Peony legend is one of the folk legends in Luoyang, Henan Province. Since Luoyang Peony became famous all over the country, myths, folklores and interesting stories have emerged one after another. The category of heritage declared belongs to folk literature.
On May 23, 2011, the legend of peony was approved by the State Council to be included in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
Peony, also known as "Jiaogu Peony", the origin of this name is related to Wu Zetian. In the Tang Dynasty, when Wu Zetian visited Houyuan in a cold weather, she was very upset: if flowers blossomed overnight, it would be good to think that the flowers dared to think of it against her will. She was confronted with the imperial decree: "The Ming Dynasty visited the garden, the fire quickly reported the spring, and the flowers had to be blooming overnight. Xiaofeng urges.
When Wu Zetian's edict came out, Baihua Fairy panicked and gathered together to discuss countermeasures. Some said, "This winter and winter months, we should blossom, out of season, how to do? Some said:"How to violate the imperial edict of the empress Wu? Otherwise, it will come to a tragic end."Flowers fairy quietly, they have witnessed Wu Zetian's various acts of"prosperity and death against me". What to do? The next day, a heavy snowfall from the sky, despite the howling wind, dripping. The water became ice, but the flower fairies dared not violate their orders. In the backyard, the colorful flowers are really snowing and blooming. Wu Zetian was very happy to see this. Suddenly, a desolate flower garden came into sight. Wu Zetian's face suddenly sank. "What kind of flower is this? How dare we violate the imperial edict?" Everybody looked at it and it turned out to be all peony flowers. Wu Zetian heard the fury: "Immediately drive these bold peonies out of the capital and demote them to Luoyang:" Who knows, these peonies go to Luoyang and bury them in the soil at will, and soon grow green leaves and flowers are very beautiful. When Wu Zetian heard the news, he was so angry that he sent people to Luoyang immediately to burn all the peony flowers. The heartless fire reflected the red sky. Peony trees struggled painfully and moaned in the fire. However, people were surprised to find that although the branches of peony were blackened, the blooming flowers were even more dazzling. Peony flower thus obtained the title of "Jiaogu Peony". Peony fairy, with its dignity and righteousness, was embraced by many flower fairies as "the king of flowers". Since then, the peony has taken root and blossomed in Luoyang, which is famous all over the world. Xu Xinxin's poem "The Legend of Peony" said: "The exodus from Xijing and the demotion of Luoyang make people feel beautiful and oppressive. It is absurd to shovel a burnt bone and provoke the poet to say "Emperor Wu".
Peony, alias Paeonia lactiflora, Luoyang flower, Guyuhua, Deer leek and so on. It is a deciduous perennial shrub of Ranunculaceae. Peony is the flower king and peony is the flower phase in China. In the east of Sanhe Village, Shibi Township, there is a cluster of white peony more than five feet high at the site of the original Buddhist temple, which is called "God Peony" by the local people. According to textual research, this white peony is the largest single Wild Peony found so far in China. In the ancient Yueyang County Chronicle, there is such a record: "There is a white peony in the Sanhe Buddhist temple, with repeated flowers and leaves, white petals as jade, containing stamens, and fragrance flowing for miles when the flowers blossom." According to the memories of the village's 80-year-old people, from their memory, whenever the flowers blossom, the masses of the surrounding countryside come in groups to appreciate the flowers. Among those who admire flowers, many people come to ask for medicine to repay their wishes. A cluster of peony flowers, why such a god? There is a beautiful legend among the local people. According to legend, in 690 AD, Empress Wu Zetian of Tang Dynasty changed from Tang Dynasty to Li Zhou Dynasty, initially determined the world, hesitated and complacent. On the eighth day of the eighth lunar month, ministers of civil and military affairs of the DPRK were summoned and 10,000 banquets were held to celebrate their achievements. At the banquet, when the wine is in full swing, the window opens to enjoy the snowscape; suddenly a fragrance floats in, and after careful inspection by the public, it is found that the waxberry blossoms are blooming in the cold. At that time, a minister Chengxing wrote a poem: "Shanglin is just like a group of ministers, Huangmei concentrates on their own new, who can see the small garden in the snow in spring, breaking a calyx in spring is more astonishing." The ministers even claimed their praise and began to flatter and flatter them by saying, "God helps the Emperor, and all things congratulate him." At this time, Wu Zetian was half drunk and said to the ministers, "It's better to have flowers blooming and flourishing flowers competing for beauty." At that time, Wu Chengsi, Wu Zetian's nephew, said in his memoir: "It must be that the flowers have not seen the imperial edict, and if the imperial edict, the flowers dare not resist it." Wu Zetian ordered people to serve