Pihuangqiang in Shangdang area is called Shangdang Erhuang. It is an independent opera with a history of more than 200 years. Locals call it "Tu Erhuang". At present, Shangdang Erhuang is on the verge of being lost.
On May 23, 2011, Shangdang Erhuang was listed in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.
Types of Drama
As a folk art, Shangdang Erhuang's aria is divided into two categories: Xipi and Erhuang, including the anti-Yihuang, which is called Pihuang, and belongs to the board chamber. Western leather has the original board, the second board (divided into slow, medium and fast), loose board and rocker board; the second spring has the positive second spring, the reverse second spring, the second board and the board. Xipi Vocal Tune has the artistic characteristics of roundness, euphemism and crispness. It is easy to express feelings, and is often adopted by Sheng and Dan. The type of the two-spring cavity plate is less and the change is not much. In addition, there is a kind of "flat spring" which has been lost.
Erhuang Opera has a rich and colorful singing tune. It pays attention to singing and doing two functions. Among them, the performance is elegant, simple, delicate and realistic, and the singing tune is mellow, euphemistic and changeable. In the past, Erhuang Opera often performed with Kunqu Opera.
The traditional repertoires of Shangdang Erhuang include "Striking Golden Branches", "Hanging Dragon Lantern", "Taking Xichuan", "Wuzhangyuan", "Qinghe Bridge" and so on.
Shangdang Erhuang's percussion music in the martial field is different, using drums, boards, baritone gongs, steel*, high-key gongs. The main musical instrument in Wenchang is Beijing Hu and the accompanying instrument is Beijing Erhu.
Current situation of inheritance
Nowadays, due to the depression of the theatre market, the lack of stable income and the lack of security of life, the artists who can sing the second reed of the Party have no intention of receiving apprenticeship, and the second reed of the Party is on the verge of disappearance.