Yangge Dance

Home Culture 2019-07-10

Yangge Dance

Yangge is a popular and representative folk dance genre in China (mainly in the northern region). There are different appellations and styles in different regions. In folk, there are two kinds of appellations for Yangko: stilt-walking performance is called "stilt-walking Yangko" and non-stilt performance is called "ground Yangko". In modern times, the so-called "Yangge" mostly refers to "ground Yangge". Yangko has a long history. The folk dance troupe introduced in "Old Stories of Wulin" in the Southern Song Dynasty has a record of "Village Music". The original relationship between the existing Yangko and the "Village Music" in Song Dynasty is recorded in Wu Xilin's "New Year's Miscellaneous Yong Copies" in the Qing Dynasty.

On May 20, 2006, Yangge was listed in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.

historical origin

origin

Yangko has a history of thousands of years in China. It reached its peak in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Wu Xilin in Qing Dynasty wrote "Yangge, Village Music of Lantern Festival in Southern Song Dynasty". The origin of "Yangge" is said by Chinese folk that in order to alleviate the hardship of farming work, such as transplanting and pulling rice seedlings, the ancient peasants sang songs and gradually formed Yangge. Another folk legend is that "Yangge" originated from the struggle against floods. In order to survive and fight against floods, the people along the banks of the ancient Yellow River, in the end, won the victory. They happily picked up the tools to fight floods as props, sang, jumped up and expressed their happy mood. With the increase of the number of participants, with dance movements and dance combinations, Yangko gradually formed. According to the third folk saying, according to the Annals of Yan'an Mansion, there are "Spring Riot Society, commonly known as Yangge", which can be seen in the pavilion that Yangge may originate from the activities of offering sacrifices to the Lord of Land on the Society Day.

Development

Dance forms with distinct national characteristics are widely spread in China. The Lantern Festival is mainly performed in the square on the 15th Lantern Festival of the first lunar month. This dance is closely related to agricultural labor. The footwork of labor, as the basis of dance footwork, is processed artistically, and makes the mass's team dance neat, forming a complete Yangko dance. Later, it gradually becomes a congratulative and entertaining New Year's Societies Fire Team Dance. The content of the performance is mostly Chinese folk tales, myths and legends. Yangko dance has been prevalent in the Qing Dynasty. Wu Xiqi, a scholar of the Qing Dynasty, thinks that the popular Chinese folk dance "Village Music" in the Song Dynasty is the predecessor of Yangko dance in his book "New Year's Chant Copy".

Huang Jun of Qing Dynasty said in "Broken Leaves of Red Mountain": "There is Yangko in Hongshandeng City. The Yangko's"Yangko"or"Yong"is called the song of women. According to the ancient Chinese character "Qushuai", it seems that there is no compromise." The saying that Yangko is a "song of women" is very noteworthy.

Liu Wenhai's Journey to the West in the Republic of China: "The women who tangle with the people in Xinjiang are really charming and charming, and the encounters are soul-stirring... There is a good deed, once made Yang Ge Ci. Yang Ge, that is to say, pestering the people's women. Also remember Xinjiang folk songs: "Turpan grape Hami melon, Kucheyang elder brother (entangled back to call women) a flower."

Four records of Xinjiang dialect in Qing Qi Yunshi's edition of "Essentials of the Western Frontier" Volume: "Hu Woman is Yuangge." Accordingly, it can be said with certainty that Brother Yong, Brother Yang, Brother Yanggao and Brother Yuangge all turn in one voice and are the appellations of women in the language of maintenance. Moreover, this woman, mainly refers to girls, at least young women. It's hard to imagine that middle-aged people will be called "a flower".

Xie Xiaozhong's travels to Xinjiang records "Qunzhao Brothers and Paulans", which is similar to the Yangko of the Han nationality in that they have both young boys and girls flirting by singing and dancing, and have simple plots of theatrical performances. Its main "roles" are played by brothers (girls). The name of "Yangge" of the Han nationality arises from it.

