Huanglongxi ancient town

Home Scenery 2020-11-06

Huanglongxi ancient town

Huanglongxi ancient town scenic spot is located in Huanglongxi Town, Shuangliu District, Chengdu.

According to the annals of Renshou County, the ancient name of Huanglong river is Chishui. According to the annals of Renshou County, Chishui River confluences with Jinjiang River. The water is brown and the river is clear. The ancients called it Huanglongxi Qingjiang, and the real dragon is hidden in it. According to the record of "Huanglong Ganlu stele", Huanglong saw the event of Wuyang, and cast a tripod, like a dragon shaped, submerged in water. In the 24th year of Jian'an (219 AD), Wuyang was also the site of Pengshan in Xinjin in Han Dynasty. Dongxian county (Huaxian county) was bordered in the southeast. Renshou was also ivory. Huanglong belonged to Wuyang in the past and now belongs to the governing territory. Therefore, the river is named "Huanglongxi".

Huanglongxi ancient town is located in the southwest edge of Shuangliu District, Chengdu City. It is 103 ° 58 'e and 30 ° 17' n. It is 42 km away from Chengdu urban area, 34 km away from Dongsheng Street of Shuangliu City, and 28 km away from Huayang street of Tianfu new district. It is a tourism oriented town with tourism as the leading role and agriculture as the basis. It is a new tourism hot spot in the suburbs of Chengdu City. It is mainly based on tourism and supplemented by business services Tourist type small town with mountains and rivers. It is known as the town of fire dragon of Chinese folk art, national pilot town of small town construction, national demonstration town of comprehensive economic development of small towns, one of the first batch of famous historical and cultural towns in Sichuan Province, provincial scenic spot of Sichuan Province, key tourism town of Chengdu, beautiful national environment and one of 14 priority development key towns of Chengdu City. It has rich natural landscape resources and cultural tourism resources.

Huanglongxi ancient town is a historical and cultural ancient town and provincial tourism scenic spot in Sichuan Province. The ancient town not only has beautiful scenery and beautiful environment, but also is a famous natural film and television photography base at home and abroad. The main features of the ancient town are: ancient streets, ancient trees, ancient temples, ancient water and land wharves, ancient buildings and simple folk customs. It is the hometown of Chinese folk art (fire dragon) named by the Ministry of culture and a national level small town with beautiful environment. It is known as "movie city" and "China Hollywood".

In November 2017, Huanglongxi ancient town was awarded the "2017 top 10 quality leisure bases in China".

Practical information

Ticket information

Free Admission

Opening Hours

Open all day

Suggest to play

2-4 hours

Best season

All seasons

geographical position

Southwest edge of Shuangliu District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province

Historical records

Huanglongxi ancient town has been built for more than 1700 years. It has a profound historical background. It was named "Chishui" in ancient times, also known as yongxingchang. The original site was located in the backwater area on the East Bank of Fuhe River. It was destroyed by a fire in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, so it was also called "huoshaochang". Later, some families of he, Qiao and Tang moved to the current site to build the site, which gradually developed into the scale of today.

The chronicles of Huayang recorded a natural spectacle in the late Eastern Han Dynasty: "in the 24th year of Jian'an (219 AD), Huanglong saw the ninth day of Chishui in Wuyang.". In the Han Dynasty, Huanglongxi was under the jurisdiction of Wuyang, which was probably located in today's Xinjin and Pengshan areas along the Muma mountain.

Chishui River is the Luxi river that meets the Fuhe River today. During the flood season, since the upstream of Luxi river originates from Longquan Mountain, the water flowing down is mostly mountain stream water with a large amount of sediment, and the water color is red and yellow; while the water of Jinjiang River from Fuhe River originates from Minjiang River, which is clear and transparent. When the two rivers meet in today's Huanglong River, there is a clear distinction between the clear and turbid rivers. The mountains and rivers plunge into the Fuhe River with the momentum of subduction. It looks like a giant dragon swimming across the river. The local people vividly describe it as "Huanglong crossing the Qingjiang River". Over time, under the influence of generations of myths and legends, people naturally call this treasure land where "Huanglong" appears, which is called Huanglongxi.

According to the annals of Huayang County in the Republic of China, "the land seen by Huanglong used to belong to Wuyang, but now belongs to the administrative territory, so the river is famous."

According to the annals of Renshou County, "Chishui and brocade converge, the stream is brown, and the river is clear." the ancients said that "Huanglong crosses the Qingjiang River, and the real dragon hides in it". According to the record of "Huanglong Ganlu stele" recorded in "Lishu", Huanglong saw the event of Wuyang, built a tripod, like a dragon shaped, submerged... So it was called "Huanglongxi". In the 24th year of Jian'an (216 A.D.), in Han Dynasty, Wuyang was also the land of Pengshan in Xinjin. Dongxian county (Huaxian county) was bordered on the southeast. Renshou was also like Longya. The place where Huanglong lived in spring belonged to Wuyang and was governed by the government. Therefore, the river was named "Huanglongxi".

