The horse race held every June in the Tibetan calendar is a grand traditional festival in the northern Tibetan grassland, also known as the "Grassland Festival", which lasts from 5 to 15 days. Among them, Naqu Jockey Club is the largest. During the festival, herdsmen from all over northern Tibet, dressed in colorful festival dresses, with abundant food, set up beautiful tents and rode horses, poured into the arena from all directions.
On June 7, 2008, the Jockey Club was approved by the State Council to be included in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage lists.
During the Jockey Club, in addition to horse racing, archery, various traditional equestrian performances, there are also bouldering, tug-of-war, wrestling and other projects. Golf Entertainment City also organizes literary and artistic performances, screening films, and "Gesar" rappers from all over the country come to sing, with unprecedented audiences. The Festival is accompanied by large-scale material exchange activities. Apart from the Naqu Jockey Club, by the beginning of July in Tibetan calendar, there were occasional male jockey clubs on a larger scale.
Speaking of Jiangzi Dama Festival, although its original intention is to run horses and shoot arrows, in fact, it is not pure horse racing. This festival, which began 500 years ago, was first used to worship King Gongsangtong Danpa of Jiangzifa, who built Baiju Temple and Baijuta, and his prestigious grandfather. The first festivals were mostly religious activities, which gradually evolved into horse racing and spread to Lhasa, Qiangtang, Gongbu and other areas. On March 30 of the Tibetan calendar every year, the activities of the Jiangzidama Festival actually began. By April 18, the activities were mainly Buddhist activities, such as monks chanting sutras, dancing gods, hanging Buddha statues of Sakyamuni, etc. The real horse racing is on the 18th and 19th days. It not only races horse speed, but also races horse riding and archery. On the twenty-first and twenty-first days, archery is a special competition. In addition, there are interesting activities such as yak racing and donkey racing. During the festival, businessmen of all sizes also seized the time to do business. For a time, the whole city of Jiangzi was immersed in a happy and lively atmosphere.
Horses have been Tibetan partners for generations. Therefore, in Tibetan areas, there is no lack of horse festivals, which are horse racing festivals or horse racing clubs everywhere. More famous are the Jiangzi Dama Festival and the North Tibet Jockey Club. In addition, they are also famous for being male jockey clubs and fixed-day jockey festivals.
The Hong Kong Jockey Club is one of the largest horse racing organizations in the world. The Hong Kong Jockey Club (hereinafter referred to as the Jockey Club, known as the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club from 1960 to 1995) is a non-profit club organization in Hong Kong that provides horse racing, sports and gambling entertainment. The Hong Kong Jockey Club, approved by the Hong Kong Government, specializes in horse racing, lottery and overseas sports events in Hong Kong. The Jockey Club is also the third largest charitable institution in Hong Kong. Its annual charitable donations are less than those of the Three Houses of East China and public welfare funds. In addition, the Jockey Club provides catering, entertainment and social services for its 20,000 members. The Hong Kong Jockey Club was founded in 1884 and its initial horse racing activities were amateur. After 1971, Hong Kong horse racing became a professional activity. At present, the Jockey Club holds about 700 races each year, which are held in Shatian and Happy Valley racetracks respectively. In addition to betting in the racecourse, the club also accepts betting outside the racecourse, telephone and self-service terminals. There are more than 100 out-of-the-race betting stations and more than 1 million telephone betting accounts. During the horse season from 2001 to 2002, there were 1,144 owners, 24 trainers, 35 jockeys and 1,435 race horses. The total horse racing investment in 2002-2003 was HK$71 billion. Excluding 58 billion lottery payouts and 9.5 billion lottery taxes, the club earns about HK$3.9 billion. The Club pays 11.7% of Hong Kong's tax on gambling. The surplus earned by the Jockey Club after deducting operating expenses shall be handed over to the charitable trust fund of the Hong Kong Jockey Club, which is mainly used for sports, recreation, education, social services and medical purposes.
Hong Kong Jockey Club Donates Pure Blood Horses to Mainland China
To ensure transport safety and horse health, the Hong Kong Jockey Club sent two professional veterinarians to lead six staff members to ride with the horse. They took good care of the horse and provided feed and drinking water so as to deal with the irritation and collision caused by waiting in time during the inspection period. According to the regulations, except for the driver, the truck can not carry other personnel, but the horse is different from other transportation materials, the staff need to keep close watch, and can not move to the temporary inspection hall for entry formalities. Wen Jindu Frontier Inspection Station moved forward and deployed properly. Specialized personnel were sent to wait for entry formalities for Hong Kong Pure Blood Horses and their accompanying personnel at the truck inspection site, so that the horse fleet could pass through customs smoothly and quickly.
According to statistics, since 2007, Wenjindu Frontier Inspection Station has successfully provided fast customs clearance services for 17 batches of pure blood horses donated by Hong Kong Jockey Club to the Mainland and.
