Hu Xueyan

Home Celebrity 2019-09-07

Hu Xueyan

Hu Xueyan (1823-1885), Hu Guangyong, the younger name, Shun Guan. Xue Yan, born in Anhui Huizhou Jixi He moved to Zhejiang when he was 13 years old. Hangzhou Famous in modern China red top A politician and a representative of Huizhou merchants.

In the eleven year of Qing Xianfeng (1861), when the Taiping army attacked Hangzhou, Hu Xueyan transported arms and grain from Shanghai to the Qing army. Zuo Zong Tang Appreciation, and later helped Zuo Zongtang organize " Chang Jie Jun "," founded " Fuzhou Shipping Bureau Zuo Zongtang's western rebellion Yaqub Beg At that time, he chaired the Bureau of the Shanghai Bureau of transport and transportation, and borrowed 5 times in Shanghai, which amounted to 1195 or two thousand yuan. He collected military rates, ordered arms and did intelligence work. He often reported Zuo Zongtang's important news from all circles in Shanghai. When welcome, officials live in two products. Yellow mandarin jacket

With his excellent commercial talents, Hu Xueyan used his official bank to set up private money houses in Shanghai. After that, he established "Fukang" money bank semicolon throughout the country, which is called "living God of wealth". Founded in Hangzhou. Hu Qingyutang "Chinese medicine shop," Scourge Dan "," Marching powder "," Eight treasure Dan For the needs of the army and the people, the drugstore has won the reputation of "Jiangnan medicine king" so far.

In the nine years (1883) of Qing Guangxu, its industry was caused by local bureaucrats competing for withdrawals and extortion, resulting in capital turnover failure. In the end, Hu Xueyan was removed from office to check his family property and end up feeling depressed.

Paul Mauriat's History

Start from scratch

clear brilliance of virtue In three years (1823), Hu Xueyan was born in Anhui province. Huizhou Jixi County Huli Village In childhood, the family was very poor, to help people to live on cattle.

In the fifteen year of Qing Dynasty (1835), Hu Xueyan died when he was 12 years old.

In the sixteen year of Qing Dynasty (1836), Hu Xueyan, 13, began to go out alone. Hangzhou Coarse cereals, Jinhua As a small businessman, ham merchants were apprenticeship to "Xin He Qian Zhuang" in Hangzhou. From the sweeping of the ground, the pouring of the urinal, and so on, after three years' division, the hardship and steadfast became the official man of the bank.

In twenty-two years (1842), Hu Xueyan, 19, was admitted to Hangzhou by Fukang village. Apprentice There was no descendant in the shopkeeper, and Hu Xueyan as flexible son. When the shopkeeper was dying, he entrusted all the money to Hu Xueyan. This 5000 - and two - dollar bank is the first gold in Hu Xueyan's business.

Official and business

In the twenty-eight year of Qing Dynasty Daoguang (1848), Hu Xueyan, 26, became acquainted with the alternate Ambassador of Zhejiang salt. Wang You Ling To borrow 500 or two silver money from the bank, to help Wang Youling fill the official position. This story is from Gao Yang's novels. Some experts pointed out that Wang Youling was not founded by Hu Xueyan's five hundred and twenty silver subsidy in history. This is a fiction made by novelists, so it remains to be verified. The incident was thrown out of the bank.

In the first year of Qing Xianfeng (1851), Wang Youling acted for acting. Huzhou The post of magistrate was transferred to Hangzhou magistrate shortly afterwards. During Wang Youling's office as governor of Huzhou, Hu Xueyan began acting as a public library in Huzhou, running silk in Huzhou, supporting silkworms with the silver in the public bank of Huzhou, and buying the Lake silk in situ. Hangzhou Shanghai, to cash in cash, to solve the "Treasury" of Zhejiang, without paying any interest from it. Then we persuaded Huang Zonghan, a governor of Zhejiang, to run a pharmacy in a stock market and arrange the business of drug delivery among the various grain carriers, so that the drugstore could develop rapidly.

