Eight polar boxing
Bajiquan is a kind of boxing in Chinese Wushu. The word "eight poles" of this boxing method originated from the concept of Palaeogeography and originated from the Han Dynasty "Huainanzi Falling Form Training", "between heaven and earth, Jiuzhou eight poles". Nowadays, the word "eight poles" is used in Wushu, which means "vigorous can reach far-off places in all directions".
Bajiquan belongs to short boxing, and its action generally pursues the style of vigorous, simple and vigorous. In the tactics of fighting, we should pay attention to taking the Cun by Cun and punching hard. It really has the characteristics of being subjected to, helping, squeezing, relying, collapse and shaking as generally mentioned. Bajiquan exerts itself on the heel, waist and fingertips. Therefore, it has great outbreak power and full of technical characteristics. It has the tendency of "shaking one's arms against the sky and stamping one's feet to shock Jiuzhou". Therefore, in traditional Chinese martial arts circles, Bajiquan is known as "Wen Taiji enjoys peace in the world, Wu You Baji decides the universe".
On June 7, 2008, Bajiquan was approved by the State Council and listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
Introduction of boxing
"Wen Taiji is safe in the world, Wu Youbaji decides the universe."
Bajiquan, the name of Chinese boxing. "Eight poles" means to be energetic enough to go far in all directions. Its movements are simple and succinct, rigid, brittle, and multi-shocked.
Bajiquan is one of the Chinese martial arts. It takes six kinds of opening methods (six big opening) as the core of the techniques and means to break through the other side's door (defensive shelf). The term "eight poles" refers to the ancient saying that there are eight Yin besides Kyushu, eight Yin besides and eight poles besides, implying the meaning of "eight poles are far away".
Bajiquan, with its unique style of vigor, simplicity and swift movement, has been known as "Baziquan", "Bajiquan", "Bajiquan", "Bajiquan", "Kaimen Baji", "Kaiquan" and so on in early years because of different regions. But in modern times, according to the characteristics that its vigor can reach far and wide, it was named by the word "eight poles".
In the north, Wushu is called Ba Style and Eight Style. The significance of Baji is to encourage disciples to practice Baji to a very high level. In addition, the training of octupole emphasizes the application of head, shoulder, elbow, hand, tail, hip, knee and foot. Therefore, the name of Baji requires disciples to bring the functions of these eight parts into full play. In the book Huainanzi written by Liu An in the Han Dynasty, it is recorded that there are eight Yins outside Jiuzhou, eight Yins outside and eight poles outside. Here the eight poles represent the farthest place. The name of Bajiquan is also for the disciples to practice the strength of Bajiquan to a far realm.
Bajiquan has a long history. It has been studied hard from generation to generation, with its unique style and training methods. It has a unique style and a unique family. It has been developing continuously and lasting. Many famous Wushu masters have emerged from generation to generation, which has a great influence in the field of Wushu.
The origin of this boxing
Ming Dynasty theory
Up to now, there are different opinions about the origin time and place of Bajiquan.
First, it originated in the Ming Dynasty, because Qi Jiguang mentioned "Ba Zi Quan" in his book "Ji Xiao Xin Shu - Ji Luo Chapter of Quan Jing".
Zhang Yueshan Chong
Second, Zhang Yueshan, the abbot of Yueshan Temple in Jiaozuo, Henan Province in the Qing Dynasty.
Thirdly, it was created by Yunyou Gaoren who was the No. 1 "gao" in the late Ming Dynasty, and later passed on to Wu Zhong.
Although there is no exact data to prove the above statement. But Chinese culture, especially Wushu, is basically dictated by Master. This is a major feature of Chinese culture, so the above results are possible.
The full name of Bajiquan is Kaimen Bajiquan. Respect for the first life, Wu Zhong for the second, Wu Zhong middle-aged get a daughter, fame and honor, for practicing martial arts nearly 30 years old married in Haifeng long boxing practitioner Dai Shi. Following the spirit of "opening the door", she refined and revised Taizong Boxing, Taizu Boxing, Feihuquan, Taohusan and other boxing techniques of Changquan according to the style of Bajiquan, and returned them to Mengcun. Since then, more and more people have studied Bajiquan. About forty years after Qianlong reign, Wu Zhongyu, a brother of Wu and his clan, opened the door to teach art, with dozens of artists. Besides Wu and Dinggeshi in this town, there are also Luotuan and other places.
In the twentieth year of the Republic of China, Zhang Diankui set up his own martial arts hall and gave more than one hundred apprentices. Xinxian Town is 9 kilometers north of Mengcun Town and 2 kilometers east of Luotuan Village. It is called Bajiwo.
Bajiquan is said to be handed down by Taoist priests surnamed Tiao. Wu Zhong, from Mengcun, Cangzhou City, Hebei Province, is the daughter of Wu Rong. Mengcun became the birthplace of Bajiquan. Since Wu Rong, Bajiquan has been handed down in two branches: Wu's family and its students. In modern times, Wu Nan, Wu Kai, Wu Huiqing, Wu Xiufeng and Wu Lianzhi were the most accomplished people. Its close relatives Ma Fengtu had a great influence and spread widely. The other was Wang Sixueyi who passed on Luo Di Zhang Keming, Zhang Chuan's son Zhang Jingxing and Huang Sihai after Meng Ling. Zhang Jingxing has many descendants, including Li Shuwen, Ma Yingtu, Han Huachen and Zhang Yuheng (son of Zhang Jingxing).
Since Wu, Li and Ma, Bajiquan has spread throughout the country from a corner of Mengcun, Cangzhou City.
During Yongzheng reign of the Qing Dynasty, Wu Zhong, a famous master of eight-pole boxing, went into the South Shaolin Temple three times by himself, without any hidden weapons in the organs, and a big gun hit 63 provinces in the south, seven North and all over the world. He was praised as "Nanjing to Beijing, magic gun counts Wu Zhong".
