Munaozaiwa

Home Culture 2019-06-06

Munaozaiwa

Mu Nao Zhaiwa is a living history of Jingpo people's word-of-mouth. It is also a literary masterpiece of poetry style that has been passed down and inherited from generation to generation.

In May 2011, Munaozaiwa declared by Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province was listed in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.

historical origin

Historically, Jingpo people have no written language. Their history of survival and reproduction in the long history is mainly handed down orally. The epic "Munao Zhaiwa" is not only a precious historical material preserved by Zhaiwa people of all dynasties, but also a thread of ancient history of Jingpo people can be explored from it.

artistic characteristics

Its rhythm and rhythm are neat, and its language is beautiful and neat. Historically, the Jingpo people had no written language. They multiplied and survived in the long history, mainly through oral transmission. The epic "Munao Zhaiwa" is not only a precious historical material preserved by Zhaiwa people of all dynasties, but also a thread of ancient history of Jingpo people can be explored from it.

Current situation of inheritance

Starting from the creation of heaven and earth, it records the development and evolution of Jingpo people from ancient times to modern times in the form of beautiful myths and stories. It can be roughly divided into seven parts: the formation of heaven and earth, the uniform of heaven and earth, the breeding of all human beings, the leveling of heaven and earth in Ningguan Duwa, the era of flooding, the marriage of dragon girls and clans in Ningguan Du, the vivid description of production and life, etc. There are five or six kinds of books of Munaozaiwa collected now, but they are only slightly different because of the differences between the regions where they are spread and the singers. In March 1982, by the renowned Zhaiwa (wizard) Gong Tuigan (also known as Shawanfu) of Jingpo Nationality, the inspector of the state government and the famous scholar of Jingpo Nationality, Li Qianqian used Jingpo Wen to arrange, and Yunnan Nationality Publishing House published a more complete book with more than ten thousand lines. Hou Li Qian translated it into Chinese with Shi Rui, a member of the 10th CPPCC National Committee, a professor of Jingpo nationality in Yunnan University for Nationalities, and Chen Hong, a poet of Jingpo nationality, published by Dehong National Publishing House.

Inheritance Significance

As a grand national festival of Jingpo nationality, Munao Longko is held every time with thousands of people coming to participate. People dance in circles, singing and laughing, and the atmosphere is warm and warm. In the dance, people forget the stumbling in the past year's life and pray for the new year with a happy and sacred mood. Jingpo compatriots are immersed in the sacred atmosphere of Zhaiwa reciting Munao Zhaiwa, feeling the difficulties of their ancestors'entrepreneurship, expressing their feelings of remembering their ancestors and gods, understanding their own national history, listening to the voices of history and so on. This activity can not only soothe people's soul in Zhaiwa's pious recitation, but also increase the feeling of friendship and mutual assistance between people, and enhance national pride and cohesion.

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