Luliang Colorful Sand Forest
Luliang color sand forest is a national AAAA tourist area, 18 kilometers away from Luliang County. 108 named scenic spots are located in the "Y" shaped canyon, with a total area of 180 hectares. Because of weathering and denudation, the sand forest is in the shape of hills and peaks, and because it is mainly red, yellow and white, mixed with blue, blue, black and gray, and different seasons, climate, sunshine and viewing angles, it produces colorful tones, so it is called colorful sand forest, which is a famous geological tourism landscape.
In April 2018, Yunnan Tourist Scenic Spots Quality Grading Committee decided to give Lu Liang a serious warning of color sand forests, with a time limit of 3 months for rectification.
Scenic area description
The National AAAA-level Tourist Area, Colored Sand Forest, covers an area of 25 square kilometers and 52.8 square kilometers. It is an important scenic spot on Yunnan's top-quality tourist routes. It is 40 kilometers away from Shilin and 130 kilometers away from Kunming. It has superior location advantages and convenient access conditions. Here, there is a piece of natural wonder formed 340 million years ago, with high tourism value and geographical research value, which is rare in the world; here, the desert in the oasis, is a colorful and varied dream world; here, is the largest color sand sculpture theme park in the world. Lu Liang is the first dam on Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. According to legend, he was the hometown of Meng Huo, the leader of the southern minority nationalities in the Three Kingdoms Period. The Cuan culture centered on Cuan clan in the Northern and Southern Dynasties originated from this. Here, a piece of natural wonder, which was formed 340 million years ago and has high tourism value and geographical research value, is rare in the world. Its unique geographical structure, after thousands of years of wind and rain washed into a colorful, varied dream world - colored sand forest.
There are rare geographical spectacles in the world. The scenic spot is located 15 kilometers southeast of Luliang County. The area of the scenic spot covers 25 square kilometers. In 2000, the colored sand forest was honored as the national "AAA" tourist scenic spot, and in 2003 it became the national "AAAAA" tourist scenic spot. Formed 340 million years ago in the underwater world, its unique geographic structure has been washed away by thousands of years of wind and rain into a colorful and varied dream world. Within the scenic area, there are mysterious and deep national primitive forest parks, solemn and solemn ancient battlefield sites, 10,000 Mu grassland hills with low wind and grass, clear and sweet springs, Xichong lake with water mirrors, Kuan Long Yan stele (first-class national cultural relics), which Kang Youwei calls "the world's gods first", "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms", "Journey to the West" and "Yanhuang Shizu". Ã£â‚¬â€¹ More than 20 large-scale movies and TV dramas have left behind many permanent classical architectural scenes, including the colorful dress rehearsals of natural wonders and magic axes, as well as the long-standing barbarian culture and the Three Kingdoms culture that they carry...
Here, you can ride horses, ride sedans, ride chariots, drive speedboats, listen to Cui's ancient music, enjoy folk songs and dances, eat ancient battlefield officers and soldiers meals, participate in colorful entertainment activities, enjoy other interesting browsing pleasure.
Colorful sand forest is full of the primitive barbarism of human beings and the harmonious coexistence of human beings and nature, so that more people can understand her, enter her, enjoy the land...
The sand forest is formed by weathering and denudation.
The sand pillars and peaks on the sandy cliffs show golden, white, red and gray tones, with black, green, blue and other colors. They are colorful and dazzling, and with different seasons, climate, sunshine and viewing angles, they produce brilliant and colorful hues. Especially at the beginning of the light rain, when the clouds break and the sun rises, it is extremely magnificent. From a distance, it can be seen that the colorful clouds are full of mountains, so the local people call it the colorful sand forest. According to folklore, the color sand forest was originally the incarnation of a black dragon. The black dragon was killed by the dragon for saving the people's face of Li. The red sand was the flesh of the dragon, the white sand was the skin of the dragon, the black sand was the scales of the dragon, and the rugged cliffs were the bones and tendons of the dragon. In memory of this black dragon who died for justice, the people called it Heipo.
Shalin used the principle of the Book of Changes to build the gate, as well as the largest relief sculpture of the History of Cuan in the country, as well as the Meng Huo Zhai Men and Wang Fu left behind by CCTV's "Romance of the Three Kingdoms", which are of great ornamental value. Near the colorful sand forest, there are also famous monuments of Qianlong and Yan in China, as well as the world's ancient geographic landmarks, "Niutoushan Ancient Land" and "Xuandi Gong" Temple, Wufeng Mountain National Primitive Forest and other landscapes. Coloured sand forests are connected by national highways, beside Luliang Station of Nankun Railway, which is under construction. The traffic is very convenient. Lu Liang's color sand forest is 120 kilometers away from Kunming. There are buses going through Shizong and Luoping at major bus stations in Kunming.
