Kirgiz hawk taming custom
Originating in the East, the Falcon has a history of 4000 years. The custom of taming Eagles has been handed down orally without any written records. However, the Kirgiz people have kept the saying of taming Eagles for thousands of years. Falcons and hunting require great patience and energy, and no one wants to learn now. Eagles are fierce and unruly. Generally, they are fed and domesticated from the young eagles. But it is time-consuming and laborious. The trained eagle is too weak and lacks the attack power of the wild eagle. The real Eagle tamer catches and domesticates the adult Eagle directly. The difficulty is great, but once domesticated, the power doubles. Hundreds of falcons domesticated by themselves. Whenever hunting in winter, Kirgiz falcons cross horses with their hands, and gallop among mountains, forests and grasslands with their fierce falcons, they will reap something.
On May 23, 2011, Kirgiz hawk taming custom was approved by the State Council and listed in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
June 2011 was selected as the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
Number: 1218 Item Number: X-143 Declaration Area or Unit: Aheqi County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Kirgiz people have a close relationship with eagles. For thousands of years, their place of residence has been called "the land of falcons". In the years without guns, people tamed fierce eagles to hunt for themselves, and a good Falcon could feed a family. In the past, the price of an eagle was higher than the dowry of a Kirgiz girl. Raising eagles is also a luxury. A hawk-taming license costs 500 yuan, not to mention that this fellow can eat two kilograms of meat per meal, but it has to be fresh.
There was a time when Hawking was forbidden by the state to protect wildlife. Two years later, the ban was lifted because it was understood that hawk-taming was a unique folk custom of Kirgiz people for thousands of years, which needed protection and inheritance. Kirgiz and eagles abide by an agreement: they never nest this precious raptor, always quietly take away the most desirable Eagle home for domestication.
A good Eagle tamer needs three qualities: hobby, stability and strength. All three are indispensable.
Aheqi County, located in the hinterland of the southern vein of the Tianshan Mountains in Western Xinjiang, is located in the alpine mountainous area. The Southern vein of the northern Tianshan Mountains and the southern Karatek Mountains are sandwiched with a narrow Toshkent Valley. In the foothills of valleys and mountains, there are plenty of water and grass in summer and autumn, which provide enough food for falcons, such as rabbits, mice and even foxes. The Kirgiz and their Falcons have found their paradise here.
Since ancient times, Falcons have been a member of the family of Kirgiz herdsmen. After the falcons were listed as second-class protected animals in China, they have registered their "household registration" for their falcons.
Sumutashi Township in Aheqi County is named "Falcon Township" by the Ministry of Culture of China. There are more than 400 herdsmen in this town, almost all of them will domesticate and hunt falcons. The herdsmen hope to continue domesticating falcons, but they do not want to break the law.
The Kirgiz hawk taming artists in Aheqi County, Xinjiang, have learned a lot about hawking, boiling, taming, releasing, playing with hawks and smuggling of falcons, which has lasted for seven years. Aheqi County is a place where Kirgiz people live together. Kirgiz people account for nearly 80 percent. Since the original way of Falcon domestication is still completely preserved here, it is also known as the "home of falcons" in China, and the local Kirgiz are also known as the "King of Eagles". Origin of Falcon Country. "In 1991, Andrew, a British hawk trainer, visited Sumatash, Ahoc County, to study hawk training skills. He said that in the world, the home of the Falcon is Sumatash, Ahoc County. And more than 400 herdsmen in Sumatashi, who domesticate eagles and hunt, are the true home of eagles. Every winter, Hundreds of falcons gather in Sumatash, holding days of Falcon hunting competitions, which are more interesting and exciting than watching bullfighting in Spain.