Qing Xianfeng Ten years (1860), when Hu Xueyan was 37 years old, Wang Youling was promoted. Governor of Zhejiang Thank you for your help. After that, as Wang Youling continued to rise, Hu Xueyan's business grew bigger and bigger. Besides the banks, he opened a lot of shops. The change of Geng Shen Become the starting point for Hu Xueyan's great development. stay The change of Geng Shen In the middle of the day, Hu Xueyan changed his mind and secretly caught up with the military circles. A large number of conscription funds were deposited in Hu's money house. Later, Wang Youling was entrusted with the task of organizing grain and firearms and comprehensive water transport. He almost mastered more than half of Zhejiang's wartime finance.

Qing Xianfeng In eleven (1861) November, when the Taiping army attacked Hangzhou, Hu Xueyan bought arms and grain from Shanghai and Ningbo to help the Qing army. At the end of the year, the city of Hangzhou was broken, and Wang Youling was hanged because he lost the city. Zuo Zongtang from Zeng Guofan He was appointed governor of Zhejiang and supervised military affairs.

In the first year of Qing Dynasty tongzhi (1862), Hu Xueyan won the new appointment. Governor of Fujian and Zhejiang Zuo Zong Tang The trust was appointed as the chief executive, presiding over the aftermath of the Hangzhou city's settlement and the grain and military wages of Zhejiang Province, so that the Fukang village was very profitable, and thus embarked on the path of official business.

After winning the trust of Zuo Zongtang, Hu Xueyan often came to Ningbo and Shanghai to join the trading ports of foreign businessmen. While transporting and receiving supplies for military supplies, he also grasped the opportunity to interact with foreigners, colluded with foreign military officers, and trained more than 1000 people for Zuo Zongtang, all of whom were equipped with foreign guns and foreign guns. Chang Jie Jun The army once attacked Ningbo with the Qing army. Fenghua , Shaoxing And so on.

Qing Tongzhi three years (1864), since the Qing army captured Zhejiang, the officers and generals will be swept away, regardless of size, all in Hu Xueyan's money. Hu used it as capital, engaged in trade activities, established business names in various towns, and made a lot of profits. In just a few years, his family had more than ten million yuan.

After the destruction of the Taiping army, Hu Xueyan's bank entered Hangzhou, specially preparing for Zuo Zongtang's military wages and arms. Relying on the power of the Xiang army, we have established more than 20 Fukang silver in various provinces, and also run medicinal materials and silk tea. Hu Qingyutang The Chinese medicine store, which controls the business of Jiangsu and Zhejiang, has a capital of up to twenty million and two, which is the "richest person in China" at that time.

During the tenure of Zuo Zongtang, Hu Xueyan manages the affairs of the relief Bureau. He set up a porridge factory, a good hall, a righteous mat, repaired the ancient temple temple, took over hundreds of thousands of violent wrecks, resumed the cattle carts which had been terminated because of the war, and facilitated the people. Hu Xueyan was so famous that his reputation was greatly improved.

Co operation in shipping

In the five years of tongzhi (1866), Hu Xueyan helped Zuo Zongtang set up in Fuzhou. Fuzhou Shipping Bureau "To set up the first new shipyard in Chinese history. Shortly after the shipyard had just started construction, the court suddenly ordered Zuo Zongtang to be transferred. Viceroy of Shaan-Gan Before Zuo Zongtang took office, he recommended the Jiangxi government to the court. Shen Bao Zhen As the Minister of shipping, he strongly recommended Hu Xueyan to help with all the specific matters of ship administration.

Qing Tongzhi eight years (1869), the first ship of the autumn shipyard "Wan Qing Qing" launched successfully. The ship has been sailing from the horse's tail to Tianjin port. When people first saw the ship made by China, they were all jubilant and unprecedented.

In the early years of Tongzhi ten years (1871), the "Zhenhai" trumpet wheel was launched again. Zuo Zongtang, who was far away from the border, learned about the news. He wrote to Hu Xueyan in particular: "every thing in Fujian Bureau is improving every day. There is no need for foreign ships to make ships. Your excellency is great. Seeing that apprenticeships are getting better and better, drivers are also easy to choose, to hark to the sea, and to take advantage of the sea. This is a great opportunity for China to move from poor to prosperous and strong.

