Inner Mongolia Linhe Yellow River National Wetland Park is located in Linhe District, Bayannaoer City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, with a total area of 4637.6 hectares. The functional zoning map is attached.
Introduction of Wetland Park
Brief Introduction of Wetland Park
Inner Mongolia Linhe Yellow River National Wetland Park is located in the upper and middle reaches of the Yellow River Basin of China, on the Northern Bank of the "Ji" Ziwan of the Yellow River, at the southern foot of the Hetao Plain, and in the Linhe District of Bayannuer City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, with geographical coordinates ranging from 107 21 26 to 107 32 29 and latitude 40 40 27 to 40 41 54 It is a typical wetland type of reed marsh on the Yellow River beach in arid and semi-arid regions of Western China. It is an ideal place for migratory birds to migrate and multiply in the middle temperate zone of China. Linhe Yellow River Wetland is a natural barrier to maintain the water ecological security in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River Basin and an important green ecological environment for sand control and control in the northern part of the motherland.
Wetland Park Resources
The Yellow River runoff is about 50 kilometers long, with an average annual runoff of 36.72 billion cubic meters. Under the hydrological action of the upper reaches of the Yellow River, a large area of river beach reed marsh wetland has been formed. There are various plant types in Linhe Yellow River Wetland Park, including woodland, shrub, meadow, swamp, aquatic plant and other vegetation community types. The planned area is rich in animal resources, including 14 orders, 25 families and 81 species of birds, 3 phyla, 62 species of zooplankton, 4 orders, 7 families and 20 species of fish, and 1 order, 1 family and 2 species of amphibians. There are 29 species of vascular plants in 15 families and 1 phylum, and 72 species of phytoplankton in 6 phylums. According to statistics, there are three kinds of birds in the planning area under the first level of national protection, including white-tailed sea eagles, great bustards and gulls, and 14 species of birds under the second level of national protection, including spoonbill pelicans, white spoonbill, swans, jade belt sea eagles, eagles, sparrowhawks and so on.
Construction of Wetland Park
The rise of the Huns, the rise and fall of the Han Dynasty and the battles of the Song, Yuan, Liao and Jin Dynasties are all related to the rich Hetao Plain. All nationalities live in harmony here, forming a special Hetao cultural system of organic blending of various cultures, which contains a large number of precious historical and cultural relics. In accordance with the strategic goal of "building an important green ecological barrier for sand prevention and control in the northern part of the motherland" put forward by the autonomous region and the strategic plan of the Bayannaoer Municipal Committee and the government to "integrate into the Hubao-Hubei economic circle and build the economic zone along the Yellow River", the Linhe District Committee and the district government attached great importance to the establishment of the "Inner Mongolia Linhe Yellow River National Wetland Park Project Leading Group" and made every effort to promote the Linhe River in Inner Mongolia. Construction of Yellow River National Wetland Park.
The Yellow River Wetland Park is located at the southern end of Linhe District, Bayannaoer City, and the northern side of Shuanghe New Area, covering an area of 196,000_. The park is mainly composed of ecological protection, cultural dissemination, leisure and sightseeing and natural wilderness. It is divided into seven functional areas, namely, Mongolian-Yuan cultural exhibition area, urban cultural leisure area, Yellow River cultural exhibition area, farming civilization and ornamental area, ecological fishery experience area, ecological leisure and recreation area and aquatic recreation area. The planned total area is 2.098 million square meters, of which 636,000 square meters are in the main channel.
Mongol-Yuan Cultural Exhibition Zone
Urban Cultural Leisure Area
The urban cultural and leisure area is located to the west of Linze Railway (East) Bridge and to the east of Jinchuan Bridge. It has music square, octagonal pavilion, rockery and hydrophilic platform. Music Plaza is the largest cultural leisure square with music as its theme in our city. The ubiquitous background sound enables visitors to enjoy the excellent effect no matter where they live in the square.
Yellow River Cultural Exhibition Area
The main exhibition area of the Yellow River culture is the Yellow River Water Conservancy Culture Museum. The museum is situated in the South and north, 230 meters long in East and 230 meters long in West and 10 meters wide in North and south. The total length of the main canal is 230 kilometers. We will try our best to carry out the spirit of the "main canal". The central part of the pavilion is composed of a preamble hall and a multi-functional lecture hall, covering an area of nearly 3000 square meters. Its overall shape is like a flying goose.
The Yellow River Water Conservancy Culture Museum mainly embodies the new cultural concept, adheres to the new cultural concept of social progress, harmony of science and technology and literature and art, and defines the exhibition content with the culture derived from the water conservancy construction in the Yellow River Basin and Hetao Irrigation District. Highlighting the "three themes" that is, the Yellow River water culture is an important part of Chinese culture, Hetao water culture is the core of Hetao culture, and the spirit of "trunk" is the core of Hetao people's spiritual home. Three plates are arranged in historical order, namely "brilliant Yellow River Water Conservancy Culture" plate, from the formation of the Yellow River to the late Qing Dynasty; "pioneering Hetao Irrigation Area" plate, from the Qin and Han Dynasties to the early days of the founding of the People's Republic; and "the spirit of the trunk" plate inherited by fireworks, from the early days of the founding of the People's Republic to the present. A total of 450 cultural relics, 120 sets of ancient books and documents, 259 charts and 120 immovable cultural relics image materials were exhibited.