This batch of pure blood horses were transported to Shenzhen via Wenjindu Port at 13:00 on January 4, 2013 for 30 days of entry quarantine. The special affairs office of Wenjindu Frontier Check Station handled entry formalities for horse racing and accompanying personnel quickly. It is reported that the average age of the donated pure-blood horses is 8 years, which is equivalent to the young and middle-aged of human beings. They are easy to get excited, especially in the narrow carriage.
As early as the seventeenth century, horse racing in Macau was very common in the Black Sand Ring Region. By August 1978, Macau formally held horse racing again, and the Macau Jockey Club was granted a franchise. The Macau Jockey Club was built in the Tai Tsai Reclamation, also known as the Tai Tsai Racing Ground. It opened in early 1979 and held its first race. It is one of the largest racetracks in Asia. There are more than 1,000 horses in the barn and the track covers an area of 450,000 square meters. It can accommodate nearly 30,000 spectators.
Macau Jockey Club has advanced equipment and managers from all over the world with international level. There are air-conditioned stands and special rooms for members in the venue, which make the environment comfortable. In addition, you can watch the games on the big screen or on TV. There are Chinese and Western restaurants. The Macau Jockey Club compiles its annual running events. The season begins in September every year and ends in August the following year. Generally held at night, betting is divided into three forms: triple color, sub-Q, win-win, win-win, position and so on. Horse racing has become one of the most important forms of gambling in Macao. Horse racing is one of the recreational activities of Macau people, so the Macau Jockey Club is also very attractive, becoming a must-go place to Macau. The Macau Jockey Club is equipped with advanced equipment. Its managers, jockeys and horses come from all over the world and meet international standards. There are air-conditioned stands and special rooms for members in the stadium. Members, whether or not, can enjoy each event comfortably. In addition, you can watch the games on the big screen or on TV. There are also Chinese and Western restaurants in the Jockey Club. Besides watching the horse race, you can also eat at will. Usually, summer events are held at night between late June and early September.
The most luxurious and luxurious race club in the world
For the past 300 years, the Royal Esco Jockey Club has been the most luxurious and luxurious race club in the world, and the traditional British are very proud of it. Queen Anne founded the event in 1711 in Berkshire, not far from Windsor Castle. For 300 years, the Royal Esco Jockey Club has been held every summer in Berkshire, except for the relocation to Yorkshire in 2005 due to the renovation of the Berkshire Stadium.
In 1913, the British Parliament passed a bill announcing the establishment of the board of directors of Esco. In 2001, the board of directors of Esco became a private company and continued to be responsible for the "great event founded 300 years ago by a great British monarch". For hundreds of years, the race must be attended every year, which is the main reason why the race club is named "Royal Esco Racing Club".
In 1807, for the first time, the Royal Esco Jockey Club designated the third day of the race as "Golden Cup Day", because it was the most critical and busiest day of the race. However, many British people, including the British Royal family, are accustomed to calling "Golden Cup Day" as "Lady's Day". Because the annual race will attract a large number of female audiences, they support the Esco from the beginning, Queen Anne is one of them. Popularly speaking, "Ladies'Day" has the most women.
The Queen's horses will also compete, and it is considered a great honor for knights to compete on the Queen's special horses. The Esco Jockey Club has a total prize of 3 million. The Golden Cup, the Royal Hunting Cup and the Queen's Vase are the prizes of the three winners.
But at the first race in 1711, the knights were not so lucky. After seven British horses finished their four-mile race, no one could win a prize in the hands of the Queen, a medal worth 100 gold coins.
The Royal Ascot Jockey Club is one of Britain's top horse racing events, which is also a major event in the British upper class. But what makes it even more famous is the unique hat fashion show on the Ladies'Day of the Jockey Club. Many visitors came here to watch the opening ceremony of the horse race. The unique hat decoration became the biggest highlight.
It is reported that the event has a history of 200 years since 1807. Men entering the Royal bleachers have to wear straight dresses and women wear the most beautiful clothes and creative hats.
The contestants demanded that both men and women should be dressed up for the day. Generally speaking, women's dress requirements are more stringent, while men must wear black or gray dresses, including a vest and a hat. Overseas tourists should also follow the custom when they come to see horse racing. They should not dress too casually. It is precisely because of the exquisite dress, many wealthy people regard this place as the "vast" perfect stage, especially ladies, competing to wear identity dresses, skirts, hats to show people.
Origin and Evolution
The Siena Jockey Club, also known as the Siena Jockey Festival, holds two days a year, on July 2 and August 16, respectively.
Siena City is located in the southern part of Tuscany, Italy, 50 kilometers south of Florence. It is the capital of Siena Province. The Siena Jockey Club was originally held to commemorate the city's protection of the Virgin Mary. It is recognized that 1200 was the year of its origin. Its rules changed several times, and it was not until 1729 that the rules were fixed, forming the existing scale. Jockey Club official competitions are held twice a year on July 2 and August 16.
Characteristic 1: Unlike other countries and regions in the world, the Siena Jockey Club is not held on dedicated roads or wilderness grasslands, but in the Kabo Square in the city centre. The horse ran three laps on the circular track in the square, and the head horse won. The audience is close to the track.