In the Qin and Han Dynasties, Huanglongxi town belonged to Wuyang County, Qianwei county (now Pengshan District).

In Song Dynasty, Huanglongxi town belonged to Pengshan County of Meizhou. In Yuan Dynasty, Pengshan County was abolished and merged into Meizhou.

In the early Ming Dynasty, Meizhou was reduced to Meixian County, and now the areas near Huanglongxi town were merged and under the jurisdiction of Renshou County. According to page 184 of Shuangliu County directory, Huishui village of Huanglongxi town was subordinate to Shunhe township of Renshou County in Ming Dynasty.

In the early Qing Dynasty, Renshou County belonged to Zhili Prefecture of Zizhou; Renshou County set up three townships for this large area, which was located at the junction of the three counties, "Donglin, Shunhe, anxiashang township". Today, Huanglongxi town and its surrounding areas belong to the Northeast Shunhe township.

At the end of Qing Dynasty, Huanglongxi was transferred from Renshou County to Huayang County of Chengdu.

On March 27, 1965, the 154th meeting of the State Council decided to cancel the establishment of Huayang county and merge it into Shuangliu County. On April 8, the people's Committee of Sichuan Province issued a notice of withdrawing and merging counties. On July 1, Huayang county was formally incorporated into Shuangliu County, and its 18 communes (including huangfo) and 3 towns were incorporated into Shuangliu County.

In 1976, Huishui Township in Jitian District of Renshou County was divided into Shuangliu.

On October 10, 1992, Shuangliu County decided to carry out the system adjustment of District, township and town. Huangfo Township and Huishui Township were merged into Huanglongxi town.

On December 3 and December 15, 2015, the State Council and the people's Government of Sichuan Province successively approved the revocation of Shuangliu County and the establishment of Shuangliu District of Chengdu City. The former administrative region of Shuangliu County is the administrative region of Shuangliu District, and Huanglongxi town is under the jurisdiction of Shuangliu district.

On March 26, 2016, the municipal government officially approved the request for instructions on adding sub district offices to six towns, including Yong'an Town, and agreed to add Street office signs to Huanglongxi Town, Shuangliu district.

Original name

According to the annals of Renshou County, the ancient name of Huanglong river is Chishui. According to the annals of Renshou County, Chishui River confluences with Jinjiang River. The water is brown and the river is clear. The ancients called it Huanglongxi Qingjiang, and the real dragon is hidden in it. According to the record of "Huanglong Ganlu stele", Huanglong saw the event of Wuyang, and cast a tripod, like a dragon shaped, submerged in water. In the 24th year of Jian'an (A.D. 216), in Han Dynasty, Wuyang was also the place of Pengshan in Xinjin. Dongxian (Huaxian) was bordered in the southeast. Renshou was also ivory. Huanglong belonged to Wuyang in the past and now belongs to the governing territory. Therefore, the river is named "Huanglongxi".

Cultural characteristics

Huanglongxi's ancient cultural tourist attractions are like bright pearls, which can be divided into three ancient scenic areas connected by water, namely core scenic area, diffusion scenic area and extension scenic area.

The core scenic spot of Huanglongxi is an area of 5 square kilometers centered on the ancient town. It is famous for the "ten ancient" of ancient streets, ancient trees, ancient temples, ancient dykes, ancient cofferdams, ancient dwellings, ancient docks, ancient battlefields, ancient cliff tombs and ancient Yamen. The ancient town also has "three temples in one street", "three counties and one yamen" and "thousand year old trees accompanying the ancient town", which are regarded as national wonders. The intersection of Jinjiang River and Luxi river is opposite to Zhenjiang temple in the ancient town. The water of Jinjiang River is clear and the water of Luxi river is brown. You can see the landscape of "Huanglong crossing Qingjiang River, and the real dragon is in Tibet". Boating on the water, it is ethereal and elegant, reciting poems and tasting tea, which is like a dream.

Three kilometers from the Luxi River Estuary, you will arrive at the Huanglong River's diffusion scenic area. There are famous "Dafo Temple" and "Guanyin Temple". The two temples are located on two mountains, facing each other from a distance. On the north bank is the "Big Buddha Temple", which was originally built in the Ming Dynasty and carved on the steep cliff of xiangse. It is more than two Zhangs high. It is known as the "second largest Buddha in Sichuan" in history. Guanyin temple, located on the Guanyin Mountain, is a place of universal salvation. Two kilometers upstream of the Jinjiang River from the mouth of Luxi river is Chenjia Island, one of the "five Huanglong islands". The only existing water roller in Western Sichuan that doesn't wash away from the ancient mill - "Chenjia water roller". When the vehicle company approaches Shuinian Island, the squeaky and dumb ancient grinding sound is heard far away, which has aroused people's sweet memories of farming culture.

