Maolangou National Forest Park
Maolangou National Forest Park is located in the northeastern part of Heilongjiang Province, at the northern foot of Xiaoxing'an Mountains and Xiangyang Township of Jiayin County, 76 kilometers away from the county town. The West and South are connected with Wuyiling avant-garde farm, the north with Wuyun Town and the East with Heilongjiang Province. The whole forest park covers an area of 60 square kilometers. It is a rare tourist resort for tourism, vacation, scientific research and rock climbing, integrating the beauty of mountains, waters, forests, pools and waterfalls.
Scenic spots include Maolan Falls, Black Dragon Pool, Fairy Pool, Prince Peak, Bear Head Peak, Pigeon Peak, Stone Man, Shipo, Zhentan Stone and Danfeng Spring. Maolangou is the most spectacular natural landscape of Yichun city. It is known as "Jiuzhaigou" in Heilongjiang Province.
In 1992, Maolangou National Forest Park was built. Maolangou National Forest Park, formerly known as "Cat and Wolf Valley", was named for its deep forest, frequent occurrence of wolves, tigers and leopards, and later renamed "Maolangou" because of its beautiful scenery and homonym of "Cat and Wolf".
In November 2001, Maolangou was approved as a national forest park by the state.
In March 2003, it was approved as a provincial nature reserve.
In November 2003, it was approved as AA-level tourist attraction.
In December 2006, it was approved as AAA tourist attraction.
Maolangou National Forest Park is located in the northeastern part of Heilongjiang Province, at the northern foot of Xiaoxing'an Mountains and Xiangyang Township of Jiayin County, 76 kilometers away from the county town. The southwest is connected with Wuyiling avant-garde farm, the north with Wuyun Town, and the East with Heilongjiang Province.
The main river in the park is Maolangou River, which is 16.2 kilometers long. It originates from Wuzi Grand Gang in Xiaoxing'anling Mountains in the west of the park and flows into Heilongjiang Province from southwest to northeast. Influenced by the terrain, many waterfalls and deep pools are formed by falling water.
Maolangou is a complex of Geology and geomorphology represented by Indosinian granite tectonic peak forest landform, Quaternary periglacial landform and Neotectonic collapse landform. It is the only one of the most complete, well-developed and well-modeled granite Canyon geological relics found in Xiaoxing'an Mountains at present. It is also a typical representative of Indosinian granite tectonic Canyon geological relics.
Maolangou National Forest Park is located in Xiaoxing'an Mountains, 67 kilometers away from Jiayin County. It has an elevation of more than 400 meters, an average height of nearly 80 meters, a peak of 200 meters and a depth of more than 100 meters. It is one of the most spectacular natural landscapes of Stone Forest Groups.
Maolangou is far away from the city, with deep forest and unique landscape. It integrates mountains, forests, waterfalls and quiet pools. With its unique landform and structure, forests, ice and snow, as well as the natural landscape connecting with the Dajie River, it can enjoy the spring, summer, autumn and winter snow. The scenery varies from year to year, which is the unique tourist resource treasure of Heilongjiang Province.
Maolangou National Forest Park has Maolan Falls, Fairy Pool, Pigeon Peak, Prince Peak, Bear Head Peak, Shilao Dao (Stone), Shixiong Watching Moon (Peak), Ghost Hard to reach (Cliff), Camel Peak, Zhentan Stone, Guanyin Baibei (Peak), etc.
Development and construction
Jiangmaolangou National Forest Park always adheres to the construction concept of "keeping the original appearance, without carving", and pays attention to the protection of the original landscape. The main contents of the construction are to build trestle bridges, iron rope handrails around the scenic spots and pavilions, pavilions and towers for visitors to watch and rest, so as to strive for the original appearance and original taste in the construction. Over the past few years, a total of 19.599 million yuan has been invested, hardening roads 2.5 kilometers, installing 8 wide-angle areas; repairing walking paths 5 kilometers; hardening parking lots 11,000 square meters to complete the project of scenic area gates and visitor reception centers with distinctive features; erecting three cable bridges across streams, two aquatic trestles and eight bridges across streams; building and renovating four public toilets; adding fixed and accessible facilities Fifty-six mobile garbage cans; a new water supply system, including 65 meters deep machine wells; a new bonfire pool, an area of 810 square meters. More than 350 pieces of propaganda boards for Forest Science popularization, famous tree brands, plant signs, sightseeing signs and warning signs were produced.