Achieve success and win recognition

Tongzhi Qing In eleven years (1872), there were more than 20 branches of Fukang Qian Zhuang, covering the north and south of the river. There are more than 2000 capital, ten thousand mu of farmland. Thanks to Zuo Zongtang's contribution, he was awarded Jiangxi. Alternate way To wear yellow jacket is a typical example. Official business

Qing Tongzhi twelve years (November 1873), when Zuo Zongtang, governor of Shanxi Gansu governor, ready to send troops to Xinjiang. War requires food. Left to Hu Zhixin, ask Hu to borrow money from foreign banks in Shanghai to solve the urgent need of the Western army. It was very difficult to borrow foreign debts at that time, and even the king's debt to foreigners was refused. But Hu Xueyan was not the same, but he could not do it. He secured six and 1870 times of foreign loans by the customs revenue of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Guangdong. Hu also sent a large number of medicinal materials such as "Zhuge March" and "Hu Shi Shun Dan" and so on. Zuo Zongtang praised, "the power of snow rock is two."

Qing Tongzhi thirteen years (1874), to set up Hu Qingyu Tang snow medicine.

clear Guangxu reign period Two years (1876)

Hang Hang Golden Gate More than 10 acres of purchased land have been built.

In the three years of Qing Dynasty (1877), Hu Xueyan helped Zuo Zongtang create the "Lanzhou weaving and weaving bureau", the earliest official light industry enterprise in modern Chinese history.

In the four years of Qing Dynasty (1878), Hu Xueyan, 55 years old, established the "Hu Qingyu Tang" drug shop and was officially opened. Hu Xueyan's Hu Qing Yu Tang, founded in his prime, expanded the scope of his rescue and death to all the people in the whole world. Under the auspices of Hu Xueyan, Hu Qing Yu Tang introduced fourteen categories of proprietary medicines, and donated free medicines such as "Dan Dan" and "Sha Yao" for free. declare "Big advertising" has made Hu Qingyu hall famous for its long run before it starts business. This is Hu Xueyan's strategy of long line fishing for big fish. In the spring of 1878, the above cost was doubled profits.

Qing Guangxu five years (1880), Hu Qingyu Tang capital reached two million eight hundred thousand and two silver, and Beijing's hundred years old Tong Ren Tang north and South mutually reflect, "North" Tongrentang South has the "Qing Yu Tang".

Die a tragic death

In the seven years of Qing Dynasty (1881), Hu Xueyan was awarded a reward for helping Zuo Zongtang recover Xinjiang's merits. dasan be selgiyere hafan Title (three products), wear yellow jacket, official hat can bring two red top wear, and the general "four provincial public library".

In the eight years of Qing Dynasty (1882), Hu Xueyan set up a silk factory in Shanghai, consuming 2000 silver coins. The price of raw silk fell day by day, trying to monopolize silk cocoon trade, but caused foreign boycott. In the hundred years of enterprise history, the first big battle between China and foreign countries began. At the beginning, Hu's high price had won millions of new domestic silk threads and gained the upper hand. Both China and Yang have reached the limit of endurance. When they see victory or defeat, they will suddenly change dramatically. In Europe, Italy's raw silk suddenly reported a bumper harvest, then the outbreak of the Sino French war, the market upheaval and the financial crisis suddenly broke out. This is the case. Hu Xueyan has no power to return to heaven.

In the summer of nine years (1883), Emperor Guangxu was forced to sell at a low price, losing 1000 yuan or two, leaving half of the family capital and failing to work properly, and the wind was four sowing. Bureaucrats everywhere compete for deposits and racketeering.

In the nine year (1883) of Qing Dynasty, in November, Bi Daoyuan, on the other hand, "the closure of Fukang company, and the news of the gang," tells the news of the collapse of Fukang bank in Beijing. On the seventh day of December 6, 1883 (December 6, 1883), the Qing court decreed that he was the governor of Fujian and Zhejiang and he was the governor of Zhejiang, Liu Bingzhang.

