Shichahai is a historical and cultural tourist scenic spot in Beijing and a historical and cultural preservation zone in Beijing. Located in the downtown area of Xicheng District, adjacent to the axis of Beijing city. With an area of 336,000 square meters, it is the only open scenic area with open water surface in the inner city of Beijing. It is also the largest and most complete historic block in the city. It occupies a unique position in the history of Beijing city planning and construction. In the 25 historical and cultural protected areas approved by Beijing in 2000, the area of Shichahai is the largest.
Shichahai includes three waters and adjacent areas of the Qianhai Sea, Houhai Sea and West Sea (also known as Jishuitan), which correspond to the former three seas, commonly known as the latter three seas. Shichahai also wrote "ten seas", surrounded by ten Buddhist temples. Since the Qing Dynasty, it has become one of the scenic spots of Yanjing. Many ancient buildings in Shichahai Scenic Area occupy an important position in the history of Beijing's urban construction and political and cultural history. They are mainly represented by Gong Wangfu and Garden, Song Qingling's former residence and Alcohol Wangfu, Guo Moruo Memorial Hall, Bell Drum Tower, Deshengmen Arrow Tower, Guanghua Temple, Huitong Temple and Huixian Hall.
The famous "Imperial Kingdom" in the "West Lake Spring, Qinhuai Summer, Dongting Autumn" to praise the charm of Shichahai. The scenic area of the Shi hahai scenic area is known as "the water town in the north". With the increase of tourists, there are some ancient cultural shops, snack streets and bars, so it has become one of the cultural streets in Beijing.