Agricultural Civilization Ornamental Area
There are picking gardens and farming cultural gardens in the west section of the South Bank of the park, which covers an area of about 180 mu. The picking gardens have root carving gates, harvest baskets and 100-meter green corridors. There are early-maturing pears, begonias, hawthorns, big apples, dates, peaches, apricots, plums, Duli, grapes and other tree species. The farming cultural garden covers an area of about 120 mu, with micro-topography, artificial lakes and lake islands, stone pavilions, small farming sculptures. Group and so on.
Eco-fishery Experience Zone
The Yellow River Fishing Village, a public restaurant with scenic spots, is built on the North Bank of the tourist attraction of the Yellow River Wetland Park. On the South and North shores, there are winding water-pavilions. The grand momentum and antique fragrance not only contain the folk characteristics of Ba League, but also have the southern landscape environment and humanistic advantages. In the natural idyllic scenery, there is a quiet place to build a 220-metre-long walking corridor, which is made of bamboo and wood from the south. There are rest seats under the corridor, and all kinds of long green vines are planted on the corridor. Let a person look at the garden green, fruity green leaves. In the natural world, from architectural design to landscape design, we strive for the simplicity of lines and the scale suitable for leisure. The fishing area is surrounded by the south side of the fishing village of the Yellow River and the Shuixie Corridor. The total area of the four fishing ponds is 18572.4, and the fish species of the Yellow River are complete. In my spare time, I will make friends with three or five friends. So I can enjoy fishing and have fun or chat on the floor. As soon as the haze clears away, I feel happy immediately, and the pressure of work is totally forgotten.
Eco-leisure and entertainment area is mainly constructed with basketball courts, volleyball courts, old age gate courts, bamboo and willow maze, children's Plaza and other activities facilities, and there are three tensioned film cooling rest areas, which is a paradise for sports enthusiasts.
Water recreation area
Mainly based on wharfs and cruise ships, the main canal will be built into a golden tourist waterway that surveys the whole Bayannaoer. Tourists can cruise Bayannaoer by boat, understand the water culture and national customs, and feel the unique charm of Hetao area from zero distance.
After the construction in 2013, seven functional areas including Mongolian-Yuan cultural exhibition area, urban cultural leisure area, Yellow River cultural exhibition area, farming civilization ornamental area, ecological fishery experience area, ecological leisure and recreation area and aquatic recreation area have been completed, and the scenic spot has been formed.
Mongolian Tribal Cultural Park is located in the middle of the South Bank of the park, with a building area of about 1600_and an area of about 4500_. The theme of this cultural park is tribal culture, showing the origin of 12 Mongolian tribes'folk history. The production and life style, utensils, marriage customs, especially clothing, vividly reproduce the long history of development. The grassland nationality and the Han nationality in the Central Plains, the nomadic grassland culture and the farming culture in the Central Plains blend and merge with each other. This change shows the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, especially the prosperity and prosperity of the northern minorities.
Role and value
The construction of Linhe Yellow River National Wetland Park in Inner Mongolia plays an exemplary role in the protection, restoration and utilization of beach wetlands in Bayannaoer and even in the Yellow River Basin, and provides a reference for the future construction of the Yellow River Basin National Wetland Park.
Because of the special geographical position of Linhe Yellow River National Wetland Park in Inner Mongolia, the park construction plays an important role in preventing sand and fixing sand in Hetao area, reducing the water level of the Yellow River in flood season, preventing water and soil erosion in the river beach, alleviating or eliminating the danger of the Yellow River flood control embankment, quickly restoring the function of the Yellow River wetland and reserving water resources.
The protection of Linhe Yellow River wetland in Inner Mongolia is not only related to the development of the basin itself, national unity and social stability, but also has great significance for the country to achieve sustainable economic and social development in Inner Mongolia, benefit the people of all nationalities, consolidate the northwest frontier and create the strategic goal of "building an important green ecological barrier for sand prevention and control in the north of the motherland".
The construction and protection of Linhe Yellow River wetland in Inner Mongolia will enrich the connotation and extension of the Yellow River culture and grassland culture, and realize the harmonious development of human and nature. Linhe Yellow River Wetland in Inner Mongolia will become the home of harmony between man and nature on the Bank of the Yellow River. Building Linhe Yellow River Wetland in Inner Mongolia will be another milestone for Bayannaoer people to transform nature, protect ecology and build a harmonious society.