"Brother Hung" used to be the name of the role, and there is a saying of "Yangko role" in Northeast China. In addition, there was a law forbidding "Yangko foot, degenerate mother-in-law" to sing between Yongzheng and Qianlong in Qing Dynasty. Today, after collective dancing, the Yangko in eastern Hebei Province "is sung by folk singers (or Yangko horn concurrently).

Li Junya of the Republic of China, Huangzhong Lantern Festival Society Fire, recorded the performance of Lantern Festival Society Fire in southeastern Qinghai: the masquerade dance team included stilts sister, flower sister, flower bangler, Lao Yanggao (also writing "Lao Yangge"), false fire god, newspaper, flower drum, flower Buddhist sister, flower monk, mute, aunt and other roles. This is basically the same as the general Yangko performance, and the leader of the "Yanggao" (Yangge), that is, Kuqa "Yanggao", "Yongge", that is, the Han "Yangko foot" or "Yangko horn". Later, he called the whole dance team by the name of the leader.

Stylistic features

Performing Form

At present, Yangko Dance Team is the main form of Yangko Dance Team everywhere. The number of Yangko Dance Team is less than ten, and more than a hundred people. There are not only collective dance, but also double dance, triple dance and other forms of performance. According to the needs of the roles, they are accompanied by handkerchiefs, umbrellas, sticks, drums, money whips and other props, playing musical instruments such as gongs, drums, suonas and so on. Dance to your heart's content. The dancing methods, movements and styles of Yangko vary from place to place. Some of them are powerful and powerful, some are soft and beautiful, and they are full of beauties.

constitute

Yangko is a comprehensive art of singing and dancing. It is a traditional folk art with Gong and drum accompaniment, which integrates dance, singing and so on. There are four types of folk songs in China: Yangko singing, Yangko twisting, Yangko opera and Yangko drama.

type

Yangge chant

Gaoyou Yangge Chant is a part of Gaoyou folk song and unloading armour ballad which belong to the national intangible cultural heritage list. It was selected into the second batch of Gaoyou intangible cultural heritage list on December 28, 2010.

Yangge chant combines rice culture, religious culture, water culture and other cultural elements in Lixia River area of Gaoyou City, including customs and etiquette, living habits and family ethics.

Northeast Yangge

Folk dances in Northeast China include Yangko, dragon lanterns, dry boats, butterflies, wrestling between two people, flower sticks, stilts and so on. They are often performed together, collectively known as "Yangko". The Northeast Yangge has a long history and is the artistic wealth created and accumulated by the working people in the north for a long time. It originated from the working life of transplanting rice seedlings and cultivating fields. It is also related to the songs and songs sung by the ancient worshippers of the gods of agriculture to pray for a bumper harvest and to pray for disaster relief. In the course of its development, it constantly absorbs agricultural songs, rhombus songs, folk martial arts, acrobatics and so on. The skill and form of opera.

Yangge team's clothing is rich in color, mostly theatrical clothing. The characters can be judged from the costumes. There are Tang Seng, Sun Wukong, Zhu Ba Jie and Sha Seng in the pilgrimage to the west, the white lady and Xu Xian in the White Snake, Bao Zheng, Chen Shimei, Qin Xianglian and so on, playing the tune with Gong, drum, cymbals and suona. Among all kinds of dances, stilts, dragons, lions and boats are the most famous.

North China Yangge

As for North China Yangko, Li Bingwei and other "guides to Peiping of the Civil Society" recorded Beijing "Yang Ge Hui": "The whole class of characters are dressed up as operas, and stepped on stilts, beyond the crowd. Among them, there are ten roles: Tuotou monk, silly boy, Laozuozi, Xiaoerge, Chaiweng, Yuweng, plaster salesman, fisherwoman, Jungong and ugly drum. The above ten parts are made up of twelve single parts because of gongs and drums. The roles are funny, funny, inspiring and ensemble, making great contributions to art. The so-called "dumb boy" is the "dumb son" in the Northeast Yangko, or the "dumb son" in Cangxian Chronicle.

