Tiantai Mountain in Qionglai
Tiantai Mountain Scenic Area in Qionglai is located in the southwest of Qionglai City, the hometown of Wenjun. It is the habitat of Sichuan Giant Panda. It is 110 km away from Chengdu City and 45 km away from Qionglai. The scenic area covers an area of 192 square kilometers. The peak area is about 40 square kilometers. Yuxiao peak, the main peak, is 1812 meters above sea level. It is a famous mountain in Central Sichuan. At the end of the mountain, qiong'an mountain is adjacent to the scenic area of Ya'an county.
Tiantai Mountain is a rare box shaped syncline mountain in China. Danxia landform is rich in changes. The mountain body inclines from southwest to northeast into U-shape, and the mountain is also from low to high, forming a three-level platform. Therefore, it is said that "Tiantai Tiantai is the platform for climbing into the sky".
Jinlong river meanders down from Yuxiao peak. Along the way, there are waterfalls, Diexi, long beach and deep pool, with dense waterscape lines and many landscapes transformed according to the water, forming a long scroll of Chinese landscape painting with "90 Li Long River, 800 rivers, 9000 strange rocks and 2000 peaks". It is a scenic spot with the theme of playing with water. "Mountain water play" is a characteristic tourism brand of Tiantai Mountain scenic area. There are more than ten hydrophilic water playing projects in shibalixiang Caogou, xiaojiuzhai, huashihai and other scenic spots, so that you can feel the cool and comfortable nature brings.
History of development
Tiantai Mountain in Qionglai is said to be the place where Dayu ruled the river and crossed the kingdom of Shu. He once chose this mountain as a place to worship heaven, so it was named "Tiantai". At the end of the mountain, qiong'an mountain is adjacent to the scenic area of Ya'an county. The scenic area covers an area of 106 square kilometers. At present, it has been developed for 40 square kilometers. It is a rare box shaped syncline mountain in China. The whole mountain is roughly in the shape of "n" in English, which is divided into three levels of platforms (one platform: Xiaojiawan - etc. Le'an; the second platform: waiting for Le'an - xiaojiuzhai; the third platform: above zhengtiantai). Yuxiao peak, the main peak, is 1812 meters above sea level. It looks like a towering high platform. Danxia landform and red bed karst landform are mixed together, forming a unique geomorphic form which is greatly different from the conventional landform. In addition, the unique landform forms a perfect skeleton of mountains and waters.
The late Han Dynasty
At the end of the Han Dynasty, Taoists dug holes and built altars to worship gods in Xiangshan, which was officially named "Tiantai Mountain", and Tiantai Mountain added religious and cultural content. At the beginning of the Shu Han period of the Three Kingdoms, Zhuge Liang went to Linqiong to observe the cultivation and excavation of the "fire well" in "Jiatun". He took a "wooden chair car" up the mountain and looked at it, leaving the names of "tianchepo" and "wangjunding". During the northern and Southern Dynasties, pudashaye, a monk traveling to the west, established Tiantai Buddhist temple. During the Sui and Tang Dynasties, religion spread widely. In the early Tang Dynasty, Yuan Tiangang, Huojing county magistrate, respected Taoism, so the Tiantai Mountain was dominated by Taoism.
Five Dynasties period
In the Five Dynasties, Tiantai Mountain also built a large scale Town God's Temple. In the two Song Dynasty, the three schools of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism coexisted with each other, and three fought for mountains and forests. Each camp garden, Taoist temple and Buddhist temple, more than a hundred official offices, religious power was rampant and all kinds of contradictions were widespread. At that time, Wentong (painter of Northern Song Dynasty) and Lu You (patriotic poet of Southern Song Dynasty) led the management of religious affairs in Tiantai Mountain.
Song and Yuan Dynasties
At the end of Song Dynasty and Yuan Dynasty, Tiantai Mountain gradually declined, so there was the event that "Fuchen opened mountain" in Hongwu Period of Ming Dynasty. At the end of the Ming Dynasty (the third year of Dashun), when Zhang Xianzhong and his army retreated, they passed jiamenguan pass in Qiongzhou. Three thousand stick monks stopped him. Zhang then went around the Qingcao slope and attacked the religious group from the back mountain of Tiantai Mountain. As a result, the temple and Temple of Tiantai Mountain were destroyed.