After the Revolution of 1911, Cao Rong, governor of Zhili, expanded his armament warfare and selected martial arts elites in the form of martial arts competition. At that time, many martial arts masters ran for the chief guard of Cao Rong, the president. At last, only Wang Lianfeng and Huo Diangge, both of them from Xiaoji Village of Cangzhou, were left. Finally, Huo Diangge was defeated and Wang Lianfeng was elected. Later, Huo Diangge went to Changchun to serve as the bodyguard of Emperor Puyi.
Li Shuwen, a famous modern Eight-Chi boxing expert, has a habit of practicing merit. He has never stopped getting hot and cold. He has acquired the secret of shooting. He is known as "Shengun Li" in the martial arts circle. "Zhengding Cang County Chronicle" contains: "Li Shuwen indoor row of applause empty, five feet away from the window, window paper oscillation sound. Li stabbed jujube trees with a gun, one at a time. The fly that pierces the wall falls without marks. When the iron cone enters the wall, it is very difficult to pull it out. He stirs it with a gun and the cone comes out.
The Three Bodyguards of Bajiquan Teachers are recorded in the Historical Tales of Wulin as follows: "Bajiquan" is written in the modern history of China with its actual combat ability. Li Shuwen, a famous master of Bajiquan, is famous all over the world for his big gun. He was once General Xu Lanzhou and Li Shuwen.
Jinglin Tidu and other officials, who were recruited as bodyguards and martial arts teachers, were active in the changeable political arena of China in the era of warlord separatism. The three disciples of Li Shuwen also played a strange role in the drastic change of modern Chinese history.
Huo Diangge, Li Shuwen's great disciple, was a martial arts teacher and Guard officer of Puyi, the last emperor. Liu Yunqiao, Li Shuwen's last disciple, served in the Kuomintang Government Guard and served as a guard instructor and Chiang Kai-shek guard. And Liu Yunqiao and Li Jianwu, who also worked with Li Shu's literary eight-pole boxing, served as the guard of Chairman Mao Zedong.
In this way, the legendary three disciples of Li Shuwen appeared on the support of the changeable power level of Chinese history successively, which shows the strength of Bajiquan.
As far as ornamentality is concerned, Bajiquan combines motions and motions, stretches generously, coordinates gracefully, and possesses both physical and mental features.
Eight-pole boxing has been handed down for 11 generations, among which Wu Zhong, Wu Rong, Wu Nan, Wu Zhongyu, Li Dazhong, Wu Kai, Zhang Keming, Wu Huiqing, Huang Sihai, Zhang Jingxing, Li Guizhang, Cao Jingtian, Wang Jingxiang, Zhang Xueyuan, Tian Jinzhong, Yin Shuchun, Huo Qingyun, Cui Hongqi, Huang Yuzhu, Zhu Xiaotian, Wang Jian and so on.
Today's eight-pole boxing has spread all over China and abroad. Major scale and influence are: Huodiangge and HuoQingyun's Bajiquan are centered in Changchun and spread throughout the three northeastern provinces; Ma Fengtu and Ma Yingtu live in Gansu Province and pass on Bajiquan in the five northwest provinces; Wu Xiufeng teaches hundreds of people in Tianjin; Wang Jingxiang and Tian Jinzhong and others widely pass on Bajiquan in Tianjin; Ma Xianda and Ma Mingda teach art both at home and abroad, and their writings have a shadow at home and abroad. Ring.
Up to now, Bajiquan has formed various boxing techniques with different characteristics and styles, such as simple, solemn and practical Huo's Bajiquan, flexible and fast Ma's Tongbei Bajiquan, fluent and lively Wu's Chopping and Hanging Bajiquan, and Taiwanese Mantis Bajiquan with distinct rhythm.
Yin Shuchun was employed by Wu Xiufeng, Sun Futai of Qingxian was employed by Feng Linchao, Huangyuzhu of Xiaoguantun was employed by Zhang Fushun of Langerkou, and all of them were handed down to Wushu coaches of key amateur sports schools in Cangzhou. Wu Lianzhi once received Hong Kong, twice received the United States, eleven times received Japanese visitors and artists, and four times was invited to Osaka, Japan and other places to teach and lecture. In 1982, the Hong Kong magazine Tactics published an article introducing Yin Zongqi. In the same year, a delegation led by Takeshi Matsuda of Japan visited Cangcang. August 2010 was selected as the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage, numbered VI-28 Bajiquan
At the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, Wang Zhongquan, Zhang Jingxing, Li Shuwen, Wang Lianfeng, Huodiangge, Liu Yunqiao and Wu Huiqing were famous in China. Bajiquan is now popular in northern China and Taiwan. Later, it was introduced to Japan, Korea and other countries, such as the United States, Canada, Britain, France, Belgium, Denmark, Italy and so on.
Style and characteristics
Eight-pole boxing takes head and foot as the universe, shoulders, knees, elbows and crotches as the four sides, arms front and back are opposite, Dantian Baoyuan in the central meaning of creating a door. By means of spirit, by means of force, three sets and six points inside and outside are in one, with great momentum. Eight parties are all eyes, all hands, movement is changed, change is changed, change is clever, its wonderful endless. Bajiquan attaches great importance to the practice of offensive and defensive techniques. Emphasis is laid on the usage of "close to, shoulder, squeeze, lean", when sewing and inserting needles, if there is a gap, drill, do not fight, see recruit.
Bajiquan is famous for its fierce style of boxing, but also for the way it enters by fighting. "Tieshan Bian" is one of the best. When practicing "Tieshan Bian", Baji disciples often use their bodies to lean against walls, trees and piles, which can be imagined to be of great power. The key of "Tieshan Bian" in recruiting is to enter, approach the opponent with the distance of "hitting like kissing" and hit the opponent with the shoulder. It seems to take the shoulder as the starting point, but in fact it combines the torsional force of the waist and hip, and leans towards the other side with all the strength of the whole body, causing great harm to people and throwing people down. "Open the door, six forces in one". The strength of the six major openings is vividly displayed on the "Tieshan Bian" of Bajiquan. In the next set of kungfu, "rubbing and kicking" is one of the most important leg techniques in Baji. Bajiquan pays attention to "walking like walking through mud, feet but knees". The rubbing kick is the embodiment of this footwork. He requires the attack point to fall below the opponent's knee joint, especially the foot. Therefore, although rubbing and kicking is less lethal than other leg methods, it is intended to use kicking and tripping to destroy the opponent's foot center of gravity, and to achieve the effect of knocking down the opponent skillfully with a weak force.