According to the principle of "strict protection, unified planning, rational development and sustainable utilization", Maolangou National Forest Park in Heilongjiang Province utilizes the beautiful natural landscape conditions of scenic spots to develop ecological tourism.
(1) Strive to create a national ecological civilization education base, carry out in-depth activities beneficial to people's physical and mental health, promote harmony between man and nature, and vigorously establish and disseminate the concept of ecological civilization.
(2) Planting evergreen seedlings such as Korean pine and spruce on both sides of tourist highways and trails in spring to enhance off-season ornamentality.
(3) Rebuilding some inferior trees in the park, replanting rare greening tree species, improving the landscape quality of forest vegetation in the existing scenic area, improving the landscape recreational value of the forest, and promoting the growth and reproduction of the target tree species.
(4) Strengthen propaganda efforts, update the contents of sub-stations of parks in time on the websites of China Forest Tourism Network and State Forestry Administration, increase the pictures of popular science knowledge propaganda in parks, and enhance the interesting and knowledgeable nature of the websites.
(5) Hold photography competitions to let photographers know the true face of Maolan Valley, stimulate people's interest in nature, and show the beauty of Maolan Valley to the world.
Scenic Spot Tourism
The core area of Maolangou Scenic Area is Maolangou Canyon, which is a tectonic Canyon formed by crustal changes. It extends in the west-northeast direction and is about 2 kilometers long. It originates from the Maolan River in Wuziqi Dagang through the canyon.
Fairy Pool Fracture
The fault strikes northwest and displaces the primary joints in the rocks on both sides, with a distance of about 2 m. Andromeda pool was formed at the intersection of Maolangou fault and Andromeda pool fault. Rocks were easy to be broken and water accumulated to form pools.
The Oroqen nationality is a hunting nation, and its traditional dwelling "immortal pillar" also shows the characteristics of hunting nation. "Immortal Column" is Oroqen, meaning "wooden pole house", which is a simple house built with wooden poles and birch bark or animal skin. It is similar to the American Indian's luxury shelter, easy to open and cover, suitable for hunting life, "Fairy Column" is very simple, in addition to sleeping pads, are necessary for daily life and production.
Stone old woman
Located in the middle reaches of the Maolan River 266.5 Heights, there is a bust halfway up the hillside, which is composed of several natural boulders. Its head, neck and trunk are very distinct, such as artificially carved, and lifelike. The bust is about 40 m high, 35 m in area and 12 m in maximum circumference. The main body of Shilao Dao consists of three rocks, which constitute the head, body and lower part of the old woman respectively. The joints of four groups of rocks form a smooth body curve and image of the head contour after spherical weathering. At the same time, two separated bodies formed by dark mining on the top of the rock are easy to weathering and erosion, forming two pits.
Wild pigeon peak
Located in the middle reaches of Maolan River, between the deep canyons on both sides of Maolan Valley. The relative height is 110 meters. Hundreds of wild pigeons are stationed on the peak, and they are inseparable all the year round. Sometimes they circle around the top of the peak, whistle echoes in the blue sky, sometimes glide in the deep valley streams, in groups looking for food carnival. People admire the wild pigeon's romance and boldness. In the pavilion, they inscribe such a poem, "The incense nest is built on strange peaks, and the beautiful water flows only along the deep gully".
Black Dragon Pool
Falls facing deep pools, known as Black Dragon Pool, deep green pools, cold, misty, such as Fairyland. If it is autumn, the sky is high and cloudy, the forest is full of dyes, the mountains are red, the blue sky, white clouds, and the red, yellow, blue, green and orange "Wuhua Mountain" are reflected on the Black Dragon Pond, the pool water will instantly be transformed into a fantastic and magnificent "Wuhua Lake".