In the nine year of Qing Dynasty (1883), in November 28th, the Qing court further decreed that Hu Xueyan would be dismissed and Zuo Zongtang should pursue Hu Xueyan's arrears. After nearly a month's visit, the Qing court was probably informed of Hu Xueyan's arrears and assets. In the imperial decree, he owed "public debt and deposits everywhere", "there were more than 20 pawns, and provinces, and several packages of silver, worth millions of silver two". By buying several packages of silk, Hu Xueyan really bought a lot of raw silk before bankruptcy.

In the ten year of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the seven month (February 3, 1884), the imperial court urged Zuo Zongtang to step up the liquidation. Zuo Zongtang did send someone to seal down pawnshops and trade names of Hu Xueyan in Hangzhou, and presented them to the Qing court.

In the eleven years of July 27th (September 5, 1885), Zuo Zongtang died in Fuzhou. In November of the same year, Hu Xueyan was depressed at the end of poverty and hatred.

Main achievements


Assist in the restoration of Xinjiang

Qing Guangxu two years (1876), in order to recover the theft of ten years by the Xinjiang Gang, the governor of Shanxi Gansu Province. Zuo Zong Tang Let's go west. The victory of the war made Zuo Zongtang famous for his history and also made Hu Xueyan dream of "red top merchants".

In the first year of Qing Guangxu (May 1875), the Qing government appointed Zuo Zongtang as the imperial Commissioner and supervised the military affairs of Xinjiang. The expenditure on grain transportation is about 200 million yuan per year, plus the rate of silver for the officers of the Western army. Zuo Zong Tang Come to think of it, Hu Xueyan.

Hu Xueyan's "Fukang bank" happened to have business with Standard Chartered Bank of England, so Hu Xueyan himself came forward to borrow money from him. For the sensitive borrowers, Hu Xueyan's attitude is: "success is achieved. I represent the Chinese government. If I fail to succeed, I will represent myself only." After several days of secret negotiations, the two sides finally agreed on the details of interest, duration and repayment. Hu Xueyan finally secured the first loan from West Jiangsu by two million and two yuan from the customs revenue of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Guangdong, and set a precedent for Chinese government to borrow foreign debts. After that, he relied on his own business reputation in the Shanghai business field, and borrowed four times from the British consortium, such as HSBC, for 1595 times to solve the financial problem of the West levy. This is praised by Zuo Zongtang as "the power of Xue Yan is not two for a time."

Nor did Zuo Zongtang forget what Hu Xueyan had done and report to the court for his merits. The Qing court rewarded Hu Xueyan with one piece. Yellow mandarin jacket On the official hat, you can bring two red top to make it a famous red top businessman.


Although Hu Xueyan was in the era of Westernization Movement, he participated in the operation of Zuo Zongtang Mawei shipyard. Hu Xueyan's business is based on the "special" business of government business relations, such as purchasing arms, machinery, raising foreign loans for the government, and other "normal" businesses, such as: banks, pawnshops, raw silk and pharmacy.

Fukang Qian Zhuang is Hu Xueyan's financial platform as well as its core industry. Unlike ordinary banks, Fukang has two special sources of funds: one is a large amount of entrusted financial management, mainly for the interests of the transfer of services. The record of Hu Xueyan's "Bank of records" records the opening of a bank by means of official turnover. Its shops spread all over the north and south. Officials and businessmen are often rich in money, especially in their momentum. The two is a huge amount of public funds, including the "West levy", "Western levy" repayment and other public money deposits. Hu Xueyan used time lag to divert the huge sum of money to form a low cost or even free money pool. In addition to the "westward borrowing", the huge network of government relations woven by Hu Xueyan also conveyed all kinds of other names of public money deposits to him.

Hu Xueyan's ups and downs in his life ended in poverty. Before Hu Xueyan died, he was searched for information, leaving little information. Only Hu Qing Yu Tang remains in many industries.

Hu Qingyutang

Hu Xueyan founded Hu Qing Yu Tang, founded in 1874, is located at the foot of Wu mountain in Hangzhou. Long in Chinese Medicine

In the course of development, Hu Qingyu Tang won the reputation of "Jiangnan medicine king" with its exquisite pharmaceutical skills and unique humanistic value. Tongrentang South has the "Qing Yu Tang".

