Shanghai Chen Shan Botanical Garden

Home Scenery 2018-12-19

Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden is located at 3888 Chenhua Highway, Songjiang District, Shanghai. It was opened to the public on January 23, 2011. It was built by Shanghai Municipal Government in cooperation with the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the State Forestry Administration and the Chinese Academy of Forestry Sciences. It is an AAAA-level comprehensive botanical garden integrating scientific research, popular science and ornamental sightseeing.

The Park Botanical Garden is the largest botanical garden in East China and the second botanical garden in Shanghai. It covers an area of 2.07 million square meters.

geographical environment

Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden is located at 3888 Chenhua Highway, Songjiang District, Shanghai. It is located in Sheshan National Tourist Resort. The central coordinates of the Botanical Garden are N31 degree 04'48.10 in the north latitude and E121 degree 11' 5.76 in the East longitude.

Historical evolution

Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden is located at 3888 Chenhua Highway, Songjiang District, Shanghai. It is located in Sheshan National Tourism Resort and opened to the public on January 23, 2011. Covering an area of 2.07.63 million square meters, it is the largest botanical garden in East China. The Botanical Garden is a comprehensive botanical garden which integrates scientific research, popular science and ornamental sightseeing. It is built by the Shanghai Municipal Government in cooperation with the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the State Forestry Administration and the Chinese Academy of Forestry Sciences.

Chenshan is one of the Nine Peaks in Songjun (called "Nine Peaks between Clouds" in Shanghai Geographical Names). It belongs to Sheshan Mountains and is about 70 meters above sea level. According to Dong Qichang of the Ming Dynasty, Chenshan was also named "in the southeast of the mountains, next to Chenshi". Because of quarrying in the 20th century, the southern slope of the mountain has been cut off. In the design of the botanical garden, this part was transformed into a mine garden.

Development and construction

On August 29, 2005, the Shanghai Municipal People's Government and the Chinese Academy of Sciences signed a working agreement on the co-construction of Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden.

On April 21, 2007, the construction of Chenshan Botanical Garden in Shanghai was started.

On April 26, 2010, Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden opened to the public. The opening ceremony was held at the South Entrance Square of the Botanical Garden.

On January 22, 2011, the greenhouse of Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden was completed and opened to the public.

On January 23, 2011, the park officially opened . On April 30, 2011, the number of botanical garden visitors reached 1 million.

In October 2011, Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden became one of the first pilot units to establish national tourism service standardization.

In April 2012, the Botanical Garden was selected as "Shanghai International Cultural Exchange Base" .

On April 24, 2012, Chenshan Botanical Garden officially named Magnolia Garden as "Wisdom Garden" funded by 27 academicians.

On April 28, 2012, the Shanghai Center for Plant Adversity Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, held the unveiling ceremony for the construction of the Botanical Garden. After completion, the research center will be located in the garden.

Main park

Quarry Garden

Mine pit garden of Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden is one of the scenic spots of Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden. It is located in the northwest corner of Chenshan Botanical Garden, near the Northwest entrance. It was designed by Zhu Yufan, professor of Tsinghua University and built by Qingyuan Depuqiao Co., Ltd. . The original site of the mine belongs to waterfalls, grabens, trestles, water curtain caves, etc. which are closely related to the natural terrain and deepen people's understanding of nature. The use of the current mountain texture, deep carving, so that it has the shape and artistic conception of Chinese landscape painting. Mine garden highlights the theme of restoration garden, which is the leading horticultural garden in China. The mine garden covers an area of about 39,000 square meters, which was originally the West Mine of Chenshan quarry. According to the original ecological landform, it has been transformed into four areas: Jinghu District, Taiwang District, Wanghua District and Shentan District. Mine garden has excellent ornamental characteristics of trees, low shrubs and herbs, including Rosaceae, Lycoris, Lonicera, Malvaceae, Verbenaceae, Malvaceae, Compositae and more than 1000 kinds of plants.

As early as the early 1950s to the mid-1980s, the southern slope of Chenshan Mountain was used as a mining site for building stones. After quarrying, two quarry sites, East and West, were left behind. After mining, the Western quarries dig deep into the ground and reach more than 60 meters, forming an artificial deep pool with an area of 10,000 square meters. The water surface of the pool is more than 30 meters above the ground, more than 30 meters deep and the cliff is 30 to 100 meters high.

