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Home Culture 2019-05-02

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Kazakh is a music-loving nation, known as "horses and songs are the wings of Kazakhstan". Folk songs play a very important role in Kazakh music. Where there is a felt room of Kazakh people, there are songs.

On May 23, 2011, Kazakh folk songs were listed in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.

Ethnic presentation

Kazakhs are mainly distributed in Kazakhstan, Yili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, Altay, Tacheng, Mulei, Balikun Kazakh Autonomous County and Urumqi, and a few in Aksai, Gansu and Qinghai, which are the main ethnic groups of Kazakhstan. "Kazakhstan" means a white swan or "divorcee". Kazakhstan has its own language, Slavic or Arabic. There are many ancient poems, stories, proverbs and proverbs among the Kazakh people. The famous epics Salihai and Saman and Alkalak Heroes have been handed down to the world.

Kazakh is a music-loving nation, known as "horses and songs are the wings of Kazakhstan". Folk songs play a very important role in Kazakh folk music. Where there is the felt room of Kazakh people, there are songs.

Representative works

The famous Kazakh folk songs "Mayila", "My Flower", "A Lovely Rose", "Swallow", "Dear My Baby", "In That Far Place" have become the repertoire often sung in domestic and international vocal music circles.

artistic characteristics

According to tradition, Kazakh folk music can be divided into "Kuiyi" and "An", the so-called "Kuiyi" is instrumental music, and "An" is a song. "Kuiyi" is mainly played by Dongbula. Generally speaking, these pieces are individual small pieces of music, and there are also Divertimentos played by several pieces of music. "An" (song) can be divided into several categories according to the content and singing occasion. Musically speaking, "An" is generally short, melodious and easy to read.

Kazakh folk songs can be divided into harmonic songs, hymns, crying songs, love songs and so on. There are more than 90 popular tunes of Dongbula in Barikun Grassland. There are countless lyrics sung by these tunes. Old Dongbra music such as "Black Walker" and "Elegant Girl" is very pleasant.

Dongbula is the most important musical instrument in Kazakhstan. It is made of pine or birch. It has flat and ladle-shaped shapes. Its pole is slender and has two strings or steel strings. It can play solo, ensemble and accompaniment in more than 8-10 items. In addition, there are tinkling strings, Kubuz and the wind instrument Sbuzier.

According to Kazakh custom, when congratulating the birth of new babies, we should sing "Birthday Song"; during the wedding ceremony, we should sing a set of interesting "Wedding Songs" such as "Marriage Advice Song" and "Revealing veil"; when relatives and friends leave, we should sing "Farewell Song"; when relatives and friends gather on holidays, we should sing "Funeral Song" to each other; when relatives die, we should sing "Funeral Song". In this sense, Kazakhs spend their lives with singing.

Professional singers are called "Akan", because they often stand on the side of the masses, and thus are loved and respected by the masses. Every year, when herds move to summer pasture, the traditional "Arkanne Concert" is held in the lush season. This is a big competition for singing and improvisation of poetry. At that time, "Akan" from all over the country will improvise and interrogate each other in front of the public with his own melody. According to the situation of the two sides, the final decision is made by the referee.

Folk genre

Kazakh folk songs generally refer to songs. Here refers to songs with beautiful melody, broad, fixed lyrics and song titles, and can be divided into "Kuo Xi'an" (Pastoral Song), "Barak Xi'an" (Fishing Song), "An Gi Xi'an" (Hunting Song), "Mahambatian" (Love Song), "Dinaian" (Religious Song) and so on. Singers who sing such songs are called "Anqi". Ann's lyrics mostly consist of 11 syllables. Section 344 and 434. There are also two types of singing forms: solo singing, Lyric melody, slow. The other is playing and singing music, also known as Dongbula playing and singing.


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