Jiajinshan National Forest Park

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Jiajinshan National Forest Park

Xiaojin County of jiajinshan National Forest Park is located at the northern foot of Jiajin mountain in the east of Xiaojin County, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province. It is a branch of Qionglai mountains, 4114 meters above sea level. It is adjacent to the famous national scenic spot Siguniang mountain, Wolong Nature Reserve in the East, Fengtongzhai Nature Reserve in Baoxing in the south, with a total area of 20700 kilometers It is composed of muchenggou and muerzhaigou. In December 2000, the State Forestry Administration approved the establishment of jiajinshan National Forest Park with an area of 92.175 square kilometers, which is a national brand. Jiajin mountain was called "jiajinda" in the Qianlong period of Qing Dynasty.

natural environment

Jiajinshan National Forest Park has the primeval forest which is best protected by Xiaojin. There are many kinds of rare wild animals and plants, including golden monkey, takin, antelope, red deer, golden pheasant, wild thrush and other national first and second class wild protected animals, just like entering the green Eden Garden. Here you can see the holy Siguniang mountain in the distance, while the "god horse" peak standing on the east side of muerzhaigou looks up to the East. It is said that it is the mount of Siguniang and grazes here. It is rich in forest and unique in scenery. Here the streams are crisscrossed and crisscrossed. They are also long streams on the mountains, like silky silver threads and arteries of mountains. Such abundant water resources have formed Haizi group and large area glaciers with different shapes. The largest water area of jiajinhaizi is 160000 square meters. It is said that it is made of rhinoceros, the mount of Mountain God. Looking down from high, Haizi is like a huge Turquoise Inlaid in Jiajin mountain. In the middle of winter, the water surface of Haizi is frozen, which makes it a smooth and hard ice skating rink. Autumn forest dye, red, yellow, green leaves Horde together, dreamlike, dazzling. With such vast virgin forests and such fresh and warm air, tourists will forget where they are and naturally forget to return.

Features of scenic spots

Jiajin mountain is famous for its snow scenery. There is often snow in summer, especially in spring. The natural scenery in the area is beautiful and the snow peaks are crystal clear. The main peak is the birthplace of Qingyi River. The main peak is the birthplace of Qingyi River. The cliffs on both sides are steep, the valleys are deep, the lakes are clear, the waterfalls are splashing, and the wild animals and plants can be seen everywhere, forming a natural landscape that people yearn for. The difference of altitude and the change of air temperature create a complete plant belt spectrum from subtropical broad-leaved forest to cold temperate coniferous forest. Nibagou, garigou, maguagou, Hepinggou, Liangshuijing, basigou and other scenic spots take the landscape of artificial forest and primeval forest and the typical ecological environment of giant panda as the landscape. Dabanqiao is a craggy rock, known as "xiaohuangshan".

The difference of altitude and the change of air temperature make the complete plant belt spectrum from subtropical broad-leaved forest to cold temperate coniferous forest. Nibagou, garigou, maganggou, Hepinggou, Liangshuijing, basigou and other scenic spots are characterized by the landscape of artificial forest and primitive forest and the typical ecological environment of giant panda.

Jiajin mountain scenic area is unique for its high mountain lakes, Red Army relics and ethnic customs. With the semi wild breeding and protection of Daxue mountain and giant panda, Jiajin mountain scenic area has ingeniously combined the natural ecology with it to form a dynamic natural landscape picture. In 1994, it was listed as a provincial scenic spot. In December 2000, the State Forestry Administration approved the establishment of jiajinshan National Forest Park.

Historical evolution

During the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, Jiajin mountain was called "jiajinda", which means the curved road in Tibetan. This is the place where the first front army of the Chinese workers' and peasants' Red Army and the Fourth Front Army of the Red Army successfully joined forces. It is the first snow mountain that the Red Army has crossed. "The long march is very dangerous, and the golden mountain is most remembered". Therefore, it has a high historical background and humanistic connotation. There are many kinds of rare wild animals and plants, such as golden monkey, kink antelope, antelope, red deer, golden pheasant, wild thrush and other national first and second class wild animals. In particular, many mountain birds gather here to breed, making jiajinshan National Forest Park known as "thrushan paradise", which constitutes the unique nature of the forest park Ecological environment.