Main attractions

Ancient neighborhood

With more than 1700 years of historical changes, the ancient town remains intact. There are seven streets in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The streets are all paved with stone slabs. The pillars on both sides are arranged in order. The average width of the street is 3.44M.

Ancient temples

There are three intact temples in the ancient town. Gulong temple, Zhenjiang temple and Chaoyin temple are all located in the main street of Huanglongxi, forming a street with three temples. There are temples in the street and street in the temple. There are two large temples outside the town. The buildings are magnificent and attract many tourists.

Ancient houses

At present, there are 76 sets of residential buildings in Ming and Qing Dynasties, one floor and one floor. The "Diaojiaolou" in Linjiang reflects the cultural characteristics of "Ganlan" of ancient Shu dwellings.

Ancient trees

There are 6 old banyan trees over 300 years old in the town. The tangled roots and thick shade cover add to the rich ancient appearance and interest of the ancient town. There is also a thousand year old Wujiu tree which looks like a dragon in Zhenlong ditch beside Luxi river. It has a very strange appearance and many beautiful legends.

Ancient cliff tomb

The Han Dynasty rock tombs have been excavated many times around the town, including stone coffins, pottery figurines, bronze seals and other cultural relics, which are of high archaeological research value.

Ancient Buddha cave

It is a municipal cultural relic protection unit. The building is close to the mountain and by the river.

Gufo weir

The water conservancy facilities of the Xiafu River in jinhua'an are used to build weirs for water diversion and irrigation. Huanglongxi has ten thousand mu of good farmland irrigated from it, just like a small "Dujiangyan".

Ancient battlefield

In history, it has always been a place for military strategists to fight for. Up to now, there are still legends about the war among the king of Shu, Zhuge Liang, Zhang Xianzhong and Yang Zhan.

Ancient customs

Up to now, Huanglongxi town still retains many folk customs, such as watchkeeping, release party, Dragon Boat meeting, fire dragon, Guanyin meeting, Sichuan opera stage singing and so on.

Sanxian Yamen

In history, Huanglongxi belonged to the "Golden Triangle" area, where three counties (Huayang, Pengshan and Renshou) were troubled by civil, economic disputes and banditry. Therefore, the three county yamen (now the joint office) were set up to jointly manage civil affairs, water administration and banditry.

Historical allusions

Yigan noodles, also known as "longevity noodles", are famous traditional snacks of Huanglongxi ancient town in song, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties! Huanglongxi is located in the plain, where Luxi River and Jinjiang River meet and pass through the town. The land is fertile and the water is beautiful. It is rich in wheat. Every new year or festival, people in Huanglongxi will use wheat flour to make a noodle. Almost every family will make a noodle! In ancient times, there were no machines. They were made by hand!

It is said that Zhou mansion was deeply loved by Liu Xiang (1888-1938) and Zhou Xiaolan (1885-1945), commander of the seventh war zone and first-class general of the army during the Anti Japanese war. Zhou Dexin, the cook in Zhougong hall, loved cooking since childhood. According to the traditional Chinese medicine diet formula handed down by his ancestors, he cooked a pot of brine by himself, and cooked it with local duck. One night, Mr. Zhou went to the kitchen to accompany his brother-in-law Liu Xiang and his sister Zhou Yushu. As soon as he arrived in the courtyard, he smelled a fragrance that had never been seen before, and went into the kitchen. Seeing Zhou Dexin, the chef, frying ducks in the oil pan, Zhou Xiaolan asked, "dog, what are you making delicious?" Zhou Dexin said, "uncle, this is the duck that I just boiled with brine, and I haven't had time to taste it.". Mr. Zhou cursed, "son of tortoise, you taste all the delicious food first.". Laughing, Mr. Zhou tore off the leg of the duck that had just come out of the frying pan and began to gnaw it. "It tastes so comfortable and miserable. I will invite my brother-in-law and sister-in-law with this Duck tonight.". That night, Liu Xiang and his wives Zhou Yushu and Zhou Xiaolan ate and drank with oil and clouds floating. Liu Xiang and Zhou Yushu took two oil scalded ducks before they left the residence. They hummed, "Zhou's oil scalded duck is so comfortable!" Zhou's fried duck was deeply loved by Liu Xiang and Zhou Xiaolan's residence, and gradually spread to the snack shops around the residence, and became an indispensable banquet dish over time

Film and television impression

It is the ancient flavor that attracts many friends in the film and television industry and becomes an ideal place for the shooting of ancient costume films. More than 100 films such as Zhuo Wenjun and Sima Xiangru, Haideng master and Qinhuai aristocratic family have been filmed here

Huanglongxi has a long history of tea planting. Huanglongxi is the hometown of tea and the ancient tea horse road. It is the only place for the Southern Silk Road. It has a profound tea culture. The theory of "Wuyang buying tea" shows that Huanglongxi is one of the earliest tea markets in Western Sichuan. Yellow and spicy fish are also the main specialties, such as "Hibiscus bean curd" and "Jiaopi elbow".