In the Qing Dynasty, Taoism and Buddhism tried to recover the famous religious mountains, but the scale was far less than in the past.
During the period of the Republic of China, soldiers and bandits were rampant in Tiantai Mountain area, and the society was unstable. The Chaoshan incident was almost extinct. During the cultural revolution, the religious culture of Tiantai Mountain was greatly damaged.
The main scenic spots in the national key scenic spots include Yongle Temple (the first Zen forest), Shanmen, Changhong waterfall, Shenfeng cave, Xiangshuitan waterfall, white azalea, Guanyinqiao, ertaidi, etc., yindingding, Tianyan Gorge (yixiantian), daopushi, xiaomill, shangyamen, luyouzaishan, huashilin, xiaojiuzhai and camellia, the third terrace and Leiyin temple , Taxus cuspidata, fireflies in Tiantai Mountain, butterfly in Tiantai Mountain, Sanyun in Xiushui, Qintai stone, liuyuetan, xiangdiexi, Yuedong Feishui, Panlong waterfall, yuxiaofeng, shishili xianggou, etc.
The scenic area has mild climate and abundant rainfall. The annual average temperature is 16 ℃, and the forest coverage rate reaches 94.4%. There are more than 20 kinds of rare plants under state protection, such as Davidia involucrata, Taxus chinensis, Ginkgo biloba, and 7 kinds of national protected rare animals, such as giant panda, red bellied Tragopan and giant salamander. Currently, Tiantai Mountain has been included in the scope of the world natural heritage of giant panda habitat in Sichuan Province.
Nature has shaped Tiantai Mountain into a three-level platform. Each stage of the platform has a different charm. The first terrace is called Waterfall Feihong scenic area, which ranges from Shanmen district to baile'an, with an altitude of 800 meters to 1200 meters, and an average annual temperature of 18 ℃. The main scenic spots include Changhong waterfall, Xiangshuitan waterfall, the first waterfall in Western Sichuan, Shenfeng grottoes, Guanyin bridge in Ming Dynasty, etc., showing a magnificent natural scenery. The second platform is called yatan Wengu scenic area, which ranges from baile'an to zhengtiantai, with an altitude of 1200 meters to 1400 meters, and an average annual temperature of 14 ℃. The main scenic spots include Xichuan cliff, small mill, drunken stone forest, monk yamen, Huashi forest, Huashi sea, xiaojiuzhai, etc., showing a wonderful natural scenery; the third platform is Yingguang Haoyue scenic spot, which ranges from zhengtiantai to Yuxiao peak, with an altitude of 14 ℃ It is 1400-1812 meters, with an average annual temperature of 10 ℃. The main scenic spots include a ditch for playing with water in high mountains - shibalixiang grass ditch and Xiushui, showing the beauty of primitive forest. Since ancient times, there have been ballads about "Tiantai Mountain, Tiantai Mountain, one Tiantai Mountain, one heavy roof, one heavy sky, and nine heaven on many rooftops" to describe the unique terrain of Tiantai Mountain's three-level platform.
"Strange mountain, strange stone, beautiful water and quiet forest" is the famous characteristics of Tiantai Mountain at home and abroad. Water is the spirit of Tiantai Mountain. Jinlong river meanders down from the top of Tiantai Mountain, forming long beach, Diexi, waterfall and Haizi Many scenes have been transformed by water, showing the world a long scroll of Chinese landscape painting with "90 Li Long River, 800 rivers, 9000 strange rocks and 2000 peaks".
Famous religious mountain
Tiantai Mountain is a famous religious mountain in history. Since "Tiantai Mountain was named in Han Dynasty", Xiangshan Mountain of daozong dug holes and built altars to worship gods. In the northern and Southern Dynasties, monks from the western regions traveled here and founded Tiantai Buddhist temple. During the Sui and Tang Dynasties, religion spread. In Tiantai Mountain, Taoism, Buddhism and Confucianism coexisted. There were more than 100 Taoist temples, Buddhist temples and palaces. A "monk Street" was built and a "monk yamen" was set up. This is the only ancient religious court in China. The great painter Wen Tong and the great poet Lu you once presided over religious affairs here. Now the mountains across many, for visitors to control the ancient records of quiet.
