Xia Jin Old Yellow River Forest Park
The forest park scenic spot of the old Yellow River in Xiajin is the ruins of the old Yellow River. It is a national AAAA-level scenic spot. It is located in Xiajin County, Shandong Province. It covers an area of 5,200 hectares, 7 kilometers in East and west, 8.3 kilometers in North and south, and 78,000 mu in area. Forest parks are rich in plant resources, with 210 species belonging to 117 genera and 55 families. The forest coverage rate is 61.8%. The main landscape of the park forest is mixed forest, with abundant tree species, relatively stable natural ecosystem and beautiful forest environment. It is an ecological supporting area and natural botanical garden in Xiajin County.
History of Development
The Forest Park of the old course of the Yellow River is a relic of the ancient Yellow River more than 2000 years ago. In 602 BC, the Yellow River burst at Shanghu Pass in Henan Province. The torrential river flows through the territory of Xiajin with rolling sediment. During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, it was the key point of the parliamentary alliance of Zhao and Qi, and Xiajin's name is also due to this. In 11 AD, the Yellow River diverted its course to leave this long and narrow barren sandy beach, planting fruit trees for the local people to prevent wind and fix sand. In 1674, Zhu Guoxiang, who was demoted in the Qing Dynasty, took office in Xia Jinzhi County. He told the people that "many kinds of fruit trees can be saved from disasters and used abundantly." After several hundred years of sand closure and afforestation, it was a vast forest and sea of fruit trees in the middle of the Qing Dynasty. The park is 18 kilometers long from north to south, 7 kilometers wide from east to west, covering 120,000 mu. It has abundant plant resources, including 55 families, 117 genera and 210 species. Mulberry, apricot, pear, persimmon, jujube, hawthorn, walnut and other 20,000 ancient trees stand on the continuous primitive dunes for hundreds of years. They are the largest and oldest artificial gardens in China, and have the reputation of "North deciduous fruit museum".
There are not only "Yihe Xiangxue", "vast sand rain", "Cangsang mist", "Jinping Luoyu" landscapes, but also "Ten Dragon Jujubes", "Wolong" and "Gushishu" ancient trees and famous trees in the forest park of the Old Road of the Yellow River. There are also "Dianjiantai", "Shizhuang Gujing", "Guhuacademy" and other scenic spots and historic sites. . Dayun Temple, Zhugong Temple, Huimengtai, Dianjiangtai, Xingwu Academy and other cultural landscapes in the forest park have a long history. In particular, the Dayun Temple site makes the forest park the basis of Buddhist cultural attractions. Garden plants have unique characteristics, distinct seasons, fragrant pear blossoms in spring, lime fruit in summer, melon and fruit intoxicating in autumn, and charming snow scenery in winter. It can be said that "different seasons, different beautiful .
1. Summer Palace Scenic Area
The total area of this area is more than 1000 mu. Mulberry is one of the characteristic forest resources of Xia-Jin Yellow River Old Road Forest Park. There are more than 3000 ancient mulberry trees over a hundred years in the whole park, which distribute in the whole park. Legend has it that during Yongle period of Ming Dynasty, mulberry garden had more than 1000 hectares, its fruit was linden, like strawberry, such as jasper, graceful, white or purple or red, like agate, like beads. In the early summer, when fruit is rare, the colorful and delicate fruit is more attractive. Mulberry fruit, containing a variety of amino acids, has very high nutritional value, so it is called "holy fruit". In the Summer Palace, ancient trees are all over the place, with various forms. Shuanglong opera beads are like two dragons leaping in the waves.
2. Jinshiyuan Scenic Area
The total area of this area is about 1000 mu. According to historical records: in 1391, that is, the twenty-five years of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty, Qiantun Village, whose surname is Zhu, moved here from the great locust tree in Hongtong County, Shanxi Province, and carried with it more than 100 seedlings of Hongtong persimmon tree, planted on sand dunes. There are more than 50 persimmon trees in the garden, of which more than 30 are ancient persimmon trees of one hundred years. The highest tree age is 600 years, which is the highest in the North China Plain. Every year in the harvest season of autumn, orange persimmon fruits hang all over the branches, golden, fragrant floating in the whole persimmon garden, making people relaxed and happy, lingering forget to return.
