Yellow River Grand Canyon
The Yellow River Grand Canyon is located in Qingtongxia Town, Wuzhong City, Ningxia. It is 20 kilometers away from Wuzhong City. It is a scenic spot of the Yellow River Canyon composed of limestone and sand shale. It is a national AAAA-level scenic spot. Since 2003, the tourist area has held "Gaoxia Changhe Tourism Festival" every two years.
The Yellow River Grand Canyon of the Qingtong Gorge is more than 10 kilometers long and 50-100 meters wide. The cliff walls on both sides are over 30 meters high. It is characterized by the typical rough and vigorous northern Yellow River and is known as the "first Canyon in the middle and upper reaches of the Yellow River".
Because Helan Mountain and Liupanshan are longitudinally distributed in the north and south, they form the central axis of the herringbone structural system of Qi (Qilian Mountain) Lv (Luliang Mountain) He (Helan Mountain). At the junction of the upper and lower parts of the central axis, a section of Cambrian and Ordovician limestone and sandy shale interbedded, with a hard and compact texture, forms this canyon.
The bronze gorge has been the headwaters of the nine main canals of the Yellow River since ancient times. It is the birthplace of "plugging up the south of the Yangtze River". The River in the gorge is slow and urgent. The two sides of the river are confronted with each other. The 108 towers of the famous bronze gorge are built on the hills. They are far away from the river dams. Their water conservancy functions are comparable to those of the Dujiangyan. They are known as "Dujiangyan in the South and Qingtongxia in the north".
The Yellow River Grand Canyon of the Qingtong Gorge is rich in natural resources and human landscape resources. The water conservancy project is well-known in the world. It concentrates the three advantages of Ningxia's tourism resources. It organically combines the scenery of the south of the Saishang River, the culture of the Xixia Dynasty and the ethnic customs of Hui Muslims, and relies on the human landscape of the Yellow River to focus on shaping the famous Yellow River Dam, the magnificent 10-mile-long Gorge and the unique 108 pagodas. A number of exquisite landscapes, such as Wofo Mountain, connect these scenic spots by the way of the Yellow River water and the continent tour, and combine with the construction of ethnic villages and towns and agricultural production activities, fully display the Hui Muslim ethnic customs with Ningxia characteristics and the scenery of the south of the Sai Shang River.
Qingtongxia Yellow River Grand Canyon Tourist Area includes Yacht House, 108 Towers, Shili Changxia and Jinshawan scenic spots. The main landscapes are "River Barrier Dam, 108 Towers, Qinwang Gudu, Shrimp Stone Wall, Tianshu Xiongge, Guanyintai, Sleeping Foshan, Bronze Gorge Stone Carvings, Jinsha Evening, Niutou Ciyun, Yellow River Sunset" and so on. Yacht yachts and drifting tools, especially the old water transport "sheepskin raft" characteristic drifting project of the Northwest Yellow River, are known as "the first drifting in the Northwest", and are generally praised by tourists. Agricultural drip irrigation and eco-tourism are the main types of tourism in Jinshawan Bay.
The 108 Pagoda was built in the Xixia Dynasty and named for its number. It is the largest and most orderly solid group of Lama Pagodas in China and is listed as a key cultural relic protection unit in the country.
In the 1960s, a 42.7-metre-high and 697-metre-long dam was built on the Yellow River in the Qingtongxia Gorge. Meanwhile, the only pier-type hydropower station in China with a capacity of 350,000 kilowatts was built. A canyon-type reservoir with a capacity of 6 million cubic metres and a backwater of 5 kilometres was formed. The reservoir can be used for tourists to go boating and enjoy the natural scenery of the Northwest Yellow River.