with inkstones and make an imperial edict in the spirit of wine: "Ming Dynasty swims up to the garden, the fire speeds up the spring, flowers must be sent night after night, do not wait for the evening wind to blow." After receiving the imperial edict, the flowers in the forest garden of the Imperial Garden opened one after another overnight, but the peony was unwilling to flatter the emperor and did not open. The next morning, the enthusiastic fellow ministers of the Great Zhou Dynasty went to the Linyuan Garden, but when they saw the flowers blooming in full bloom and no peony flowers, they angered Wu Zetian and ordered the burning of 2,000 peonies. The rest of them were expelled from the capital and distributed to Luoyang, and renamed Luoyang Flower. On the way to Luoyang where the peony was distributed, a white peony showed its fairy shape and became a girl dressed in white. Deeply afraid of natural disasters, she wanted to find a quiet place to live in peace and security. She escaped halfway and headed north. After several days and nights of driving, she came to Sanhe Village. She saw rivers in front of Sanhe Village, mountains and rivers in back, beautiful mountains and rivers, and charming scenery. The beautiful scenery of Peony Fairy Mountains is more compassionate for the beautiful morning light of the diligent and quiet life of the villagers in Sanhe. The fairy rested her feet in Sanhe Village and walked eastward for another day. The more she walked, the less populated, barren hills and mountains, the more desolate she was. She stopped walking and hired a donkey cart to return to Sanhe Village. The driver was an old farmer. Just as the sun was setting, he arrived at the Buddhist temple in the east of Sanhe Village. The fairy jumped out of the car and said, "Pay the fare when you enter the Buddhist temple." The old peasant left and right did not see the fairy coming out. Seeing that it was getting dark, she went ahead and knocked on the door of the Buddhist temple and walked out of an old monk. The old peasant told the old monk about the story. The old monk did not see any girl returning her wish, but he had no choice but to pay for the girl's carriage fare. The next spring, a white peony grew in the temple yard. After the Valley Rain Festival, the flowers blossomed as white as jade. The flowers were as big as dishes and emitted fragrance. Four peony plants grew around the white peony, and people nearby said they were the four close maids of the peony fairy. The longer the peony grows, the more prosperous it will be. In a few years, it will grow five feet tall. Later, there was a big family in the neighboring village who wanted to take the peony for himself, so he moved the peony to his yard. After the peony was removed, it withered day by day, and there were successive vicious incidents in the family. The owner quickly transplanted the dead peony to its original place. Unexpectedly, the peony sprouts again from its roots and grows as tall as before in a few years. After the peony robbery, the more arrogant the bones are, the more chaotic the times are, the more prosperous the branches are. Strange to say, the local people say that whenever the white peony is full of branches and leaves, the three-in-one area will have good weather and rain, and the grain will be plentiful; if the three-in-one area encounters disaster years, the peony will wither and turn yellow. It is said that during the ten years of the Cultural Revolution, the peony had not flourished. Maybe that's why she calls it "God Peony"! Peony is magnificent and beautiful in color and fragrance. It has high ornamental value as well as high medicinal value. Peony is mainly used for root bark, because of the variety of peony, so the ancients also have a choice in the application, "the color of red and white single petal is better for peony, the rest of the odor is not pure, not suitable for medicinal use." Its medicinal name is Danpi, which has a history of more than 2000 years. It is a good medicine for cooling blood and eliminating blood stasis.
Chang Da Yong
I can't remember which dynasty or generation it was. There is a young man named Chang Da-yu in Luoyang. This man looks like a scholar, but he is a "flower fool". He likes Peony from his childhood, and his greatest dream in life is to appreciate peony all over the world.
Once, Chang Dayong inadvertently heard people mention Caozhou peony Jiaqilu, so he traveled to Caozhou (now Heze, Shandong Province) to see how the peony here is a "Jia" method. Feeling his enthusiasm, the kind-hearted man gave him an information: there was a noble official surnamed Xu in Caozhou City, and many rare peonies were planted in the back garden of his home. Chang Dayong was very happy. He immediately found the dignified official and asked to live in his back garden.
It was early spring, when the weather was warm and cold, when the peony flowers did not arrive, and the branches and leaves just turned green. Usually, he lingers in the garden every day and is reluctant to leave. After a period of time, the peony grew full buds, but the commonly used purse shriveled down. In order to make a living, he had to pawn his clothes for money. Even so, Chang Dayu still happily wandered around the garden, waiting for the peony to vomit fragrance.
