Kazakh felt embroidery and cloth embroidery
Kazakh folk traditional felt embroidery and cloth embroidery handicraft are mainly spread in Xinjiang Kazakh soft residential areas, such as the Sixth Division Red Banner Farm, 107 Regiments, Qitai Farm. This technique has been approved as a national intangible cultural heritage project. Felt embroidery and cloth embroidery are the folk handicraft embroidery of Hasayi with a long history. Felt is the most representative and popular household handicraft in Kazakhstan. Every woman in Kazakhstan has her own system. Felt embroidery process is complex, patterns are numerous, labor-intensive, labor-intensive, beautiful and generous products, strong and durable, a felt can be used for more than ten years. As the saying goes, "Thousands of needles and thousands of thread embroidered felt", we can see that embroidering a felt is really not easy.
On June 7, 2008, Kazakh cloth embroidery was approved by the State Council to be included in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
Kazakh felts are usually analogous to animal horns, as well as cloud patterns and diamond patterns (Kazakh is called "Baoershake", because the fried Baoershake is mostly diamond, so the diamond code is "Baoershake". There are plum blossoms with four petals or six petals, eight petals and ten petals in the pattern of flower heads.
A Kazakh felt embroidery and cloth embroidery processing and marketing base with strong national characteristics was built in the Red Flag Farm of the Sixth Division. After Kazakh felt embroidery and cloth embroidery were listed as national intangible cultural heritage projects, Red Banner Farm has done a lot of work in inheritance, protection and innovation. More than 200 Kazakh women were instructed to learn the skills of felt embroidery and cloth embroidery by the successors of the group farm mobilization. Fifteen Kazakh women were encouraged to open shop for felt embroidery and cloth embroidery and embark on the road of independent entrepreneurship. When I visited, I found that the base covers an area of 120 square meters. The production facilities of the venue include looms, sewing machines, cutting machines and so on. The embroidery works of felt embroidery made by Kazakh women are full of exhibition booths. Kazakh women uniformly produce felt embroidery and cloth embroidery works in the stadium. Special brokers and businessmen sign orders to ensure the market sales of cloth embroidery and felt embroidery products, which opens up a new way for Kazakh women to increase their income.
Protection and inheritance
Kazakh felt embroidery and cloth embroidery are the original ecological handicraft of Kazakh herdsmen. This farm provides special exhibition rooms for felt embroidery and cloth embroidery for Kazakh herdsmen, and organizes Kazakh embroidery women to study the skills of felt embroidery and cloth embroidery in northern and southern Xinjiang, thus improving the level of embroidery technology. Today, Carmen, the third generation successor, has collected more than 300 embroidery products, and some exquisite felt embroidery and cloth embroidery tapestries sell for more than 1000 yuan.