Yingge Liushu, also known as Yingge Liuzi, is a traditional art form of rap and singing spread in southwestern Shandong, southern Shandong, Eastern Henan and Northern Jiangsu. Legend has it that the Liuzi opera card "Yinggeliu" originated in the Ming Dynasty evolved, and on this basis, the book of pendants was derived.
On June 7, 2008, the "Yingge Liu Shu" declared by Heze City, Shandong Province, was listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.
According to records, Yingge Liushu has a history of at least 200 years.
Although Yingge Liushu has a long history, it is not widely circulated. The most influential artist in Southwest Shandong in the past hundred years, and also the earliest known Yinggeliu calligrapher in Heze area, is Zhang Xianzi in Zhongdi Circle of Cao County (1848-1928, lost name). The flourishing period of Yingge Liushu is the active era of Zhang Xianzi. Zhang's heir was Zhang Baoliang of Benzhuang, and the next generation was Zheng Yukun of Zhengzhuang, Cao Zhitian of Dingtao (1904-1976). Zheng Yukun passed Yingge Liushu's skill to Gao Zhijun of Heze in his later years, and now this rare song is only his heir.
Yingge Liushu's main programs are "stealing poetry", "miao Chang yinzi", "roll foil", "rabbit kidnap pawn ticket" and other sixty sections; Longfeng bracelet","sweater story","Yang Zongying down the mountain"more than ten long books.
Yingge Liushu sings white and white, which is a singing style used repeatedly. The singing form also has three strings. The basic aria is four sentences, and the rest are deepened accordingly. And after the four sentences, there must be a tail-lapping liner "where, ah, ah, ah, hm".
The singing form of Yingge Liushu is relatively simple, mostly in the double-file of playing and singing. Yinggeliu's catalogues are very rich, some of them are elegant and difficult to understand, the other part is easy to understand, fresh and simple, showing the diversity of the source of the catalogue. Its aria music is rich and colorful in the early stage, but simple and rigid in the later stage. It is closely related to Liuzi Opera and local operas, and has a variety of research values. It directly promotes the book of pendants, and has an important influence on its music, repertoire, performance form and style.
Yingge Liushu is closely related to Liuzi Opera and local Xiaoqu, and has many research values. It directly promotes the book of pendants, and has an important influence on its music, repertoire, performance form and style.
Yingge Liushu is one of the rare traditional operas in northern Chinese opera. It had a great influence in the border area of Shandong, Henan and Anhui in the middle and late Qing Dynasty. But in the early years of the Republic of China, the rapid shrinkage, Henan and Anhui Branches have been basically silent, only Heze left a claw of mud, known as "living fossils".