Lingao Fishing Song
Lingao Fishing Song is a kind of Han folk song which is popular among fishermen in Lingao County, Hainan Province. Because of its use of the lining "Li Li Mei" and related legends, it is also known as "Li Li Mei" and "Li Li Li Mei". It is very prominent in Chinese Han folk songs, with distinctive local cultural color and rich local flavor in Xinyinggang area. It is not only a typical representative of Hainan Han folk songs, but also the most artistic charm of China's first fishing songs, even some foreign fishing songs can only be seen behind it. It was selected as the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage.
According to the textual research of experts and scholars, Lingao Yuge Limei sprouted in a very remote historical era, and its origin was at least in the ancient port Xinying area. It can be traced back to the Han Dynasty from 202 B.C. to 220 A.D. when the immigrants from the Central Plains mainly came from the coastal areas of Lingao County gradually increased, fishermen cast nets and sway in one song and one song, fisherwomen sweetly shouted and sold, these rhythmic calls from the work were the initial germination elements of Milimei and the basis of the original artistic life. Lingao Fishing Song is a kind of life art produced by the Central Plains culture after years of combining Lingao's unique conditions. It originated from the fishermen's productive labor. With the continuous spread and development, the connotation of Lili Mei has penetrated into more fishermen's optimistic and romantic life breath and even the feelings of young people's love. At the same time, Li Li Li Mei was originally a way for young men and women to talk about love and amusement, and later evolved into a popular song of fishermen, men and women, old and young, which was most popular in production and life. With the passage of time and the need of life, Li Limei gradually entered into different occasions such as marriage, building houses, going to school, rushing for exams, New Year's greeting, and seeing off guests.
Lingao's local cultural characteristics are the combination of marine culture and harbour culture. Lingao's fishery song Limei is undoubtedly a symbol to annotate this culture. The first prosperity and development of Li Limei dates back to 1131 - 1162 (Shaoxing, Southern Song Dynasty). Xie Wo, a member of Jinjiang people in Fujian Province who was then Lingao County Order, was sympathetic to the people, concerned about education and farming, and paid more attention to fishing. According to historical records, there were only a few thousand families and 120,000 people in Lingao County at that time, and almost all of them were concentrated in the coastal areas of Xinying and Changlou. An important measure of Xiewo's development of Lingao's cultural undertakings at that time was to encourage, support and promote the great development of Lili Mei and make it reach an unprecedented level. At that time, in the face of the prosperous fishery production, fishermen lived and worked in peace and contentment, and the happy and beautiful songs of diligent and bold fishermen echoed everywhere in the fishing villages. Lingao Fishing Song Limei embodies the cultural wisdom and musical talent of all Lingao ancestors, because almost all Lingao people are the heirs of fishermen, and the origin of Limei lies in the ancient Lingao coastal fishing village. According to textual research, the Yuge Li Mei chorus retains the lines of "Pearl Mi after the sound of waves" and "Jiuwei" before Shabai. "Zhumi" is the natural breakwater north of Xinying Port, and "Jiuwei" is the safe white sand beach south of Xinying Port.
Forms of expression
Li Limei's lyrics are good at using such direct narrative forms as "Bi", "Xing", "Duplicate". Singing men and women express their feelings freely when they see the scenery, especially pun metaphor has become the most prominent artistic charm in this folk song. The basic structure of Milimei's music is unique. It consists of three parts: the first and second parts are the main song and the third part is the chorus. The main song is often used in solo singing. The main song is used as the lead in duet singing, and the accompaniment is used as the backing of the atmosphere in duet singing. Although folk songs have the saying that "ten miles are different in wind and five miles are different in tune", Lili Mei is not a solo tune. The minor changes and differences in any tune always follow a basic melody. After the basic tune is fixed, the melody changes and adjustments generally can not jump out of this "stereotype". On this basis, the use of the lining "Li Mo Li Li Mei Mei, Li Li Li Mei Lei Ai" throughout the whole process of the tone, so that the basic law, variation, lining organic integration, so that the whole melody becomes richer, more diverse and three-dimensional. From the word meaning, a "beautiful" (beautiful), a "love" word, the meaning of love phrase is "beautiful girl, Ray loves you". Such a soft nickname and melody to express their love, direct expression of mind, implicit, specific, affection, how can not make people particularly happy.
Like all literary and artistic works, love is the eternal theme of Li Li Mei. In the traditional fishing villages of Lingao, such as Xinying and Tiaolou, Lili Mei is an important carrier for young men and women to talk about love and love. Most fishing villages in historical times have "women's halls", where young women in Huaichun often live together, waiting for young men who fall in love at night to "shop" and knock on the door of love, or even sing a song for a lifetime. The "Lady's House" no longer exists in modern society, but the romantic and melodious Milime still echoes in this popular seaside fishing village where even Cupid sighs for himself. In fact, there are five main melodies of Li Li Li Mei: one is singing Ji, the other is love songs, the third is guessing riddles, the fourth is satirical songs, the fifth is complaint songs.