Qujing belongs to the subtropical plateau monsoon climate. Due to the influence of topography and micro-topography, the climate types are diverse. Huize, Xuanwei and Fuyuan in the north of Qujing belong to the warm temperate climate, while other places belong to the subtropical climate. The hottest July has an average temperature of 19 degrees Celsius and the coldest January has an average temperature of 14 degrees Celsius.
Coloured sand forest, located 18 kilometers southeast of Luliang County, is a quite distinctive tourist attraction. She is a treasure dedicated by nature to human beings. She can make visitors enjoy their eyes, admire them and forget to return.
The scenic area covers an area of 6 square kilometers and is adjacent to the Panlong Yanbei, Zhongnanshan and Wufeng Mountains. It is the result of the evolution of nature for thousands of years; it is a spectacular landform gradually formed by earthquake impact, magma ejection, crustal movement, wind and rain erosion; it is a collection of sand pillars, sand peaks, sand screens and sand wrinkles condensed by colorful sand. Seats of sand peaks or alone, or connected, varied, far as the forest, near as the peak, the height of more than 30 meters. Suddenly hovering up, suddenly falling down, the peaks turn around, showing a cluster of screens, peaks, peaks, cliffs along the two walls of the valley, as well as a variety of shapes.
Because it is a three-dimensional model, sand forests in the morning, evening, rain, sunshine, spring, summer, autumn and winter with the intensity of light, different angles of sunlight projection, will produce different tones of the landscape. Cool Xiao's wonderful "Danqing Chinese Paintings" are full of colors, such as red, purple, blue, black, green, grey, green, orange, yellow and so on. All kinds of sand belts are rare in the world. Strange shapes, colorful colors and rich landscapes constitute a multi-functional and complex scenic tourist attraction of sand forest.
The geology and geomorphology of sand forest have important scientific value. It is the formation of crustal movement for hundreds of millions of years. The cutting, arching and descending of the earth's force have formed its complex geology and landform. It is a rare prototype of paleogeology and geomorphology. It has joined the World Wide Fund for Nature and is listed as one of the world heritage sites for protection. Visitors here can not only acquire living knowledge of nature, but also cherish the past, realize the changes of the world, and feel the natural law of vicissitudes of life.
Spring, the most unique in the sand forest, many springs in the forest infiltration, gurgling water, adding to the spirit of the sand forest. Sand is not grey in sunshine, dry but not dry, wet but not muddy in rain, but not hard. At the outlet of the spring water, the water pressure washes sand, rolls and transpires, like curling smoke, such as traveling to sea, the sand spring is clear and transparent, and the water quality tastes good.
Sand, unique here, in the sand forest, sand bath, sand sliding, sand hunting, sand horse racing, sand volleyball, football, sand for fun, rich and colorful content. Barefoot sand forest is the most comfortable, standing quietly between the sand streams, the sand under the feet is slowly washed away by the stream water, forming sand on the footboard skin friction, feeling very special. The quartz sand here is of good quality, high purity and fine. It contains 97.8% quartz sand and many other elements such as gold, silver, copper, iron, zinc, iodine and silicon.
There are many wild animals and plants in the sand forest. There are mainly seven-color snakes (green, yellow, flower, white, black, red, green); seven-color frogs (green, black, flower, red, green, brown, yellow); seven-color butterflies (red, yellow, white, flower, black, green, purple); and otters, muntjacks, foxes, pangolins, hares, weasels, squirrels, owls, woodpeckers, pheasants, pheasants, porpoises, birds, etc. The plants are characterized by orchids, michelia, azaleas, camellias, matsutake and mycelia.
The scenic area is rich in water resources. Xichong Lake has a capacity of 1.39 million cubic meters and a surface of more than 2,000 mu. Surrounded by mountains on three sides, pines and emeralds, the water is quiet, the beach can play, the speedboat can chase the wind, the long dike can be sunbathed, the island can have a picnic. Fishing center can let fishing enthusiasts show their skills, but also the limpid shallow streams, twists and turns make you interesting. Shalin, with its unique natural landscape and abundant humanistic landscape. Here, more than 100 vivid and lifelike natural shapes have been carved out by the goddess and goddesses, such as "the king of Qiu", "the scholar's watch list", "the girl's watch-man", "mushroom grinding", "bamboo shoots after rain", "eight Immortals crossing the sea", "goddess embracing the sun" and "peach garden knotting righteousness". These vivid shapes will make you fantastic and amazing.
