Huangguoshu Scenic Spot is a key national scenic spot, located in southwest Guizhou Province, 128 kilometers away from Guiyang City, the capital of Guizhou Province, and 45 kilometers away from Anshun City, the tourist center. There are Yunnan-Guizhou Railway, Zhuliu Railway, Huangguoshu Airport, 320 National Highway, Guihuang Highway and Qinghuang (Qingzhen-Huangguoshu) Expressway directly to the scenic spot. In the scenic area, Huangguoshu Waterfall (77.8 meters high and 101.0 meters wide) is the center, with 18 waterfalls of different sizes and sizes, forming a huge "family" of waterfalls.
Huangguoshu Scenic Spot has been rated as the largest waterfall group in the world by the headquarters of Guinness World, and has been listed in the Guinness Records of the World. It is also one of the first batch of national key scenic spots and the first batch of 4A-level scenic spots that have been assessed by the state. In November 1999, it was designated as the national base of popular science education by the Chinese Science Agreement.
The first batch of national practical education bases for primary and secondary school students.
History of scenic spots
In 1977, Huangguoshu Scenic Spot was built. In June 1980, the provincial government approved the establishment of the "Huangguoshu Scenic Spot Management Office". After it became a national key scenic spot in 1982, it still maintained the establishment of the management office. It is an enterprise management organization that combines government with enterprise and is responsible for the development, construction and management of the scenic spot. On April 28, 1999, the administrative office of Huangguoshu Scenic Spot was abolished, and the administrative committee of Huangguoshu Scenic Spot in Guizhou Province was established. Meanwhile, Guizhou Huangguoshu Tourism Group Co., Ltd. was set up to implement the separation of government and enterprise, giving the corresponding government functions to the administrative committee.
Since 1999, the Huangguoshu Waterfall scenic area has implemented the peripheral greening project and the conversion of farmland to forestry project. The vegetation coverage rate has been rising steadily, reaching 30.5% by 2007, and the vegetation coverage rate in the core area has reached 90%. Article 3 of the Regulations on Scenic Spots promulgated by the State Council in September 2006 stipulates that the State shall implement the principles of scientific planning, unified management, strict protection and sustainable utilization of scenic spots, and clearly define the dialectical relationship between the protection and utilization of scenic resources. In March 2007, it was assessed as the first batch of national 5A tourist attractions by the State Tourism Administration.
Huangguoshu National Key Scenic Spot is located in Anshun City, southwestern Guizhou Province, 128 kilometers away from Guiyang City, the capital of Guizhou Province, 45 kilometers away from Anshun City, the western tourist center city, and 390 kilometers away from Kunming. The planned area of the scenic spot is 163 square kilometers, with an average altitude of about 900 meters and an average annual temperature of 16 degrees Celsius. The air in the scenic spot is fresh and fresh. The air in the scenic spot contains more than 28,000 negative oxygen ions per cubic centimeter, which is known as "natural oxygen bar".
Huangguoshu Waterfall Scenic Area belongs to the middle subtropical zone. It is a typical karst area with beautiful scenery, mild climate and abundant rainfall. The annual rainfall is more than 1300 millimeters. Rainfall is concentrated in May-July, and the average monthly rainfall is more than 200 millimeters. Huangguoshu Waterfall Scenic Area is located in the low-lying area of Western Guizhou, with low altitude, frost-free all the year round, annual average temperature of about 14 degrees Celsius, no severe cold in winter and no hot summer in summer, it is a summer resort.
Scenic spot landscape
Core scenic area
Huangguoshu Waterfall Scenic Area is the core scenic area of Huangguoshu Scenic Area, covering an area of about 8.5 square kilometers. There are Huangguoshu Waterfall, Bonsai Garden, Water Curtain Cave, Rhino Beach, Horseshoe Beach and other scenic spots.