In addition, Bajiquan is one of the most practical and practical types of boxing. Rising up and falling hard, opening the door of the other side, and advancing in succession are the greatest characteristics of Bajiquan. It has a strong practical value. The capturing, back wrestling and fighting practiced in the army and the armed police have absorbed some characteristics of Bajiquan.
The spirit of Bajiquan pays attention to the sixteen-character formula, that is, "loyalty to the liver, righteousness and courage to shield oneself from danger" so Puyi, Chiang Kai-shek, Mao Zedong and others have used Bajiquan as their bodyguards.
1) Posture stretch (cross strength) 2) hands and feet follow each other (eyes turn with hands, fists and feet together) 3) lower plate is firm (legs but crotch, feet do not leave the ground, no leap, jump) 4) strength is short and fast 5) sudden change 6) embrace slow (winding silk strength and "embracing rubbing" footwork) 7) air blowing (breathing, voice power, pneumatic force) 8) rigid and soft (mainly with "four or six", mainly with "four or six". 9) Yin and Yang, and 10) Spirit and Shape
Strength: Focus on collapse, regret and assault. Crashes, such as landslides; regrets, such as shaking mountains; assaults, for sudden use, action simply. It should run through six parts of shoulder, elbow, fist, hip, knee and foot. The momentary force should be as vigorous as a bow collapse, as explosive thunder, as vigorous as lightning. Strength is the main factor.
Conduct: Requirements start at the end of the rhombus, originate at the neck stalk, source at the waist, if the walk is muddy, the air should sink, avoid floating.
The body method nine must: (1) intend to be upright, (2) loose shoulder, (3) outside inside circle, (4) with chest pulling out top, (5) shaking and crouching waist, (6) hand and foot matching, (7) strength penetration, (8) three sets of links, (9) intend to keep Dantian.
Footwork: Buding, Buba, Bubow, Buma, that is, rolling step and turning over. Footwork song recipe: mean to be upright, ten toes grasp the dungeon, two knees squat slightly, loose hip and easy to stand waist, two elbows with two knees, eight sides are free to sway. There is also the saying that "eight poles, eight poles, two feet do not leave the ground".
Skills and tactics: emphasizing inch interception, inch holding, hard opening and hard beating, and being subjected to. Poke. Squeeze, lean, collapse, shock, assault. The recipe says: one inch, two wraps, three lifts, four hugs, five pokes, six hugs, seven hards and eight wrestles.
Eight-pole boxing emphasizes that one should not move, one should not move, the other should not move. I use the method of inviting the enemy to attack, and then use the method of bursting open the door of the other side, close to the body, three sets of continuous attacks, one move, three methods, three forces, and succeed at one stroke.
Head should be crowned, neck should be upright, body should be straight, crotch should be seated.
The action is crisp and the force is strong.
Get, help, squeeze, depend everywhere
Fists are like meteors, eyes are like electricity, waists are like snakes, feet are like drills.
At the end of the cross-section, the head is straight and spiritual, rigid, flexible and round, and connected up and down.
The body is loose, the body is solid and the spirit is restrained, and the body is covered with light figurines hanging overhead.
Yin and Yang deficiency and reality change rapidly, the source of intention is in the waist.
One practice of clumsiness is like madness, the other practice of soft sealing, closing and dialing.
Three practice inch by inch, four practice free-standing idle sleeping.
Five exercises for heart, liver, gallbladder, spleen and kidney, six exercises for muscles, bones, skin and flesh.
Intended to be upright and to hold the dungeon with ten toes,
Two knees squat slightly, loose hip easily twist waist.
Two elbows with two knees, eight sides are at ease.
Martial arts songs
Raise the clouds and grab the roots. Punch and squeeze in the middle. Eat the roots and bury the roots.
The body does not give up the main door, feet can not be empty, eyes less than one eye, punches do not fix.
Close to the hair, three sets in a row.
Eight-pole boxing techniques include: eight-pole frame, eight-pole boxing, six big openings, eight big moves, four-lang broad boxing, six elbows, Qinglong boxing and black tiger boxing, Flying Tiger boxing, spring and autumn knife, pick-up lance, six-pole gun, Walker stick, eight sticks, nine palace sword and so on. Boxing routines can be practiced independently or pairwise.
Eight-pole boxing takes six major opening and eight major tactics as its technical core. Its routines include eight-pole mini-frame, eight-pole boxing (also known as "eight-pole docking"), six elbows, rigid eight-pole, eight-pole new frame, eight-pole double-soft, etc. The main instruments are land-based big guns and land-based tie-up: its strength emphasizes collapse, shock, shock, strike, get, poke, squeeze, lean, as well as impact strength, binding strength and so on. It is characterized by concise action, combination of length and shortness, rapid development, protruding collision and tie-down, overlapping elbow method, and firm foot plate.
Baji docking is called "Baji Quan". A complete set of four trips and forty-two momentum. The main punch positions include elbow-topping, left-right lifting, end-gear, window-supporting, turning ring palm, big wrapping, small wrapping, collapse, kneeling, face-throwing palm, falling step smashing, etc.
Bajiquan's footwork is mainly bow and horse steps, and its footwork is composed of shocking footsteps and rushing steps.
The legs of Bajiquan should not be too demanding, such as playing, rubbing, sweeping, hanging, collapse, kicking, biting, fanning, cutting and pedaling.