Places of historic figures and cultural heritage
In addition, Shalin also has many humanistic landscapes integrating science and history, including 34 caves, such as "cave resort", "36 cave reliefs", "cave dance hall", "sand racetrack", "ancient trestle road", "peak fire platform", "ancient castle", "ancient history" relief","Xuanmen of Xuanfu","four treasures of Wenfang (stone pen, graphite, stone). Inkstone and Stone Paper","Stele Forest","Fossil Gate","Nanman Qianmen","Yi Jiazhai Gate","Meng Huo Zhai Gate","Meng Huo Wangfu","Sand Sculpture Competition Area","Warring Horse Slope","Pan Snake Valley","Manwang Ancient Tomb","Bamboo Garden","Millennium Old Rattan","Black Spring","Choose Broken Points"and so on.
"Thirty-six stratagems" relief caves, one stratagem and one cave can not only appreciate the colorful sand layer with distinct colors, but also give tourists an intuitive image to appreciate the military origin of strategic offensive in ancient China. Cave Resort is warm in winter and cool in summer. When moon stars are scarce, in the wilderness or sitting under the palm pavilion or standing in front of the cave, there is a clear glow, the forest peaks cover each other, occasionally the call of the night birds, even more empty and quiet, the candlelight flickering in the cave, reflecting a bunch of wild flowers and grasses on the dome ceiling and wall, fragrance and warmth of a bit of wilderness. Full of inexplicable temptation, unclear, and better to live.
The relief sculpture of History made of FRP is one of the key points of human landscape. The relief is 128 meters in length, 5-8 meters in height and 376 square meters in area. The relief is based on the historical basis of the Qian Long Yan Monument, a key cultural relic protection unit of the State Council. Through a story, it reflects a positive trend in nine parts: primitive tribe, peacock dream, the birth of Qian, the expedition to Nanman, war and alliance, the birth of Qian Shen, the prosperity of Qian, national contradiction and the migration of nationalities. On the theme: national unity, exchanges and integration, is hope, is victory, national division, self-imposed, blockade of the country, can not progress. The relief is simple in color and rough in line.
Sand sculpture is another key point of human landscape. Sand sculpture is a sculpture art with sand and water as its material, and it is also a marginal art. It blends with sculpture, painting, architecture, sports and outdoor entertainment. It is not only a professional elite competition, but also a warm and open grand occasion. It is an improvisational entertainment for the whole people. It uses natural sand and makes it a work with deep cultural connotation through artistic processing. Shachenglin, after thousands of years of sand forest, must be a "strange". Various peaks and fantastic shapes are bound to be "fantastic". Colorful, brilliant, wonderful pen in the sky. Sand seepage springs, sweet dew ripples, nourishing sand and nourishing people. Wind and sand do not rise, water and sand do not dye, mysterious. Mountains and lakes, magnificent spirit, dedication of heaven and earth. This unique wonder, attractiveness, potential power and radiation all have special value. With the unique resource advantage of the world and the charm of sand sculpture art, through careful planning and careful organization, five sessions of themes have been successfully held since 2001, namely "Millennium Dream", "Entering the Famous Works", "Five Continents Style", "Music Style" and "Historic Style". The world's first and only international color sand sculpture festival and sand sculpture competition. The International Colorful Sand Sculpture Festival has not only become an important festival activity in Yunnan tourism, but also a well-known brand of Yunnan tourism because of its unique creativity. At the same time, many permanent sand sculptures have been left behind. The exquisite sand sculptures have created a sand sculpture museum for the colorful sand forest, which perfectly combines the humanistic landscape with the natural landscape and surprises people.
Salin is convenient for accommodation and food, and has its own characteristics. Apart from living in caves, they can also live in hostels and hotels, while the ancient battlefield officers and soldiers'meals, barbecues and cuisine are unique and unique. Shalin, because of its complex terrain, simple and mysterious, has been selected as the location for many times by the central and provincial film and television departments. It has shot several films and TV programs here, such as "Jinsha Shui Pai", "Nanzhong Secret History", "Shanniang", "Yanhuang Shizu" and "Romance of the Three Kingdoms". Shalin, surrounded by its "two peaks" (Wufeng Mountain and Zhongnanshan Mountain), and "five lakes" (Xichong Lake, Yongfeng Lake, Zhongnan Lake, Yushimiao Lake and Wufeng Mountain Lake), is facing each other with a monument (Qian Long Yan Monument), which is set off as an interesting natural picture scroll, attracting more and more tourists and experts and scholars at home and abroad.
From Kunming East Station of Long-distance Bus Passenger Transport, about 140 kilometers east along National Highway 324, we arrived at the colorful sand forest, known as the world's natural wonder.
Coloured sand forest is located between Luliang, Luxi, Shilin and Shizong counties, and the traffic is very convenient. You can take a bus to Luliang in Kunming, and then take bus No. 5 near Luliang County Passenger Station.
Or take a bus to Shizong and Luoping in Kunming, or get off at the call.