Only love peony, not money, often "fool" is really spiritual. Sincerity is the key to success.
One morning, when he visited the peony in the garden, he saw a beautiful girl and an old woman with white hair standing beside the flowers.
Ah! Xu Fu's lady came to appreciate the flowers, so I had to hide back to my study! Chang Dayu is a good young man who knows how to read and understand. He remembers the sage's teachings - don't pay attention to rudeness, so he dares not do more detention and quickly runs back to his residence.
In the evening, I figured that the young lady should go. Usually I came to the garden again, but I saw that the old and young were still there. Is this young lady also a flower lover? Chang Dayi couldn't help hiding behind the tree and peeking at the girl secretly, only to see her snowy face, smiling like a fairy.
Now, the souls that are often used are lost! Seeing that beautiful woman's colorful skirt floating, disappeared, eager to catch up, he wanted to see again. Turning to a rockery, I just met the beautiful woman in the eye, and before I could say the first half of the sentence, the old woman killed Cheng Bingjin in the middle of the road. She fiercely stopped him: "Mad and bold! How dare you tease the famous ladies and girls, and wait for me to go back to inform the adults and take your official office to ask for guilt!"
Often used panic, even reparations. But the girl smiled and helped him out of the siege. She said to the old woman, "Let him go!"
When I returned to my study, I used to think more and more about it. I was afraid that the old woman would really look for someone from the government to catch him. But the more frightened I was, the more I wanted to think about the lady's absolute demeanor and see her again. Think about it, the poor scholar actually fell ill with Acacia, a disease for three days, no improvement, pale and haggard face.
Late that night, Often Daiyu was lying in bed moaning. Suddenly the door rang and the old woman came in with a bowl in her hand. Walking to the bed, he handed him the bowl and said, "Chang Gong-zi, this is the poison that my Gejie lady prepared for you by herself. You must drink it soon!"
He sat up in fear and stammered, "I, I, I and my sister have no grievances and no enemies. Why did she harm me?"
The old lady said, "Stop talking nonsense and drink if you want!"
I often think of the girl's voice and smiles, and put my heart on one side: Rare miss can think of me, rather than love into disease, it is better to take medicine and die! So he took the bowl and drank it all. The old woman smiled and went away, often sleeping with her clothes.
Strange to say, a bowl of "poison" is often used not only to stay alive, but also to become more energetic! When he woke up, he felt refreshed and relaxed. Only then did he know that he was not drinking poison, but a panacea. So he got up and dressed happily. He ran into the garden with great excitement. He hoped to meet the Gejie girl again so that he could express his gratitude to her.
As luck would have it, Girl Gejie was also enjoying flowers in the garden. When she saw Chang Dayu coming, she smiled and asked, "Has the boy recovered from his illness?" Chang Dayu said gratefully, "Thanks to the bowl of poison made by Miss herself!"
They were talking and laughing, but they saw the old woman coming towards this side. Ge Jin said busily, "This is not the place where you and I talk. Over the high wall of the garden, with red windows on all sides, is my boudoir. If you wish, you may come tonight." Say that and hurry away.
That night, often take advantage of the night, slip to Gejie's boudoir and meet him. They were waiting to be entangled. Suddenly, they heard a woman's laughter outside the window. Ge Jin hurriedly pushed her often-used cloth under the bed. "Yubanzi is coming, you hide!" Often used to peep through the bed seam, only to see the woman in the flower appearance, and Gejie equivalent.
The jade board took Ge towel to Zhongyi in her room and never came back all night. She was often disappointed and frustrated. Fortunately, Ge Ji understood his mind, took the initiative to change the meeting place, and came to the common place to meet him. Chang Dayun used the peach blossom luck, and was surprised and delighted. He even did not want to go back to Luoyang, his native writer's hometown.
For a few days, Ge Jin said to Chang Dayi, "It's not always possible to sneak around like this. It's better for us to elope so as to save others from gossiping." Often, they could not afford to reward peony. They rushed back to Luoyang day and night, cleaned their doors and married Gejie. The family was very happy to see him marry such a beautiful daughter-in-law, and the neighbors came to congratulate him one after another.
But he said that Chang Da-yu had a younger brother named Chang Da-chi, who was seventeen years old and had not yet been married. Ge Jin saw that he had a great appearance and talent, so he consulted with his husband, "Do you remember my Jade Pan sister? How about giving it to your brother? Of course, there is no comment on Chang Da-jun. Chang Da-jun heard that Jade Plate is a beauty, let alone a comment. So Gejie sent her wife to drive to Caozhou to pick up Jade Pan and arranged her to marry Changda.
