Mawei Shipping Museum
The Mawei Shipbuilding Cultural Heritage Group in Fuzhou is centered on the Chinese Shipbuilding Cultural Museum, including Zhongpo Battery, Zhaozhong Temple, British Consulate, Marine Engine Workshop, Painting Academy and so on. It shows the fruitful achievements of modern Chinese science and technology, new-style education, industrial manufacturing, national defense construction, translation and dissemination of Western classical culture, and cultural exchanges between East and West. The traditional culture charm of ambition, active action, modesty and eagerness to learn has formed a unique shipping culture. It is an important birthplace of modern industry in China, known as "the cradle of modern Chinese navy", and has been named the patriotic education demonstration base and national defense education base successively.
In December 2016, it was included in the National List of Red Scenic Spots.
Mawei is located in the lower reaches of Minjiang River, Fujian Province. It is only one water away from Taiwan. Since ancient times, it has been a water-to-water gateway of Fuzhou Mother Town. In modern times, it has been opened into five commercial ports. In 1985, it was designated by the State Council as one of the first 14 national economic and Technological Development zones. As early as 1866, Zuo Zongtang and Shen Baozhen founded Fujian Shipyard here, which was the first professional machinery shipyard in modern China. From this, a series of activities such as building shipyards, building warships, making aircraft, running schools, attracting talents, sending schoolchildren abroad to study abroad were launched. Yanfu, Zhan Tianyou, Sazhenbing and Deng Shichang were trained and trained as representatives. A group of excellent modern Chinese industrial and technical personnel and outstanding naval officers. At the same time, Fujian shipbuilding pioneered the trend, boldly proposed "looking at the world with cold eyes", introduced advanced western science and technology, disseminated Chinese and Western culture, and promoted the process of China's modernization, which is known as the "living fossil" of modern Chinese history.
The Majiang Sea Battle Fortress, Martyr's Tomb and Zhaozhong Temple covered by shipping culture, Fujian Shipping Architecture was announced by the State Council in 1996 and 2001 as the fourth and fifth batches of national key cultural relics protection units. In order to promote shipping culture, protect historical and cultural heritage, strengthen cultural exchanges between Fujian and Taiwan, and promote the development of tourism economy, Mawei has invested hundreds of millions of yuan since 1998 to build a museum of shipping culture, restore shipbuilding sites and open up shipping culture tourism routes. In 2005, the Mawei Shipbuilding Cultural Relics Group in Fuzhou was named "the third batch of national patriotic education demonstration bases" by the Ministry of Propaganda and Publicity. In 2010, the National Defense Education Office selected nine national defense education demonstration bases as the pilot construction units of the national defense education theme park. The Shipbuilding Cultural Relics Group is the only selected unit in our province.
The Shipping Historic and Cultural Heritage Protection Project in Mawei District of Fuzhou City was awarded the "China Habitat Environment Model Award". Horsetail is the birthplace of Chinese shipping culture and the cradle of modern navy. It has a far-reaching influence in the modern history of China. Mawei Shipbuilding Cultural Relics Group includes Luoxing Tower Garden and Maqushan Park. There are not only a number of Shipbuilding-related monuments in the park, such as Zhongpo Battery Platform, Zhaozhong Temple, Majiang Sea War Martyrs Tomb, Holy Church Hospital, British Branch Consulate, but also a large newly built shipbuilding group sculpture and Shipbuilding Elite Hall. The China Shipping Culture Museum is the first museum with the theme of shipping in China. It is located in the eastern foot of Majie Road, Zhaozhong Road, Fuzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone (Mawei). The museum is a five-storey building with an area of 4,100 square meters. Its front is modeled as two warships riding the wind and breaking the waves. It has great momentum and modern architectural style. The exhibitions in the museum are divided into preface hall, Marine Administration Overview hall, marine administration education hall, marine administration industry hall, naval foundation hall and marine administration hall of fame. Through a large number of shipbuilding cultural relics, historical photographs, charts, wall carvings and so on, the birth, development and shipbuilding culture of China's shipbuilding industry with the theme of "loyalty to the country and constant self-improvement" are displayed in three dimensions.