Many of the boards of Hu Qingyu hall are facing the external hanging. Only the "caution and deception plaque" is hung behind the business hall and is hung on the inside staff. This plaque is written by Hu Xueyan in his own handwriting: "every hundred trade is not to be deceive, and the pharmaceutical industry is not to be deceive." Yu Cunxin vowed not to take advantage of inferior products, but only to the hearts of all. It's really a matter of procurement.

In the centenary history of Hu Qingyu Tang, there are many stories of ploughing heart medicine. For example, the "bureau of purple snow" is a first-aid medicine for startle, which is not suitable for the last procedure of ancient production. In order to ensure the effectiveness of the medicine, Hu Xueyan invites skilled craftsmen to create a set of gold shovel silver pans at all costs. purple snow elixir Cash shovel silver pots are listed as National first class cultural relic It is also known as the first national treasure of China's pharmaceutical industry.

Hu Qing Yu Tang was appointed by the State Council in 1988. National key cultural relics protection units In 2002, Hu Qingyu hall came on the list. Famous Trademark of China In 2003, "Hu Qingyu Tang" was recognized as the first well-known trade name of Zhejiang province; in 2006, the Chinese medicine culture of Hu Qingyu was first selected. National Intangible Cultural Heritage List The national drug number has also been identified as the first batch by the Ministry of Commerce. China Time-honored Brand


After his success, Hu Xueyan did not forget his place of success, Hangzhou, and did many good deeds for the people of Hangzhou. He opened Qiantang River Yi Du. It facilitated the connection between the eight government offices and the three government offices, and set up a ship to provide convenience for passengers waiting for passengers. He was also extremely enthusiastic about philanthropy. Hebei province Shaanxi, Henan, Shanxi and other droughts and drought areas contributed to disaster relief. In the four years (1878) of Qing Guangxu, except for the materials donated by Hu Xueyan to the Western army, he estimated the amount of relief money donated to various places by up to two hundred thousand and two silver. What is less known is that it is in a sensation. Yang AI Wu In the case of pakchoi, he used his reputation to help Beijing officials to sponsor money, and finally made a great contribution to the case. In addition, he went to Japan twice and bought back Chinese cultural relics that had been lost in Japan at a high price. From all these actions, he can see that he has a brave heart and a patriotic heart.

Ideological proposition

In the four years of Qing Dynasty (1878), Hu Xueyan wrote a plaque in his own postscript. Its height

Suspended in the hall, served as shop training.

Hu Xueyan business road has become a business concept impregnated in the connotation of Hu Qingyu hall brand to form a complete humanistic system, the core is "abstinence". Its business philosophy of "benevolence" and "true price" and "customers are the source of life" have surpassed the scope of traditional Chinese medicine and will make the most clear historical interpretation for building a "trustworthy" society.

The "caution and deception" plaque says: "every trade is not to be deceiving, and the pharmaceutical industry is extremely competitive. I cherish my heart and promise not to take advantage of inferior goods, but I wish you all your heart. The acquisition is true, the system is refined, and not bullied to deceive the world. " The above text is the most valuable brand legacy left by Hu Xueyan to posterity. "Deception" is reflected in production, namely, "procurement is real, training is the essence." The "truth" of the "acquisition service" means that the medicinal herbs must be "genuine" and strive to "genuineness" and optimize the texture of the medicinal materials from the source. In business, the "bullying" is embodied in the "true price", and the price is only sold to the customers. Hu Xueyan also wrote "customer is the source of life" into store regulations, educating employees to treat customers as food and clothing.

Character evaluation

Hu Guangyong, a member of the road, is not afraid to complain. In the past, the army and grain in the Zhejiang calendar were actually urgent and dependable. When the minister entered the Zhejiang Province, he appointed the specialized school to gain his strength. It is truly a member of a deep sense of justice. ( Zuo Zong Tang Many times give Hu Xueyan a positive evaluation in his compromise.

The last businessman in Chinese feudal society. ( Lu Xun evaluate )

Zhi Xin Ren Yong is a model of Chinese national hero, not just a wealthy businessman. ( Er Yue He evaluate )

Hu Xueyan set us a good example and set a very bad example.