Huangguoshu Waterfall is 77.8 meters high and 101.0 meters wide. It is the largest waterfall in China and one of the world famous waterfalls. More than 300 years ago, Xu Xiake, a famous Chinese geographer and traveler, described his water as "flowing from a stream to a stone, such as smoke, is powerful. The so-called bead curtain hook is not rolled up, and the practice of hanging a distant peak is not enough to imitate its shape". The galloping river flows down the Rhinoceros Pool from the cliff cliff over 70 meters high, making a tremendous noise. Huangguoshu Waterfall is divided into big water, medium water and small water. The annual flow of medium water is 20 cubic meters per second, which lasts for nine to ten months. Flow is different, landscape is also different. In heavy water, the flow rate is 1500 cubic meters per second. Waterfalls trigger droplets that fall on Huangguoshu Street Market, even in sunny days, but also to carry an umbrella, so it has the reputation of "Silver Rain Sprinkles on Gold Street". The waterfall falls are divided into four branches, each with its own shape and characteristics, from left to right, the first branch has the smallest water potential and spreads freely; the second branch has the largest water potential and the upper and lower branches are generally thick; the third branch has the second water potential and the upper and lower branches are large and small; and the fourth branch has the third water potential and the upper narrower and wider branches.
When the water is small, the waterfall is divided into four branches and spread over the whole rock wall. The unique feature of Huangguoshu Waterfall is the water curtain hole hidden on the waist of the waterfall. The water curtain cave is located at the height of 40 to 47 meters of the Great Falls. It is 134 meters long. It has six cave windows, five cave halls, three holes and six water curtain caves. In the water curtain cave, we can see the rainbow on the Rhinoceros Pool from the windows. The rainbow here is not only full of colors, but also dynamic. As long as it is sunny, it can be seen from 9 am to 5 pm, and it changes and moves with people's movement. The predecessors said, "The rainbow in the sky is set off by the sky, and the rainbow in the Rhinoceros Pool is set off by the snow-white waterfall." So the title "Snow reflects the clouds of Sichuan".
Tianxing Bridge Scenic Area
Tianxingqiao scenic spot is a scenic spot that has been fully developed in Huangguoshu scenic spot. The planned area of the scenic spot is 7 square kilometers and the exploited area is 4.5 square kilometers. It is divided into three connected areas, namely, Tianxingwan scenic spot, Tianxingdong scenic spot and water stone forest area.
Here, stalagmites are dense, vegetation is flourishing, water is scenic, and mountains, waters, forests and caves are integrated. The Star Pot Scenic Area is about 800 meters long, located on the surface of 500 meters long volt current and the West Bank of the river. There are large and small natural rocks and waterstone bonsai. A three-kilometer stone path runs through stone walls, trenches and crevices, and runs over bonsai. Stone forests nearby, mountains in the distance, reflecting the blue water. Some can also support bamboo rafts and travel through canyons and stone forests. There are also natural landscapes such as banyan, cactus, tilted comb stone, panda bamboo, eagle wings and so on. In the middle part of the Tianxing Cave Scenic Area, besides the stalactites in the ornamental cave, the landscape outside the cave is also very special. The height of the first line is more than 20 meters and the length of the day is narrow. The riser pool is the outlet of the dark river. When there is a flood, the water can rise 56 meters high by the pressure of the impact of the current, which is very spectacular. Waterborne stone forest area, this section of the river bed is 400 meters wide, an area of about 0.4 square kilometers of stone forest in the river bed, let the river water erosion for a long time. There are large cactus and small shrubs growing in the stone forest. They are dotted with green shade all the year round. The so-called "flowing water on rocks, there are stones on water, there are stones on rocks, and there are trees on rocks." There are many landscapes in the water stone forest area, such as banyan party, root king, root wall barrier, pangen wall, fairy flying sky, etc. The silver chain fallen pool waterfall and Xingxia waterfall are on the left and right sides of the water stone forest respectively. The Silver Chain Falling Pond Falls is located on the upper left side of the water stone forest in the Star Scenic Area. The waterfall is only over ten meters high, with a funnel-shaped upper part and a trough-shaped melting pool at the bottom. The rocks raised along the surface of the pool are staggered, and the river water is evenly spread on each leaf.