Cang Cang Gu Shan, flooding Fujian water. Fuzhou Mawei is the birthplace of Chinese shipping culture and the cradle of modern navy.
In 1842, artillery fire from Western powers opened the door of Fuzhou. For more than a century, people in Fuzhou have meditated, explored, pursued, shouted and struggled in the face of the tempering of blood and fire.
In 1866, Zuo Zongtang, governor of Fujian and Zhejiang, founded Fujian Shipping Administration in Mawei, Fuzhou. He vigorously carried out a series of activities such as building shipyards, building warships, making airplanes, running schools, attracting talents and sending schoolchildren abroad to study abroad. He trained and trained a number of excellent modern Chinese industrial and technical talents and outstanding naval officers. They had been active in the military, cultural, scientific and technological, diplomatic, economic and other fields of modern China, followed the pace of the world's advanced countries at that time, and promoted the birth and development of China's shipbuilding, electric lights, telecommunications, railway transportation, aircraft manufacturing and other modern industries. They introduced advanced western science and technology, disseminated Chinese and Western culture, and promoted the process of China's modernization. They face up to their strong enemies, fight hard at the negotiating table, fight bloody battles on the frontier and give their lives generously. Lin Zexu, Yan Fu, Zhan Tianyou, Deng Shichang and other generation of national elites and patriots for the first time let the world understand the spirit, wisdom and strength of Fuzhou people.
"Heaven walks strong, and gentlemen strive for self-improvement." Due to the limitation of the times, the glory of Fujian Shipping Administration in Mawei, Fuzhou has lasted for only 40 years. But in the historical bomb command room, it shows the fruitful achievements of modern China's advanced science and technology, higher education, industrial manufacturing, translation and dissemination of Western classical culture, nurtures many people with lofty ideals and their advanced ideas, and reflects the unique traditional cultural charm of the Chinese nation, which is ambitious, enterprising, open-minded, knowledgeable, innovative and loyal to serving the country. Shipping Culture. It is the unremitting historical pride of the people of Fuzhou for a hundred years and the spiritual treasure handed down from generation to generation by the Chinese nation. Today, it is of far-reaching significance to excavate, sort out and study shipping culture, carry forward the essence of shipping culture, and create a good cultural atmosphere to set off the opening tide of Minjiang River and promote the development of Fuzhou.
Culture usually refers to the sum of material wealth and spiritual wealth created by the people in the process of social and historical practice, including social ideology and corresponding institutions and organizations. Fujian shipping industry has lasted for nearly a hundred years, with remarkable results, great significance and far-reaching impact. Fujian shipbuilding culture is not only a reflection of specific social politics and economy, but also a great influence on certain social politics and economy. With the development of material production, Fujian shipbuilding culture has its rich connotation and distinct personality.
1. An important part of the Westernization Movement in modern Chinese history. Fujian Shipping Administration was the first attempt to introduce western science and technology after the Second Opium War. It was also the beginning of Chinese schools to educate students with western modern scientific knowledge. It can be regarded as a milestone in modern Chinese history.
2. An organism that combines Chinese bureaucracy with modern industrial enterprises, science, technology, culture and education. It is the earliest and largest official shipyard and shipping school in China.
3. Pioneer of Chinese modern shipbuilding industry. Fujian Shipbuilding was the largest, most influential and most complete shipbuilding base in the Far East at that time.
4. The base of training scientific and technological team in modern China. Shipbuilding School is the first modern university run by the Chinese people, and also the first Naval School of science and technology in China. It has trained a large number of shipbuilding, navigation and other related talents. The shipbuilding bureau produced the early proletariat in China and a group of skilled skilled workers.