1. Diamond Eight Potential (Basic Opening Door Practice): Hammer (Bow Collapse and Arrow Rush), Dragon (Five Yues Chaotian Pyramid), Fuhu (Liuhe Dijin), Paw-splitting (Axe and Steel splitting), Horseshoe-exploring (Mountaineering and horse-searching), Tiger-embracing (Huhugging), Bear-squatting (Hard Crouching by Bear), Crane-stepping (Steady pushing by Crane).
Second, the opening of the Sixth National Congress and the opening of the Sixth National Congress are the stunts of Bajiquan, which means opening the door first and then recruiting. Everyone who fights with the enemy does not depart from this skill. The six major openings are top, hug, sheet, lift, drag and entanglement. The key point of the Sixth National Congress is to rely on the combination of three and three.
3. Bajiquan rack (also can be matched with mud ball consumption soft rack).
Fourth, when practicing Bajiquan, we should make preparations first. Practice first light then heavy, first slow and then fast, while the tongue against the upper jaw, when the force is accompanied by the sound of humming, in order to achieve internal and external integration, strength integrity requirements. The movement of other parts should follow the principle of gradual progress, so that the whole body is coordinated up and down.
Fifth, big and small splitting palm: practicing octupole boxing must be assisted by splitting palm, combining rigidity and softness, and reaching all directions. Therefore, there is the saying that "the eight poles are more split and the gods and ghosts are afraid".
Sixth, auxiliary drills are: Pile-hugging, Pile-leaning, Top Bow Palm, Bag Drawing, Brick Running, etc.
Seventh, the training items are: eight-pole docking, eight-pole split-hanging, eight-pole claw boxing.
8. Instruments include:
1. Six-in-one gun, double-plate gun point (sliding big pole), big gun rack and dragon gun.
2. Big six-fold knife, small six-fold knife, snowflake knife, Wansheng double knife, blocking horse and throwing knife, spring and autumn knife.
3. Yuexia sword and Qingping sword.
4. Zhanshan stick (pedestrian stick).
Others have double hooks, Mandarin ducks, goose wings boring and so on.
9. Dual training instruments include: pair splitting Yuexia sword, pair plate six-joint gun, single-knife turning gun, throwing knife into gun, spring and autumn knife against double sword, three-knot stick against double crutch, tip stick against gun.
Ten, other have Yi Jin Jing, Dajia Tai Chi, Arhat Quan and so on.
Baji Ji: Most of the practitioners start with "Baji Ji". Some people call it "Gongjia Quan", "Xiao Baji" or "Xiaojiazi". It is the basic skill of Baji Quan and an important part of Baji Quan. It is simple, easy to practice, and has high fitness and practical value.
There are about 27 potentials, each of which is an independent tactic. There are different ways of doing exercises and different ways of doing exercises. Every potential is used directly according to its usage, and it is connected with each other and changed skillfully. In addition, the famous tactics of Baji Gate - "Eight Great Ways", also known as "Eight Ways", are also hidden in the Baji Road. It's a trick. Once you dial, analyze and try it out, you can master it.
Six Openings: refers to the six basic methods of "top, hold, bear, lift, drag and entanglement", which are the matriarchy of all kinds of movements. "Top" is the cruciform force exerted by the upper collar, sinking, left top and right pull in all directions; "embrace" is the technique of tightening a ball, waiting for the pillow to be launched, containing attack and attack in defense; "bear" is the technique of covering and smashing from top to bottom with the punch wheel as the point of strength; "lift" refers to the change of legs; "pull" is the method of bending short stroke and fast wrestling; "wrap" has big or small points, wrapping wrists, Big arms wrapped around. Fist score tells six big openings: "a dozen elbow turn around, two elbow hugging step by step, lifting and pulling combined with single yangtze, walking waist is entangled, turning over elbow halfway, open Shenquan to pass back."
Eight tactics: (1) King Yan's three-point hand, (2) Tigers climbing hard, (3) facing the door without consideration, (4) Overlords bending hard rein, (5) facing the wind, facing the sun, (6) opening the door hard, (7) Orioles holding claws, (8) standing to open the cannon.
Bajiquan is different from other kinds of boxing in its strength, which is characterized by "fierce and violent, shaking and assaulting" and "moving like a bow, hair like thunder". The main methods of strength are cross strength, sinking strength, filament-winding strength, etc., but the various forces are not isolated, but closely related and compatible as a whole.
1. The Process of Bajiquan Strength Technology
The boxing proverb says, "Move like a bow, blow like thunder." This is an image of the process of Bajiquan strength. "Moving like a bow" is a process of energy storage, which means that the body is like an open bow, full of energy, and then the energy stored by the whole body is transmitted to the limbs and released. In fact, it is more appropriate to use the term "body like bow, fist like arrow" to describe the energetic process of Bajiquan.
"If you explode thunder" is a description of the instantaneous power of Bajiquan characteristics. It contains two meanings: one is to make a sudden and violent effort to make people unexpected, to destroy the withered and decayed momentum; the other is to make a force to radiate from the human body in all directions, and to have a strong presence in any direction, just like a bomb exploding in the air.
Although the strength of Bajiquan is fierce, it pays attention to "strength to hair" in practice and application, that is, the "inch strength" and "explosive force" in Wushu practice, but what Bajiquan gives out is the power of penetration, not the power of shaking. The whole process of Bajiquan's exertion can be divided into the pre-movement process (the preparation process of the exertion) and the exertion process. The movement process of the exertion movement should be relaxed and meet the requirements of relaxation, unremitting, fast and rigidity, so as to complete the movement process quickly under the premise of saving physical strength and straightening out the tendons and veins, and then suddenly exert force when the movement moves to the designated position. Therefore, the main points of the power process of Bajiquan can be summarized as follows: the process before the power should be relaxed, fast, in place quickly and in place. This is not only the requirement of practice, but also the essentials of application.
Characteristics of force
Through the analysis of the strength of Bajiquan, we can conclude that the characteristics and functions of the strength of Bajiquan mainly include the following aspects.
