Kazakh Dongbra Art
Winter Bula's strength and speed vary widely, especially for fast music. Dongbula is suitable for men and women. The basic method of playing is playing and picking. Generally speaking, playing is used for rebound and picking is used for tapping. Dongbula is a favorite art form of Kazakh people. Singers play and sing by themselves. People call impromptu singers "Akan", which means a traveling poet.
On June 7, 2008, Kazakh Dongbra Art was approved by the State Council to be included in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
"Xinjiang Kazakh Winter Bra Art" consists of five parts: music (Winter Braquet), playing and singing music, folk dance music, playing methods and techniques, musical instruments and production techniques.
Kazakhs call Dongbra music "Dongbraquiyi". According to the difference of music structure and performance techniques, it can be divided into two categories: Tokbequiyi (percussion music) and Chelstequiyi (plucked music). According to statistics, there are thousands of Dongbra music popular among the Kazakh people in Xinjiang.
Dongbra is an ancient art form of Kazakh nationality. According to folk tradition, it can be classified into six categories: An (playing and singing), Aytes (duet singing), Tilmer, Tolejao, Kesa and Dastan. Dongbra music is an important part of these art types and artistic expression.
Dongbra is a plucked musical instrument, which is the favorite art form of the Kazakh people. Although the volume is not large, but the timbre is very beautiful. Play with left hand and right hand. It can be used for Solo or instrumental ensemble as well as for Solo singing. Because it is portable and easy to carry, it is very suitable for the uncertain life on the grassland, and is deeply loved by Kazakh herdsmen. Dongbra is composed of flat or ladle-shaped wooden speakers with slender poles and eight or ten grades embedded on them. It can be chorded by four or five degrees and can play harmony. Playing pays attention to playing and picking, playing for rebound, picking for tapping. The melody is divided into two kinds: singing and rapping. The rhythm is mostly composed of mixed beats.
His representative works include "Kala Kok Leha", "Wrestling Dance", "Horse Racing Dance", "Moon", "Eagle Dance", "Bear Dance", "Racing Felt Dance", "Embroidery Dance" and "Bax" singing and dancing in the practice of Shamanism relics.
Xinjiang Kazakh Dongbula art is one of the oldest folk musical instruments of the Kazakh nationality, Dongbula as the center of the ancient music. It is a multi-artistic form formed by the gradual integration and development of many clans, tribes and tribal associations in ancient times. There are different opinions on the origin of Dongbra. Some researchers believe that its germination has a history of several thousand years. For thousands of years, Kazakhs have recorded their history, culture, life and beliefs in the way of Winter Braquille (Winter Braquille Music) and Winter Braquille playing and singing, and passed on from generation to generation through oral and heart-to-heart teaching. Winter Braquille art has become an important symbol of Kazakhs in terms of nationality, culture, ideology and spirit.