5. The cradle of modern Chinese navy. Fujian Shipbuilding Bureau produced a merchant ship and formed the first fleet in modern China. Shipbuilding School trained many naval talents and became a supply base for generals at all levels of Beiyang, Nanyang, Fujian and Guangdong Navies, which directly promoted the establishment and development of modern Chinese navy.
6. Cradle of China's aviation industry. Fujian Shipping Administration established China's first formal aircraft manufacturer, designed and manufactured China's first aircraft to reach the international level at that time, founded China's first submarine flying school, and trained the first batch of aviation engineering talents.
7. Components of China's advanced culture. The spirit of self-reliance, openness and innovation, learning and enterprising embodied in shipping culture will be passed on from generation to generation and shine forever.
The above is only the main embodiment of the rich connotation of shipping culture. As for the extension of shipping culture, it covers all aspects of social, political and economic, and has a wide range of contacts. The seminar has collected many papers from experts and scholars at home and abroad. There are still many problems that need to be studied and discussed in depth so as to inherit and innovate and better serve the realistic development. According to different occasions and needs, the name of shipping culture can be crowned with ponytail, Fuzhou, Fujian or Chinese ponytail to distinguish it from Shanghai and Tianjin.
Deng Shichang (October 4, 1849 - September 17, 1894), formerly known as Yongchang, the word Zhengqing. The patriotic general of the Navy and national hero in the late Qing Dynasty. Han nationality, Panyu, Guangdong (now Haizhu District, Guangzhou), is a native of Huaide Township, Dongguan, Guangdong Province. Born in a wealthy family, his father, Deng Huanzhuang, specializes in tea business. He has tried to open Xiangfayuan Tea House in Guangzhou, Tianjin, Shanghai, Han, Hong Kong, Qinhuangdao and other places, and started to build Deng's ancestral hall. When I was young, I moved to Shanghai with my father and learned arithmetic and English from Westerners. In June 1867, Shen Baozhen (son-in-law of Lin Zexu) came to Fuzhou Mawei Shipping School to serve. In order to make ships, it is necessary to train shipbuilding talents and set up a manufacturing school (pre-school). Because France is good at manufacturing, it is necessary to teach French. In order to drive a ship, it is necessary to train the driving talents and set up the Pipeline Ship School (post-school). Because Britain is good at driving, it is necessary to teach in English. The two schools were set up at the same time as the shipyard and recruited students from Luo Fenglu, He Xinchuan, Jiang Chaoying, Liu Buchan, Ye Boxu, Fang Boqian, Lin Tongshu, Zheng Wencheng, Lin Taizeng, Li Dazhang, Yan Fu, Shen Youheng, Qiu Baoren, Chen Yusong, Lin Yongsheng, Ye Zuhei, Chen Jinrong, Huang Xu Shoushan, Lin Chengmo, Chai Zhuoqun, Zheng Puquan and Huang Jianxun. After the first enrollment of students in shipping administration, more than ten students who have already learned English from Guangdong, including Deng Shichang, Ye Fu, Lu Han, Li He, Zhang Cheng, Li Tian, Li Jiaben, Lin Guoxiang, Liang Zifang and Zhuo Guanluo, have been recruited from Guangdong. When he was a teenager, he was smart and eager to learn. In 1868, with the volunteer of saving the nation, he was admitted to Fuzhou Shipping School to study sailing with excellent results in all courses, and became the first student in the driving class of the school. After graduating from Fuzhou Shipbuilding School, he was sent to Jianwei in 1871 to practice driving and cruise the Nanyang islands. He was appointed Chief Officer of Chenhai Warship in 1874, and later served as the management belt of Haidong Cloud Warship, Zhenwei Warship and Titanic Warship. In 1879, Li Hongzhang organized the Beiyang Navy. He was transferred to the Beiyang Navy to serve as the tube belt of the Zhennan gunboat. In 1867, he joined the first phase of the driving class of Mawei Shipbuilding School. In 1871, he was assigned to the "Jianwei" ship to practice navigation. In 1874, he graduated with outstanding achievements and was appointed "Chenhuang" shipping belt by the Minister of Shipping Shen Baozhen with five military merits. The next year, he was "Haidong Yun" gunboat belt, when the Japanese invaded Taiwan. Deng Shichang was ordered to guard Penghu, Keelung and other fortresses to make up for a thousand. He was also transferred to Zhenwei Gun Ship Tube Belt, acting as "Yangwu" Clipper Tube Driver, upgraded to garrison rank. In 1880, he was transferred to the Beiyang Marine Division and successively served as the "Flying Ting", "Zhennan" mosquito gun barrel belt, and "Yangwei Ship" and "Zhiyuan" barrel belt. September 17, 1894, was sacrificed in the Yellow Sea War between China and Japan during the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War of 1894.