The first is vigorous, violent and sudden. Because the power of Bajiquan is the whole power, the power is emitted from the human body, and all parts of the body are highly coordinated. At the same time, it fully stimulates the potential of the human body and makes it burst out instantaneously, forming the characteristics of strong and violent strength of Bajiquan. In practice, it is extremely powerful and lethal. Even the simplest and most basic method is very effective.
Second, it is full of strength and both attack and defense. As we have mentioned before, the strength of Bajiquan is radiated from the human body to all places. It has both obvious and hidden power, so to speak, the whole body is full of hidden power. Some aspects seem powerless, touch is powerful, and exist in all directions. The opponent will encounter a strong rebound whenever he breaks down or raids in any direction or attacks in several different directions at the same time, thus playing the role of protecting himself and hurting his opponent.
Thirdly, rigidity and softness come in succession, and reality and emptiness come into being. The strength of Bajiquan seems to be fierce, but in the process of vigorous and vigorous operation, it should be flexible and natural, fast but not rigid, soft and unremitting, and suddenly in place. The flexibility of the process and the rigidity of the force fully reflect the characteristics of the combination of the strength and flexibility of the eight-pole boxing. The flexible process creates good conditions for the strength and provides sufficient guarantee. The strength of this combination of rigidity and softness enables the eight-pole style to be combined with reality in its application. Every style of the eight-pole boxing can be divided into reality and falsehood. Without exertion, it is true. Without exertion, it is false. When it is in place, it will become true. Therefore, it can make people hard to distinguish between falsehood and reality, and it is difficult to distinguish between falsehood and falsehood.
Fourthly, it is simple and practical. Eight-pole boxing is accompanied by air blowing when it is exerting, so as to make the strength match and integrate inside and outside. Even the simplest tactics contain extremely ingenious strength, and can make the internal gas directly used in actual combat, thus sending out the power of supervision. This strong follow-up, like the waves of the sea, continuous, a wave higher than a wave, straight through the body, injuring the viscera, people can not resist. After being attacked, people do not feel well outside, but their internal organs are unbearable, which is what boxers call "internal injury".
Xi Quan problem
The strength of Bajiquan requires a high degree of overall coordination and its delicacy. Therefore, there are some problems and mistakes in practice, which can be summed up in four aspects: one is unclear, the other is one-sided understanding, the third is eager to exert, and the fourth is lack of strength.
Unknown essentials refer to the inability to correctly understand the essentials of power, or to stop at a glance, resulting in wrong judgments. As a result of cognitive errors or teachers'erroneous teaching, students' erroneous ideas are formed. Once this concept is formed, it is very stubborn, and other people's advice is difficult to listen to, so the final practice is not the strength of Bajiquan, just like what people in the martial arts circle often say, "Practice is the strength of Bajiquan, not the strength of Bajiquan". The solution to this situation is to overcome the self-righteous mentality and consult with famous old boxers modestly. It would be better to consult with old boxers who are highly respected by even their teachers. When consulting, they should be sincere and sincere, so that people can really tell you that after receiving the guidance of experienced old boxers, they should observe carefully and learn the truth from them.
One-sided understanding refers to knowing only one of the main points of power, not knowing the other, grasping one point and ignoring the rest. As a result, when exerting force, there is more than one side, but in other aspects, it violates the requirements of the main points of fist. For example, everyone knows that Bajiquan means to take the far-reaching meaning of the eight directions, but some people only have one extreme far when practicing the strength, and some people let their limbs go too far when practicing the strength, as if they have reached the far-reaching goal, but the strength point is not clear, the whole is not explosive power, and also lost the true meaning of the Bajiquan.
Being anxious to exert oneself means that although one knows the correct essentials, he has not yet put it into practice, and is anxious to exert oneself in action without overall harmony. Generally, people think that the strength of Bajiquan is strong, and they always feel that the lack of strength is not enough to embody the characteristics of Bajiquan, so they are eager to exert their strength and try to do so quickly. As a result, many unfavorable factors such as stiffness and incompatibility of strength are produced, which hinders the formation of correct strength. Although hard work and hard training have resulted in a lot of effort, it is still half the effort and the progress is slow, which is the truth of "speed is not enough". The way to overcome this problem is not to rush into exertion, but to carefully understand the essentials in slow practice, so that the essentials naturally dissolve in the movement, and then gradually try to exert, which will naturally achieve good results.
Lack of strength means that the force can not meet the requirements of the six-in-one, the overall inconsistency, that is, the old boxer's "incomplete play". The so-called "integration" is the overall force, that is, integration. The main manifestations of lack of strength are as follows: one is not synchronized between blowing and exerting force; the other is disjointed between stamping and exerting force; the third is lack of strength of erecting neck and top; the fourth is unequal strength of back hand and front hand, and backward deflection of back hand; the fifth is lack of sinking strength, body fluctuation, high and low at times, and so on. The best way to overcome these shortcomings is to correct them one by one by the teacher, or to work on behalf of good kungfu teachers. The key for boxers is to understand and correct them conscientiously so as to overcome the shortcomings one by one.
To practise the power technique of Bajiquan, first of all, we should grasp the essentials correctly, and the most basic essentials are the basic requirements of Bajiquan for all parts of the body, namely, "chest pulling back, top pulling back, shoulder sinking elbow, Qiguandantian". Then carefully ponder the principle and process of Bajiquan's exertion, so as to practice while theory, repeatedly verify, it will have twice the result with half the effort.
Second, we should start with "cross strength". Because "Cross Strength" is the mainstream of Bajiquan Strength, and it also contains other methods of Strength, so first practice this Strength to grasp the essence of things. The so-called "cross strength" refers to the strength of the front hand to strike forward and the strength of the back hand to pull back constitutes a cross; while the strength of sinking shoulders, falling elbows, stomping feet and blowing air is the strength of all limbs to sink downwards, forming an upward pulling force with the top, neck and waist, constituting the vertical of the "cross", so we call it "cross strength", also known as "cross pulling strength".
