Longhua Baxian Mountain Giant Buddha

Home Scenery 2020-10-16

Longhua Baxian Mountain Giant Buddha

Longhua Baxian Mountain Giant Buddha is located in Baxian, Longhua Town, Pingshan County, Yibin City, Sichuan Province. Since the Bamiyan Buddha in Afghanistan was bombed by the Taliban, the Giant Buddha on the deep mountain cliff in southern Sichuan has become the world's largest Buddha.

Historical evolution

In December 1995, the Sichuan Provincial People's government announced that Longhua Baxian Mountain Buddha was a provincial cultural relic protection unit. Some cultural relics experts speculate that the carving date of the Buddha was Ming Dynasty, which is more than 400 years ago. However, there is no relevant literature on why and who did it.

In 1997, the Yibin cultural relics engineering team carried out a comprehensive restoration of the Longhua Giant Buddha. No bullet holes were found on the Buddha. In 2012, Yibin cultural relics engineering team carried out another maintenance of the Giant Buddha.

In Bamiyan, Afghanistan, there were two Buddha statues with the height of 37 meters and 55 meters respectively. They were blown up by the Taliban in 2001. The 32 meter high Longhua Baxian Mountain Buddha has become the largest Buddha in the world.

architectural style

In Baxian Mountain, we can see that the Giant Buddha on the cliff is wearing a cassock, with his left hand as his chest, his right hand drooping and his palm facing outward. Shi Zuming, President of Yibin Buddhist Association, confirmed that the Buddha statue was "Jieyin Buddha". On the stone wall on the left side of the Buddha statue are four man-made Danxia caves, which are the burning lamp cave, Guansheng cave, Sanqing cave and Sansheng cave. Couplets are engraved on both sides of the cave: "the stone wall is open, the sky is stored in the Buddha's land at that time; the source of Taoism is consistent, and people will worship the divine arts from now on." In addition, there are three caves: Yuhuang cave, Changsheng temple and Sanxiao cave.

The mystery of construction

Longhua Buddha is a provincial cultural relic protection, presumably carved in the Ming Dynasty.

The full name of Longhua Baxian Mountain Provincial Cultural relic protection unit is "Danxia cave cliff statues and stone carvings". It is the Baxian Mountain Buddha and the stone carvings nearby, which are the whole of cultural relics. In the 2013 edition of Jiudu cultural relics published by Yibin Museum, it is recorded that "the cliff statue is located on a cliff in the southwest of the whole. It is a deep relief Buddha statue with cassock and spiral bun, which is more than 30 meters high." But there is no accurate record of time and time.

In 2005, Sichuan Provincial Bureau of cultural relics published and issued the annals of Sichuan cultural relics, which recorded that "according to the inscription on the stone que of Sanqing palace in Danxia cave, the hall was founded in 1841 (the 21st year of Daoguang period in Qing Dynasty) For the description of the Buddha, there is only one sentence: "it is said that Xu Hongjun donated money and made it during the reign of Guangxu." The stone couplets show that the statue of the Giant Buddha predates the Danxia cave.