Ice in Sazhen
Sazhenbing (1859 - 1952), the word Ding Ming, the ancestors of the Western Regions Semu people (Mongolian), originated in Yanmen, Shanxi Province (today's Daixian County in Shanxi Province). Sarabha, the ancestor of the Yuan Dynasty, was trusted by Kublai Khan to take power in the army. During the Yuan Dynasty, he lived in Zhuzifang, Rongcheng. 16th to Sazhenbing. Father Sayichen, with the word Huailiang and the name Naji, lived for all of us and made a living by teaching.
Sa Zhenbing experienced various historical periods of the pre-Qing Dynasty, the Republic of China and the early liberation period, and was an outstanding figure in the history of the Chinese navy. At the same time, he has been known as a "living Bodhisattva" by the people for poverty alleviation and benefit. He enjoys a great reputation before he dies and a good reputation after he dies.
Early Age Serves the Country
Sa Zhenbing was poor when he was young, but diligent and eager to learn. At the age of 11, he was admitted to Mawei Shipbuilding School and studied astronomy and driving. He was ranked first when he graduated. Assignment of "Yangwu" practice ship probation, Guangxu two years (1876) winter, he and Ye Zuhei, Liu Buchan, Fang Boqian, Yan Fu were sent to the British Naval Academy of the Great Greenwich Emperor to learn driving. He returned from studying in England and served his country. During the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War of 1894, he participated in the Weihai Port Defense War, and led the sailors to stick to the Liu Gongdao Fortress and fight bravely against the enemy. In the twenty-five years of Guangxu (1899), he was the leader of the Beiyang Marine Division, accompanied by "Haiqi" warships. The next year, the Boxer Rebellion (1900), he led the ship south, concentrated in Jiangyin, assisted in the defense of southeastern provinces, and later became the supervisor of the Guangdong Marine Division. At that time, the Qing government wanted to rectify the navy, so Zaixun was sent to visit Britain, the United States, Germany, France, Japan, Russia and other countries with him. After returning to China, Zaixun was Minister of the navy, and he served as governor of the navy. Weihaiwei has fallen into Sazhen ice. Beiyang Marine Division took Sazhen Bingxian to the Revolution of 1911. He headed the ship between Liu Jiamiao and Wuhan and Jiujiang. At that time, although the revolutionary army had acquired Wuchang, the Qing army and the revolutionary army were still confronting each other. Because the naval officers and soldiers were all interested in revolution, he retreated, and the Navy he belonged to changed its style and joined the revolution. In 1912, he became the principal of Wusong Merchant Shipping School from teaching. In 1916, after Li Yuanhong succeeded the president, he went out to serve as interim commander-in-chief and general of the navy. Feng Guozhang was president in 1918. He joined the cabinet as Navy Chief Executive. On May 14, the following year, Sa Zhenbing, acting as Premier of the State Council, was dismissed from his part-time post until August 9. On May 14, 1921, he resigned as Navy Chief Executive and returned to Fujian to serve as Fujian Province's Qingxiang Supervisory Office. On October 15, 1922, the Beijing Government appointed him Governor of Fujian Province and dismissed him on November 31, the same year. In February 1923, warlord Wang Yongquan and others spurred Mao Yifeng to set off a wave of "turning Over forests (forests) to support Sa". He moved from Nantai Zhongzhou Naval Office in Fuzhou to the provincial governor's office in the city and served as "autonomous" governor. In 1933, General Jiang Guangnao and Cai Tingkai of the 19th Route Army launched the Fujian Reform in Rongrong. At that time, regardless of his personal status and life and safety, he participated in the righteous act of resisting Japan and opposing Chiang Kai-shek. He was appointed as a senior adviser and was appointed governor of Fujian Province, but he was soon dismissed.
