Mongolian Khantin Music

Home Culture 2019-06-03

Mongolian Khantin Music

The most important component of Mongolian traditional music is court music, which is Mongolian Khan music. Successfully selected into the fourth batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.


The capital of Lindan Khan, the last generation of Mongolian Khan, is the ancient city of Chaganhot in Arukhorqin Banner. It is recognized as an important base for studying Mongolian Khantin music by academic circles at home and abroad. According to historical records and detailed research and full demonstration by experts and scholars in academic circles, Lindan Khan Court Music, which prevailed in the Mongol and Yuan Dynasties, is a relatively complete Mongolian Khan Court Music material known at present. More than 300 years ago, Mongolian Khantin music flowed into the court of the Qing Dynasty. More than 300 years later, a text recording Mongolian Khantin music was found here again. The Mongolian Khantin band was founded in the first year of Taizu and prevailed in the Yuan Dynasty. It was a band specially performed in front of the Mongolian Golden Curtain Hall for Khan's succession, kings or foreign dynasties, empresses, princes and ministers. Honorable title, as well as suburban temple Richeng, ministers congratulations, Da Duan clan and relatives and other scenes. The music of Mongolian Khantin music is magnificent and magnificent. The music includes Khan eulogy, court praise, religious etiquette, folk proverbs and philosophical instructions. It consists of three parts: music, music and dance. It has more than 80 repertoires. A total of 18 instruments are needed, such as Hu Jian, Hu Qin, Sanxian, Mongolian Zheng and Hu Busi.

By the end of the Northern Yuan Dynasty, Khan Lindan Khan showed a new atmosphere in court music and dance. The Northern Yuan Dynasty perished, but Lindan Khan's court music was favored by Emperor Tai Chi of the Qing Dynasty, and continued to be used in the Qing Palace. Mongolian court music was introduced into the Qing Palace and became an important part of the Qing Palace music.

Recent developments

The people's government of Arukherqin Banner attaches great importance to the protection and excavation of "Mongolian Court Music" and lists it as a banner-level intangible cultural heritage. Under the chairmanship of Professor Hugeletu of Inner Mongolia Normal University, in 2009, the people's government of Arukherqin Banner started the excavation, rescue and restoration of Mongolian Lindanhan Court Music and established the Mongolian Khantin Band. After careful planning and rehearsal, a series of works have been completed, such as the reproduction of musical instruments, the arrangement of musical scores, the design of costumes, the rehearsal of bands, the choreography of dances, the setting of stage and the selection of actors. The Mongolian Khantin music, which was lost for a long time, was restored. The Mongolian Khantin band, which was founded in the first year of Taizu Yuan, is now reappearing on the North Horqin grassland.

On November 11, 2014, the State Council issued the fourth batch of representative projects of national intangible cultural heritage, and Mongolian Hanting music was successfully selected. Classified as traditional music.