The Chang brothers are overjoyed by the return of their beauty. Ge Jin and Yu Ban, skillful and well-managed, quickly led the Chang family to a "well-off society". Two years later, Ge Jin and Yu Ban each had a son, and they had a happier life.
Ordinarily, life is so happy that you can enjoy it when you use it, but he doesn't! _____________ There is always a doubt in his mind, that is, what is the origin of his wife?
Ge Jin once told him that his surname was Wei and his mother was Mrs. Cao Guo. Chang Dadi believed it, and he thought to himself: Caozhou had no family with Wei surname; besides, if the wife was really the daughter of a big family, why did her parents not pursue her daughter's elopement?
One day, a group of robbers came somewhere. They surrounded the small building of the common household and shouted fiercely, "We have two things to ask for: first, we have 58 brothers here, please give us five hundred and two silver for each of us; second, I heard that there are few women in your house, please come out and let us have a look."
When the Chang brothers saw that the gangsters not only robbed money, but also robbed sex, they were very angry and refused. The robbers were so angry that they gathered firewood to surround the building and threatened their brothers. If they did not agree to their terms, they would set fire to their families.
During the conversation, Ge Jin and Yu Ban disregard the common obstruction, dress up and go out of the building. They stood on the steps and shouted, "Our sisters are fairies. Are you afraid you won't come down?" Even if you were given twelve thousand pieces of gold, would you dare to ask for it?"
Of course the robbers don't believe it and don't go backwards. Gejie and Yuban waved their sleeves and saw the robbers stagger and stand unsteadily. Therefore, the 58 "heroes" did not beg for money, nor did they rob themselves of color, so they ran away.
Neighbors were amazed to see these two beautiful women knocking down a group of strong men with ease. Both of them were heralded as flower demons.
Often used rumors, doubts, and inconvenience to ask Ge Jin, so he went to Caozhou alone for a visit. When he arrived in Caozhou, he visited the Xu family he had previously borrowed. When he saw a poem entitled "Give Madame Cao" hanging on the wall, he asked the owner who Madame Cao was. The owner smiled and led him to the back garden. He pointed to a tall purple peony and said, "This is Mrs. Cao Guo. Because of this, the flowers are so gorgeous that people named Cao Zhou first."
Often used to be shocked and inexplicable, lost his soul and returned to Luoyang. When he got home, he did not speak, but pretended to have read the poem "Madame Cao for Giving" unintentionally. Ge Jiwen heard that the color changed dramatically. She called out the jade board, picked up the child and cried to Chang Dayu. "Three years ago, I was touched by your affection, and then I got married with you. Now that you have broken the truth, what's the point of getting together again?!
Jade board also tears like rain, said: "Sister, we flower fairy can not tolerate other people's suspicion, let's abide by the law, go!" After that, Ge Jin and Jade Board tossed the child away and turned around and drifted away. Strangely enough, the child disappeared as soon as he landed.
A few days later, two peonies grew where the two children landed, one purple and one white, and the flowers were as big as dishes. In order to commemorate Gejie and Yuban, Chang brothers named them Gejie Zi and Yuban Bai.
countless number of books
In the Ming Dynasty, there was a scholar in Bozhou, Anhui, also known as Ouyang Boyun, who wrote bitter books. Originally, he was born in a family of officialdom. Later, because of his family background, he gradually declined and became very poor. However, the scholar is unwilling to accept the fate of the arrangement, and even more unwilling to be under the hedge of others, determined to test for merit and fame, glorious ancestors, who knows that successive years failed. A kind-hearted gentleman told him, "Later generations have a poor foundation. They still need to read ten thousand books to attract the gods of heaven and earth. So he copied books and learned articles all day long. But the family was poor and the paper was too expensive, so they had to copy an article on the walls and doorboards. One day, tired in his room, he came to the backyard to relax. Seeing the tree in the backyard that had not flowered for many years, the flowers were flourishing and leafy, so I was surprised. Suddenly, I went back to the room to take the autumn inkstone, and copied the article on the petals of imperial peony, replacing paper with flowers. The kind gentleman passed by and saw the scene. He called the peony "ten thousand volumes of books". This may have touched the "god of flowers", the next year, Ouyang Boyun fruit really in the "lift people".