Henan Yangge

Yangko in Henan includes "Hui Yangko", "Junzhuang Yangko", "Daying Yangko" and so on. "Hui Yangge" is one of the few Hui folk dances in Henan Province. Its style is different from Han traditional Yangge. The Hui Yangge is distributed in Nandun Collection of Zhoukou Xiangcheng. According to Ma Renjie, an old Yangko artist, who has died, the Hui Yangko has been handed down from generation to generation in Nanton. To his generation, only the Ma family has had seven or eight generations, and the memory has been passed on for about 200 years. The "Junzhuang Yangge" originated in the forty-eighth year of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty (A.D. 1784), and is a folk art that integrates song, dance and drama.

Gaoping Yangge

Gaoping Yangge originated from the southeastern township of Gaoping City, and is popular in Gaoping and adjacent counties such as Jincheng and Lingchuan. When singing, only Bangzi festival, Gong and drum accompaniment, so it is also known as "Qianban Yangko". From stand rap to a stand-alone opera. Performers have a complete line of work, board type has cross cavity (334), clamp four cavity (343), inverted board, stack, double name inverted (337), platform board, landing board, number board, selection board and so on. The representative repertoires are "beating and beating" and "beating wild jujube". Yangko Opera criticizes the current disadvantages. Tongzhi in Qing Dynasty forbade singing for six years. Zhao Shuli, a writer, is very fond of Yangko Opera. In the 1960s, he wrote the Yangko Opera Drainage.

Northwest Yangge

Yangko performances in Northwest China include the so-called "white beard, flower face, red cap, white short coat wearing back, umbrella lamp leader", which is equivalent to the forerunner of "anti-wearing fur" in Northeast Yangko, the forerunner of "long gown and short coat, soap boots and feathers, and the holder of red umbrella" in North China Yangko. The so-called "prodigal son" and "prostitute" are roughly equivalent to the "prince" and "beauty" in North China Yangko.

Umbrella Head Yangge

In western Shanxi and Northern Shaanxi, there is a popular "umbrella head Yangko". There is a very important singer in the Yangko team, who shakes the ring with his left hand and holds the umbrella with his right hand, commonly known as the umbrella head. It is the leader of a Yangko team, whose main responsibility is to direct the overall situation, arrange programs, lead the Yangko team to line up the streets, walk the courtyard, dig the yard, and improvise Yangko singing on behalf of the Yangko team to thank them.

Shaanxi Yangge

In northern Shaanxi, the Lantern Festival is called "Yangko Noise". Under the leadership of an umbrella-holding "umbrella head", the Yangko teams of each village dance to the beat of gongs and drums, run "big field" (group dance), perform "small field" (double and triple dance), and perform in various houses to celebrate the Spring Festival and pray for a good year. The umbrella head should be good at singing traditional lyrics and improvising new words according to local conditions to meet the needs of different occasions. Generally speaking, he sings first and then dances. When singing, the team repeats the last sentence he sings. During the Lantern Festival, there will also be a lamp array called "Jiuqu Yellow River Lamp" (commonly known as "Zhuanjiuqu").

The old Yangko in Baoningbao Township of Yulin and Guoxinzhuang of Mizhi County in Shaanxi Province is called "Shenhui Yangko". Before the Spring Festival, the Yangko Team, led by the president of the Shenzhi Association, pays homage to the gods in the temple. The next day, the Yangko Team begins to go door-to-door into the courtyard to pay homage to the New Year. The masses call it "Yanko" in order to alleviate disasters, avoid hardship and to

Hubei Yangge

The Yangko lantern on the Lantern Festival in Fangxian County, Hubei Province, is composed of a hundred Yao'an Lantern Opera in Yunnan Province, and the Hunan Tuzhi of Jiahe County in the Republic of China: "Yangko, the so-called"flower lantern", is decorated with boys and girls singing and dancing, and the golden drum trumpet and hands are close together, similar to the Hengzhou horse lantern. Its wind lasts until the 15th day, which is called "playing Yuanxiao".

The "flower drum lantern" of Yizheng in Jiangsu recorded in Hu Pu'an's "Records of Chinese Customs" is a typical Yangko. Popular English songs in Puning and Chaoan of Guangdong also write Yingge, Yangge and Yingge songs, which retain some of the performance characteristics of the northern Yangge and the name of the Yangge.