Scenic area of steep slope pond
Doupotang Waterfall is located one kilometer upstream of Huangguoshu Waterfall. Its top is 105 meters wide and 21 meters high. It is the widest waterfall in Huangguoshu Waterfall Group. On the top of the steep slope pond waterfall is a huge melting pool with an area of 15,000 square meters. The waterfall is formed on a calcified beach dam with a length of more than 100 meters. There is also a special phenomenon in the steep slope pond waterfall: whenever the flood comes, the waterfall will give a roar of "thunder, thunder", so it is called "roar waterfall". "From the north of Longguan Gap, suddenly water came down from the axillary cliff of the northeastern mountain and rammed into the heavy abyss, but saw a few feet across it, overturned the snow, but did not see its cut-off, covered by the cliff." This is Xu Xiake's description of the steep slope pond waterfall in his Travel Notes of Xu Xiake.
Dripping Beach Scenic Area
Dishuitan Waterfall is located 8 kilometers west of Huangguoshu Waterfall. The total height and individual are the first of Huangguoshu Waterfalls. Here, the two mountains confront each other. The East is the top of the big slope, the west is the Guansuoling Mountains, and the middle is the Baling River Gorge with a depth of 700 meters. The waterfall is hanging on the mountain of Guansuoling Mountains. The total height of Dishuitan Waterfall is 410 meters, which is five times higher than Huangguoshu Waterfall. The lowest level is 134 meters. It is magnificent.
Shenlong Cave Scenic Area
Huangguoshu Shenlong Cave is located at the core of Huangguoshu Scenic Spot, 3 kilometers upstream of Huangguoshu Falls. The proven cave floor area is about 380,000 square meters, with a total length of 4640 meters and an average height of 21 meters. It is now 1,600 meters open and has a journey of about 70 minutes. The underground river at the bottom is connected with Huangguoshu Falls.
Shenlong Tunnel scenery Shenlong Tunnel hall is connected, the caves crisscross, various cave landscape emerges endlessly, the cave is divided into upper, middle and lower three layers, the underlying hidden River and Huangguoshu Dashenlong Tunnel scenery waterfall connected. Shenlong Cave was once a military fortress for the local indigenous minorities to resist officials and bandits. Its military facilities are still preserved and respected as "Shendong" by the local indigenous minorities. Shenlong Cave is well protected and open to visitors.
Lang Gong Scenic Area
Langgong Scenic Spot is one of the six major scenic spots of Huangguoshu Scenic Spot, 8 kilometers away from the main scenic spot of Huangguoshu Falls Scenic Spot and 4.8 kilometers away from Tianxing Bridge Scenic Spot. It is only 120 kilometers away from Guiyang, the capital of the province, and only takes about 90 minutes by bus. The scenic spot is surrounded by water on three sides. The river beach is wide, the water flow is gentle, the mountains stand around it and the countryside is open. The ancient banyan trees, bananas, kapok and so on in the scattered villages have a subtropical Valley idyllic scenery.
China's first batch of national key scenic spots and one of the first batch of 5A-level scenic spots to be assessed by the state.
In 1982, the first batch of national key scenic spots;
In 1991, there were forty best scenic spots in China;
In November 1999, it was awarded the National Science Popular Education Base by the Chinese Science Agreement; the National Science Popular Education Base; the National Civilized Scenic Spot; the Most Charming Tourism Scenic Spot in the West;
In 2001, the first batch of national AAAA-level tourist areas in China.
In 2003, the National Civilized Scenic Spot Demonstration Site;
2004, National Science Popular Education Base;
In 2004, the most charming tourist attractions in the west;
In 2005, China was the most popular domestic tourist destination.
In 2005, the top ten favorite scenic spots for European tourists were China.
In 2005, the top ten customer satisfaction brands in China's scenic spots;
In 2005, it was named "the most beautiful place in China" by the editorial of China National Geographic magazine.
