Mongolian Topshore Music
Topshore is a unique short-necked woody plucked string instrument of Mongolian nationality in Xinjiang. It is beautiful in shape, simple in manufacture, graceful in timbre and easy to carry. It is especially suitable for nomadic life style and nomadic cultural characteristics.
In November 2014, "Mongolian Topshore Music" was approved by the State Council and listed in the fourth batch of National Intangible Cultural Heritage Representative projects.
Suitable for nomadic life style and nomadic cultural characteristics, it is deeply loved by herdsmen and widely spread among the Mongolian people in Xinjiang. In addition to the accompaniment of "Sawurden Dance" at folk gatherings, Obo meetings, weddings and other occasions, it can also play solo music for appreciation, and can also be used to accompany short-tune folk songs and "Jianger" rap and singing. The most famous repertoire is "Twelve Tobshore Suites". Topshore music of Mongolian nationality is a kind of traditional music which was approved by the State Council in 2014 and listed in the fourth batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
Among many Tobshore tunes, "Twelve Tobshore Suites" is the most prominent. The Twelve Tobshore Suites in Xinjiang have their own characteristics because of their different regions and folk artists. The song titles of "Twelve Tobshore Suites" in Usu City are "Holmer", "Girl Sawurden", "Soren Hazil", "Jiudur", "Moren Siegler", "Duerdong", "Daogling Kuksin", "Sohur Kuksin", "Sopayg", "Urugtik", "Horner Ahar", "Balkin". Kai, Yang Da. In addition, there are some Topshore classics such as "Baojinkai", "Buwa", "Ben Boer River" and so on.
The history of Topshore is as old as the history of the formation of the Mongolian nationality. In the 1370s, on his way to Beijing through Xinjiang, Marco Polo saw Tobshore on the Mongolian grassland and left a record. In addition, in the Western Regions Tuzhi of the Qing Dynasty, there are detailed records about "Topshore": round Bushur, that is, the second string, with wood as the groove square, with holes in the bottom. Its face is six inches, eight minutes, two centimeters and six inches, three centimeters and nine centimeters wide. The edge length is 7 inches 8 minutes 8 centimeters and the width is 6 inches 4 centimeters 8 centimeters. With wood as the handle, Baishankou is one foot seven inches long, two minutes eight centimeters long, nine centimeters wide and one inch zero seven centimeters wide. The curved head is on the groove surface, wide and so on. The chord shaft groove is two inches and four centimeters long and three centimeters wide. Axis length is 4 inches and 4 centimeters. The length is 2 feet and 3 inches and 4 centimeters. Camphor wood is used in the whole body and Tung wood is used in the groove surface. Shi Xian II takes single intestine as its main target. It is tied to the left and right axles and taps the finger by hand.