History of Nanchong

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In the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), there were three states in the territory, which governed 13 counties, such as Nanchong (prefecture), Xichong and Xiangru, which were subordinate to Chengdu Fulu.

In the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), there was one Prefecture in the territory, which governed Nanchong, Xichong and Liuxi counties of Shunqing Prefecture, and 15 counties of Langzhong, Xinjing, Fengguo, Xinzheng, Xishui County and pengchi, Yilong, Yingshan, Fuyu, Liangshan and Xiangru counties.

In the Yuan Dynasty, Shunqing road was established, which governed Nanchong County, Xichong County, hanchu County, Liuxi county and hanchu county. It is under the jurisdiction of Sichuan Province.

In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), it was under the administration of Sichuan provincial government. There were two prefectures in the territory, including Nanchong and Xichong counties of Shunqing Prefecture, Pengzhou, Yingshan and Yilong counties, Langzhong (prefecture) and Nanbu of Baoning Prefecture.

In the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), it was under the jurisdiction of Sichuan Province. It had jurisdiction over Langzhong (Daofu), Nanbu County, Nanchong (prefecture), Xichong, Yingshan, Yilong and Pengzhou (county-level prefecture) of Shunqing Prefecture.

In the early years of the Republic of China (1912), it was under the jurisdiction of Sichuan Province. Jialing Road was established in Sichuan Province, governing Nanchong (Daozhi), Langzhong, Nanbu, Xichong, Yingshan, Yilong, and Pengan (Pengzhou reform). In the 24th year of the Republic of China (1936), the 11th administrative supervision district was established in the territory, which governed Nanchong (District), Peng'an, Yingshan, Yilong, Xichong and Nanbu counties. Langzhong is under the 14th administrative supervision area.

After the founding of the people's Republic of China (1949), it was under the jurisdiction of the northern Sichuan administrative region. It was under the jurisdiction of Nanchong City (under the jurisdiction of the district), Nanchong, Xichong, Nanbu, Yilong, Yingshan, Pengan and other cities and 6 counties within the territory; it belongs to Nanchong special area (governing today's Jiulong Town of Yuechi County).

In 1950, Nanchong special area was set up, belonging to the northern Sichuan administrative region. Nanchong special office in Yuechi County, jurisdiction Yuechi, Nanchong (Longmen Chang), Peng'an, Yingshan, wusheng, Xichong, Nanbu and Yilong.

In 1952, Nanchong was under the leadership of Sichuan Province. Nanchong City, originally under the jurisdiction of the northern Sichuan administrative office, is under the leadership of Nanchong special office. It has jurisdiction over 1 city and 8 counties.

In 1953, Nanchong City was changed into a provincial city, and Nanchong special office was entrusted to manage it. Cangxi and Langzhong counties of the former Guangyuan special area and Guang'an County of the former Dazhu special area are included in Nanchong special area. It has jurisdiction over 1 city and 11 counties.

In 1956, Nanchong county was moved to Nanchong City by Longmen Chang, Pengan county from Jinping Town to Zhoukou Town, and wusheng County to Yankou town.

In 1965, Nanchong County moved from Nanchong City to Hedong commune of Nanchong City.

In 1970, Nanchong special area was renamed Nanchong District, which was located in Nanchong City. It has jurisdiction over Nanchong City and Nanchong county (located in Hedong commune), Cangxi, Langzhong, Yilong, Nanbu, Xichong, Yingshan, Peng'an (in Zhoukou town), Guang'an, Yuechi, wusheng (in Yankou town).

In 1972, Nanchong county was stationed in Chengguan (Qingxi commune and Hedong commune were merged into Chengguan commune).

In 1979, Huaying industrial and agricultural district (equivalent to county level) was established by Guang'an and Yuechi counties, and Shuanghe commune was established by the government of the district. Nanchong Prefecture governs 1 city, 11 counties and 1 Industrial and agricultural district.

On September 9, 1985, Cangxi County was under the jurisdiction of Guangyuan City from Nanchong.