Love the native land and benefit mulberry Catalpa
Sa Zhenbing retreated and devoted himself to charity. He is enthusiastic about the construction of his hometown and sympathizes with people's suffering. He advocates setting up orphanages, craft training centers, shelters and other places for orphans and disabled people in Fuzhou. He advocates doctor's free consultation, and accepts the appointment of Baosong monk, who is the abbot of Kaiyuan Temple in Fuzhou, as the chairman of the Buddhist Hospital. He sent letters and telegrams to overseas Fujian overseas Chinese to raise huge funds. After the completion of the Buddhist hospital, it was based on saving the world and saving the people. It offered medicine and medicine. Monks, nuns and poor people benefited a large number of survivors. In the winter of 1926, Zhang Yizhao, the warlord commander of Zhangquan Town, fled to Fuzhou. After the defeat, he fled to Fujian County and swept away the Guashan area of Pumpang. All the houses were torched, and the villagers were displaced and desperate. Sa Zhenbing came down as governor of the province and traveled all over the Nanyang Islands, collecting more than 200,000 yuan from overseas Chinese, rebuilding the disaster area and personally supervising relief work. Ninety-three rural people built longevity pavilions for him and praised him as a "living Bodhisattva".
He enlarged the road in Fuzhou to facilitate transportation, and the citizens appreciated it. The road was named "Dewey Road".
Prolific translator of Western works into classical Chinese
Yan Fu (1854.1.8-1921.10.27), formerly Zongguang and Yiling, was renamed and renamed later. He was an influential bourgeois Enlightenment thinker, translator and educator in the late Qing Dynasty. He was one of the "advanced Chinese" who sought truth from western countries in modern Chinese history.
Yan Fu was born in a doctor's family. In 1866, Yan Fu was admitted to Fuzhou Shipping School, where he studied English and modern natural science. He graduated with excellent grades five years later. From 1877 to 1879, Yan Fu and others were sent to Britain to study. They first went to the University of Portsmouth and then to the Greenwich Naval Academy. During his study abroad, Yan Fu became interested in British social politics, involved in a large number of bourgeois political academic theories, and especially appreciated Darwin's evolutionary theory.
In 1879, he graduated and returned home to Fuzhou Shipyard to teach ship administration. The following year, he was transferred to Tianjin Beiyang Marine Teachers'School as the general teacher (dean), and then promoted to the general office (principal). Yan Fu also served as the general office of the Translation Bureau of Beijing Normal University Hall, the president of Shanghai Fudan Public School, the president of Anqing Normal University School, and the editor-in-chief of the famous Dictionary of the Qing Dynasty School.
After returning to China, Yan Fu transferred from the navy to the ideological circle, actively advocated the enlightenment education of Western learning, and completed the translation of the famous Tianyan Lun. His translation is different from Huxley's original works and Spencer's general view of evolution. In Tian Yan Lun, Yan Fu elaborated his viewpoint of saving the nation from extinction with the theory of biological evolution of "natural selection of things" and "survival of the fittest", and advocated encouraging people's strength, opening up people's wisdom, innovating people's morality, self-reliance and calling for saving the nation from extinction. The translation is concise and the standard of "faithfulness, expressiveness and elegance" is advocated. Host the National News. "Winning with Heaven" was widely spread in the intellectual circles at that time. His famous translations include Adam Smith's The Rich, Spencer's The Understanding of Group Studies, Montesquieu's The Law, etc. For the first time, he systematically introduced western classical economics, political theory and natural science and philosophy theory into China, enlightening and educating a generation of Chinese people.