The platform area is to make full use of the existing mine site. The original retaining wall is broken and reformed at the edge of the platform, and some areas are covered with rust steel plate. On the basis of the dense bamboo forests, a secret garden space is formed in Taiwanese area. Negative ornamental flowers are planted while positive ornamental flowers are planted on the edge of the outer platform. Autumn color-leafed trees, shrubs and autumn flowers were planted, such as Sabina vulgaris, Maple trigonometric, Sabina equisetifolia, Luan tree in Huangshan, etc.

By combining topography and utilizing space, the Wanghua area planted a large number of flowering trees, shrubs and ground cover flowers on the basis of the existing Metasequoia forest, which served as the partition barrier between the special garden and the outer space. The plant species here are cherry blossom, magnolia, michelia, mallow, anthracene, qionghua, camellia, eight immortals, azalea, cornel and so on.

Jinghu District takes Jinghu Lake as the center and constructs the necessary tour paths. As the sightseeing space and tour space, Jinghu District is the core of organizing and coordinating the whole site. Jinghu lake is planted with water plants, such as Retina, Chinensis, along the coast with crape myrtle, drunken fish grass, snake whip chrysanthemum, Echinacea and other flowering plants.

North American flora

North America and mainland China belong to the subtropical monsoon climate along the eastern coast of the continent. The North American botanical area of Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden planted suitable plants native to North America in the form of vertical forest grassland and flower mirror, such as willow oak, red oak, red maple, tulip, maple, Bauhinia canadensis, redwood, hickory, yew, red oak, etc. American Cotinus coggygria. North American flora is based on Western landscape design, with trapezoids of large area geometric figures.

Aquatic Botanical Garden

The aquatic botanical garden is the most diverse and concentrated area in Chenshan Botanical Garden. The aquatic botanical garden displays abundant species and types of aquatic plants. There are eight ponds: ornamental aquatic plant pond, important aquatic plant pond in China, floating leaf plant pond, submerged plant pond, edible aquatic plant pond, Gramineae and Cyperaceae plant pond, alismaceae plant pond and water lily plant pond.

Tropical Exhibition Greenhouse

The exhibition greenhouse is located in Gate 2 of the northeast corner of Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden. It is a greenhouse group consisting of three single greenhouses: Tropical Flower and Fruit Museum, Sandy Botanical Museum and Exotic Botanical Museum. Its total area is 12608 square meters. Among them, the Tropical Flower and Fruit Museum covers an area of 5521 square meters, up to 21 meters, consisting of amorous gardens, palm squares and economic botanical areas; the Sand Botany Museum covers an area of 4320 square meters, up to 19 meters, collecting and displaying sandy plants in Australia, Africa and the Americas; and the Treasure Botany Museum covers an area of 2767 square meters, up to 16 meters, showing the unique types of plant survival and evolution. Such as tropical rainforest phenomena, insectivorous plants, cycads, ferns, orchids and pineapples, etc.

The exhibition greenhouse is inseparable from the "Green Ring" terrain of Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden. Its plane shape and spatial form are completely consistent with the bending and fluctuation of the "Green Ring". The exhibition greenhouse has a unique architectural form. It adopts arc-shaped large-span single-layer aluminum alloy reticulated shell structure, covered with triangular partitioned glue glass, which is light and transparent. The automatic climate control system used in the exhibition greenhouse has created a suitable growth environment for plants from all over the world, and has become an important facility for scientific research, popular science education, horticultural exhibition and biodiversity conservation in Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden.

Small Zoo

Chenshan Botanical Garden jointly built a "small zoo" to show the harmonious coexistence of protozoa and plants. Chenshan Botanical Garden provides plant technical support for the ecological transformation of wildlife cages and special places such as mountains, lakes and grasslands needed for small-scale domestication of wildlife. Shanghai Zoo provides wildlife suitable for specific habitats for Chenshan Botanical Garden, enriching biodiversity and food chain. Small animals include Mandarin ducks, alpacas, peacocks, black swans, green ducks, pigs, goats and other seven kinds of animals.

Ornamental grass garden

Ornamental grasses are a group of beautiful and colorful herbs, including Compositae, Labiatae, Gramineae, Liliaceae, Cyperaceae, Cananaceae, Verbenaceae, Agavenaceae, Araceae, Commelinaceae, Salix and other genera of herbs. Ornamental herbaceous plants are a very large group, and their ornamentality is usually manifested in many aspects, such as shape, color, texture and so on.