Huanglongxi is not only rich in ancient culture, water culture, Buddhist culture, tea culture, ecological farming culture, but also colorful folk culture, film culture and food culture.

Huanglongxi is really the fairyland of "Guangdu Fanxiang"! Huanglongxi attracts tourists from all over the world with its ancient feelings and long history!

Transportation: 42km from Chengdu to Huanglongxi. Xinnanmen bus station has several buses to Huayang every day. You can take the bus from Huayang to Huanglongxi. All travel agencies have cars to Huanglongxi. From Chengdu to Huayang and then to Huanglong ancient town, the whole journey is a two lane cement road with good road conditions, with a ticket of about 3 yuan.

Special food

Huanglongxi ancient town's special food mainly includes Jiaopi elbow, pearl bean curd, wild vegetable scrambled egg, vegetable fried wild gray cabbage, braised yellow hot Ding and so on. The most enjoyable thing is to hire a small boat and call all kinds of delicious food on the boat to enjoy the scenery on both sides of the Strait. There are also many special snacks, such as: butyl sugar, larva shrimp, spicy lobster sauce and so on

Sesame cake originated from Renshou. Ma Yutai dry sesame cake is the only provincial intangible cultural heritage of sesame cake industry, and is a small folk cake in Huanglongxi. According to Renshou County annals, there are more than 120 years ago. In ancient times, it used to be a local famous place and presented to the court. Now it is the only small famous and mass-produced characteristic product in Huanglongxi. It has rich and profound historical background and cultural connotation. It tastes sweet, delicate and soft, suitable for all ages. As a famous brand product of Huanglongxi, it has won many awards.

Yellow hot dumpling is one of the most famous snacks in Huanglong river. It is a kind of wild river fresh from Jinjiang and Luxi rivers. Its meat is delicate and has no fishy smell. There are two ways to eat it. One is to improve the flavor of local pepper and red pepper in Huanglongxi, with coriander. The soup is red and bright, spicy and delicious. The second is to use lard, water, salt to boil, do not need too much seasoning, keep the original flavor, until the white soup, add scallion when starting the pot, the soup is delicious and fish is fresh, the taste is light.

Huanglongxi's special dish, also known as Jiaopi elbow, is bright red in color, sweet and fresh in taste. The rice is not rotten, but fat but not greasy. It is a good choice for honoring the elderly, raising young children and beautifying women.

In Huanglongxi cuisine, the stone milled bean flower, also known as pearl bean flower, is famous for its white color and delicate taste. It has the functions of replenishing qi and tonifying deficiency.

Cat and cat fish is a kind of small fish and shrimp (commonly known as hemp rod and shrimp) which are wild in the rivers of this area. They are spicy, spicy, spicy, spicy, crisp, which are good ingredients for wine.

Traffic information

Shuangliu passenger station to Huanglongxi

1. Public transportation

Take 808 at Shuangliu passenger transport center to Huanglongxi passenger station and walk 510 meters to Huanglongxi ancient town.

2. Subway

Get off at Huilong station of Chengdu Metro Line 5, transfer to bus S18 and get off at Huanglongxi passenger station. Walk 536 meters to Huanglongxi ancient town.

3. Driving

It takes about 48 minutes to pass through Muhua road and Shuanghuang road.

Chengdu Ring Expressway (under the exit of Jiannan Avenue) - Jiannan Avenue - Huanglongxi ancient town.

Huayang passenger station to Huanglongxi

Take bus No. 541 to Huanglongxi bus station in Huayang passenger transport center and walk 510 meters to Huanglongxi ancient town. Or take No. 546 bus to Huanglongxi Langqiao. Walk 200 meters to Huanglongxi ancient town.

Xinnanmen, chadianzi bus station to Huanglongxi

Xinnanmen, chadianzi bus station and east railway station have several buses to Huanglongxi every day. You can take the bus from Xinnanmen and chadianzi passenger station to Huanglongxi, and the fare is 15 yuan. You can also take the shuttle bus from the east railway station to Huanglongxi, and the ticket price is 14 yuan. It's about an hour's drive. And all travel agencies have cars to Huanglongxi.

Honors

In November 2017, Huanglongxi ancient town was awarded the "2017 top 10 quality leisure bases in China".

In September 2020, it was selected into the second batch of cultural tourism characteristic towns in Sichuan Province.

Huanglongxi ancient town

Huanglongxi ancient town scenic spot is located in Huanglongxi Town, Shuangliu District, Chengdu.