Maolan Waterfall is about 20 meters high and 14 meters wide, with a drop of about 15.1 meters. It is surging in all seasons. Every rainy season, rivers rush from high cliffs, such as horses galloping, surging, such as the galaxy pouring, thousands of practices flying in the sky, pearls uncovered and jade broken, irresistible. Flying droplets surge back, like smoky clouds rising into the sky, their shape is magnificent, sound and thunder, gas swallowing mountains and rivers. On sunny days and bright sunshine, there are colorful rainbows. During the dry season, the waterfall is divided into two parts. The right side is shaped like a bead curtain, and the left side is shaped like the word "human", each with its own characteristics and magnificence.
Pine seeds are the seeds of a precious tree species, Pinus koraiensis. Mainly distributed in the vein of Changbai Shandong Province and Xiaoxing'an Mountains in Northeast China, it is an endangered species at the national level. Wild Korean pine needs to grow for 50 years before it begins to seed, and its maturity period is about two years. Its seeds are big and delicious, so it is known as "longevity fruit" and "longevity fruit", and is favored by people for its high nutritional value. Its edible history is long, and it is a high-grade organic green food without pollution. Pine nut is rich in protein, carbohydrate, and a large number of Ve ingredients, rich in vitamin A and E and fatty acids, oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid needed by human body, as well as Pinot astringent acid which is not found in other plants.
Pteridium aquilinum is also called fist, cat's claw and bibcock. They are mainly distributed in sparse coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests. The edible part is the young leaf bud which is not unfolded. Pteridium aquilinum is a green wild vegetable without any pollution in forest, mountain and pine forests. It not only contains many vitamins needed by human body, but also has the functions of clearing intestines, strengthening stomach, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals. Pteridium aquilinum can be eaten by boiling water before it is eaten and then immersing it in cold water to remove the odor. The processed fern has a delicate and smooth taste, and then mixed with seasoning, which is refreshing and refreshing. It is a rare and excellent wine dish. Stir-fried, processed into dried vegetables, stuffing, pickled into cans, etc.
Monkey leg vegetable
Horseshoe Vegetable is known as Pteridium hoofii, commonly known as green stem vegetable, laver, monkey leg. Hericium erinaceus contains various nutrients, which are more nutritious than cultivated vegetables. Its taste is delicious and unique. Its medicinal value is similar to fern. It is one of the famous edible and medicinal wild vegetables. Generally, it grows in coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest or shrubs and riverside grassland along ditches. Its plant height is 80-90 cm. It can be divided into two varieties: green and purple. Changbai Mountain is the main producing area in China.
Suitable for people suffering from gastric diseases, including chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers; suitable for people with weak constitution, malnutrition, neurasthenia; suitable for patients with pain, especially esophageal, cardiac and gastric cancer; also suitable for patients with cardiovascular diseases.
Auricularia auricula is not only delicate, crisp, smooth and nutritious, but also rich in protein, fat, carbohydrates and a variety of vitamins and inorganic salts.
Auricularia auricula contains nutrients, some are significantly higher than other foods, its protein content is equivalent to meat, its vitamin B2 content is more than rice, noodles, vegetables and meat, iron content is 100 times higher than meat, calcium content is 30-70 times higher than meat, it also contains phosphorus and sulfur, which constitute the main components of human cell protoplasm.
Because of its abundant nutritional ingredients and the very small amount of natural wild plants, the international market price is more than 10,000 yuan per ton. In the domestic market, the price can reach 70-80 yuan per kilogram at the festival. It is rich in 16 kinds of amino acids and 22 kinds of trace elements, including calcium, manganese, iron, titanium, nickel, copper and germanium, which are necessary for human body. The content is higher than that of ginseng. Therefore, it is known as "the first mountain treasure in the world" and has become one of the main varieties of wild vegetables exported from Northeast China.