Character 2: The horse is not saddled, so it is a challenging race for the rider.
Feature 3: Riders can attack each other on horseback, so they often fall to the ground. As long as the horse is still moving forward, even if nobody is on the horse's back, as long as the first horse reaches the finish line, it can still win the championship of the race - - the banner of the Virgin Mary.
Characteristic 4: In 17 districts of Siena, jockeys and horses can be selected as representatives, but only 10 horses can compete in each race. In addition to the seven teams that failed to participate in the last race, the other three teams draw lots. Every city has its own flag and jockey.
Siena Jockey Club attracts a large number of tourists every year because of its unique rules and exciting atmosphere. Italian National Television participates in live broadcasting every year. The thrilling horse race at the beginning of the 007 movie Quantum Crisis was set at the Siena Jockey Club.
The Qiangtang Jockey Club in northern Tibet is also famous. Compared with Jiangzi, the vast grassland in northern Tibet is more suitable for horse racing. People on the grasslands also make full use of the unique natural conditions, holding the annual horse racing festival at the end of July and the beginning of August in the Tibetan calendar every year. The content of the horse racing festival is similar to that of Jiangzidama Festival, except that most of the riders are teenagers. Watching them play is more exciting than watching adults.
When the cultural and recreational activities of the male Jockey Club are held from the tenth to twelfth of July, three days of horse racing are held.
The horses in the race are horses of leaders of all levels of each tribe, and ten good horses selected by each tribe. In addition, they can participate freely. Horses should be fed well before the race. The competitors are usually youngsters over twelve and under twenty. The venue of the competition is on the grassland of Gandan Karba in front of the Zong government. The distance of the competition is twelve kilometers. The referee is composed of Jiaben of each tribe and the Tibetan army. During the competition, two Jiaben ropes are used as the starting point and the end point is marked by a white line. The gun is fired as the number and the hundred horses are fired. Twenty contestants were selected and awarded. The first to tenth prizes are Hada one, five-colour silk one, Tibetan silver one hundred and two, Tibetan silver eighty-two, Tibetan silver seventy-two and Tibetan silver sixty-five to sixty-two from fifth to tenth. From the eleventh to twelfth place, there was no five-colour silk, only one general Hada, and the silver award was from sixty-five to twelve, which was reduced by five or two.
Another event is archery. The members of the archery team, mainly the heads and heads of the tribe at all levels, shoot three arrows each. The distance between the target and the target is one hundred meters. The winner is awarded five or two silver medals and a good Hada.
The Jockey Club was presided over by Zongben after the establishment of the Zongzong in Dangxiong. Eight tribes of Jiaben each year by two people to manage the event held, the Sala Temple and the Sala Temple belong to the temple Lama 100 people, to the event to chant sutras. The cost of chanting sutras is called "Jiren", which is apportioned among herdsmen of all ethnic groups. One fruit is paid five coins of silver, two fruit is given one Nirvana butter, four red barley, twenty-five hillocks are given eight Nirvana tea, one hillock is given four or two salts, and two catties of soil alkali. This expenditure is not very large. The main burden is the expenditure of the Lama and Zong government during the chanting period. The amount is huge and all of them are borne by herdsmen.
In 1913, the British Royal Jockey Club began to hold weekend horse racing. In 1921, the British Parliament passed a bill announcing the establishment of the British Royal Jockey Club, which was responsible for "the great race founded 300 years ago by a great British monarch". Members of the British Royal family, in accordance with the tradition left by the Queen, have been bound to participate in the race every year for hundreds of years, which is the main reason why the race club is named "Royal Permission Racing Club".
During the three days of horse racing and archery, herdsmen, especially young men and women, wore their own festival dress after a hard year, singing and dancing here, chasing their favorite couples, brimming with festival festivities. Three days later, dancing and all recreational activities were banned according to the regulations of the Sala Temple. The next month was a period of political activity and commercial exchange.
The traditional festivals of the Turkish people in Dongying, Huzhu Tu Autonomous County, Qinghai Province, are held every year on the second day of February in the lunar calendar.
On this day, the Tu people and the Tibetan, Hui and Han people, who live in the vicinity for tens of miles, dress in costumes, take farm and sideline local products, or ride horses and drive cars, or gather along mountain roads in twos and threes to designated places. On the festival racetrack, gongs and drums are noisy, flags are flying, and laughter is everywhere.
The ceremony ended and the horse race began. One by one, the riders stood beside the horse with great vigor and grace, listening only to the sound of a gunshot from the trumpet. They whipped the horse, and the horse ran like an arrow out of the strings, racing forward. At the moment, applause and cheers rose and fell on the racetrack. According to the habits of the local Turkish people, horse racing is divided into two types: running horse and walking horse; running horse is faster than speed; walking horse is faster than speed, but also than the trend of the horse. At the end of the competition, the award-winning horses and riders should be dressed in red. Some also toasted the winners in celebration.