In ancient times, there was a descendant named Liu Danting near Luoyang. He loved flowers as an idiot since childhood, and grew flowers as a habit. Among all kinds of flowers, he was especially fond of peony. He planted many flowers, plants and peonies in front of and behind his house. However, because he grows flowers very well, he is often harassed by naughty children. He was very angry. Every time anyone was caught by him, the light one would be punished for a long time and the heavy one would be beaten. So the local urchin nicknamed him "Ganliu". This gradually spread for a long time and replaced his name as a "big name". Speaking of the "evil Liu" flower planting skills are really extraordinary, he planted more than 100 peony plants, flowers, colorful varieties. One year he bred a golden peony, its color over the "Yao Huang", the neighbors of the countryside marveled, rich and wealthy people to gold and silver. At that time, Yellow Peony was very scarce, so he carried out a large number of breeding, and for a time, the competition between distant and near species became a fashion. Later, people named the flower "evil Liu Huang", which was included in the book and handed down.
Liu Shi Ge
In the late Sui Dynasty, in the eastern part of Miaoxia Town in Ruzhou, Henan Province, there was a place where the Liu family lived - Liu Jiaguan. Here is a beautiful and innocent girl, born in a scholarly disciple, from childhood piano, chess, calligraphy and painting, omniscient, loved by relatives and neighbours. After the death of their parents, the girl came to live in Chang'an with her brother and sister-in-law, who was an official in Chang'an. After the collapse of the Sui Dynasty, the elder brother and sister-in-law died one after another. She left her alone and had nowhere to go. She also saw through the world and became a nun. When she left home, the girl brought the white peony planted by herself in her former yard to the nunnery to show her devotion to Buddhism and self-purification. Under her careful management, the white peony grows very flourishing and beautiful. A plant with thousands of flowers, large and Yingchi flowers, Li pulled up the building, white with red halo, crystal and lustrous, such as beautiful skin, boy's jade face. Every April, many believers come to this temple to worship Buddha and observe flowers. They also enjoy offering flowers to Buddha, and the incense grows stronger. Therefore, the flower comes from the hand of "Your Excellency Liu Shiju", so it is called "Liu Shige" or "Liu Shige". Later, this peony variety was spread to Tianpeng, Sichuan, Heze, Shandong and other places, and its fragrance was far-reaching.
In ancient times, 200 miles southeast of Luoyang City, there was a state named Ruzhou, and a small town in the west of the state named Miaoxia. The mountains are surrounded by pleasant scenery, and there is a wonderful custom: once a young man and a young man get married, the woman must hand-deliver a wallet embroidered with a mandarin duck to the man, which is self-evident. If you decide to have baby relatives, you have to embroider a gift from your sister-in-law in the woman's home or the elder sisters who pass the door in the neighbourhood as a lifelong token. There lived a beautiful girl named Yunu in the town. In the eighteenth year of Jade Girl Fang, she was skillful, intelligent and skilled in embroidery and weaving. Especially all kinds of flower patterns embroidered on her purse often provoke bees and butterflies to fall on it, which shows the depth of kungfu. Such a good girl, relatives personally broke the threshold, but were politely rejected by the girl's family. Originally, the girl loved the man herself, and the family also acquiesced. Unfortunately, the young man had been in the Garrison for two years, and had not heard from him, nor had he ever received a purse. Jade girls look forward to each day, think night and night, and miss bitterly. They embroider a purse every month to talk about missing, and hang one by one on the peony branches in front of the window. Over time, the purse formed a string, and became what people call the "purse peony".
At the end of Ming Dynasty, there was a poor man with profound knowledge and good at piano, chess, calligraphy and painting. He only saw through the "Red Dust", refused to escape from the world, cut his hair and became a monk. He lived in Baiyun Temple in Taibai Mountain, and his code name was "Shiyishou". The temple is surrounded by mountains and rivers with beautiful scenery. Peony flowers and plants are widely planted in the courtyard. In addition to being diligent in Buddhist affairs, Yi Shou spent almost all his spare time studying ink and painting in monasteries. He is especially good at painting peony, and his paintings are delicate and realistic, just like nature. All the spectators clapped their hands and shouted. The reputation of Yi Shou's paintings soon spread all over the world, and there was an endless stream of painters. One spring, before and after Guyu, peonies competed, attracting good men and women from all walks of life to worship Buddha and observe flowers in order to achieve wealth, auspiciousness and well-being. This afternoon, Yishou was painting peony in the courtyard. Suddenly, he heard the noise of his predecessors and looked up. In the distance, there were several people dressed up by Zhuang Ding, who were surrounded by a "fat man" with a rich face. Come swaggering this way. When approached, Fang saw that there was a famous local bully, Wang Dahuang, who had been travelling in the countryside, oppressing the people and doing nothing evil. "Wang Dahuang" went to Yishou and saw that he was good at painting. He salivated three feet and was eager to get it. He urged Zhuangding to come forward and ask for it. What kind of personality can I live with? How can I stay with Wang Dahuang and refuse it now? "Wang Dagao" became angry and forced him to hand in a painting. Yi Shou showed no weakness. He tore up the painting and threw his brush into the inkstone platform. He was furious. "Wang Dagao" saw the crowd feeling angry, helpless, had to go away in anger. Who knows, the ink splashed from the inkstone platform falls on the petals of several nearby peony trees, and flows along the petals to the base of the petals, coagulating into purple patches. Later, when people come here every year at the time of blooming, they can clearly see the purple spots on the flowers, so they are called "purple peony".
