Huatuo Wuqin Opera

Home Culture 2019-05-04

Huatuo Wuqin Opera

Huatuo Wuqin Opera is a set of guiding techniques compiled by Huatuo, a famous physician in the late Eastern Han Dynasty, according to the principles of traditional Chinese medicine, to imitate the movements and manners of five kinds of animals, such as tiger deer, bear, ape and bird. "Poultry" refers to animals and animals in ancient times, and "drama" refers to activities such as singing and dancing acrobatics in ancient times, which refers to special sports.

On May 23, 2011, Huatuo Wuqin Opera was listed in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.

Essential information

Cultural Heritage Name: Huatuo Wuqin Opera

Areas: Bozhou, Anhui Province

Heritage Number: VI-1

Heritage Category: Acrobatics and Athletics

Date of declaration: June 2011

Declarer/Declarator: Bozhou City

Heritage Level: Country

Brief introduction of dynamic work

The origin of this law can be traced back to the pre-Qin Dynasty. For example, there are many descriptions in Zhuangzi, such as "Bear Jing and Bird Extension, for the sake of longevity". It can be seen that there were many guiding pictures and texts imitating animal form and spirit at that time, which belonged to the primitive skills of "Five-bird Opera". It is Huatuo, a famous doctor in the late Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms Period, who summarized and promoted Wuqin Opera as a set of skills. The original words about Huatuo Wuqin Opera are recorded in the Records of the Three Kingdoms and the Book of the Later Han Dynasty. The earlier documents that can be seen recording the specific practice of "Wuqin Opera" are "The Extension Record of Nurturing Nature" compiled by Tao Hongjing in the Northern and Southern Dynasties. Later generations of doctors and health preservers created hundreds of routines of "Wuqin Opera" because of the variations handed down by their teachers or according to the basic principles of "Wuqin Opera". Although the emphases of different exercises are different, their basic spirit is much the same.

Five-poultry opera is one of the most popular and longest-lasting fitness methods in China. It consists of five kinds of imitative animal movements. It is also called "five-poultry gymnastics", "five-poultry qigong" and "hundred-step sweat opera". It is said that Wu Pu, Huatuo's apprentice, exercised according to law. He was still deaf, blind and had good teeth until he was over 90 years old, reaching the age of 100.

Modern medical research also proves that as a kind of medical gymnastics, Wuqinxi not only makes human muscles and joints stretch, but also helps to improve lung and heart function, improve myocardial oxygen supply, improve myocardial blood output, and promote the normal development of tissues and organs. As the earliest bionic medical fitness gymnastics with complete skills in China, Wuqinxi is also one of the sports that the palace of all dynasties paid attention to.

On June 28, 1982, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education and the then State Sports Commission issued a circular regarding Wuqinxi and other traditional Chinese fitness laws as one of the contents of "health physical education" promoted in medical universities. In 2003, the State Administration of Sports of China promoted the re-arranged Five-Poultry Opera and other fitness methods as the content of "Fitness Qigong" to the whole country.

Huatuo Wuqinxi includes five kinds of bionic guiding techniques: tiger play, deer play, bear play, ape play and bird play, with gentle movements. (From Chinese Traditional Fitness and Health Care Map)

Practice method

Tiger drama

Stand naturally, bend down, press your hands on the ground, push your body forward and breathe in, then stop slightly at the end of the current towering; then, shrink back and exhale; so three times. Then the left hand moves forward first and then the right hand asks, while the feet move backward to stretch the waist; according to the head facing the sky, then bow and look forward; finally, like a tiger walking, climb seven steps forward and seven steps backward.

Deer drama

Put your limbs on the ground. Inhale, turn your head and neck to the left, look backwards with both eyes to the left, and stop when you turn left to the far end; exhale, turn your head and neck, and then breathe when you turn face to the ground, and continue to turn right, as before. Turn left three times, turn right two times, and finally return to the trend. Then, raise the left leg and stretch backward, stop a little, lower the left leg, and lift the right leg as usual. The left leg is extended three times and the right leg is extended two times.

