Nanping Nanci

Home Culture 2019-06-07

Nanping Nanci

Nanping Southern Ci is a traditional form of music popular in Nanping, northern Fujian Province. It is generally believed that the Southern Ci in Jiangnan area developed gradually with the local traditional folk song minor after it was introduced from Suzhou to Nanping in the Qing and Jiaqing Dynasties. The performance form of Nanping Nanci is composed of one lead singer, and many other people sit around with different instruments, and sing in turn according to different lines.

Nanping Nanci has some problems in today's development. There are few successors and many difficulties. It is urgent to support and protect Nanping Nanci.

The state attaches great importance to the protection of intangible cultural heritage. On May 20, 2006, the opera was approved by the State Council and listed in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.

Historical Origin

Nanci opera is popular in Nanping area of Fujian province. Legend has it that it was developed from Tanhuang minor. During the reign of Qianlong and Jiaqing in the Qing Dynasty (1736-1820), Tanhuang minor was introduced from Suzhou to Nanping, and combined with the traditional folk art of northern Fujian to form its own unique style. Originally in Tanhuang minor, both singing and Bai were in Suzhou "Tuguan dialect", mainly singing, and sometimes speaking. There are two types of tunes, major and minor, with eight rhymes of Southern Ci as its basic tone. Because Tan Spring was directly influenced by Suzhou Kunqu Opera, it retained some music cards such as crying Yanhui, , , . Most of the songs sung in the Qing Dynasty come from Kunqu Opera, such as Broken Bridge, Qiujiang, Out of the Fortress, Legend of White Snake, West Chamber, Moonworship and so on. From the middle of Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, Nanci developed in Nanping. During the Jiaqing period of the Qing Dynasty (1796-1820), the first class club was called Jingyixuan. During the reign of Qing Daoguang (1821-1850), there were "to form a community", "Tongzhi Decade of Qing Dynasty (1871),"Sandetang"organized by Catholics in Nanping, and"Tongyuexuan"in the reign of Qing Guangxu (1875-1908), and"Heming Society"and"Geng Yunqin Society"in the period of 5-35 (1916-1946) of the Republic of China. In the 26 years of the Republic of China (1937), Yuankeng Zefang farmers in Shunchang spontaneously organized the "Lechun Society".

artistic characteristics

Southern Ci is a form of sitting and singing, with three, five or more singers ranging from Yangqin, Sanxian, Pipa, Sheng, Sudi, Huhu, gong, cymbal, cymbal, drum and other musical instruments, singing while playing, mostly in Kunqu opera, its rhythm is graceful and graceful. Later, in order to make the elegant Kunqu Ci easy to understand, Nanci gradually changed its long and short sentences to seven-character sentences in order to adapt to the taste of urban and rural middle and lower class audiences.

Commonly known as the "Eight Rhymes Southern Ci", that is, singing eight lines, one rhyme, the ancient name of the "Eight Rhymes" traditional repertoire are: Hunting Back, Zhaojun Fortress, White Snake Biography, Monk and Nun Club, Peony to Medicine, Western Chamber, borrowing clothes to persuade friends, and other plays and folding operas, after liberation, more than 60 scripts have been sorted out.

Inheritance value

Nan Ci was introduced to Nanping in the late 18th century. Just after it was introduced, the famous activity class "Jing Yi Xuan" appeared. It has been more than 200 years since then. There have been nine generations of inheritance. Its artistic tradition is quite profound and its artistic vitality is very tenacious. However, there are some problems in the development of Nanping's Nanci today. There are few successors and many difficulties. It is urgent to support and protect Nanping's Nanci.

Successful application

The state attaches great importance to the protection of intangible cultural heritage. On May 20, 2006, the opera was approved by the State Council and listed in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.

Nanping-Nanci1


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