Guyuan Northern Dynasty Sui and Tang Dynasties Cemetery
The tombs of the Northern Dynasty and Sui and Tang Dynasties in Guyuan are located in Xiaomazhuang, Yangfang, Shengou, Dabao, Wanglioba, five natural villages in the West and south suburbs of Yuanzhou District, Ningxia. They are well-known tombs along the Silk Road.
The tombs of Guyuan Northern Dynasty and Sui and Tang Dynasties were built in the 6th to 7th centuries A.D. and went through three dynasties: Northern Zhou Dynasty, Sui Dynasty and Tang Dynasty. During the prosperous period of the Silk Road in the 4th and 7th centuries, the northern route of Chang'an-Liangzhou Road passed more than 190 kilometers through Ningxia, forming the famous "Xiaoguan Ancient Road", and Guyuan was the throat of the ancient road, where tribute envoys, businessmen and monks exchanged frequently and continuously. Many ethnic migrations, cultural exchanges and religious dissemination originated from it. In 2008, the cemeteries of Guyuan Northern Dynasty and Sui and Tang Dynasties were listed as the binding declaration sites for the World Cultural Heritage of the Silk Road jointly declared by the governments of China and five Central Asian countries.