According to the annals of Renshou County, the ancient name of Huanglong river is Chishui. According to the annals of Renshou County, Chishui River confluences with Jinjiang River. The water is brown and the river is clear. The ancients called it Huanglongxi Qingjiang, and the real dragon is hidden in it. According to the record of "Huanglong Ganlu stele", Huanglong saw the event of Wuyang, and cast a tripod, like a dragon shaped, submerged in water. In the 24th year of Jian'an (219 AD), Wuyang was also the site of Pengshan in Xinjin in Han Dynasty. Dongxian county (Huaxian county) was bordered in the southeast. Renshou was also ivory. Huanglong belonged to Wuyang in the past and now belongs to the governing territory. Therefore, the river is named "Huanglongxi".

Huanglongxi ancient town is located in the southwest edge of Shuangliu District, Chengdu City. It is 103 ° 58 'e and 30 ° 17' n. It is 42 km away from Chengdu urban area, 34 km away from Dongsheng Street of Shuangliu City, and 28 km away from Huayang street of Tianfu new district. It is a tourism oriented town with tourism as the leading role and agriculture as the basis. It is a new tourism hot spot in the suburbs of Chengdu City. It is mainly based on tourism and supplemented by business services Tourist type small town with mountains and rivers. It is known as the town of fire dragon of Chinese folk art, national pilot town of small town construction, national demonstration town of comprehensive economic development of small towns, one of the first batch of famous historical and cultural towns in Sichuan Province, provincial scenic spot of Sichuan Province, key tourism town of Chengdu, beautiful national environment and one of 14 priority development key towns of Chengdu City. It has rich natural landscape resources and cultural tourism resources.

Huanglongxi ancient town is a historical and cultural ancient town and provincial tourism scenic spot in Sichuan Province. The ancient town not only has beautiful scenery and beautiful environment, but also is a famous natural film and television photography base at home and abroad. The main features of the ancient town are: ancient streets, ancient trees, ancient temples, ancient water and land wharves, ancient buildings and simple folk customs. It is the hometown of Chinese folk art (fire dragon) named by the Ministry of culture and a national level small town with beautiful environment. It is known as "movie city" and "China Hollywood".

In November 2017, Huanglongxi ancient town was awarded the "2017 top 10 quality leisure bases in China".

Practical information

Ticket information

Free Admission

Opening Hours

Open all day

Suggest to play

2-4 hours

Best season

All seasons

geographical position

Southwest edge of Shuangliu District, Chengdu, Sichuan Province

Historical records

Huanglongxi ancient town has been built for more than 1700 years. It has a profound historical background. It was named "Chishui" in ancient times, also known as yongxingchang. The original site was located in the backwater area on the East Bank of Fuhe River. It was destroyed by a fire in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, so it was also called "huoshaochang". Later, some families of he, Qiao and Tang moved to the current site to build the site, which gradually developed into the scale of today.

The chronicles of Huayang recorded a natural spectacle in the late Eastern Han Dynasty: "in the 24th year of Jian'an (219 AD), Huanglong saw the ninth day of Chishui in Wuyang.". In the Han Dynasty, Huanglongxi was under the jurisdiction of Wuyang, which was probably located in today's Xinjin and Pengshan areas along the Muma mountain.

Chishui River is the Luxi river that meets the Fuhe River today. During the flood season, since the upstream of Luxi river originates from Longquan Mountain, the water flowing down is mostly mountain stream water with a large amount of sediment, and the water color is red and yellow; while the water of Jinjiang River from Fuhe River originates from Minjiang River, which is clear and transparent. When the two rivers meet in today's Huanglong River, there is a clear distinction between the clear and turbid rivers. The mountains and rivers plunge into the Fuhe River with the momentum of subduction. It looks like a giant dragon swimming across the river. The local people vividly describe it as "Huanglong crossing the Qingjiang River". Over time, under the influence of generations of myths and legends, people naturally call this treasure land where "Huanglong" appears, which is called Huanglongxi.

According to the annals of Huayang County in the Republic of China, "the land seen by Huanglong used to belong to Wuyang, but now belongs to the administrative territory, so the river is famous."

According to the annals of Renshou County, "Chishui and brocade converge, the stream is brown, and the river is clear." the ancients said that "Huanglong crosses the Qingjiang River, and the real dragon hides in it". According to the record of "Huanglong Ganlu stele" recorded in "Lishu", Huanglong saw the event of Wuyang, built a tripod, like a dragon shaped, submerged... So it was called "Huanglongxi". In the 24th year of Jian'an (216 A.D.), in Han Dynasty, Wuyang was also the land of Pengshan in Xinjin. Dongxian county (Huaxian county) was bordered on the southeast. Renshou was also like Longya. The place where Huanglong lived in spring belonged to Wuyang and was governed by the government. Therefore, the river was named "Huanglongxi".