International Sand Sculpture Festival
On March 10, 2001, the first International Colored Sand Sculpture Festival was held in Luliang, China. It attracted eight international teams from Russia, the United States, Italy, the Netherlands and six domestic teams from Beijing, Shanghai, Zhejiang and other provinces and cities. At the same time, it also attracts a large number of tourists from home and abroad to come to visit, which makes Qian Township become the world's concern overnight.
Prospects for development
Facing the new century, the first International Colorful Sand Sculpture Festival and Sand Sculpture Competition in Luliang, China will bring the tourism of sands into a new realm. Sand groups and people will pursue international fashion, watch, play and taste popular art. Nan-Kun Railway is opened to Shalin scenic spot every weekend. Qu-Lu (Qujing-Luliang) Expressway passes along the edge of Shalin. There are buses to and from Shalin and Luliang County Town every day. Star-rated hotels, delicious dishes and local names in the city can meet your different needs, so that you can linger and forget. From the peak of history to the 21st century, the color sand forest is no longer far away...
This beautiful and rich land is inhabited by more than 5 million Han people and ethnic minorities such as Yi, Hui, Zhuang, Buyi, Miao, Yao and Shui. Qujing is a region where many nationalities live together. There are eight nationalities in the world: Han, Yi, Hui, Zhuang, Miao, Buyi, Yao and Shui. For thousands of years, the people of all ethnic groups have worked together as brothers to develop and build this rich and beautiful home in eastern Yunnan. Seven ethnic minorities, accounting for 7.8% of the total population, have their own different languages, customs and religious beliefs, and each ethnic group has an epic that is constantly multiplying in the struggle against nature. Especially the unique national customs add infinite interest to tourism and foreign investors.
"Catching up with the Watch" and "Walking in the Village"
By the Huangni River in the beautiful scenery, the unique aquarium girls of Qujing in Yunnan Province "catching up with their watches" and "walking away from villages" extemporaneously compose words and songs to express their admiration and loyalty to their loved ones, where the songs begin, men and women laugh, singing, laughter and wood leaves merge into a sea of joy. During the "Eid al-Fitr" and "Gurban Festival" of the Hui people along the Kedu River in Xundian, the scattered and small Hui people gathered in their respective mosques to worship and eulogize the Koran, solemn, solemn and pious. The sons and daughters of Zhuangs along the Wulong River of Shizong have high voice of "wave whistle". The Buyi men and women's "March 3rd" song in Luoping, the Watching Dance of Miao compatriots in Malong, Zhanyi, Xuanwei, the Miao people's "flower-picking mountain", the "Autumn Festival" of Yi compatriots in Dian, the "Torch Festival" of Yi compatriots in Red Earth Wall of Qilin District, the big three strings of the Luliang and the Dragon lanterns, lion dances and stilts of the local people... Various national festivals, colorful national songs and dances, together express the yearning for a better life.
March 3 (the third day of the third month of the lunar calendar every year) is also called the "Silkworm Festival", which is a traditional festival of the Buyi people. In order to sacrifice the silkworm, the fried corn is thrown on the hillside and sings folk songs to pray for a good harvest of crops. Now, the "Ground Silkworm Club" has evolved into the "March 3" song festival. Every year on the third day of the third lunar month, Buyi people gather in Sanjiangkou, or come on stage to show their throats, or go into dense forests to sing love songs with leaves, or men and women to sing along the left water. Sing to love, give each other gifts, both disappear in the depths of the forest.
Lu Liang Mayi Steamed bun
Meng Huo's hometown, Luliang County, the birthplace of Cuan culture, where Nanpan River winds, injects vitality into this ancient land. It is not only a treasure of heaven and earth, but also a beautiful place with three mountains, four rivers and eight sceneries. Lu Liang not only has good mountains and rivers, but also has delicious food. Mayi steamed bun is a very distinctive one. Luliang County has been engaged in steamed bread production since the Qing Dynasty. The steamed buns there are of good quality and low price. They are crisp, fragrant and salty, oily but not greasy. They have become Lu Liangming's famous food. The main raw materials for making steamed bread are flour and sesame oil. Its production process is as follows:
With wheat flour mixed with a little salt and soft noodles, take it to the panel and hit it hard. When it falls to a bubble like cavity and has tenacity, twist it into a "thousand buckle" with your hands. Then put the surface on sesame sugar, and fry in oil for 10 minutes. Its characteristics are fine production technology, beautiful shape, milky white color, sweet, crisp and crisp taste, especially filled with candy, sweet and soft. It is a good tourist food and has been sold all over the province.
Luliang salted duck
Luliang salted duck is a popular food with its unique characteristics, white and transparent color, moderate salt taste, delicate meat, delicious taste and rich nutrition. On festivals, people often give gifts to relatives and friends in red paper. Since 1959, Luliang salted duck has been sold abroad and enjoyed a high reputation.