People's Daily editorial rated "Ten Satisfaction Brands of Customers in Chinese Scenic Spots" and won "Ten Favorite Scenic Spots of China for European Tourists";
In 2006, China's most beautiful place;
In 2006, China Excellent Tourism Website;
In 2006, 50 places are worth visiting by foreigners in China.
In 2006, the top 10 tourism scenic spots with the most distinctive influence in China.
March 2007 was awarded the first batch of national 5A scenic spots and other honorary titles;
In 2007, China's top 20 County Tourism brands;
Hot tourist attractions in China in 2007;
In 2007, the top ten scenic spots of China's self-driving tourism brand;
In 2007, the first batch of national AAAAA-level tourist attractions in China;
In 2007, excellent units of comprehensive renovation of national scenic spots were established.
In 2008, Huangguoshu is a well-known trademark in China.
In 2008, international famous tourist attractions;
In 2009, China International Geriatric Recreation and Health Base.
Scenic spot management
On April 28, 2018, during the May Day holidays, the Huangguoshu scenic spot will be managed in a fully enclosed way. Tourists can enter the scenic spot by bus, taxi or on foot.
Aviation: Anshun Huangguoshu Airport has been opened. The airport is located in the southern part of the city, six kilometers away from the city center. It has opened the routes of Beijing, Dalian, Qingdao and Kunming.
You can fly to Guiyang and transfer to Anshun. Guiyang Railway Station has the "Huangguoshu" tourist train, which commutes daily between Guiyang City and Anshun City. Near Guiyang Railway Station, there are buses for Huangguoshu and Anshun, tourist air-conditioned buses. Anshun has buses to Huangguoshu Falls, Longgong Palace and nearby scenic spots.
Railway: Through Sichuan-Guizhou, Hunan-Guizhou and Guizhou-Guizhou Railways, Anshun is connected with other parts of the province. Trains from Beijing, Shanghai, Chongqing and Guangzhou all stop here. Guizhou-Kunming Railway runs through the whole territory of Anshun. The special tourist train "Huangguoshu" shuttles between Guiyang and Anshun every day. Anshun Railway Station is located on Nanhua Road, 5 minutes away from the South Bus Station.
Highway: Guihuang Highway, Shanghai-Kunming Highway, 302 National Highway, Shuihuang Highway and Guanxing Highway can reach the scenic spot directly.
1. On September 20, 2018, the Guizhou Development and Reform Commission issued the Notice on Reducing the Ticket Prices of Some Key State-owned Scenic Spots. Since October 1, 2018, the peak season ticket price of Huangguoshu Scenic Spot has been reduced from 180 yuan per person to 160 yuan per person, and the off season ticket price has been reduced from 160 yuan per person to 150 yuan per person.
2. Tourist ticket for scenic spot: 50 yuan per person (with scenic spot commentator on the way)
3. The escalator of the Great Falls Scenic Area: 50 yuan for two-way and 30 yuan for one-way
4. Star Cable Bridge Price: 10 yuan per person
5. Huangguoshu Shenlong Cave Scenic Area: 70 yuan per person
Huangguoshu scenic spot specially launched a walking route to the Great Falls.
Specific routes are: New Town Ticket Center - Shipaifang - Baidou Road - Wetland Park - Doupotang Falls - Great Falls - Commodity Street - New Town Bus Passenger Point.
The whole walking time of this route is about 5 hours. This pedestrian route does not reach the Tianxing Bridge scenic spot. As there is no pavement to reach the Tianxing Bridge scenic spot, it is necessary to purchase a sightseeing ticket before it can be reached.
Dishuitan Waterfall consists of three waterfalls, the top is Liantian Waterfall, the middle is Chongkeng Waterfall, and the bottom is Gaotan Waterfall. The total height of the waterfall is 316 meters, of which the Chongkeng waterfall is 160 meters. Gaotan Waterfall is 130 meters high. There are many peculiar shapes. The top waterfall is only a canyon rock channel 3.5 meters wide, while the bottom waterfall is 45 meters wide. Because it is deep in the canyon, many places are covered by cliffs.