Zhejiang was a famous businessman in the Qing Dynasty. (Alibaba group board of directors Jack Ma Speech at the world Internet Conference November 20, 2014 evaluate )

Hu Xueyan is a legendary businessman. He also exerts his energy to the extreme. He is not a hero or a hero. (director of red top businessman Hu Xueyan) Yan Jian Gang Evaluation)

Hu Xueyan is an outstanding representative of Huizhou merchants. He has a common character of Huizhou merchants, such as integrity, consideration for people, and flexibility. Hu Xueyan was regarded as a business saint by the business community. On the one hand, Hu Xueyan did business in honesty, and on the other hand, he used his wealth to help Zuo Zongtang do a lot of good things for the country. ("father of Chinese management" and "Taiwan cultural scholar") zeng shi qiang Professor evaluation)

Official must see " Zeng Guofan "For business must read" Hu Xueyan " (time Commentary)


Help umbrella

When Hu Xueyan was young, he helped his family to ask people to collect debts. One day suddenly it began to rain heavily, and I was going to be wet by the rain. But a stranger on the same road came running to fight half of the umbrella for Hu, so Hu was very moved. Later, as long as Hu carries an umbrella, Hu Xueyan often helps others to hold umbrellas on rainy days. As time goes on, many people in the street know Hu Xueyan. They all say Hu Xueyan is a good person. So as long as you are willing to hold umbrellas for others, others will help you to open your umbrella.

One day, a well-known local cloth merchant fell into a business and needed a capital turnover. He wanted to transfer all the family property at a low price, and the total price of the house was 2000 two silver, and the actual listing price was at least 5000 two. After listening to the story of the dealer, Hu Xueyan thought for a moment and said, "let me think about it and come back to see me tomorrow." After the dealer left, Hu Xueyan hurriedly sent his hand down to find out the truth. Not long ago, his men came back to tell him that it was true. Hu Xueyan immediately arranged for the bank to prepare 5000 or two silver after listening. On the second day, the dealer came to the bank, and Hu Xueyan said to him, "I buy your family property, but not 2000 two, but at the market price, I make 5000 two." The dealer was amazed and asked why he wanted to pay high prices if he did not buy at low prices. Hu Xueyan patted the dealer's shoulder and said, "I'm just keeping your property for you temporarily, waiting for you to tide over the difficulties, and you can redeem it at any time, so you only have to pay my meager interest."

Hu Xueyan's move made the businessman very touched. He said nothing but signed a good agreement, and he left Hu Xueyan with tears in deep tears. Because of Hu Xueyan's "help umbrella", the dealer did not long to make a comeback and redeemed his family property and became a loyal partner of Hu Xueyan.

Member of family


Hu Xueyan's father, Hu Luquan, is a famous rural scholar who has read some books.


Hu Xueyan ranked the third in the family. There were five brothers, two brothers did not record, the three brothers were called Hu Yue Qiao, Hu Qiucha and Hu Henian respectively.

Wives and concubines

Hu Xueyan had many wives and concubines before his birth. There were no accurate figures, which were generally considered to be 13.


Hu Xueyan had three sons and five daughters. Hu Chusan, the eldest son, was 19 years old. He was 19 years old. He had three sons and three sons.

Hu Xueyan's youngest son, Hu Pinsan, is very fond of Dan Qing. He is quite detached. He has a playboy name. His wife, Mrs. Zhu Tai, has a good family name.


Hu Eqing is the eldest son of Hu Pinsan. He is the oldest in his grandchildren and is also the grandson of Hu Xueyan. Hu Yu Qing was intelligent and intelligent. He was the most beautiful among his grandchildren. He later studied in Japan and joined in Japan. Sun Yat-sen The league is bent on joining the revolution. Wife Dai Yongni is a senior official. Although the housework is very pungent, the thought is quite conservative, not only does not allow Hu E to go to Japan to participate in sports, but also set rules for future generations: not allowed to enter the ocean school.

Hu Xiaomei, the fifth generation of Hu Xueyan, was once awarded. Chen Yi The mayor issued the title of "the first outstanding teacher in Shanghai" and "the first 38 red flag holders in Shanghai".