3. Xingwu Garden Scenic Area
The area covers an area of more than 1000 mu. The garden is mainly composed of ancient linden and apricot trees, besides ancient hawthorn and jujube trees. There is the site of Xingwu Academy in the park. In the eighth year of Xianfeng (1858), the local gentlemen Zou Shaolu, Liu Linghui and Pan Kebo in Xiajin built the Xingwu Academy by raising funds. Xingwu Academy covers an area of nearly 500 mu and can accommodate tens of thousands of students. It was the largest Academy in North China Plain at that time. Because of its shadow in the apricot forest, it is named "Xingwu Academy".
4. Fragrant Snow Garden Scenic Area
Established in 1874, the park covers a total area of more than 1000 mu, with over 2000 ancient pear trees over a century old. Among them, the Millennium Pear Tree King is a fine product of North China. When pear blossoms are in full bloom in early spring, we can see the whole garden like clouds, like snow sea and Qiongtao. Wandering among them, as if in a dreamlike situation, it is intoxicating. In winter, pear orchards after snow have unique tree shapes, like bonsai on snow and picturesque shadows. There are many varieties of pear trees in this garden, including Yali, Mianli, Sour Pear, Snow Pear and more than 20 varieties. There are also famous and excellent varieties such as Hongwanjiu, Late Sanji and Jiuwuxiang. Yali pear is favored by urban and rural people because of its delicate flesh, early maturity, good quality and beautiful appearance. Xiangxue Garden produces nearly 10 million jin of fruits annually, and sells well in Beijing, Tianjin and other southern provinces.
5. Hunting Scene Area of Sophora japonica
Formed in the late Qing Dynasty, the park is still in its original ecology, without any traces of artificially carved. Today, the total area is about 1,000 mu. The main tree species are Robinia pseudoacacia, among which there are Longbai, Pine and Poplar, which belong to deciduous broad-leaved landscape forest. Here, dunes are continuous, trees fluctuate with the dunes, lush and green. The best time of the Sophora Forest is in the late spring, when the flowers and buds are clustered all over the trees, and the fragrance is overflowing and refreshing. In summer, the dense branches and leaves are scattered high and low, and can not be seen at a glance. When the breeze passes, tens of millions of tree tops are dancing. The dense branches and leaves weave a huge green net to shade the sun, leaving only silk light, whispering shadows and pure air to embellish the endless green. Cicadas hoarse, insects chirp, praise the harmony of the world, praise the comfort of life. Soft sandy soil, fluffy grass, derived shrubs and nameless wildflowers blend into the Sophora forest one by one, like a green oil painting. In autumn, deep in the Sophora forest, there are thick fallen leaves everywhere, like a flat golden carpet, stepping on it, rustling. In the middle of winter, after the heavy snow, the trees were covered with white clothes. Looking at them, they were covered in plain silver, especially enchanting.
6. Tianluyuan Scenic Area
The area covers an area of more than 860 mu. It was built in 1997. It is mainly planted and sightseeing of non-polluted green organic vegetables, with forests, exotic fruits and flowers as the main landscape and supported by ecological science and technology. It is an eco-technology tourism resort with tourism, popular science and environmental protection, academic research and other functions. It is also a well-known demonstration garden of good agricultural varieties and a base of agricultural science education.
The park is 10 kilometers south of Qingyin Expressway, adjacent to 315 Provincial Highway in the west, and across 308 National Highway in the south of the park. It is 120 kilometers east of Jinan, 400 kilometers north of Beijing, 65 kilometers south of Liaocheng and 50 kilometers north of Dezhou.