Withered branch Peony
At the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, the Jinbing invaded the Central Plains. A general named Bian led his army through Luoyang. It was in the mid-winter season. His eyes were filled with the bleak sight of paraquat grass withered and yellow, and thousands of trees withered. The general was anxious to hurry the horse on his journey. The whip broke and he dropped a dead branch by the side of the road and beat the horse eastward. After several wars, one day he headed his ministry to Bencang Town in Yancheng, Jiangsu Province. He was already very poor and needed to be recuperated urgently. The general dismounted and looked around, inserting the dead branch of the whip into the ground, so that the headquarters could camp here... The next spring, the withered branch inserted into the ground unexpectedly pulled out its tender buds and displayed its new leaves. After the rain, it magically opened bright and beautiful flowers. When the local people heard about it, they came from hundreds of miles to watch the flowers and burn incense. According to the identification of the pharmacist, it is known that it is a peony. People rushed to tell each other, "The Great Song is hopeful, the Great Song is hopeful. "And this peony is called"withered branch peony". Later, local people donated money to build a platform and built a "dead branch Peony garden" to worship the peony.
Purple Root Peony
In Luoyang Peony Garden, there is a variety called "Purple Root Peony". This kind of peony flower is deep purple-red from the beginning to the blooming, and turns light red when it withers. Speaking of its origin, Luoyang still has a beautiful myth and legend.
It is said that in the celestial palace in the sky, there lived a flower god named Peony Fairy. She is smart, beautiful, hard-working and kind-hearted. She has cultivated thousands of beautiful flowers and made the fairy palace a world of flowers. Later, when Peony Fairy heard that there were no peony flowers in the world, she planned to send them to the world.
When Peony Fairy came to earth, she found many places which were not satisfactory. Finally, the Peony Fairy came to Luoyang. This place is so beautiful! Longmen and Beiyong are two big mountains with lush trees and lush green. On the hill, Ying Ge Yan Dialect, gently turning to listen, the four rivers of Yiluo, Jianjian meander in the meantime, like a silver snake flying. There are beautiful mountains and rivers, abundant veins, suitable climate, peony planting is the most appropriate. So, the Peony Fairy lived in Cuiyun Peak of Yongshan Mountain in Luoyang.
On the evening of August 15th of the lunar calendar, the moon is bright as water and the autumn wind is cool. The Peony Fairy began to make peony by moonlight. She painted various kinds of peony on the pictures, and then carefully revised them. She painted, painted, and by dawn, she had drawn ninety-nine pictures. These peony flowers, graceful and colorful, one more gorgeous than the other, she carefully appreciated these peony flowers, always feel that there is a lack of a new species, so, they also described a sketch of peony. When she was shading, she was sad. She thought about it for a long time and did not come up with a satisfactory color. The Peony Fairy was so tired that she fell asleep unconsciously. In her sleep, she dreamed that she had painted a very novel peony flower. The flowers were red and purple, and the color was bright and changeable. It was very lovely. The Peony Fairy was happy and woke up. She got up in a hurry to look for the sketch of the peony flower. Who knows, her neck suddenly lifted, a drop of purple-red paint on the brush, just oil on the roots of the newly painted peony flower. The drop of paint quickly penetrated the branches and flowers along the peony roots. Root bark and flowers turn dark purple and light purple, which is very beautiful. The Peony Fairy smiled. Was this color not the same as the color she saw in her dream? It was dawn and she was busy sprinkling her sweat on the hundred pictures. Thus, the peony flowers on the painting swing branches and leaves, exuding fragrance, one after another survived. But soon, they withered again and began to bear full seeds. The Peony Fairy took these flowers and seeds and scattered them into the fertile soil of Yongshan Mountain, where soon a hundred peony flowers of different colors bloomed. The 100th peony flower is the top-grade peony, which is now the "purple root peony" in Luoyang.
Because on August 15, the Peony Fairy painted and planted peony in Luoyang, so the people of Luoyang set August 15 as the birthday of peony.