After the Revolution of 1911, Beijing Normal University Hall was renamed Peking University. Yan Fu was appointed president of Peking University by Yuan Shikai in 1912, which also shows Yan Fu's convincing and prominent position in the ideological and academic circles. At this time, Yan Fu's comparative view of Chinese and Western cultures matured, and began to enter the stage of self-reflection, tending to return to traditional culture. He feared that China's loss of its national "national characteristics" would "be like a fish out of water and empty, like a lame person taking abduction, such as shorter than the spiritual person's reliance on opium, which is said to be a loss of its nature," and "the loss of its nature has not lasted for a long time." Out of such a deeper concern about the future and destiny of the Chinese nation, Yan Fu once tried to integrate the liberal arts and Confucianism of Peking University into one, and to cure the old school entirely, "in order to keep Yi Lun's moral articles in the four or five thousand years of our country's saintly and legendary tradition intact."
He died on 27 October 1921 at the age of 68. His works include Yan Jidao's Poems and Notes. He was translated into Hou Guan Yan's Series of Penalties and Yan Yin's Series of Masterpieces.
Yan Fu's former residence, 114-1 Qiao Xiangge Pavilion on the south-west side of Tianjin Ancient Culture Street Palace
Zhan Tianyou (April 26, 1861 - April 24, 1919) is a member of the family, a member of the Zida Dynasty, a Han nationality, a native of Nanhai, Guangdong Province, and a native of Wuyuan, Anhui Province (now Wuyuan, Jiangxi Province). English name: Jeme Tien Yow. He was China's first railway engineer, responsible for the construction of "Beijing-Zhangzhou Railway" and other projects, known as "the father of China's railway" and "the father of China's modern engineering". Zhan Tianyou was very interested in machines when he was a teenager. He often used clay to imitate various machine models with children in his neighborhood. Sometimes, he secretly took apart the self-ringing bell at home, played with and fumbled with its components, and raised some questions that adults could not answer. The villagers admired the child very much. In 1872, Zhan Tianyou, a twelve-year-old, went to Hong Kong to apply for the "Preparatory School for Young Children to Go Abroad" organized by the Qing Government. After the entrance examination, his father painted a pledge on a certificate stating "If there is a disease, life or death, each man will live in peace with his destiny". From then on, he left his parents and came to the United States to study with the ideal of learning Western "skills". In the United States, the students of the overseas preview class witnessed the great achievements of science and technology in North America and Western Europe, and praised the rapid development of machinery, trains, ships and telecommunications manufacturing industry. Some students were pessimistic about China's future, but Zhan Tianyou said with firm conviction: "In the future, China will also have trains and ships." With the belief of studying hard for the prosperity and strength of his motherland, he studied hard and graduated from New Haven School with outstanding achievements in 1877. In May of the same year, he was admitted to the Department of Civil Engineering of Yale University, specializing in railway engineering. In the four years of university, Zhan Tianyou studied hard, and ranked first in the graduation examination with outstanding results.
Fuzhou Mawei Shipbuilding Culture Theme Park is based on two parks, Luoxingta Park and Majieshan Park. It consists of two gardens, two museums and one dock, namely Luoxingta Park, Majieshan Park, Majiang Maritime War Memorial Hall, China Modern Naval Museum and the site of No. 1 Shipbuilding Dock, as well as sculptures and reliefs by Zuo Zongtang, the founder of shipbuilding, and Shen Baozhen, the Minister of shipbuilding. Yan Fu, Zhan Tianyou, Deng Shichang and other stone carvings. The Park covers 7.9 hectares with 36 scenic spots.