In the Qin and Han Dynasties, Huanglongxi town belonged to Wuyang County, Qianwei county (now Pengshan District).

In Song Dynasty, Huanglongxi town belonged to Pengshan County of Meizhou. In Yuan Dynasty, Pengshan County was abolished and merged into Meizhou.

In the early Ming Dynasty, Meizhou was reduced to Meixian County, and now the areas near Huanglongxi town were merged and under the jurisdiction of Renshou County. According to page 184 of Shuangliu County directory, Huishui village of Huanglongxi town was subordinate to Shunhe township of Renshou County in Ming Dynasty.

In the early Qing Dynasty, Renshou County belonged to Zhili Prefecture of Zizhou; Renshou County set up three townships for this large area, which was located at the junction of the three counties, "Donglin, Shunhe, anxiashang township". Today, Huanglongxi town and its surrounding areas belong to the Northeast Shunhe township.

At the end of Qing Dynasty, Huanglongxi was transferred from Renshou County to Huayang County of Chengdu.

On March 27, 1965, the 154th meeting of the State Council decided to cancel the establishment of Huayang county and merge it into Shuangliu County. On April 8, the people's Committee of Sichuan Province issued a notice of withdrawing and merging counties. On July 1, Huayang county was formally incorporated into Shuangliu County, and its 18 communes (including huangfo) and 3 towns were incorporated into Shuangliu County.

In 1976, Huishui Township in Jitian District of Renshou County was divided into Shuangliu.

On October 10, 1992, Shuangliu County decided to carry out the system adjustment of District, township and town. Huangfo Township and Huishui Township were merged into Huanglongxi town.

On December 3 and December 15, 2015, the State Council and the people's Government of Sichuan Province successively approved the revocation of Shuangliu County and the establishment of Shuangliu District of Chengdu City. The former administrative region of Shuangliu County is the administrative region of Shuangliu District, and Huanglongxi town is under the jurisdiction of Shuangliu district.

On March 26, 2016, the municipal government officially approved the request for instructions on adding sub district offices to six towns, including Yong'an Town, and agreed to add Street office signs to Huanglongxi Town, Shuangliu district.

Original name

According to the annals of Renshou County, the ancient name of Huanglong river is Chishui. According to the annals of Renshou County, Chishui River confluences with Jinjiang River. The water is brown and the river is clear. The ancients called it Huanglongxi Qingjiang, and the real dragon is hidden in it. According to the record of "Huanglong Ganlu stele", Huanglong saw the event of Wuyang, and cast a tripod, like a dragon shaped, submerged in water. In the 24th year of Jian'an (A.D. 216), in Han Dynasty, Wuyang was also the place of Pengshan in Xinjin. Dongxian (Huaxian) was bordered in the southeast. Renshou was also ivory. Huanglong belonged to Wuyang in the past and now belongs to the governing territory. Therefore, the river is named "Huanglongxi".

Cultural characteristics

Huanglongxi's ancient cultural tourist attractions are like bright pearls, which can be divided into three ancient scenic areas connected by water, namely core scenic area, diffusion scenic area and extension scenic area.

The core scenic spot of Huanglongxi is an area of 5 square kilometers centered on the ancient town. It is famous for the "ten ancient" of ancient streets, ancient trees, ancient temples, ancient dykes, ancient cofferdams, ancient dwellings, ancient docks, ancient battlefields, ancient cliff tombs and ancient Yamen. The ancient town also has "three temples in one street", "three counties and one yamen" and "thousand year old trees accompanying the ancient town", which are regarded as national wonders. The intersection of Jinjiang River and Luxi river is opposite to Zhenjiang temple in the ancient town. The water of Jinjiang River is clear and the water of Luxi river is brown. You can see the landscape of "Huanglong crossing Qingjiang River, and the real dragon is in Tibet". Boating on the water, it is ethereal and elegant, reciting poems and tasting tea, which is like a dream.

Three kilometers from the Luxi River Estuary, you will arrive at the Huanglong River's diffusion scenic area. There are famous "Dafo Temple" and "Guanyin Temple". The two temples are located on two mountains, facing each other from a distance. On the north bank is the "Big Buddha Temple", which was originally built in the Ming Dynasty and carved on the steep cliff of xiangse. It is more than two Zhangs high. It is known as the "second largest Buddha in Sichuan" in history. Guanyin temple, located on the Guanyin Mountain, is a place of universal salvation. Two kilometers upstream of the Jinjiang River from the mouth of Luxi river is Chenjia Island, one of the "five Huanglong islands". The only existing water roller in Western Sichuan that doesn't wash away from the ancient mill - "Chenjia water roller". When the vehicle company approaches Shuinian Island, the squeaky and dumb ancient grinding sound is heard far away, which has aroused people's sweet memories of farming culture.