Long, long ago, there was a scholar who loved to grow flowers. People gave him a nickname "Playboy". This playboy's garden was on the main road. People from south to North praised him for his good flowers. When he heard this, he nodded happily.
One morning, Huaxiang just watered the flowers in the garden. Suddenly, an old man with white beard came from the gate of the garden. "Grandpa, how do you like my garden?" he asked, smiling. The old man touched his beard and said, "Well, it's a little green peony." After hearing this, he asked, "Grandpa, where can you get green peony?" The old man said, "Yes, I'm afraid you can't stand the pain and find it." "Grandpa, you say, as long as you can find the green peony, I am not afraid to go up Daoshan and down the sea of fire!" The old man with white beard listened and said, "Well, since you must go and find it, I'll tell you." So the old man with white beard told him the way to find the green peony.
After listening to him, he went home with silver and rode on his horse. He followed the road pointed by the old man with white beard and went straight along the main road. Walk and walk, walk and walk, I do not know how many days, walk how many roads, the silver flower is exhausted, food is finished, and later, even the horse also sold, but still did not find green peony. When he was in a dilemma, he looked up and found an old man picking apricots in the orchard ahead. He hurried over, clasped his fists in both hands and made a tuck. He said to the old man, "Grandpa, how are you doing? Tell me where to find the green peony?" After hearing this, the old man sighed and said, "Well, you can't go even if you tell me!" Playboy listened, knees crisp on the ground, repeatedly pleaded with the old man, let the old man tell him where the Green Peony grows. When the old man saw Huaxianggong looking for the green peony, he said, "To find the green peony, we have to pass three passes: first, we have to cross the Black Water Lake on the road. The water in that lake is as black as the bottom of a pot and as cold as bone. There is no bridge, no boat, only a single log across the lake. If you can't walk well, you will fall into the lake and drown. Second, to cross the Tribulus Hill. Every thorn on that mountain is more than a foot long. There is no way up the hill, only through the air of the tribulus. If you want to cross the Tribulus Hill, you can't get it right. I'm afraid even your feet will be burnt. Thirdly, we need to get over the falling soul. The stream was deep and steep. People stood under it and looked up. They could only see a ray of sky. If you want to cross the stream, you can only grab a long and thin tree root and swing through it. If it fails to fall, not only will it lose its life, but even the corpse will fall into debris!"
After listening to the old man, he said, "Grandpa, thank you for your advice. In order to find the green peony, I went out of everything! " After that, he followed the old man's instructions and went on his way again.
He walked, walked and walked. I don't know how many times he walked, but he did see a black Lake in front of him. Looking at the lake, the water was really amazingly dark. The black waves rolled over and could not be seen at a glance. On the lake, there was only a thin round piece of wood on it. His feet trembled when he stepped on the wood, but he couldn't take care of it. He closed his eyes, leaned on the wood and swam desperately forward. From time to time, the body was soaked in the water of the lake, which was as cold as a cone pierced in the bone. He gritted his teeth, endured, and swam for a long time before crossing the Black Water Lake. Up the lake shore, he went on. Walk and walk, walk and walk, I don't know how many times, the front actually came to Tribulus Hill. Looking up, the terrestrial thorns on the mountain are really a foot long. If you don't walk well, you will fall down on Tribulus terrestris Hill and be pierced with skin and flesh. However, in order to find the green peony, he opened his eyes and left his feet empty. To walk through the empty terrestrial tribulus, we must walk steadily, stand firmly and tread accurately. So it's slow and slow to walk. He had been walking for two days and two nights before he finally found his way through the Tribulus Hill. Playful male feet kept walking along the road one after another, and this day came to a deep mountain stream. Looking up, the mountain stream was long, deep and steep, with only one long, slender root hanging from the mountain. In order to find the green peony, Huaxiang endured the pain all over his body, holding the root of the tree with both hands, pedaling on the cliff with both feet, and climbing up vigorously. He crawled and crawled, his hands were skinned, and he did not complain; his feet were cut, and he did not complain. I don't know how long it took to climb. Suddenly I saw a flash in front of my eyes. A bright road crossed my eyes. Playboy said to himself: Now we can find our way. He jumped down the root of the tree and went down the main road. Not long after walking, I entered a small village and saw an old man sitting on a small bench in the sun at the head of the village. The old man stood up at the sight of the fair-weather man and said, "You fair-weather man, maybe you're looking for the green peony?" "Yes," said the Playboy in surprise. Grandpa, do you know where the Green Peony is? The old man said, "Don't worry, come in with me first and have a rest and a meal. When you're full, I'll show you around." When he listened, he jumped up and went with the old man. He had a quick meal at the old man's house and went to look for Green Peony with the old man.