"Jiuzhai water beautiful, small Jinshan strange." It is surrounded by mountains, with thousands of rocks and towering clouds. There are not only the grandeur of Mount Tai, but also the precipitousness of Huangshan, the beauty of Emei Mountain and the purity of Lushan Mountain. The perfect combination of streams forms the main scenery, which is more and more beautiful, quiet and strange against the background of canyons, waterfalls, polar mountains and glaciers, and has high ornamental value. Entering jiajinshan Forest Park is like entering green Eden. Here you can see the holy Siguniang mountain in the distance, while the "god horse" peak standing on the east side of muerzhaigou looks up to the East. It is said that it is the mount of Siguniang and grazes here. Jiajinshan Forest Park is rich in water, which constitutes her unique scenery

。 There are many streams here,

Main attractions

Muerzhaigou is located in jiajinshan National Forest Park in Xiaojin county and Baoxing county. On both sides of the gully are extremely high mountains with an altitude of more than 5000 meters and high mountains with an altitude of 3500-5000 meters. The geographical landscape elements are snow mountain, forest, meadow, Haizi and stream. Mu'erzhai gully has narrow bottom, steep mountains on both sides, and deep canyon. When you are in it, you can feel the uncanny workmanship and magnificence of nature. Muerzhaigou is the most well preserved area of vegetation in Jiajin mountain, and it is also a virgin forest that has never been cut down. The whole ecosystem is complex and complete, from ground plants, shrubs in the forest to tall trees, from deciduous trees to evergreen trees, from broad-leaved forest to coniferous forest. Two or three people in the ditch embrace the big tree, the ancient tree less than three or five meters away there is a tree. The biology of "Rhododendron" and "Hippophae rhamnoides" are mutated here. It is said that the largest Seabuckthorn tree has been around for thousands of years. It needs four people to hold it together. It is regarded as the "tree king" by the local people. This shows the good ecological integrity of the sea buckthorn tree.

Muerzhaigou is about 28 kilometers long. Standing at the bottom of the valley and looking up, the cliff is towering. The lowest altitude of guangjinba at the mouth of the gully is 2780 meters, while Jianshanzi of Daogou has the highest altitude of 5472 meters, with a relative height difference of 2692 meters. It is a Typical Alpine Canyon landform. It is said that in autumn, the golden and transparent deciduous fir, the flaming red leaves and the rich layers of "four seasons in one mountain" are as beautiful as miyaro in northern Sichuan, which is famous for its autumn scenery. Doji pengcuo, a former photographer of the Chinese mountaineering team, described muerzhaigou as "the most colorful and charming autumn scenery in Tibet" he had ever seen, and "it also has the majestic momentum of the Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon".

Jianshanzi is the main peak of muerzhaigou in Jiajin mountain. There is a peak on the east ridge of muerzhaigou, which is Baojing mountain. Jiujiahai, which is about 4930 meters above sea level, lies quietly between Jianshanzi (North) and baojingshan (South). It is said that it was the fairy bath of four girls. Standing in the northeast of Siguniang mountain, it is only 10 kilometers away from the fairy bath.

From the mouth of the gully, along the valley fire, Hongshiyan, balpeng, shuicaoping, laimugan, calf farm, pugeyan, bangziqiao, and dainiuchang, it is about 20km ahead, and then steep to xiongdongzi and jiujiahai. When approaching jiujiahai, the road is steep and vertical, which requires more physical strength and skill. Jiujiahai is a Haizi group. According to the local mountain people, there are 13 Haizi, including 4 seasonal Haizi and 9 perennial Haizi (unfortunately only 3 are found), so it is named jiujiahai. The nine Haizi are distributed along the ridge, arranged in sequence, stretching for about 4 km. Standing in jiujiahai, you can't help but imagine the extraordinary and magnificent landscape around.

Animal and plant resources

Golden Monkey

Golden monkey is a typical forest arboreal animal. It lives in the forest with an altitude of 1500-3300m. Its vegetation type and vertical distribution zone belong to subtropical mountain evergreen

Forest Park

Four vegetation types, including deciduous broad-leaved mixed forest, subtropical deciduous broad-leaved forest, evergreen coniferous forest and secondary mixed coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest, do not move horizontally with seasonal changes, but only move vertically in their habitat. Community life.

Rhododendron

Rhododendron for short, Rhododendron, Rhododendron family Rhododendron plants, is one of China's top ten famous flowers. Rhododendron is one of the most famous ornamental flowers in the world. It is a kind of small shrub in Rhododendron family. It is evergreen and deciduous. There are more than 850 species in the world, which are mainly distributed in Asia, Europe and North America. There are more than 530 species in China, but the characteristics of species are very different.

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