Main attractions

Ancient neighborhood

With more than 1700 years of historical changes, the ancient town remains intact. There are seven streets in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The streets are all paved with stone slabs. The pillars on both sides are arranged in order. The average width of the street is 3.44M.

Ancient temples

There are three intact temples in the ancient town. Gulong temple, Zhenjiang temple and Chaoyin temple are all located in the main street of Huanglongxi, forming a street with three temples. There are temples in the street and street in the temple. There are two large temples outside the town. The buildings are magnificent and attract many tourists.

Ancient houses

At present, there are 76 sets of residential buildings in Ming and Qing Dynasties, one floor and one floor. The "Diaojiaolou" in Linjiang reflects the cultural characteristics of "Ganlan" of ancient Shu dwellings.

At present, there are 76 sets of residential buildings in Ming and Qing Dynasties, one floor and one floor. The "Diaojiaolou" in Linjiang reflects the cultural characteristics of "Ganlan" of ancient Shu dwellings.

Ancient trees

There are 6 old banyan trees over 300 years old in the town. The tangled roots and thick shade cover add to the rich ancient appearance and interest of the ancient town. There is also a thousand year old Wujiu tree which looks like a dragon in Zhenlong ditch beside Luxi river. It has a very strange appearance and many beautiful legends.

Ancient cliff tomb

The Han Dynasty rock tombs have been excavated many times around the town, including stone coffins, pottery figurines, bronze seals and other cultural relics, which are of high archaeological research value.

Ancient Buddha cave

It is a municipal cultural relic protection unit. The building is close to the mountain and by the river.

Gufo weir

The water conservancy facilities of the Xiafu River in jinhua'an are used to build weirs for water diversion and irrigation. Huanglongxi has ten thousand mu of good farmland irrigated from it, just like a small "Dujiangyan".

Ancient battlefield

In history, it has always been a place for military strategists to fight for. Up to now, there are still legends about the war among the king of Shu, Zhuge Liang, Zhang Xianzhong and Yang Zhan.

Ancient customs

Up to now, Huanglongxi town still retains many folk customs, such as watchkeeping, release party, Dragon Boat meeting, fire dragon, Guanyin meeting, Sichuan opera stage singing and so on.

Sanxian Yamen

In history, Huanglongxi belonged to the "Golden Triangle" area, where three counties (Huayang, Pengshan and Renshou) were troubled by civil, economic disputes and banditry. Therefore, the three county yamen (now the joint office) were set up to jointly manage civil affairs, water administration and banditry.

Historical allusions

Yigan noodles, also known as "longevity noodles", are famous traditional snacks of Huanglongxi ancient town in song, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties! Huanglongxi is located in the plain, where Luxi River and Jinjiang River meet and pass through the town. The land is fertile and the water is beautiful. It is rich in wheat. Every new year or festival, people in Huanglongxi will use wheat flour to make a noodle. Almost every family will make a noodle! In ancient times, there were no machines. They were made by hand!

It is said that Zhou mansion was deeply loved by Liu Xiang (1888-1938) and Zhou Xiaolan (1885-1945), commander of the seventh war zone and first-class general of the army during the Anti Japanese war. Zhou Dexin, the cook in Zhougong hall, loved cooking since childhood. According to the traditional Chinese medicine diet formula handed down by his ancestors, he cooked a pot of brine by himself, and cooked it with local duck. One night, Mr. Zhou went to the kitchen to accompany his brother-in-law Liu Xiang and his sister Zhou Yushu. As soon as he arrived in the courtyard, he smelled a fragrance that had never been seen before, and went into the kitchen. Seeing Zhou Dexin, the chef, frying ducks in the oil pan, Zhou Xiaolan asked, "dog, what are you making delicious?" Zhou Dexin said, "uncle, this is the duck that I just boiled with brine, and I haven't had time to taste it.". Mr. Zhou cursed, "son of tortoise, you taste all the delicious food first.". Laughing, Mr. Zhou tore off the leg of the duck that had just come out of the frying pan and began to gnaw it. "It tastes so comfortable and miserable. I will invite my brother-in-law and sister-in-law with this Duck tonight.". That night, Liu Xiang and his wives Zhou Yushu and Zhou Xiaolan ate and drank with oil and clouds floating. Liu Xiang and Zhou Yushu took two oil scalded ducks before they left the residence. They hummed, "Zhou's oil scalded duck is so comfortable!" Zhou's fried duck was deeply loved by Liu Xiang and Zhou Xiaolan's residence, and gradually spread to the snack shops around the residence, and became an indispensable banquet dish over time

Film and television impression

It is the ancient flavor that attracts many friends in the film and television industry and becomes an ideal place for the shooting of ancient costume films. More than 100 films such as Zhuo Wenjun and Sima Xiangru, Haideng master and Qinhuai aristocratic family have been filmed here

Huanglongxi has a long history of tea planting. Huanglongxi is the hometown of tea and the ancient tea horse road. It is the only place for the Southern Silk Road. It has a profound tea culture. The theory of "Wuyang buying tea" shows that Huanglongxi is one of the earliest tea markets in Western Sichuan. Yellow and spicy fish are also the main specialties, such as "Hibiscus bean curd" and "Jiaopi elbow".