Thirdly, we should choose actions that can fully reflect the strength characteristics of Bajiquan to practice. These movements are mainly hammer, face-to-face palm and embracing the baby (horse step top elbow). Whether it is to cultivate internal force on the stake, or to try and exert strength, they are practiced repeatedly from these movements. Every movement should be practiced one by one in an attempt to be accurate and keep in mind the grass. Finally, the accumulation of the number of exercises will lead to a qualitative change. The old boxers said, "If you don't hit the baby 20,000 times, you can't get out of it." The hammer and face-to-face palm should be "practiced countless times, the more the better, to learn to be sophisticated." Practice for a long time will experience the mystery of infinite.
Fourth, step by step. When practicing, we should first try to understand the main points of feeling in all aspects of the body, then try to exert a little strength after feeling right, and then gradually increase the strength with the increase of the ability, that is, to "pull out the bright energy with the dark energy". But after having a certain amount of power, also remember to put less effort (that is, very strong).
Fifth, Bajiquan practises explosive force, which is what people call "inch strength". He talks about strength to the hair, but the hair is superficial strength, not trembling strength. The movement process should be flexible and natural, relax fully, but be relaxed and unremitting. After being in place quickly, suddenly exert force. When exerting force, "like a pile of mud thrown to that" it should be solid and stable, not shaking and shaking.
Strength is the soul of boxing. Only by practicing it well can we lay a solid foundation for future boxing practice, practice practical techniques well and use them well. Only by doing so, can we give full play to the overall round strength at any time under any circumstances and exert tremendous power in actual combat.
The stamping, blowing and strength of Bajiquan constitute the three basic elements of the strength of Bajiquan, and become the basic characteristics of Bajiquan which is different from other kinds of boxing. Without these basic elements, the essence of Bajiquan will be lost. Therefore, the basic elements lay the foundation of the whole boxing skill, which is the first skill that must be mastered by the practitioners. It plays a vital role in improving the overall level of boxing. There are many practitioners and enthusiasts of Bajiquan.
However, there is a general phenomenon that basic technology is not up to standard, or even rudimentary, which leads to the result that it is difficult to enter the classroom despite years of hard work. In view of this situation, from the beginning of this lecture, we will analyze and explain the basic techniques of the eight polar boxing in an attempt to help and inspire the OCI fans.
The "stamping" of Bajiquan, also known as "stamping", is the main factor that constitutes the unique footwork of Bajiquan and an important component of the strength of Bajiquan. There are different forms of foot stamping, step stamping, step stamping, step stamping, double foot stamping, single foot stamping, rolling stamping and so on. There are light, heavy, slow, urgent, bright and dark differences in practice.
There are four functions of stamping technique: first, it can help punch, second, it can fix the foundation, third, it can increase power, and fourth, it can attack the plate.
The so-called assistant punch. Firstly, through the practice of stamping technique, the whole body's strength can be coordinated and smoothly, which can help the upper limbs, trunk and other parts of the power, increase the impact strength and effect. Secondly, the landslide and ground fissure momentum produced by stamping can deter the enemy, exert psychological pressure on the other side, make it fear, and play a leading role.
So-called solid foundation. It refers to the sinking force generated by the force, through stamping the foot straight through the surface, into the underground, so that people take root under the foot, the foot plate is stable, that is, in an instant, quickly increase the friction between the foot and the ground.
The so-called power enhancement. That is, after long-term stamping exercises, can increase the strength of lower limbs, and can produce penetration. In Wulin, there are kicking, kicking and rolling stones. We are kicking and kicking the earth.
The so-called undertake. It refers to stamping is a relatively concealed leg method, that is, stamping on the other side's foot, stamping on the other side's toe and foot bone can be broken, stamping on the middle door can also occupy the other side's footwork, the so-called foot on the middle door is the same. At the same time, it can also eat the opponent's next plate, and use three sets of continuous attack techniques, so that the opponent can not be defeated, with great effectiveness.
Liable to make mistakes
There are four main mistakes in the practice of stamping technique: one is to raise the foot too high, the other is to fall on the wrong foot, the third is to have no clear point of strength, and the fourth is to have no strength. The stamping foot of Bajiquan is different from the shocking foot of other kinds of boxing, especially from the shocking foot of Changquan. Its technique is also very delicate.
Over-elevation of feet is due to the lack of understanding, simple imitation, unreasonable, and deviation in understanding. They always feel that only by raising their feet can they exert themselves. The boxing proverb says, "Eight poles and eight poles are inseparable from the ground." The legs of Bajiquan are not higher than knees, and the footwork is close to the ground to ensure the stability of the lower plate.
False foothold is the foot-rest piece usually talked about by the octupole boxer. It sounds loud and crisp. Although it has a good performance effect, it has no practical value because its strength only stays on the ground. After the correct stamp, the force penetrates the ground and goes deep into the ground. The sound is dull and thick. It sounds like the sound is emitted from the ground. When you practice indoors, you will feel that the ground and the walls are shaking.
Force point is not clear mainly refers to the toe, sole, heel, lateral part of the sole and other parts of the force is not clear, or produce the wrong local force, resulting in heel, ankle and other parts of the injury, affecting the effectiveness of training and the mastery of the correct method. In the practice of stamping, the focus should be changed according to different movement needs and uses, but in any case, the ten toes should be guaranteed to grasp the ground, and the heel should never be allowed to land first.
Incompatible strength is the root cause of all kinds of errors. The main manifestation is that the sole purpose of stamping is to stamp the foot, forming the inconsistency of leg and foot strength with the overall strength and air blowing, resulting in the incoherence of internal Qi and the inability of force to sink. Some people in order to increase stamping strength, the body first up and then down, on the contrary, it is self-defeating, hard to break up. It is not essential to practice stamping, that is to say, it will affect the improvement of the overall level of boxing skills, but also cause injury. The light ones are easy to injure the foot, and the serious ones will shake the brain and cause cerebrovascular diseases.