Hu Xueyan's direct descendants have more than 200 people, mostly overseas, distributed in 7 countries, almost no business. The second son Hu Jiansan sold the "signboard stock" of Hu Qingyu hall and sent his son to study abroad. Hu Xueyan said to his son before he died, "white tiger is terrible. That is to say, white flower is harmful to people, and doing business is the most risky thing. So in Hu's descendants, almost no one was in business and no one was in official career.

Commemoration of future generations


Tomb of Hu Xueyan, located in Zhejiang Hangzhou City xihu district Zhuan Tong Street The village, Yang Jia men, Lu Lei Ling, is a key cultural relic protection unit in Hangzhou.

Former Residence

Former residence of Hu Xueyan Located in Hangzhou Hefang Street , dajing lane Historical and cultural protection area east

Department Yuanbao Street Built in Qing Dynasty Tongzhi Eleven years (1872) the peak period of Hu Xueyan's career, when the mansion project lasted 3 years, completed in 1875. The former residence is a beautiful homestead with Chinese traditional architectural features and Western architectural style. The whole building is long and wide in the north and south, covering an area of 10.8 Mu and a building area of 5815 square meters. The former residence, whether from architecture or furnishings to furnishings, is the first luxury house of Chinese businessmen in the late Qing Dynasty.

Memorial Hall

Hu Xueyan memorial hall, located Jixi County The city's Memorial Hall covers an area of about 800 square meters, including two

The courtyard was originally built in Wenchang during the Ming Dynasty. The memorial hall reproduced Hu Xueyan's life in the official circles of the business world with lots of pictures, books and objects. It is reported that the memorial hall has collected nearly a thousand pieces of tools and daily necessities that Hu Xueyan used to use before, and now he has arranged more than 100 exhibits. The memorial hall also specializes in the drug administration of "Hu Qing Yu Tang". The Hangzhou "Hu Qingyu Tang" provides thousands of Chinese patent medicines, and invites Chinese medicine experts to sit in the hall to provide services for visitors.

Controversy of characters

Native place dispute

As for the ownership of Hu Xueyan's native place, there has been a heated debate both inside and outside academia. Whether Hu Xueyan is a quarrel between "Hangzhou people" or "Huizhou people" stems from different understandings of their current status and ancestral home.

Hu Xueyan has been active in Hangzhou for many years.

The two argument is that one of the claims is that his native place is Huizhou Jixi Huli (that is, Huli Village), and then moved to Hangzhou. Historian Chen Xulu, Fang Shi Ming and Wei Jianyou, who wrote the dictionary of modern Chinese history, even wrote directly: "Hu Guangyong (1823-1885 years), Anhui Jixi people." At the same time, there is also a view that Hu Xueyan should be from Hangzhou. In fact, the crux of the debate is how to look at the relationship between the present and the ancestral home. For example, some local chronicles, collections and memorials chronicles the Great Salt Merchants in the Qianlong era. They are Yangzhou Yizheng people and Yangzhou salt merchants, but Jiangchun, as a famous Huizhou merchants, is also recognized by academia as a common sense. All these involve the problems of Huizhou's family status and ancestral home.

In the Qing Dynasty, the manuscript of the Huizhou manuscript, "the diary of the South revolution", believed that Hu Xueyan's native place was Jixi.

This new debate is in the " Chinese antiquities On September 2, 2005, the Hangzhou Museum of history published Mr. Gao Nianhua's "Hu Xueyan's native place, Hangzhou people in Zhejiang". Then, Anhui Jixi Hu Weiping published "discrimination on Hu Xueyan's place of origin Zhejiang Hangzhou people" (November 25th), refuting it. In December 16th, Gao Nianhua, Zhang Qian and Duan Hong again published the comment on "misinterpreting Hu Xueyan as an example of Jixi", reiterating the previous view.

Hu Xueyan's native place struggle was originally a very small academic problem. Her native Huizhou, now Hangzhou, is a kind of academic conclusion that does not harm the blood flow of Xin'An River, which is the two famous cultural city of Jixi and Hangzhou. It has contributed to the flow of people and the blending of regional culture since the Ming and Qing Dynasties.


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