Xilu Bangzi a Xilu Bangzi is an ancient traditional opera. Now the embryonic form of Hebei Bangzi was formed in Qingdaoguang period. Its predecessor is Shanshan-Shaanxi Bangzi, which was introduced into Haixing area of Hebei Province by businessmen. The local people combined the local Haha, Luoluo, Liuzi, Yugu opera, Yangko opera, local folk songs, drum lyrics and other traditional folk arts, such as Wushu, acrobatics, dance, to form Xilu Bangzi and spread quickly. The singing voice is high, exciting and melodious, especially good at expressing sad tunes, which obviously has the characteristics of the transition from Shan-Shan Bangzi to Zhili Bangzi. In the later period of Qingdaoguang, it was named "Bangzi on the West Road", which is also called "Bangzi on the East Road", which evolved from Bangzi on the Shandong and Shaanxi provinces.
On May 23, 2011, the Xilu Bangzi declared by Haixing County, Hebei Province, was listed in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.
The traditional plays of Xilu Bangzi mostly show local folkways and customs, and mostly come from local legends and stories.
The performances teach people to respect the old and love the young in a lively way, to accumulate virtue and do good deeds, to work hard and to be enterprising. Xilu Bangzi's performance forms, such as singing, reading, doing and fighting, are rich in content, and the roles of students, dan, Jing and ugly acts are all available, especially Wusheng, Wu ugly and knife-and-circus-dan operas.
The main chord accompaniment is obviously different from that of Hebei Bangzi accompaniment nowadays. The linguistic structure of the lyrics is flexible, the sentence pattern is not rigid, and the oral component is heavy.
Wushu opera requires the performers to have high martial arts skills. For example, the traditional dramas "Zhang San Daquan" and "Zhang San Running Horse" created by Zhang San, a famous martial arts student, are widely spread in Hebei, Beijing and Tianjin. "Walking Dwarf", "Playing Axle Rod", "Hanging Pigtail", "Shaking Hat Wings", "Fairy Stripper" and other difficult movements were originated in the West Road Bangzi, and are still popular in major operas. Danjiao's performances of Qingyi, Huadan and other actors also have their own characteristics. Later, the performances of Beijing Opera also had a great impact.
Bangzi on the west road is deeply loved by the people in the border area of Hebei and Shandong. It was widely spread and prevailed in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Shandong and Hebei. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, he entered the court and was highly respected by emperors and important officials. It is the embryonic form of Bangzi in Hebei Province, and it also provides rich nutrition for Beijing Opera and other opera arts. Digging, sorting out, researching and inheriting the Bangzi of Xilu is of great value to the study of the history of folk opera and music in Haixing and Jilu Border Region, especially to the study of the origin of Hebei Bangzi, an important opera in China.
Current situation of inheritance
Xilu Bangzi, a traditional folk drama form, has been endangered since the 1980s with the constant death of some old artists. At present, only a few folk artists can sing and accompany. And only a few inheritors are old enough to succeed. Rare scripts urgently need to be excavated, sorted out and rescued. The team of Xilu Bangzi Performing Group urgently needs to be formed in parallel. In recent years, through investigation and textual research, the Haixing County Drama History Research Group has mastered a lot of literature, history and word-of-mouth information, and collected a large number of related objects, including more than 40 manuscripts from the late Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China. It is a very arduous task to further excavate, sort out and protect the Bangkok of the West Road.