Current situation of inheritance

Present situation

Yangko in Changlidi

Declaration area or unit: Changli County, Hebei Province

Changlidi Yangko is one of the most representative folk dances in Hebei Province. It is distributed in Changli, Lulong, Funing, Leting and Luanxian of Hebei Province. It originated in the Yuan Dynasty and has been circulating ever since.

Changlidi Yangko has distinct personality from form to content. It is divided into Paijie Yangko and Changzi Yangko in form. In content, except for the "Pingyangko" with no fixed plot, most of them are "Yangko comes out of son". Yangko performances in Changlidi are classified into "Niu", "Ugly", "Gong Zi" and their performances have their own characteristics. At the beginning of Changlidi Yangko, all walks of life were played by men. Influenced by Mongolian culture in role, structure and dress, the "mug cap" worn by the "ugly" horn in the local Yangko was developed from Mongolian dress. Changlidi Yangko is closely related to local folk songs, dances and operas. It is lively in form and rich in content, showing the artistic characteristics of role-playing and acting. It can profoundly express the character and emotion of the characters, and express the action intention richly and delicately, which is very prominent in folk dances. The famous Yangko operas in Changlidi Yangko include "Popping Butterflies", "Sawing Cylinders", "Wang Erxiao Running", "Picking up Daughters-in-law with Silly Pillars", "Running Donkeys" and so on. Changlidi Yangko dance emphasizes the coordination of various parts of the body, flexibility of shoulder, hip, knee and wrist twist, showing humor and interesting. The style schools of Yangko, such as Zhou School represented by the famous folk artist Zhou Guobao, Zhang School represented by Zhang Qian and Lu School represented by Lu Fengchun, have their own charm and are well known to all. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Changlidi Yangko program "Running Donkey" participated in the World Youth Festival and won the silver prize. In 1996, Changli County was named "Town of Chinese Folk Art" by the Ministry of Culture.

Drum yangko dance

Declaration area or unit: Shanghe County, Shandong Province

Guzi Yangko is one of the three major Yangko in Shandong Province, which is distributed in Shanghe area of Shandong North Plain. Guzi Yangge originated in the Northern Song Dynasty, became popular in the Ming Dynasty and in the Qing Dynasty. According to the famous local artists, during the Northern Song Dynasty, the Shanghe River area suffered from disasters year after year. Baogong put food from Henan to relieve the victims, and his subordinates taught the drum Yangko to the local people. Later, on New Year's festivals, people started Yangge to show their gratitude to Baogong. It has been handed down to the present day and has become a common custom.

Drum Yangko in Shanghe folk up to the elderly under at least children love to learn to jump. Yangko teams can be organized in more than 800 villages in 21 townships of the county. There are five roles in Yangko troop: umbrella head, drum, mallet, wax flower and clown. They have different performing styles and unique charm. Existing drum Yangko is mainly divided into "journey" and "runway" two parts, "journey" is the dance before the dance team marches or enters the venue; "runway" is the main body of the performance, but also divided into different roles to perform "Wenchang" and "Wuchang". Drum Yangko performances run in a very rich formations, including "Niu Nose pliers", "Gou Xinmei", "One Street and Two Gates", "Six and Six Shun", "Four Outside Eight", "Eight Streets", "Four Doors" and more than 100 kinds. The movements of umbrella head are round, drum is rough and bold, hammer is light and agile, wax flower is spicy and generous, and the movements of trembling, circle drawing, squatting and jumping are common to all roles.

Jiaozhou Yangge

Declaration area or unit: Jiaozhou City, Shandong Province

Jiaozhou Yangko is one of the three major Yangkos in Shandong Province. It is also known as "ground Yangko", "playing Yangko", "Qiaoyang Song", "twisting waist", "three bends" and so on. It is popular in Dongxiaotun Village, Jiaozhou City, Shandong Province. Jiaozhou Yangko originated in Xianfeng period of Qing Dynasty. According to the description of Yangko Ci written by Song Guanwei in Qing Dynasty, it is speculated that the dance movements, trade names, costume props of Jiaozhou Yangko are basically the same as those of today.

