Hunan fishing drum
Fishing drum is also called tube and bamboo piano. Song Dynasty has emerged, is a popular traditional musical instrument in Hubei, Hunan, Shandong, Guangxi and other areas, often used in opera performance.
In the picture of "Acrobatic Children's Play" drawn by Su Hanchen (Picture Book of Chinese Music History). In the Ming Dynasty, Wang Cai's "three talented men's meeting" contained: "fishing drum, bamboo cutting is four, and the skin is the first, and the skin is hit by the two fingers. There are Jane Zi, bamboo for it, two feet long, four or five minutes wide, half thick, the last is slightly contrary. When singing, he uses two pieces to strike a harmony.
In recent years, a new melodic fishing drum, called Qingu, has been reformed and made. Its predecessor is the accompaniment instrument of Sichuan folk opera "Zhuqin". It consists of sixteen bamboo tubes of different lengths. One end of the tube is covered with cowhide or sheepskin. The tube is fastened with bamboo rings and placed on a wooden frame in two rows. Bamboo arrow playing. Voice range. Shanghai Film Orchestra and Shanghai Conservatory of Music have developed 27-tone fishing drums. Made by Suzhou National Musical Instrument Factory 3. The phonemes are arranged in the Lv pattern with the range f-g2. It keeps the mellow and quiet tone of traditional fishing drum.
Fish drum has a long history, which can be traced back to the "Taoist sentiment" of the Tang Dynasty, that is, the Taoist affairs and feelings described by Taoists when they preached or raised money. Their way of narrating love is to play fishing drums and sing Tao songs, so "playing fishing drums and singing Tao songs" is linked together, such as "Nine Truths" in the Tang Dynasty, "Chengtian" (Vol. 33 of "Tang Huiyao") and "Stepping Song" (Duan Chang's "Sequel to Immortals" on Lancai and rapper. Later, "Tao Qing" was used by folk artists. Religious content was gradually weakened. Folk stories, myths and legends and heroic stories were sung instead. The way of "Tao Qing" and "singing" also evolved into an artistic form of rap.
By the Yuan Dynasty, the drum has been widely sung, "folk children, do not work, in the city, singing words, teaching miscellaneous operas;Fishing drums make people gather together"(Volume One Hundred Five of History of the Yuan Dynasty). During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the fishing drum had formed a complete singing tune of "having a board and eyes". Wang Chuanshan, a well-known patriotic thinker (Hengyang people), wrote 27 "Yu Gu Ci" (Yu Gu is Yu Gu). The author wrote the phrase "Xiao Feng Can Yue, a hammer on a board, also make himself at ease" (Book 64 of Chuanshan Heritage). From then on, Yugu Taoist sentiment was completely transformed from a tool to publicize Taoist ideas of birth into a folk rap art full of entertainment and knowledge.