms, attic terraces, banquet music and dancing, sword and iron clothes, war horse golden reprimand, Koguryo Zhu Mengxiong sits at the top of the five women's mountain, leaning on the sword, thinking of the Qianqiu hegemony, or one's own gain, no one knows, leaving the site of King City of Koguryo, but today by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee recognized as a "world cultural heritage", which is the whole person. The crystallization of wisdom that has remained on the earth for thousands of years has not yet been identified as more than 800. Eighty-one percent of the world's people occasionally heard Zhu Meng's three taps and a long roar two thousand years ago on the Hunjiang River beach facing Mount wunv.
Miracles were born from the revelation of heaven, but the legacy of human civilization is only the wisdom of the ages. Is it the unintentional gain of Zhu Meng, or the profound awakening of human wisdom? When I first boarded this small town on the top of wunv Mountain in the northeastern frontier, I was at a loss. But I must thank this small mountain city for its wise and clear enlightenment instead of hard and cruel criticism. It brought me back to the starting point of human wisdom and told me that human civilization is so simple and profound.
When I set out from this starting point to search for the entire Koguryo ruins, I suddenly looked back at the mountains and looked up to the city of wunv Mountain in awe. After wunv Mountain City, the Sui Gaogouli Dynasty moved northward and eastward. For more than 700 years, Gaogouli Mountain City exerted a great influence on the urban architecture pattern of other countries and nationalities in Northeast Asia. It was followed by the residences, burials, Xinluo and Baiji countries on the Korean Peninsula. Later, the mountain city architecture was introduced into Japan. In the history of China, the Bohai Sea, Liao, Jin and Later Jin regimes all had mountain city buildings, tracing back to their origins, all of which originated in the wunv Mountain City of Hengren, Liaoning Province.
A starting point of civilization, a special witness of the disappeared Koguryo culture! The wind in the valley flips the pages of the books and analyses the ropes, as if they were far away, as if they were not, as if they were dreams, as if they were illusions. The walls of the mountain city are covered with ochre-brown loess by the oblique sun, which condenses into a cliff. The mountain is a city. "Yunshan Cang Cang, Jiangshui Pan, wunv Mountain City, the sky is high and the water is long." Changing Fan Zhongyan's sentence to "wunv Mountain City" is not an exaggeration, but an endless meaning.
From Shenyang to Huanren for more than four hours, there are direct buses from Shenyang to Huanren.
Starting from Benxi, there is a direct train to Huanren in front of Benxi Railway Station. The fare is 25 yuan, half an hour.
Starting from Huanren, there is a direct bus to wunvshan at Huanren County Passenger Station.
Opening time: 5:30-16:30;
Market fare: 50 yuan per person
Archaeologists dug out some typical Koguryo Ear pottery pots from the soil beside the pillar foundations, and some copper coins with the words "five bahts" and "fifty springs" were clearly the currency of the Western Han Dynasty. Ju Meng, the king of Koguryo, also spent the bronze money of the Hans? The mountain city was speechless. Zhu Meng took his concubines, ministers, officers and soldiers with him, and the people hurried away. There was no answer. Only an empty city and several ruins remained.