Xiushan Folk Song
Xiushan folk song is the folk song of Xiushan Tujia and Miao Autonomous County. Folk songs are closely related to the people's lives of all ethnic groups in Xiushan. Through compiling folk songs, the people impart knowledge, express love and express sorrow, pray for the prosperity and happiness of grain crops, and at the same time express their feelings, praise life and record history with folk songs. The music texture and singing form, rhythm and rhythm, mode scale, tone, melody structure, Lyric structure, lining words and lining cavity of Xiushan folk songs have their own characteristics. Xiushan folk song is one of the representative folk arts in Xiushan area.
On June 7, 2008, "Xiushan Folk Songs" declared by Xiushan Tujia and Miao Autonomous County of Chongqing City were listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage lists with the approval of the State Council. Heritage No. 583 II-84.
The origin of Xiushan folk songs can be traced back to Bayu songs and dances in ancient times, which is longer than the history of Xiushan lanterns. It originated in ancient times, flourished in Tang and Song dynasties, continued in Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. With the immigration of Han nationality, it merged with local indigenous peoples and promoted the development of Xiushan folk songs. Xiushan's excellent folk songs Huangyang Bian Duan and a handful of rapeseed are well-known in Shenzhou. Xiushan folk songs are closely related to the lives of people of all nationalities in Xiushan. They teach knowledge, express love and express their hearts through compiling folk songs, pray for the prosperity and happiness of grain crops, and express their feelings, beautify their lives and record history with folk songs.
There are nine different singing methods in Xiushan. The nine singing methods are the relationship between mother song and son song. They are not only different, but also harmonious and unified, showing their richness.
Folk songs include labor songs, folk songs, folk songs and life songs. The labor songs represented by the grass song, the boatman song, the stone song and the farming song are "a rapeseed" and "boating tune"; the folk songs represented by the couplet song, the pan song and the love song are "cowpea forest", "embroidered purse"; the folk songs represented by the filial piety song and the wedding song.
As the original rural social foundation has changed, the inheritance mechanism of Xiushan folk songs has been damaged. If it is not protected, there will be a crisis of loss of inheritance in the future.