Tiantai Mountain Culture
Tiantai Mountain has a profound historical and cultural heritage. As early as ancient times, Tiantai Mountain was the place where the ancient "Qiong" people lived and multiplied; in the period of Bashu's opening up, the king of ancient Shu, bieling, ascended to worship heaven; in the Han Dynasty, Taoists dug holes in Xiangshan Mountain and built altars to worship gods; in Song Dynasty, Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism combined, with 108 Taoist temples, Buddhist temples and official houses, forming a huge religious mountain city. So far, Tiantai Mountain still has many rare historical and cultural relics, such as "monk yamen", "monk Street", "Leiyin Temple", "the first Zen forest". Tiantai Mountain is also the only place where the Red Army has fought and worked in Chengdu during the Long March, and the only red tourist area in Chengdu. The Qionglai Memorial Hall of the Red Army's long march in the scenic area is "Sichuan Province patriotism education base" and "Chengdu patriotism education base".
Step 1: after choosing the right hotel room type, you can make a reservation by telephone, QQ or fax, reporting the guest's name, room type and check-in date.
Step 2: the reservation department will confirm your reservation within one hour after receiving your reservation information.
Step 3: after receiving the confirmation letter, on the day of check-in, the guest only needs to report the guest's name at the front desk.
Step 4: when checking in, you need to bring your adult ID card to check in, and you need to pay a certain deposit.
Check in: check in hotel must be registered with valid certificate. Generally, the hotel will charge a certain deposit as the deposit for some consumption or damaged (lost) Hotel items in the hotel. When checking out, the deposit sheet will be used to settle the fees and return it. The amount of deposit depends on the regulations of each hotel.
Tickets and scenic spot tickets are 59 yuan / person, there is no difference between low and peak seasons.
Free conditions: children under 1.2 meters, soldier's certificate and disabled person are free with their own certificates;
At ordinary times, senior citizens aged 60-70 years old with old-age cards in Chengdu are free of charge with their old-age cards; those outside Chengdu with old-age cards can buy 50% discount tickets (65 yuan / person); those over 70 years old can enjoy free tickets with ID cards; during large and small long holidays, all elderly people over 60 years old will receive 50% discount.
matters needing attention
1. The sightseeing bus goes up the mountain directly, and you can only take the sightseeing bus in the tourist center when you go up the mountain. The sightseeing bus at the gate of the scenic area only goes down the mountain and does not go up the mountain.
2. The forest coverage rate of Tiantai Mountain scenic area reaches 94%. It often rains in summer evenings and the air is cool. Therefore, more clothes should be prepared to prevent cold and keep warm.
3. Tiantai Mountain is mainly to play with water in summer. If you need to play with water, please prepare a set of clothes to change.
4. Tiantai Mountain belongs to the mountainous area, and the tour routes are built along the mountain. Therefore, please wear sports shoes. It is easy to climb the mountain. People with insufficient physical strength can carry climbing sticks.
5. When visiting Tiantai Mountain, children must be accompanied by adults to prevent accidents.
6. The scenic area belongs to the original forest area. You must pay attention to fire prevention when you visit the scenic area. It is better not to smoke in case of fire.
It takes about 30 minutes to get to Qionglai by bus from Chengdu Jinsha station via Chengwen Qionglai expressway, or from Chengdu Chengbei passenger transport center (North Railway Station) and shiyangchang central station via Xinjin along xinqiong Road, and about 50 minutes from Qionglai tourist passenger transport center station to Tiantai Mountain.
There are special trains at 8:00 and 9:30 every day at Xinnanmen station in Chengdu, which can go directly to Tiantai Mountain scenic spot. There are direct buses to Qionglai in Mianyang, Ya'an and Leshan. After arriving at Qionglai City, you can take the direct bus to Tiantai Mountain at Qionglai passenger transport center.
The "three old, one tender and five wild" delicacies in Tiantai Mountain refer to the ecological old bacon, old duck and old pumpkin, the "tender" refers to the traditional hand milled bean curd flower in Tiantai Mountain, and the "five fields" refers to many ecological wild vegetables represented by wild fern, wild leek, wild mustard, wild mixed bamboo shoots and wild yam.