The old man led the Playboy to his garden. The garden was full of velvety peony flowers. The flowers are charming and fragrant. Huaxianggong was fascinated by the Green Peony in the garden. He pleaded with the old man to give him a tree. The old man said, "Well, I'll ask my seven girls to take you home. Three years later, there will be Green Peony in your garden. Playboy was dubious after listening. At that moment, the old man called out his seven daughters with a gesture of his hand. As soon as the Playboy looks at them, they are all the same in size and appearance. The old man called the seven girls at the end of the queue to him and said to him, "If you let her carry it on her back, keep her eyes closed, don't open it, don't open it." At first, the Playboy was too embarrassed to let the big girl back. However, in order to get the green peony, he was not afraid of all difficulties and dangers, so a hard scalp, lying on the back of seven girls, eyes closed, let her carry away. Just listen to the sound of the wind whispering in my ears, flying sand and rocks. Soon, the wind stopped, the sound stopped, and my feet tried to land. The seven girls asked him to open his eyes. He opened his eyes and, yo, entered his own house. The father and mother of the father-in-law were overjoyed when their son, who had been away for many days, came back and brought in a handsome girl. They asked for the reason and gave them a happy event on the same day.
In the third year, the handsome girl had a girl. She was white and fat. She was as handsome as a peony flower. Children grow up surprisingly fast. Within three months, they will go, talk, laugh and make people laugh.
That day, the girl and his grandfather went to the street to play, accidentally called a stone trip, fell to the ground, fell dead. When Grandpa saw him, he burst into tears. He picked up his dead granddaughter and went home, wondering what to say to his daughter-in-law. The daughter-in-law said, "A man is dead, and he will not live crying." When he saw the child dead, he burst into tears. The daughter-in-law also said to the crying playboy, "When the child dies, he can't cry. You buried her among the flowers in our garden. When I miss her, I turn left and right around her grave three times in the morning and before sunrise. The child will come out and meet you." After that, the daughter-in-law disappeared in a shadow.
When he blinked his eyes and lost his daughter-in-law, he burst into tears. As she cried, she took the child and went to the garden as her daughter-in-law told her, digging a deep pit in the middle of the flowers and burying her in it. Then he went home crying.
The next day, early in the morning, he got up and went to the middle of the garden before sunrise, turning left three times and right three times around his child's grave, as his daughter-in-law had left. Just after turning around, I saw that the grave "hula" split and a Green Peony Flower grew from the bottom of the grave. In the twinkling of an eye, the flowers and bones emerged from the leaves, and then came out many green velvety, fragrant Green Peony flowers.
From then on, there are precious green peony flowers in the garden of the flower-maker.
Luoyang is the best place for vein flowers, especially peony (Luoyang Peony Tu, Song Ouyang Xiu). Located in the Central Plains, Luoyang has a mild climate, rich soil, moderate rainfall and unique natural conditions, which make its peony famous for its large flowers, brilliant color, beautiful shape and rich fragrance. It has not only become an important distribution area and the earliest cultivation area of peony resources in China, but also one of the cultivation centers of peony in China and even the world.
Peony culture is a part of national culture. Compared with other types of culture, peony culture has its own characteristics: 1. Strong biological characteristics 2. Stronger pharmacological characteristics 3. Stronger horticultural characteristics 4. Stronger aesthetic characteristics 5. Stronger literary characteristics 6. Stronger local flavor 7. Strong sense of richness 8. Strong aftertaste of life. Ninth, strong life courage, strong tourism atmosphere and so on.
In addition, peony culture is the combination of spiritual civilization and material civilization. This is true from the history of peony development at home and abroad. Peony development is in its prime, and so is peony culture in its heyday. Today, Chinese peony is in its prime, bathing in the sunshine of spring, with unprecedented grandeur. In many places where peony is produced, grand Peony Flower Fairs are held every year to promote peony culture. At that time, there were thousands of empty alleys in Huacheng, watching Huaren rub shoulder to shoulder, laughing and singing, colorful flowers, such as drunken crowds, merging into a sea of joy. History proves this profound philosophy once again.
Subshrubby peony flower
Our Chinese nation is a great, industrious, brave and simple nation. We love peace and pursue all good things. Traditional famous flowers and peony symbolize happiness, peace, prosperity and prosperity. People of all ethnic groups regard it as a mascot. This is precisely the good wish of our Chinese nation.