Huanglongxi is not only rich in ancient culture, water culture, Buddhist culture, tea culture, ecological farming culture, but also colorful folk culture, film culture and food culture.

Huanglongxi is really the fairyland of "Guangdu Fanxiang"! Huanglongxi attracts tourists from all over the world with its ancient feelings and long history!

Transportation: 42km from Chengdu to Huanglongxi. Xinnanmen bus station has several buses to Huayang every day. You can take the bus from Huayang to Huanglongxi. All travel agencies have cars to Huanglongxi. From Chengdu to Huayang and then to Huanglong ancient town, the whole journey is a two lane cement road with good road conditions, with a ticket of about 3 yuan.

Special food

Huanglongxi ancient town's special food mainly includes Jiaopi elbow, pearl bean curd, wild vegetable scrambled egg, vegetable fried wild gray cabbage, braised yellow hot Ding and so on. The most enjoyable thing is to hire a small boat and call all kinds of delicious food on the boat to enjoy the scenery on both sides of the Strait. There are also many special snacks, such as: butyl sugar, larva shrimp, spicy lobster sauce and so on

Sesame cake originated from Renshou. Ma Yutai dry sesame cake is the only provincial intangible cultural heritage of sesame cake industry, and is a small folk cake in Huanglongxi. According to Renshou County annals, there are more than 120 years ago. In ancient times, it used to be a local famous place and presented to the court. Now it is the only small famous and mass-produced characteristic product in Huanglongxi. It has rich and profound historical background and cultural connotation. It tastes sweet, delicate and soft, suitable for all ages. As a famous brand product of Huanglongxi, it has won many awards.

Yellow hot dumpling is one of the most famous snacks in Huanglong river. It is a kind of wild river fresh from Jinjiang and Luxi rivers. Its meat is delicate and has no fishy smell. There are two ways to eat it. One is to improve the flavor of local pepper and red pepper in Huanglongxi, with coriander. The soup is red and bright, spicy and delicious. The second is to use lard, water, salt to boil, do not need too much seasoning, keep the original flavor, until the white soup, add scallion when starting the pot, the soup is delicious and fish is fresh, the taste is light.

Huanglongxi's special dish, also known as Jiaopi elbow, is bright red in color, sweet and fresh in taste. The rice is not rotten, but fat but not greasy. It is a good choice for honoring the elderly, raising young children and beautifying women.

In Huanglongxi cuisine, the stone milled bean flower, also known as pearl bean flower, is famous for its white color and delicate taste. It has the functions of replenishing qi and tonifying deficiency.

Cat and cat fish is a kind of small fish and shrimp (commonly known as hemp rod and shrimp) which are wild in the rivers of this area. They are spicy, spicy, spicy, spicy, crisp, which are good ingredients for wine.

Traffic information

Shuangliu passenger station to Huanglongxi

1. Public transportation

Take 808 at Shuangliu passenger transport center to Huanglongxi passenger station and walk 510 meters to Huanglongxi ancient town.

2. Subway

Get off at Huilong station of Chengdu Metro Line 5, transfer to bus S18 and get off at Huanglongxi passenger station. Walk 536 meters to Huanglongxi ancient town.

3. Driving

It takes about 48 minutes to pass through Muhua road and Shuanghuang road.

Chengdu Ring Expressway (under the exit of Jiannan Avenue) - Jiannan Avenue - Huanglongxi ancient town.

Huayang passenger station to Huanglongxi

Take bus No. 541 to Huanglongxi bus station in Huayang passenger transport center and walk 510 meters to Huanglongxi ancient town. Or take No. 546 bus to Huanglongxi Langqiao. Walk 200 meters to Huanglongxi ancient town.

Xinnanmen, chadianzi bus station to Huanglongxi

Xinnanmen, chadianzi bus station and east railway station have several buses to Huanglongxi every day. You can take the bus from Xinnanmen and chadianzi passenger station to Huanglongxi, and the fare is 15 yuan. You can also take the shuttle bus from the east railway station to Huanglongxi, and the ticket price is 14 yuan. It's about an hour's drive. And all travel agencies have cars to Huanglongxi.

Honors

In November 2017, Huanglongxi ancient town was awarded the "2017 top 10 quality leisure bases in China".

In September 2020, it was selected into the second batch of cultural tourism characteristic towns in Sichuan Province.

History