Huangjing Nature Reserve

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Huangjing Nature Reserve

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Huangjing nature reserve of Gulin county was established with the approval of Gulin County People's Government in document No.33 [2002]. In April 2002, the county people's government applied to Luzhou Municipal People's government for the establishment of municipal nature reserve with document Gufu Fa [2002] NO.48. On August 30, 2003, Luzhou municipal government approved the establishment of Huangjing city level nature reserve with Lushih [2002] No. 117 document. In addition, the declared Huangjing Provincial Nature Reserve was listed as the focus of Luzhou environmental protection work in 2003. In April 2003, according to the requirements of the executive meeting of the county government, our bureau carried out the preparatory work of applying for the provincial nature reserve.

geographical environment

In May 2003, Gulin County People's government applied to Luzhou municipal government for instructions to establish Huangjing Provincial Nature Reserve in May 2003, and the municipal government reported to the provincial government and the provincial Environmental Protection Bureau with the document of GSF [2003] No. 40. On June 16, 2003, Sichuan Environmental Protection Bureau approved to carry out the preliminary work of Huangjing (provincial) Nature Reserve declaration. The types of Huangjing (provincial) nature reserve are natural ecological protection and historical relics.

The geographical coordinates of Huangjing nature reserve are 105 ° 39 ′ 20 ″ - 105 ° 52 ′ 40 ″ E and 28 ° 05 ′ 15 ″ - 28 ° 20 ′ 10 ″ n. The Nature Reserve is composed of Huangjing Township, Guihua Township and Gulin town. The total area of the nature reserve is 25591 hectares, including 2900 hectares of core area, 5400 hectares of buffer area and 17291 hectares of experimental area. The core area accounts for 11.33% of the total area of the reserve, the buffer area accounts for 21.10% of the total area of the reserve, and the experimental area accounts for 65.57% of the total area of the reserve. The reserve accounts for 42.8% of the total land area of the three townships. The forest coverage rate of the reserve is 90-96%. Gulin County covers an area of 3183.5 square kilometers, and Huangjing nature reserve accounts for 8% of the total area of the county.

Main protected objects

1. The most complete subtropical evergreen broad-leaved primeval forest is preserved at 28 ° n;

2. It is an important water conservation forest in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River;

3. Alsophila spinulosa community in Osmanthus valley;

4. Honglong lake natural landscape;

5. National first and second class rare plants: Davidia involucrata, Taiwania flousiana, Metasequoia spinulosa, Liping camellia, Baiguoshu, Cephalotaxus, Lianxiang, Eucommia ulmoides, etc;

6. National class I and II protected animals: leopard, wild yak, red fox, antelope, pangolin, otter, black bear, monkey, swan, etc.

7. Huangjing Red Army tree, osmanthus ancient plank road, osmanthus river stone carvings and other historical and cultural heritage.

Comprehensive value

Scientific research value and ecological value

Due to the changeable topography, complex geological structure, thousands of landforms and relics, the natural gene bank and species are well preserved, a large number of Alsophila spinulosa groups, the discovery of national first-class protected plant Camellia, the four seasons scenery of Honglong high gorge out of Pinghu Lake, the best preserved original broad-leaved forest belt, the unheard of Vitex negundo, and hundreds of wild species in Huangjing nature reserve Living plants coexist to form a green ecological barrier in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. It perfectly shows the extremely high scientific value and ecological value.

economic value

In the area, the vegetation is lush, the air is fresh, the environment is elegant, the air contains rich negative oxygen ions, the natural landscape is beautiful, and the connotation of historical and cultural landscape is profound. It is of great importance to make full use of the unique natural landscape to develop tourism vigorously and implement the strategy of "tourism county" to promote regional economic growth. With good ecological and environmental benefits to promote the growth of economic aggregate, with the growth of economic benefits to maintain the further improvement of ecological and environmental quality, so as to form a virtuous cycle of ecological and economic benefits.