The legend of Huang Daxian in Huangchuping
Huang Chuping's legend is one of the local folklores in Jinhua, Zhejiang Province. It originated in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. The earliest written record was in The Biography of Immortals written by Ge Hong, a famous Taoist theorist in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Its legend originated from Huang Chuping, a historical figure. Huang Chuping, Jin Chengdiwei and three years (AD 328) were born in Huanglu Village, Lanxi City. On June 7, 2008, the legend of Huang Daxian was approved by the State Council to be included in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
The legend of Huang Da Xian originated in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. The earliest written record is the biography of immortals written by Ge Hong, a famous Taoist theorist in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Its legend originated from Huang Chuping, a historical figure. Huang Chuping, Jin Chengdiwei and three years (AD 328) were born in Huanglu Village, Lanxi City. Huang Chuping was smart and intelligent, kind-hearted, diligent and handsome. His brothers and parents died when they were young, and their families were poor. He began to cultivate vegetables diligently. His brother Huang Chuping cut firewood and herd sheep. They depended on each other for their lives. When Huang Chuping was 15 years old, he went up to the goats to herd sheep. When he met Tian Shennong, a Taoist monk, the rain teacher, Chisongzi, who "loved his conscience", took him to the Yinshi Cave of Jinhua Mountain to learn Taoism and practice. Huang Chuping got Taoism and Immortality in Beishan. Later, the stories of "knocking stone into sheep", practicing morality, punishing evil and helping the good, eliminating evil for the people and rewarding good for the people slowly spread among the local people in Zhejiang, leaving many beautiful legends. The legends about Huang Daxian include the legends of Huang Daxian's life story, natural landscape, human landscape, folk customs, local products, and the legends of Huang Daxian's apparition. There are a lot of legends about Huang Daxian in Lanxi, Jinhua, Hong Kong, Macao and Southeast Asia. There are also some sites such as Huang Daxian's former residence, Erxianjing, Jinhua Guan, Chisong Pavilion and Erxianqiao in Lanxi and Jinhua. In Hong Kong, Macao and Southeast Asia, Daxian Taoism is also worshipped, with a vigorous incense and enduring years.
Forms of expression
"The legend of Huang Daxian" has been widely recorded in Taoist scriptures of all dynasties; oral transmission among the people; praise of ancient emperors; reproduction of poetry and paintings by literati of all dynasties; record of historical books, local chronicles and similar books and dictionaries; dissemination of literary and artistic forms such as Quyi, Wuju opera and TV, etc.
The legend of Huang Da Xian has a long history, and it has a history of more than 1600 years. It is widely spread not only throughout the country, but also in the United States, Canada, France, Australia and Southeast Asia. It has a high degree of popularity. Its essence is "promoting good and punishing evil, helping the poor and alleviating poverty". It reflects the common pursuit of truth, goodness and beauty, and reflects the demands and aspirations of the people. Cultural forms are rich and varied. There are many palaces, temples and relics at home and abroad in material forms, as well as intangible cultural relics such as ancient and modern literature and art.