Xiong Opera

In supine position, the legs are bent and arched, the feet are off the bed, the hands are under the knees, and the head and neck are pushed upward to make the shoulder back leave the bed. When the left shoulder touches the bed, the head and neck are rolled upward immediately, and the shoulder is off the bed; when the left shoulder touches the bed, the shoulder is rolled upward, the shoulder is off the bed; when the left shoulder stops slightly, the shoulder falls down again. It alternates left and right seven times. Then get up and put your feet in a squat position with your hands at the same side of your feet. Then walk like a bear, lift your left foot and your right palm out of bed. When your left foot and your right palm fall back, lift your right foot and your left palm. So left and right alternation, body drive also followed by left and right swing, a moment.

Ape play

Choose a solid horizontal bar (such as horizontal bar, doorframe, fork, etc.) slightly higher than themselves, standing fingers can touch the height, such as ape climbing with both hands to grasp the bar, so that both limbs are suspended, as a lead up 7 times. Then, first hook the horizontal pole with the back of the left foot, put down both hands, and then hang upside down; after a slight pause, change the right foot to hook down the county as usual. It alternates left and right seven times.

Bird play

Natural standing. When inhaling, raise your left leg, raise your eyebrows flat, and boost your strength, such as a bird's wings to fly; when exhaling, your left leg falls back to the ground, and your arms fall back to your legs. Next, cross your right leg as usual. It alternates left and right seven times. Then sit down. Bend your right leg, hold your hands under your knees, pull your legs and knees close to your chest; after a short pause, change your hands under your left knees as usual. It alternates left and right seven times. Finally, the arms stretch like birds'wings seven times each.

Specific efficacy

Practicing Bear Drama to Regulate Spleen and Stomach

People have symptoms such as stagnation of food, indigestion and loss of appetite. We may as well practice the bear play in Wuqin opera. When practicing Bear Drama, we should be calm and flexible, and show its toughness. Practicing Bear Drama has the functions of strengthening the spleen and stomach, helping digestion, eliminating food stagnation and activating joints.

Practicing Tiger Drama to Relieve Low Back Pain

If you have symptoms of low back pain, tiger play can enhance the function of holding back acupoints and Du meridians, and can relieve symptoms of neck, shoulder, back pain, sciatica and low back pain.

Deer Training Show Reduces Waist Circumference

Many office workers have been sedentary for a long time, lack of exercise and irregular life, resulting in an increase in waist circumference. Practicing the deer play of Wuqinxi is a good way to reduce waist circumference. Because deer play is mainly designed for kidney health care, its movements are around the waist to do sports, in the process of practice, naturally make our waist fat consumption, and redistribution, conducive to reducing waist circumference, to maintain a slender body.

Improving cardiopulmonary function by practicing ape Opera

Commuters accustomed to taking elevators climb several stairs and many people will be exhausted. This is actually a reminder that your cardiopulmonary function needs to be strengthened. The ape lift in ape play follows the breathing mode of "lifting, inhaling and falling, breathing when lifting the body, and breathing when relaxing and falling back". Inhalation and contraction of the chest when lifting, tightening the whole body; relaxation and exhalation when falling, stretching the chest, this group of movements help to enhance cardiopulmonary function, relieve shortness of breath, asthma and other symptoms, interested friends may try.

Preventing arthritis by practicing bird play

Arthritis is a common disease in winter, but in recent years, in the Department of Orthopaedics and traumatology in the hospital in hot summer, many patients with scapulohumeral periarthritis and arthritis will seek medical treatment because of their illness. The main reason is that these patients use air-conditioning improperly, or for a long time blowing fans, leading to the onset of joint disease. When practicing bird play, the movements are light and stretching, which can regulate qi and blood, dredge channels and collaterals, dispel wind and dispel cold, and activate tendons and joints. It can prevent the occurrence of arthritis in summer, and also enhance the body's immunity.


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