Shipbuilding Cultural Square (Visiting Large Sculptures Reflecting Shipbuilding Style and Navy Cradle)
China Shipping Culture Museum (Understanding the Development of Chinese Shipping Culture)
Maritime Culture Theme Park, Maqen Mountain Park (visiting Meiyuan Prison, British Consulate Branch, Battery Platform and Maritime Sculpture)
China-France Majiang Maritime War Memorial Hall (Understanding the History of Majiang Maritime War)
Tomb of martyrs in the Majiang Sea War (mourning Fujian naval division officers and soldiers who died bravely in the Majiang Sea War)
Mawei Shipyard (visiting historical relics such as factory history exhibition hall and marine engine workshop to understand the rise and fall of shipbuilding industry in the development of shipbuilding industry)
Mawei Port, Fuzhou, at the confluence of the three rivers in the lower reaches of Minjiang River, has Luoxing Mountain, which used to be in the heart of the river. On the top of the mountain stands a tower, pillars of the sea and sky. This is the famous Rosing Tower at home and abroad. Luoxing Pagoda is an internationally recognized navigation mark, a gateway sign of Minjiang River, and has the reputation of "China Pagoda". The name of the world postal site is "Pagoda Anchorage". In the past few hundred years, letters from all over the world to Mawei can be sent by simply writing "China Tower".
It is said that one or two hundred years ago, a foreign ship went to the sea off Mawei, Fuzhou, and saw the Luoxing Tower from afar, and cheered, "China Tower". Previously, the internationally recognized translation (Amoy) was Fuzhou dialect. Ã¢â‚¬â€Ã¢â‚¬â€ This shows that Fuzhou's contacts with the West are early.
Under the tower is Luoxing Park, beside which is the International Seafarers Club. Up to the top of the tower, the port and wharf, and the development zone are all in sight. On both sides of the river are ancient forts, which can be seen in the ancient battlefield of the fireworks-filled Sino-French campaign.
Luoxingta Mountain has now been opened into a park. On the West side, there are towers, and on the South side, there are pavilions. There are also Zhongsoutai, Mingchao Pavilion and Friendship Xuan in the garden. Crossing the archway at the population of the park, the garden is full of flowers and trees at four o'clock, and the scenery is pleasant. Several ancient banyan trees, close to each other, lush, like a green wall, surrounded by towering ancient pagodas. Pick up the steps from the tower, turn to the top of the tower, suddenly open the field of vision, relaxed and happy. Looking around, we can see the scenery of both sides of Minjiang River from a distance, and the new features of port construction from a close look. We can see all kinds of pictures with vivid colours. The water and sky are the same colour, the mountains are beautiful and the things are new.
Luoxing Tower Park is an integral part of Shipping Culture Theme Park. Located in Mawei Luoxing Mountain, the area is 2.33 hectares. At the foot of the mountain, along the Minjiang River, there are bars, fences, stacked rockeries and widely planted plants.
Located at the confluence of the three rivers in the lower reaches of Minjiang River in Fuzhou City, Luoxing Mountain stands on the top of a tower and pillars the sea and sky. This is the famous Rosing Tower at home and abroad.
