Jumping vegetables of the Yi nationality
The dance accompaniment of the Yi nationality is "Dance dishes", which means serving dishes by dancing. It is a unique form of serving and the highest etiquette of banquet for Yi people in Wuliangshan and Ailaoshan of Yunnan Province. It is a traditional diet culture with a long history of dance, music, acrobatics and diet.
"Dancing dishes" is commonly known as "holding dishes" or "carrying dishes", and the performance process can be divided into two forms: banquet dancing and "performing dancing dishes". "Dinner Dance" is also called "Field Dance", which is an important celebration of Nanjian folk life, adding a happy and peaceful atmosphere for festivity or joy; "Performance Dance" is the stage performance of the jump, according to the size of the venue, the number of actors can be increased or decreased, from dozens to hundreds, the dance movements are bold and bold. Powerful, loud and loud. In March 2003, the Ministry of Culture officially named Nanjian County as the "Town of Chinese Folk Jumping Art".
On June 7, 2008, the "Yi Dance" declared by Nanjian Yi Autonomous County of Yunnan Province was listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council. serial number 668 III-71
"Dance dishes" has a long history. It is said that it evolved from the primitive matriarchal clan society and prevailed mainly in the Tang Dynasty. It is said that this is a kind of dance art performed by Yi people in the palace to worship emperors in ancient times. Later, it spread slowly among the people and became the outstanding folk art of Yi people. The wonderful food culture constitutes Nanjian among the people. The source of national culture. Dance dishes are inherited in Dali and Nanjian of Yunnan Province. Their performances remind reporters of the ancient times of China until the Han and Tang Dynasties. Dance and music are often integrated with acrobatics and catering culture. They add color to each other and are beaded together, preserving the original style and folk connotation handed down from ancient times to today.
Dinner "jump" is usually a pair of two people, a pair following a pair of jumps, postures vary, flexible, rigid and flexible, freely rotating, and constantly refitting the tray filled with dishes in their hands. With the top of the head, or with the support of the hand, or with shoulder, or a person riding on a person... They sometimes "flies rub their feet", sometimes "egrets stretch their legs", sometimes "golden deer look at the moon", sometimes "pheasants eat water", turn over their feet, stride dance trays, and compete in stunts.
In the whole performance process, the most exciting are "food delivery by mouth" and "empty-handed pylon jumping". The two big bronze spoons held tightly in the mouth of the "jumper" put a bowl of vegetables on each, and the tray overhead was full of vegetables. They were smiling, enthusiastic and jumping while serving.
Zi Zhenghong introduced that "empty-handed pylon dance" is a difficult action in the performance of "jumping vegetables". The tray above the head should contain eight bowls, each hand should hold four large bowls of dishes overlapping together, step on the beat, dance while shuttling between the tables. In the folk of Nanjian, banquet "jumping dishes" is also very exquisite. According to the traditional rules, the common arrangements are "eight arrays back to the palace", "four square", "plum blossom" and "one street". When four bowls of dishes are served, guests will be able to move their chopsticks and enjoy the endless changes of dances and jocular performances of the "jumpers", while tasting the flavor of Yijiashanzhai, which is both full of food and full of eyesight.
This kind of dance is commonly divided into two categories: the "inter-dinner dance" and the "stage dance".
Also known as "banquet jumping dishes" or "field jumping dishes", is the Nanjian Yi people in the wedding celebration, the completion of a new house, to greet VIPs, to congratulate the elderly and other important occasions, because the banquet guests to increase the festive atmosphere and jump dishes, pay attention to "eating and happy".
According to the location or size of the stage, it can be divided into "stage jumping" and "square jumping". "Stage dancing" is a kind of dancing performed on the stage by the Yi farmers in Nanjian. The dancers usually have about 20 people, up to 100 people. The dancing movements are bold, bold and powerful, and the voice is loud and bright. And the "Square Jump" actors are few dozens of people, up to several hundred people, reflecting a grand, orderly and harmonious artistic effect.
The Yi villages in 5 towns of Nanjian Yi Autonomous County (Nanjian Town, Baohua Town, Gonglang Town, Xiaowandong Town and Wuliangshan Town) have the custom of "jumping dishes between meals", especially in Xiaowandong Town, Wuliangshan Town and Gonglang Town, which are spread all over the countless mountain systems and Ailaoshan Mountain systems in Nanjian.
Inheritance and Protection
In August 2000, after re-creating "Dancing Vegetables", he won the bronze prize in the 10th National "Stars Award" Square Dance Competition.
In August 2005, "Dancing Vegetables" won the "Mountain Flower Award" in the 7th China Folk Literature and Art Mountain Flower Award Folk Square Singing and Dancing Street Performance Competition.
In October 2006, "Dancing Vegetables" appeared on CCTV-2006 National Folk Song and Dance Festival co-sponsored by CCTV, Chinese Dancer Association and Chinese Musicians Association, which was well received by the national television audience.
In 2008, the State Council announced the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage protection projects.
In June 2009, he won the Silver Prize of Sun God Bird at the 2nd Chengdu International Non-material Cultural Heritage Festival. In 2010, he participated in the recording of farmers'Spring Festival Gala in the Year of the Tiger. In January 2010, Nanjian Jumping Vegetables Unlimited Feelings was broadcast on CCTV's Folk Song China.
In March 2010, "Nanjian Dance Vegetable" won the first Jinhu Award of the Invitational Competition of Yi Nationality's Original Ecology Song, Dance and Music Elite in the National Invitational Competition of Yi Nationality's Original Ecology Song, Dance and Music Elite. At the same time, he was invited to participate in such major performances as "The same Song Walks into Yunnan", "Happy China Travel", "Charming Dali", "Dali International Film Festival".