Jiaozhou Yangko has the roles of plaster patron, Cuihua, fan girl, small, mallet, drum and so on. The basic movements include "Cuihua twist three steps", "abandon fan", "small twist", "stick flower" and "ugly drum eight states". The performing procedures include "opening remarks", "running field", "small play" and "cross plum" in the running field formation. "Four Doors", "Two Doors", "Digging the Heart for the Right and the Back", "Major Formation", "Head of a Rope" and so on, as well as "Girl Delivery", "Three Virtues", "Little Aunt Xian", "Double Pushing Mill" and other small plays. In Jiaozhou Yangko, the female dancing movements are lifting heavily, trampling lightly and floating around the waist, walking like swinging willows in the wind, full of toughness and curvilinear beauty, "twisting and breaking the waist" and "three bends" are their representative movements; "stick and mallet" are simple and free; and "drum" is characterized by "ugly drum eight motions" with peculiar charm. Its music consists of percussion, Suona brand and folk minor. There are 72 operas in Yangge, a small opera. There are 135 existing operas. There are more than 100 Yangko teams in Jiaozhou. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, relevant personnel have excavated and sorted out Jiaozhou Yangge seven times, and now it has been compiled as one of the teaching materials of Chinese national dance. In 1996, Xiaotun Village was awarded the title of "Town of Chinese Folk Art" by the Ministry of Culture.

Haiyang Dayangge

Declaration area or unit: Haiyang City, Shandong Province

Haiyang Yangko is one of the three major Yangkos in Shandong Province. It is a dance part of folk social fires. It is popular in the southern wing of Shandong Peninsula and the coastal area of the Yellow Sea.

Haiyang Yangko is a folk art form that integrates song, dance and drama. It is spread over more than ten townships in Haiyang and radiates to the surrounding areas. According to Zhao's Genealogy Book of Zhao in Zhaojiazhuang, Haiyang, it is recorded that "the second ancestor (Zhao) Tong, hereditary (Dasongwei) commanded, calmed and edified General Wu Lue. In the first year of Hong Xi's reign, he was delighted to have the fifth generation in the same hall. He was awarded the sum of Qiye Yanxiang, hanging a plaque on the valley. All the commanders and gentlemen came to congratulate him. Music and dancing students heard of Shao, led by its pioneering Yangge, dancing and singing in court, its music and harmony. According to this, Haiyang Yangge was actually created in the Ming Dynasty.

Haiyang Yangko performance is rich in content and rigorous in team structure. It consists of three parts. At the top of the list is the deacon, followed by the band, followed by the dance team. There are dozens of different roles in the dance team, including conductor - doctor Yao, collective performers - flower drum, small, overlord whip, double performers - salesman and Cuihua, hoop leak and queen, ugly woman and fool, old man and wife, Xianggong and daughter-in-law, etc. At the end of the line are Yangko opera characters or opera miscellaneous performers. The common formations of Yangko Team are "Erlong Tuxu", "Bagua Dou", "Dragon Wagging Tail", "Dragon Pantail", "Erlong Pillar", "Three Fish Competition", "Many Stars Holding the Moon" and so on. The prominent features of Haiyang Yangko dance movements are the combination of running and twisting, dancers twisting in running, women twisting waist and pulling fan, shaking shoulders on step, lively and generous; men shaking their heads, waving their arms and changing shoulders, bright and interesting.

shanbei yangko

Declaration area or unit: Suide County, Shaanxi Province

Yangko in northern Shaanxi is a kind of traditional dance with broad popularity and representative spread in the northern Shaanxi plateau. It is also called "making a fire", "making a Yangko", "making a community fire" and "making a song of the sun". It is mainly distributed in Yulin, Yan'an, Suide, Mizhi and other places in Shaanxi Province. It has a long history, rich content and diverse forms. Among them, Suide Yangge is the most representative.