First of all, we should choose the appropriate training venue. The best choice of stamping exercise is on the soil floor. The cement floor is too hard and vulnerable. The floor is elastic and not easy to produce penetration and strength. The carpet is too soft and always feels weak. Over time, it will affect the improvement of technical level.
Second, we should step by step, from light to heavy, with light as the main factor. Lightly stamping is the so-called use of dark energy, especially beginners must pay attention not to easily exert, through more practice of dark energy, strength and smoothness, body coordination, after a period of time and then try to exert, that is, what the old boxers call "use dark energy to pull out bright energy". Even after having some power, we should play less energetic and less energetic (i.e. very energetic), so as not to form a wrong dynamic stereotype, or even injure. Once the wrong things are formed and formed into habits, it will be difficult to change them later. That is why it is so-called "learning boxing is easy to change boxing".
Thirdly, stamping feet should be compatible with blowing air. Whether the inside and outside of boxing match mainly depends on whether the strength and strength match. The key of the six-in-one boxing lies in the combination of the strength and strength. The stamping of the script body is also a kind of strength. Therefore, stamping and blowing of the foot are the necessary factors to complete the stamping technique. The main sign of the combination of foot stamping and air blowing is that both of them are produced at the same time, and can not be completed at the same time, without leading and lagging behind, let alone without air blowing when stamping. The degree of blowing air should be in accordance with the intensity of exertion, so as to prevent the reaction force of the ground from damaging the body with the penetration of internal air.
Fourth, correct posture. When stamping, raise the foot not too high, lower stamping force front foot should be as low as possible. The bending of the legs should be moderate, straightening is not conducive to alleviating the reaction force on the ground. Overbending can easily disengage the stamping foot from the overall strength, resulting in the phenomenon of partial force and overall incompatibility. Therefore, it is appropriate to raise the boxing frame slightly in the first practice.
Fifth, practice stamping with other movements. When practicing, we should follow the principle from simplicity to complexity. We can first practice the stamping without upper limb movement in combination with footwork, then add simple upper limb movements, and gradually apply them to more complex movements. However, we can not act too quickly, which will affect the quality of stamping feet due to upper limb movements.
Sixth, stamping should be consistent with the overall strength. Stamping is an organic part of the overall force, and a reflection of the downward sinking force in the cross force. It should not be a partial force action of the legs and feet, but a push-down action of the legs and feet when the whole force is exerted. Therefore, all the force action must have stamping. The stamping force is directly controlled by the overall force.
Although stamping technique is the basic technique of Bajiquan, it is of great importance to the whole skill of boxing. Its principle and function can not be summarized in a single text, and its abstruse points can not be revealed in words. However, if the practitioners can understand the content thoroughly, understand it carefully in practice, and take time, stamping technique will become more and more pure, and the overall skill level of boxing will be much higher. Raise.
The air blowing of Bajiquan is the basic element of the strength characteristics of Bajiquan, and it is the unique method of using air in Bajiquan. As the saying goes, "Practice one breath inside and one skin outside." This is the experience of boxers. Chinese traditional Wushu emphasizes both internal and external training, and has always attached great importance to Qi training, which is also the main difference between Chinese traditional Wushu and other fighting skills. There are many methods of practicing Qi in Wushu, and their manifestations are different, but there are mainly two kinds: internal and external nourishment, and the method of blowing Qi is the most applicable method in actual combat.
Air blowing is a very important basic technique of Bajiquan. Its main functions are as follows: first, it can stabilize the disc, second, it can strengthen the strength, third, it can strengthen the muscles and bones, and fourth, it can promote the combination of six.
The so-called steady down. It is through blowing gas to promote internal gas downward penetration, that is to say, Dantian gas is injected into both feet through both legs, and is emitted downward from Yongquan Point, so as to stabilize the footwall. The so-called "calm is stable, floating is floating" is this truth. In the application, when the other party tries to fall you and power the moment, you can blow down and sink, then the other party is very difficult to fall you, which is what people call "jack" kungfu.
The so-called boosting force. It is through blowing air to stimulate Dantian Qi, which is emitted by the power point of the limbs, thus increasing the strike force of the power point, and can penetrate into the body of the other party, injuring its internal organs. Therefore, offensive techniques accompanied by air blowing can increase the impact.
The so-called strong muscles and bones. It is in the moment of blowing air, so that all parts of the body are filled with real gas, like an inflatable ball, can fight, but also rebound. When the opponent is attacked and unable to evade, blowing can make the external force can not penetrate into my body, thereby increasing the ability to fight in all parts of the body; and can use blowing to generate rebound force, injury and opponent, the greater the strength of the opponent, the more serious the injury. When practicing the body-beating skills such as backrest and stake-leaning, accompanied by air-blowing can avoid visceral injury and promote the growth of power.
The so-called promotion of six-in-one. It is not only to promote the realization of the six-in-one requirement of boxing. Boxing all talks about six-in-one, of which the three-in-one "hand and foot, elbow and knee, shoulder and crotch" (as well as the speaker, eye and body), is the requirement of the body shape coordination. "Heart and Intention, Intention and Qi" in the inner triad is the requirement of human internal factors and spiritual aspects, while "Qi and Qi" is the key link to communicate inside and outside. That is to say, only the combination of strength and strength can make the inside and outside fit, and the inside and outside fit can achieve the six-in. Eight-pole boxing is a specific way of combining strength and strength. If it can't be used properly or not, it will lead to internal and external disagreement, and it will be difficult to enter the hall for a lifetime.
As a basic technique of Bajiquan, blowing Qi should be practiced at the beginning of practicing it. And it is also the key to the six-in-one of eight-pole boxing, so we should attach importance to it as soon as possible. There are many problems in the air blowing technology, which need to be solved in time. These problems can be summarized in five aspects: first, there is no exhaustion, second, mechanical imitation, third, the main points are not clear, fourth, the time is too long, and fifth, the strength is not enough.