The forest park scenic spot of the old course of Xia-Jin and Yellow River is the natural landscape of Xia-Jin in Shandong Province. With its theory of topography and landform, the landscape is broad and magnanimous. Summer suburban trip, a green onion, very far-sighted, green fields and blue sky, people open-minded, leisurely and thriving. In winter, especially after the snow, the earth is made of jade, all things are made up of fine make-up, and the suburbs are overlooked in a vast view, which shows Liao Kuo of the universe. There is a winding and undulating old Yellow River in Xiajin, which is now a forest park of the old Yellow River. The park is formed on the basis of the old Yellow River. Located in Houtun Village and Leiji Town of Suliuzhuang Town. In the meantime, sand dunes and lush trees stretch for tens of miles. There is a local saying that "climbing trees can take twenty miles". In spring, peaches and plums compete for beauty, willows and willows are curling, the warm wind is pleasant, and the swallow language is warbling. In summer, trees are dense and leafy, shading the sky and shading the sun. The wind is blowing among the trees, and the grass under the trees is like weeds. In autumn, peaches and plums are fragrant, red leaves are like fire, insects are chirping and birds are chirping. In winter, all the leaves fall off, branches branch branches, snow, sand dune jade carvings, ten thousand trees silver makeup, like the snow plain landscape of Beiyuan. There are more than ten humanistic landscapes in the garden, such as "Typhoon Jiangxiong" and "Xiaoyue Pear Garden". Nowadays, there are many groups that come to sightseeing, traveling and vacation under the name of the curtain. People dance and sing loudly with their stereos, or walk in the woods and sing under the trees, which is really a fast life. The total area of the forest park is 120,000 mu, consisting of two districts and ten gardens, with a 32-kilometer sightseeing road. On both sides of the road, cherry blossoms, Begonia sibirica, Magnolia, Hibiscus hibiscus, Sophora japonica, white wax and other landscape trees and mulberry, apricot, pear and persimmon trees are planted to form a 30-kilometer green corridor, which is divided into two districts A and B according to the location of the park; the ten gardens are Tianluyuan, Summer Palace, persimmon and other ecological and economic forests Zhugong Temple Garden, Xinghuo Garden, Buddhist Culture Park, Forest Amusement Park, Yihe Manor, Shuangmiao Nature Conservation Park, Green Emperor Zhongheng Garden, Jade Bird Garden, Big Cherry Garden and more than ten thousand mu scenic spots. Huimengtai, Dou Jiande Point, Xingwu Academy, Dayun Temple, Tiao Culture Museum and other profound cultural connotations are embedded in them, and built into an ecological sightseeing, green picking and leisure vacation. The largest forest park in the plain area. There are abundant forest resources in the scenic area, including 210 species, 117 genera and 55 families. Pears, apricots, peaches, lindens, persimmons, hawthorns and other economic trees are all over the garden, known as the "land of 100 fruits" reputation, can also be called the "North Deciduous Fruit Museum". Interactive scattering of trees and trees forms a natural and changeable green screen road, which merges with ancient customs, legends and historical figures into the "soul of the ancient Yellow River". The scenic spots of the forest park have different styles in four seasons; the old road manor and farmyard have infinite pastoral customs; the hot spring resort is a combination of spa, sightseeing, entertainment, leisure and vacation; the Dayun Temple has a long history and embodies a profound Buddhist culture; the skiing ground, skiing pasture, roller coaster, pirate boat, brave road and other entertainment projects in the Forest Amusement Park are rich and colorful. The Old Yellow River Forest Park is the largest forest park in plain area, which integrates ecological sightseeing, green picking and leisure vacation.
There are abundant tourist resources in the forest park of the old course of Xia-Jin-Huanghe River, including natural landscapes such as geography, hydrology, biology and celestial phenomena, as well as cultural landscapes such as ancient relics, myths and legends. The park has more than 2000 years of old Yellow River course, the micro-geomorphology type is complex, hills are dense, continuous fluctuations, for the plain area is rare. New and old rivers interweave with each other, often showing the scene of heavy color and overlapping sunshine. There are abundant forest resources and wide distribution of ancient trees in the garden, mainly including ancient linden, ancient pear, ancient apricot, ancient jujube, ancient persimmon and so on. There are more than 30,000 trees. These ancient trees gather human colors in the natural landscape, or group or lonely, different shapes, full of vitality can be independent landscapes, with high protection, scientific research and ornamental value, is a veritable "North Deciduous Fruit Museum". The park has the largest group of ancient linden trees in China, and is also the center of planting northern linden trees. According to the survey, the area of ancient linden trees is more than 6,000 mu. In addition, it is close to counties and cities. The area of ancient Linden fruit is about 11,000 mu, and the output is more than 8,000 tons. Designated by the State Forestry Administration as "China's Tilia Township", today, with the development of tourism, Tilia fruits in Xiajin County are in the ascendant. While paying attention to protection and strengthening management of ancient Tilia trees, the area of newly planted Tilia fruits is rapidly expanding, varieties are more diversified, and the area of newly planted Tilia fruits has exceeded 3000 mu. In addition, the forest park of the old Yellow River is rich in land resources, and there is a huge space for the development of linden fruit planting.