Suide is the center of Yangko in northern Shaanxi, where the rural areas still retain the traditional Yangko performance program, etiquette and style features, including the ancient villagers exorcise "Shenhui Yangko", "28-night old Yangko", as well as the new Yangko that rose only after 1942. Yangko performers often have dozens of people, some as many as 100 people, under the leadership of the umbrella head, stepping on the clangorous gongs and drums, and with the loud sonar, making twists, swings, walks, jumps and turns to the full of joy. The performance of Yangko in Northern Shaanxi Plateau, immersed in the joyful and happy atmosphere, is very popular. Yangko absorbs the artistic elements in the forms of boats, donkeys, stilts, lions, kicking fields and so on, and forms a vast Yangko team. The traditional Yangko and Shenhui Yangko preserve the rituals of "starting", "visiting temples" and "worshipping gods". In the performance, there are activities such as worship of doors (also known as along the doors), setting up colorful doors, stepping on big fields and turning nine tunes. A Yangko team ranges from dozens to hundreds of people. The performances include "twisting in place", "crossing step", "three steps and one jump", "leaning step" and "shaking shoulder step". Yangko in northern Shaanxi is divided into "big field" and "small field". There are rich changes in large field formation, such as "dragon tail swinging", "cabbage" and "cross plum blossom". Hundreds of arrangement methods, such as "Two Dragons spit water" and "Twelve Lotus Lanterns". Small performances include "Water Boat", "Donkey Running", "Stilts", "Overlord Whip" and so on. According to the movement style and content, it can also be divided into "Wenchangzi", "Wuchangzi", "kicking field", "ugly field". Among them, "kicking field" is a double dance that shows the love life of men and women. It has more difficult dancing movements, which need to show "soft waist", "two feet", "three feet do not fall to the ground" and "dragon's claws go through the clouds". "Golden Rooster Independence" and "Golden hook upside down" are difficult skills. North Shaanxi Yangko became the leading role in the New Yangko Movement in Yan'an in 1942. It was endowed with a new spiritual style and content of the times, and spread throughout the country with the development of the revolutionary situation.

Fushun Yangge

Declaration area or unit: Fushun City, Liaoning Province

Fushun Yangge, sometimes called "Tazi Yangge", is a form of folk dance with a long history and strong national, folk and regional characteristics. It is mainly spread in the birthplace of Fushun Manchu people in Liaoning Province. Fushunde Yangko was formed in the early Qing Dynasty and has been circulating ever since. It has a direct relationship with the folk dance of Manchu ancestors. According to historical records, Tang Dynasty has been known as the "hammer" dance, Ming Dynasty has been known as "reckless" singing and dancing, they have a certain impact on the formation of Fushun Yangko.

The most representative characters in Fushun Yangko are "Tartar Officer" dressed in flag and "Keritu" (commonly known as "foreign Tartar") wearing only leather jackets, slanting bells and various living and hunting utensils. Its performances are mostly derived from the production and life of Manchu primitive state such as jumping horses, archery and fighting, and some imitate the actions of eagles, tigers and bears, among which there are many elements of traditional dance. The squatting, stamping, disc, swinging and trembling gestures in Yangko movements are rich, vigorous and bold, with distinctive characteristics of fishing and hunting life and fighting life of the Eight Banners. Its accompaniment music borrows the percussion form of Manchu Shaman Dancing God, including "Lao San Point", "Seven Sticks" and "Quick Drum Point", which are quite different from Han Yangko. Fushun Yangko has been spreading in Fushun area since the Qing Dynasty, and is deeply loved by the masses. According to a survey in 1986, there were still 50 Yangko teams in action at that time. However, at present, only four Yangko teams have clear origins and pedigrees.

Honor

In 1983, Beijing Dance Academy officially listed Haiyang Yangge as a compulsory course of traditional Chinese folk dance.

In September 1994, he was invited to participate in the 4th "China Shenyang International Folk (Yangko) Dance Festival". With its strong local characteristics, simple and bold style and exquisite skills, he stood out in the fierce competition of dozens of strong teams at home and abroad and won the Golden Rose Award at one stroke.