There are two versions of the folklore of Lingao about the origin of Li Li Li Mei.
One is a sad and sad parting story. According to the Folk Song Stories Collection published by China Water Resources and Hydropower Publishing House, a beautiful fairy lived in Lingao Cape long ago. She fell in love with a handsome young man in Leizhou Peninsula. But they were separated from each other by the sea. So they made up their minds to build dikes and weirs. Both turtles and seabirds were moved by their hearts and joined in building dikes. But when they were about to close, they were found by night forks patrolling the sea. The storm blew across the dikes and weirs. The young men and women who did not want to be separated turned into lamp tower corner and high corner. They used fishing songs to spread love across the sea.
Another is the love story of bravery and wisdom. According to the article "Li Li Mei and Nai Ma Li" in "Lingao Folk Stories Collection": During the period of 1131-1162 (Shaoxing, Southern Song Dynasty), there was a sister in Xinyinggang who was beautiful and had a good singing voice. She was called Li Li Li Mei, and Lingao dialect was called "Mei Lei" because of her ranking. Her beauty attracted the eyes of fishermen and the salivation of the fishermen in the neighboring harbor. She threatened to marry Li Li Mei as a concubine in the 15th Fortune of August. At this time, a young man named Ama stood up. He was witty and brave. The villagers warmly called him "Naimali". He secretly loved Li Li Mei, led the fishermen to defeat the fishermen, and finally married Li Li Mei with the help of the leader. On the wedding day, people sang heartily and took Li Li Mei and Naimali as the lining words.
Inheritance and protection
The reason why Lingao Fishery Song Limei has been spreading for thousands of years is that its artistic appeal is like a sacred palace, and its incense is constantly being pursued by people from generation to generation because it comes from life and expresses and serves people's life and emotional needs. It reflects the unique way of expression and desire of communication of fishermen. Regardless of the historical age when cultural products are relatively poor and lacking, or in the highly entertained modern society, Li Limei is still a form of enjoying life and communicating ideas and emotions among Lingao fishermen and is not abandoned and not abandoned, which shows how long-standing and charming its unique and brilliant artistic value and humanistic brilliance are.
Lingao Yuli Mei's artistic charm has already produced fruitful results, and has already gone to the art palace of China. Many music works with Miley Melody as the keynote have won important awards and achieved many results. Huang Yuping, former chairman of Lingao County Federation of Trade Unions and director of Hainan Provincial Musicians Association, wrote the instrumental music "Fish Full Cabin Comes to Song Full Harbor" based on Li Limei, which was once recorded by China Records Society and sold well all over China. The beautiful melody of Li Li Li Mei has also attracted the attention of domestic music circles. Famous composers Huang Zhun and Lv Yuan appreciated the artistic charm of Li Li Mei even more after they came to collect high-field style. Especially the theme song of the film "South China Sea Fengyun" - Xisha, My Lovely Hometown, which Lv Yuan extracted and created from Lingao Yuge Limei's unique tone style, makes Limei's beautiful melody echo all over the north and south of China. The song begins with "Ailuo..." It is Lingao's fishing song that has strong and distinct characteristics, and its high and melodious rhythm touches people's hearts. Yang Yuyan, a music educator, also compiled Li Limei as a music textbook for junior high school. After being examined and approved by the State Education Commission, it was published by Guangdong Education Press.
In 2007, Dai Huixian, Xie Lijian, Chen Wangping, Jinliang, Lin Qiang and Chen Xiaozheng of Lingao Xinying Town participated in the "China Zhoushan Islands Pan-Pacific Fishing Song Invitation Competition" held by Zhoushan Theatre in Zhoushan City, Zhejiang Province on behalf of Hainan Province. The result was unexpectedly that Li Limei won the first prize and made a sensation. At that time, 11 teams from home and abroad, including Chiba Prefecture of Japan and North Sumatra of Indonesia, participated in the competition. The Lingao Fishing Song of Hainan Team was dominated by soft, cheerful and melodious melodies, which made many audiences at home and abroad fresh and full of praise. In 2010, Lingao Yuge Limei Research Association was established. After the timely planning of the county committee and county government, with the active operation of the propaganda and cultural departments and the enthusiastic response and participation of the broad masses of people, this folk association, which integrates theoretical research, works creation, training, communication and performance promotion, finally emerged. The purpose of the association is to protect, inherit, popularize, excavate, promote and develop Lingao Limei as an important characteristic product of Lingao cultural industry, and to inject humanistic elements into the economic development that promotes and serves Lingao while flourishing Lingao cultural undertakings.