On July 2, 1993, Nanchong District, Nanchong City and Nanchong county were abolished. Guang'an Prefecture was established to administer Guang'an County, Yuechi County, wusheng County and Huaying City in the former Nanchong area. At the same time, Nanchong, a prefecture level city in Sichuan Province, was established, and the Municipal People's government was stationed in Shunqing district. Nanchong has jurisdiction over Shunqing District, Gaoping District and Jialing District, Nanbu County, Yingshan County, Peng'an County, Yilong county and Xichong County. Langzhong City is directly under the jurisdiction of Sichuan Province and managed by Nanchong City.

In 2020, the request of Nanchong Municipal People's Government on the establishment of Linjiang new area has been approved, and the provincial government has agreed to establish Nanchong Linjiang new area. According to the approved content, the planning area of the new area is 398 square kilometers, and the space scope includes the administrative areas of 16 towns (streets) under the jurisdiction of Shunqing District, Gaoping District and Xichong County, namely, Fuxi street, Fandi street, Jintai Town, Yuxi Town, Longmen street, Qinglian Street and Duofu town of Xichong County in Gaoping District; Jingxi street, Xinfu Township, Gongxing Town, Luxi town of Shunqing district and some administrative areas of Xiaolong street, Jiangling Town, Zouma Town, Luoxi street and Laojun street in Gaoping District are included.

According to Taiping Huanyu Ji, Volume 86, Nanchong County of Guozhou said: "take the name of Guchong." The second part of Sichuan volume of "explanation of prefectures and counties": "the name of Han Dynasty was filled with country and county, which means enrichment. At that time, people were prosperous, so it was said. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Nanchong was located in the south of the state. " After going to the word "state", Nanchong county was named. Today Nanchong City is named after this.

Nanchong was developed earlier, and its ancestors lived in the Neolithic age.

Xia Dynasty was the country of "Youguo family", which belonged to Liangzhou in Shang and Zhou dynasties.

In the spring and Autumn period, the state of Chong (588-318 BC) was formed. It was one of the four powerful regimes in Sichuan Basin at that time (BA, Shu, Chong, Ju). Nanchong was named Nanchong because it was located in the south of Chongguo.

In the late Warring States period, the state of BA was defeated by the state of Chu in succession, so the target of the struggle was set on the state of Shu in the West. Chong state and Shu state formed an alliance to jointly resist the invasion of Ba state. In 318 BC, Ba destroyed Chong state, occupied its territory, and moved its capital to Langzhong. In the 9th year of gengyuan (316 BC), the state of Qin destroyed the state of Ba and established Langzhong County in the 11th year. In the Qin Dynasty, prefectures and counties were still established.

At the beginning of the Western Han Dynasty (206-23 BC), Langzhong county was set up in Anhan (now Nanchong) and Chongguo county. In Xinmang, Anhan County became Anxin county.

In the first year of Xingping in the Eastern Han Dynasty (194), mu liuzhang in Yizhou took Dianjiang as the Ba County. In Nanchong, it established Bajun, which governed Anhan (prefecture), Langzhong, Xichong (changed its name) and Nanchong county (located in Xichong). In the sixth year of Jian'an (201), Ba County was changed into Brazil County, and the county was transferred to Langzhong without any change.

In the Three Kingdoms of Shu Han, Western Jin and Cheng Han, the counties remained the same. In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Langzhong was a county in northern Brazil, which governed Xichong (prefecture), Nanchong, Anhan, and Yangyang county (now Yilong).

During the Song Dynasty (420-479 A.D.) of the Southern Dynasty (420-479 A.D.), Bashi county was gathered by Liao people, and the counties were moved to Mianyang City by overseas Chinese. They governed Langzhong (prefecture), Anhan, Xiguo (Xichong state reform), Nanguo (Nanchong state reform) and Yangyang county. In the Southern Dynasties, the establishment of prefectures and counties remained unchanged.

In the Tang Dynasty, it was located in the South West Road of the mountains, with 3 states in the territory, and 19 counties, including Langzhou (Langzhong county), Langzhong (langnei county), and Sigong (now Langzhong territory), etc.

During the Five Dynasties (907-960), the establishment of prefectures and counties remained unchanged. Later Tang Dynasty (923-937) set up Baoning army in Langzhou and Yongning army in Guozhou.


History