In December 1994, he won the silver award of the National Star Award. The performance of the fifth Shandong Cultural and Art Festival was added, and received new interviews and praises from five provincial teams, including Zhao Zhihao and Li Chuntang.

In October 1995, in the'95 Jinhua China Excellent Folk Square Dance Exhibition, won the highest award - Excellent Performance Award.

In December 1996, he won the gold medal in the dance competition of the first Peasant Art Festival in Shandong Province. In 1996 and 1997, he participated in the shooting and performance of the Spring Festival Gala in Shandong Province for two consecutive years.

In 1997, Haiyang City was named "Town of Chinese Folk Art" by the Ministry of Culture.

On May 20, 2006, Yangge was listed in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.

On June 8, 2007, Shanxi Taigu County Yangko Opera Troupe and Shuozhou Dayang Opera Troupe won the first Cultural Heritage Day Award promulgated by the Ministry of Culture.

In August 2008, he was invited to attend a warm-up performance before the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games.

Inheritance Significance

Inheritance value

Yangko is one of the most representative folk dances in northern China. It is not only performanceful, but also self-entertaining, self-entertaining and entertaining. It is deeply loved by the people. There have been some representative folk Yangge artists in various places, and many folk artists have played an important role in the construction of New China's dance cause. Nowadays, with the rapid development of rural economy and the change of cultural environment, there are few folk artists who can master the traditional Yangko skills and pure dance style. Therefore, the protection and inheritance work needs to be carried out urgently.

Changlidi Yangko is a unique form of Yangko which reflects the livelihood interest and dance style of farmers. It reflects some characteristics of agricultural society and rural life and the optimistic and humorous spiritual outlook of farmers. However, due to the rapid development of social economy and the aging of artists, the inheritance of Yangko in Changlidi is facing a severe situation, which urgently needs rescue and protection.

Drum Yangko dancers are numerous, well organized, complete in form, strong in dancing skills and momentum. It contains profound historical and cultural connotations, rich in the flavor of the times and distinctive local characteristics. Since the founding of New China, drum Yangge has participated in many national folk art contests and won many awards. In 1996, Shanghe County was awarded the title of "Town of Chinese Folk Art" by the Ministry of Culture. The inheritance and development of drum Yangko enriched the cultural life of the masses, inherited the excellent culture of the Chinese nation, and had high aesthetic value and research value.

Jiaozhou Yangko originated in the countryside, is active in the folk, and changes itself in the development. It is the folk art of the square with the spontaneous participation, free venting and self-entertainment of the masses. It shows the unique bodybuilding and emotional charm of rural women in Jiaodong, and has high aesthetic value and artistic research value.

Haiyang Yangko is the embodiment of the collective wisdom and creative spirit of Haiyang people. In reality, Haiyang Yangko vividly shows the spiritual features and personality characteristics of Haiyang rural people. It is an important part of a regional culture, with aesthetic value and historical value. It can enrich the cultural life of the masses and build a harmonious society. It will play an important role in promoting. Haiyang Yangge has been compiled as one of the Chinese national dance textbooks. In 1996, Haiyang City was named "Town of Chinese Folk Art" by the Ministry of Culture.

Yangko in northern Shaanxi shows the simple, honest and optimistic character of the masses in northern Shaanxi, and has prominent historical and cultural value.

Fushun Yangko has a long history among the people. Due to the change of environment and the decrease of the number of veteran artists, it is difficult to carry out the regular Fushun Yangko activities. The movement and movement of the performances are also gradually simplified, which is on the verge of extinction and needs to be vigorously supported.

social influence

Every major festival, such as the New Year, urban and rural teams are organized to greet each other and to wish each other good luck and entertainment. In addition, different village neighbours will twist the Yangko to visit each other and compete in singing and dancing. Yangge is a traditional folk dance popular in rural China. It embodies distinct national style in the use of color. When twisting Yangko, people wear clothes with strong contrast of color, red, blue, yellow and green. In the accompaniment of gongs and drums, everyone sings and dances to express their happy mood and express their longing for a better life.

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