There are towers and parks. Luoxing Pagoda was built in the Southern Song Dynasty. According to Wang Yingshan's Min Du Ji, a powerful man in Guangdong conspired to seize a beautiful young woman, Liu Qiniang, and first framed her husband and took him to Fujian. Liuqiniang was unyielding and came to Fujian with her husband. Unfortunately, her husband died on the way. She sold her family property and prayed for the blessings of her deceased husband. Here she built the tower. The original wooden pagoda was destroyed in the Ming Dynasty (1572-1620). At this time, Fuzhou's foreign trade is developed, and the port needs a sign. Tianqi 4 years (1624) was rebuilt in situ, with stone masonry, Pavilion structure, seven stories of anise, shrines inside and outside, with a diameter of 8.6 meters. Tashashi table, put a lamp on it, at night, the lights shine everywhere, guiding the boat. In the fifth year of Tongzhi reign of Qing Dynasty (1866), a ship administration was set up in Mawei. To protect the ancient pagoda from lightning strikes, ship administrators installed a large iron ball on the pagoda brake and inserted lightning rods (from the tip of the needle to the base of the pagoda 31.5), which connected iron bars to the bottom of the river. The iron was corroded for a long time and then blown away by typhoon. In 1656, Zheng Chenggong led the division to restore the Central Plains, stationed in Luoxing Pagoda, built earthcastles under the pagoda, and insisted on resisting the Qing Dynasty for one year. At the beginning of Qing Dynasty, on the mountain of Zhucheng, it was called Luoxing Tower City; setting up flood season, named Luoxing Tower flood season; taking tower as observation platform and Yandun (beacon tower). In modern times, the international legend has been a flourishing cross-three oceans (Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Atlantic) arrow (scissors) boat race, 11 participating boats competed in the waters below the tower. In 1884, during the Sino-French Majiang War, the officers and soldiers of the Qingshui Division launched a heroic struggle against the enemy. It was reinstalled in 1926. In 1964, the Fuzhou Municipal People's Government listed Luoxing Pagoda as the city's cultural relics protection unit to repair, repair large iron balls, re-install lightning rods, each layer with iron railings. In 1985, it was listed as a provincial cultural relics protection unit.
Majiang Maritime War Memorial
At the south foot of Mawei Mountains lies the Majiang Sea War Memorial Museum of China and France and the Modern Naval Museum of China. In the late Qing Dynasty, the Westernization Movement rose in China. Zuo Zongtang, governor of Fujian and Zhejiang, was sure to set up shipping administration in Mawei. Shen Baozhen, former governor of Jiangxi, was the first minister of shipping administration. China's first 1000-ton ship (Wannian Qing), China's first steel warship (Pingyuan), China's first seaplane, China's first fleet in modern times are all based on this. Shipbuilding School is the earliest military school in modern China. The Shipbuilding School nurtured a large number of talents such as Yan Fu, Deng Shichang and Zhan Tianyou. Three fifths of the officers of the modern Chinese Navy came from Ma Wei.
On August 23, 1884, the French invading fleet raided the Fujian Navy and provoked the Sino-French naval battle in the Majiang River. Because the Qing government compromised and dared not resist, the Fujian naval division rushed into battle. 796 officers and soldiers were killed in battle, and the whole army of Fujian naval division was destroyed. The sacrificed officers and soldiers of Fujian Marine Division were buried at the foot of Majie Mountain. In 1920, the Navy and the alumni of Shipping School raised funds from Beijing, Shanghai and Rong to establish the Majiang Zhaozhong Temple and the Majiang Sea War Memorial Hall in 1983. There are many historic sites about Fujian Shipping Administration in Mawei, including Shipping Administration Shipyard, Painting Academy, Bell Tower, No. 1 Dock, Zhaozhong Temple and so on. Majiang Maritime War Memorial Hall and Shipbuilding Complex are listed as key cultural relics protection units in China.
Zhao Zhong Temple
The Majiang Sea War Martyrs Tomb and Zhaozhong Temple in Fuzhou are located at the south foot of Maquan Mountain in Mawei. Due to the weakness of the Qing government, the Fujian naval divisions rushed to the battle. 796 officers and soldiers sacrificed. More than 400 martyrs were salvaged and buried in nine graves at the foot of Maqen Mountain. Two years later, the "Zhaozhong Temple" was built in the east of the tomb, and the cemetery was rebuilt in 1920, with nine tombs as a mound, and the Majiang Haicheng Memorial Hall was established.