No blow: The main reason is the superficial understanding of Bajiquan. Imagine that without the combination of strength and strength, there are six combinations of boxing. If the combination of strength and strength is not enough, the essence of boxing will be lost. Are you still practicing Bajiquan? Some people practice Bajiquan with their teachers for many years, but they still can't blow their breath. When they ask the teacher how to blow their breath, the teacher says, "You haven't practiced it yet, if you practice early, you will make a mistake." As a result, even the disciples who have been practicing Bajiquan for decades can't blow their breath. They all practice "Qiba Quan". I really don't know when he can teach "Qi blowing"? I'm afraid he's only heard about it himself. He hasn't practiced it at all, has he? This is really a mistake.
Mechanical imitation: Most beginners are liable to make mistakes, the main reason is the coach's problem, or conservative thinking is serious and unwilling to elaborate, or they do not know why, so they can not explain. So the students have to imitate the teacher mechanically, the teacher "hum" the students follow "hum", the teacher "ha" the students also follow "ha", and even each action and "hum", "ha" the seats, which is the most obvious feature of mechanical imitation.
The main point is unclear: refers to the principle of air blowing is not known, the method and steps of practice are not clear, the use of air blowing in different situations is ambiguous, resulting in deviation. Some only blow their breath through the nasal cavity. When the power is high, their faces turn red because of the narrowness of the nasal cavity, which leads to the upsurge of blood and gas. It not only causes the rupture and bleeding of the capillaries in the nasal cavity, but also has adverse effects on the cerebrovascular and cerebral nerves. Some require the tongue to lick the upper jaw, which is correct when the force is small and only nasal air is blowing, but when the force is large and the mouth is needed to participate in air blowing, the tongue hinders the airflow and participates in the air blowing process, which affects the normal operation of air blowing, and for a long time it is difficult to improve the quality of air blowing.
Over-time: refers to the time spent in the process of air-blowing is significantly prolonged, so that not only can not play the due role of air-blowing, but also make the body venting, self-defeating, contrary to wishes. Like a deflated ball, weak, neither can increase strength, nor can it improve the ability to fight.
Force incompatibility: Several situations mentioned above will affect the combination of strength and strength in boxing. But what I'm talking about here is that the lack of strength mainly refers to the fact that the exhaustion is not synchronized with the exertion, either ahead of time or behind time. Mainly manifested in the following aspects: first blow, then blow, and some blow for longer time than the exertion time, and so on.
If these problems are not solved in time, the habit of forming over time will directly hinder the improvement of the technical level of boxing and affect the correct understanding of the technology of Bajiquan, which will greatly discount and even produce side effects. Therefore, we must take these problems seriously, correct the wrong practices in time, and make our boxing level develop smoothly.
Bajiquan's air-blowing voice is different from the voice of other kinds of boxing, and it is not the same as the shout of practicing boxing. There are great differences between them in essence. Therefore, the following points should be made clear when practicing air-blowing.
1. To clarify the process and requirements of air blowing.
The air blowing of Bajiquan is to expel the buoyancy in the body quickly at the moment of exertion, so as to make the internal gas run down and the true gas memory. The key to blowing gas is that the whole process should be completed in a very short period of time. It should be produced at the same time with the power, and at the same time the end should not be advanced or lagged by either side. Only in this way can the effect of combining force and force be achieved.
2. Clarify the essence of "hum-ha" two Qi
Usually when Baji boxers talk about blowing their breath, they say that they have "hum-ha" two breaths, and some of them implement it into specific actions, which actions are "hum" and which actions are "ha", but they are intuitive and easy to understand and remember. But the author thinks that "hum-ha" two Qi is only the exterior image of blowing Qi, not the essence of blowing Qi. If only the exterior image is used to understand and guide the practice of gong, it will inevitably lead to deviation.
The difference between "hum" and "haw" is determined by the degree of blowing, and the degree of blowing depends on the force, that is to say, blowing and the force should be highly consistent in degree. When the strength is small or the strength is dark, the air blow is slight, and the amount of air discharged is also small. It can be accomplished only by the nasal cavity. Because the sound of air flow through the nasal cavity is similar to "hum", boxers call it "hum". When the force is large or full, blow is heavy. At this time, the amount of air discharged is large, and the nasal cavity is narrow, which is obviously not enough to complete the task. At this time, oral supplement, or even oral cavity is needed to ensure the smooth completion of the blowing process. Because most of the high-speed airflow is passed through the mouth, the voice is similar to "ha", which boxers call "ha". This is the cause and essence of the formation of "hum-ha" gas.
Therefore, in the process of practicing air blowing, when to use "hum" and when to use "ha" are determined by the size of the exertion and the weight of air blowing. If we only use one or two minutes to practice a rack, it is enough to blow air only through the nose, then the sounds are similar to "hum". To use the expression of "hum" and "hum" is to practice the rack with "hum". If we use seven or eight minutes to practice the rack with breath mainly through the mouth, then the sounds are similar to "ha". Then we use "ha" to practice the rack again. But when the strength is light or heavy in practice, the "hum-ha" two Qi have both.
In a word, if we grasp the above principles, we can easily handle the relationship between "hum-ha" and "gas", and everything will go according to its nature. There is no need to stipulate "hum-ha" and "gas" separately in each action and tactics.
3. Notices for Exercising Air-blowing Techniques
The best way to practice blowing is under the guidance of experienced boxers, which is quick to get started, easy to grasp the essentials, and not easy to deviate. Second, we should adhere to the principle of gradual progress from light to heavy. Practice carefully when the essentials, find the right feeling, when you feel that has met the requirements of the essentials, then gradually increase. Thirdly, air blowing should be completed in a very short time, but it can not consciously cut off the air flow. Fourthly, air blowing should be closely coordinated with power generation. First of all, it should meet the requirement of "simultaneous generation and concurrent termination". Fifthly, when you feel uncomfortable, you should find out the reasons in time, adjust in time, correct the mistakes, and consult the teacher in time when you are confused, so as not to form bad habits and be difficult to correct, or even deviations and injuries to the body, which will not only affect the improvement of boxing skills, but also leave endless regrets.