Percussion is one of the traditional Chinese instrumental music. Music played by two kinds of musical instruments, i.e. playing and playing, is commonly known as Gong and drum or drum music in Chinese folklore. Popular performance forms include "ten pan drums", "ten gongs and drums", "ten pan of Fuzhou", "ten pan of Changzhou silk string", "ten pan of Tongluwen", "Chaozhou gongs and drums", "Quanzhou cage", "eastern Zhejiang gongs and drums", "Xi'an drums music", "northern Shanxi drums music", "Liaoning drums music" and "Shandong drums".
In 2006, percussion music was listed in the national intangible cultural heritage list.
In terms of music repertoire and performance style, Chinese traditional percussion music can be divided into two categories: rough percussion and drum playing and fine percussion and drum playing. (1) Boasting gongs and drums roughly: Boasting and beating roughly, with great momentum and vigor. Use gongs, drums, suonas, pipes, long tips and other instruments. The representative repertoires are: General's Order in ten gongs and drums, Da Sheng Sheng in Jinbei drums and so on. (2) Boasting gongs and drums carefully: Boasting carefully and beating roughly, the main bamboo pipe is often used and accompanied by big gongs and drums, sometimes with silk strings. The representative repertoires are: Wanhua Lantern in gongs and drums in eastern Zhejiang, Manting Fang in ten drums, etc.
The performance of blowing and beating music can be generally divided into "sitting music" and "playing music". Music is played indoors, and music is played outdoors, especially on the road. Sitting music and playing music are not only different in ways, but also different in the music they play. For example, Xi'an drum music, it takes a long time to play the whole set of sitting music, while the marching music usually only plays the whole set of parts, which takes a short time. In addition, the queues for sitting and playing are also different. Taking Shifan in Fujian Province as an example, its band line is arranged in octagonal form in front of the hall with wind instruments and strings, and all gongs and drums are played in a zigzag form behind the hall; while the band line is arranged in two columns, with gongs and drums playing in the front and wind playing in the back, without strings.
The characteristics of percussion music are: (1) rough, rough style, less meticulous decoration of tunes. Bands often use rough-blown and rough-blown instruments. (2) Long, the length of the music is long, especially in sitting form, often playing a long set of music. For example, there are eight sets in Shanxi, eight sets in Shaanxi and five sets in Fujian. (3) Grand, music mostly shows magnificent and magnificent momentum. Large, numerous, often playing large-scale performance.