In 2010, the ornamental grassland garden of Chenshan Botanical Garden was built, covering an area of 1460 square meters. So far, more than 100 kinds of ornamental grasses have been collected, including Gramineae, Cyperaceae and Araceae. In early spring of 2015, Chenshan Botanical Garden pruned and planted Yucca, Pu reed, Elsholtzia mosaica and Elsholtzia globulata in the ornamental grassland, and cleaned up and replanted the dead plants. In the first half of this year, 172 species of Mexican feather grass, Elymus verticillata, Lagerstroemia and Pennisetum villosum were replanted.

Morning light, blood grass, fine needle, silver light, exquisite awn and other ornamental awn grass, leaves bright and eye-catching color, in addition to the common green, there are emerald blue, white, gold and even blood red.

Ophiopogon japonicus, also known as Ranunculus japonicus, Lilidaceae Ranunculus and Ophiopogon japonicus, is a perennial evergreen herb of the genus Ranunculus. In ornamental grassland, there are not only common varieties of Ophiopogon japonicus as ground cover, but also Ophiopogon japonicus as broad-leaved mountain in Phnom Penh. The leaves have golden bands, and the flowers are light purple, small and exquisite. In addition, there are black "black dragon" with black leaves along the steps.

Pu reed is a famous ornamental grass in foreign countries. It has excellent ecological adaptability and ornamental value. Its feathery panicle is slender and beautiful, more spectacular and elegant.

Yucca is a genus of Yucca in Agavenaceae. There are many varieties of Yucca in the garden, such as thousand-handed Yucca, soft Yucca, fine-leaf Yucca, and gorgeous Yucca in Phnom Penh. Yucca flowers and leaves are beautiful, bright green or with a golden edge, leaves along the hair-like filaments, white flowers are bell-shaped, open at night when the exotic fragrance.

Achievements in scientific research

In April 2010, about 9000 species of plants were collected in the garden, the most of which belong to East China, with a total of more than 1500 species . As a result, Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden has become the botanical garden with the most flora plants in East China.

In December 2010, Chenshan Botanical Garden collected 107 species of rare and endangered living plants, including Acer yangjuechi Fang, Carpinus putoensis Cheng, Calycanthus chinensis et S. Y. Chang and Bschneidasinensis Hemsi. Some of these plants are rare species in the wild, some of them are highly ornamental, and many of them are valuable medicinal plants and wild fruit plants .

On September 28, 2012, Professor Liu Baodong from Harbin Normal University donated spore artificial propagation seedlings of Isoetes sinensis, a national first-class conservation plant, to the Botanical Garden. Professor Liu Baodong successfully propagated this extremely endangered species for the first time in 2005. The plants in the botanical garden will be used for popular science education and species conservation.

Honor

From October to December 2012, Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden was awarded the titles of "National Science Popularization Education Base", "National AAAA Tourist Scenic Area", "China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Demonstration Base".

On August 21, 2015, the "Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden" and the logo of the unit pattern formally obtained the trademark registration certificate issued by the Trademark Bureau of the State Administration for Industry and Commerce. In the future, the word "Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden" and the logo of the unit pattern will become the special trademark of Chenshan Botanical Garden, which will be recognized by the market and protected by the national law.

The trademark approval and management or service items applied for by Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden mainly include horticulture, planting soil, pesticides, fertilizers, printing materials, bags, clothing, trees, seeds, turf, plant maintenance, landscape design, restaurants, restaurants, advertising, marketing and other major categories. Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden has the above categories within the scope of the state-permitted business or service items. Other trademark exclusive rights.

In November 2017, it won the fifth National Civilization Unit.

In October 2018, it was appraised as the national practical education base for primary and secondary school students.

Tourism information

Botanical Garden Opening Time:

Every year from March 1 to October 31:00-17:30

Every year from November 1 to February 28 or 29:00-17:00

Opening time of exhibition greenhouse:

Every year from March 1 to November 31:8:30-17:00

Every year from November 1 to February 28 or 29:8:30-16:30

Ticket Price

The average fare is 60 yuan, which will come into effect on April 1, 2011.

In September 2015, at the initiative of the China Tourist Scenic Area Association, Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden signed the promise of "no increase in ticket prices".

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