Nanyin rap is a form of rap sung in Guangzhou dialect. It is also a common melody in Cantonese opera and Cantonese opera. It is said that Nanyin rap was developed on the basis of wooden fish and dragon boat by absorbing the melodies of Yangzhou Tanci (Wusheng) and other melodies. In order to distinguish Nanyin from Wusheng outside Guangdong, it is named Nanyin (Southern Tune). Nanyin rap is the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage in Macao Special Administrative Region.
On May 23, 2011, the "Nanyin Rap" declared by the Macao Special Administrative Region was listed in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.
Dishui Nanyin - In the early 20th century, the main performance venues of Nanyin were private residences, restaurants, streets and brothels. Most singers are blind artists, also known as Qu Shi, Qu Ji or Shi Niang. At the beginning of the 20th century, Dishui Nanyin was absorbed into Cantonese opera and Cantonese opera music, and became "Tainan Yin" and "Nanyin of Cantonese Opera". In the late 1970s, the traditional Dishui Nanyin almost became a dead song, while the Tainan and Cantonese opera Nanyin are still used by composers.
Nanyin can be roughly divided into two categories: Dishui Nanyin and Tainan Yin.
"Geshui" is a divination term. Guangdong calls the blind "Ashui", so the Nanyin sung by the blind is called "Geshui Nanyin".
Dishui Nanyin was absorbed into Cantonese opera and Cantonese opera music and became "Tainan Yin" or "Cantonese opera Nanyin".
Southern musical instruments include Qinqin, Coconut Hu, Xiao, Sanxian, Zheng and so on.
The commonly used accompaniment instruments of Dishui Nanyin are Zheng, Xiao, Coconut Hu, Qin Qin, Yangqin and clapper, while the number of accompaniment instruments is usually no more than five.
Nanyin is more musical than wooden fish and dragon boat, so there are many opportunities for Nanyin to appear on the stage as an independent type of music. Nanyin's sentence pattern and rhyme are quite strict. It has accompaniment, Allegro and door-crossing music. Its melody is graceful and graceful. It has a strong local color of Nanguo. The early Nanyin's range of singing is mostly among literati and refined scholars, and the traditional works are mostly works of grieving the Spring Festival and dreaming.
Inheritance and Protection
Peng Liyuan praised "Nanyin Rap"
On December 20, 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping's wife Peng Liyuan, accompanied by the Chief Executive of the Macao Special Administrative Region, Mrs. Cui Shian and Mrs. Huo Huifen, visited Zhengjia House, a part of the world material and cultural heritage in Macau. She also enjoyed the "Nanyin Rap" aria brought by the famous Cantonese opera artist, Junxiang, in Zhengjia House.
At Zheng's house, Peng Liyuan stopped to watch the history of Zheng's house and its structure. Subsequently, accompanied by Ho Huifen, Peng Liyuan came to a living room of Zhengjia Dawu to enjoy the performance of Nanyin Rap brought by Junxiang, a famous Cantonese opera family in Macao. Zou Junxiang is a well-known folk artist who founded the Yueju Opera Art Club in Zongxiang, Macao.
Nanyin rap is a kind of music that is sung by blind people telling stories. It was once popular in Macao in the 1950s and went deep into the folk. Nanyin Rap was listed in Macao's intangible cultural heritage list in 2009 and in the national intangible cultural heritage list in 2011.
During the interval, Peng Liyuan tasted tea with the people present. After the performance, Peng Liyuan said that Zou Junxiang's voice was loud and melodious, and she hoped that he would inherit more Chinese culture.