Eagle Claw

Home Culture 2019-07-14

Eagle Claw

Eagle Claw Turn Boxing is a new type of Chinese traditional boxing, which is derived from the Eight Flash Turn. It is also a famous Chinese national master, Mr. Chen Zizheng (1878-1933) (from Li Linzhuang Village, Xiongxian County, Baoding City, Hebei Province), who has been studying, enriching and experiencing for 30 years, and has gradually perfected and developed into a famous excellent boxing in the world of Zhenquan. Skills, this boxing has the characteristics of "flipping" of turning boxer, the quickness, vigor of Shaolin Boxer and the skill of grasping and grasping with eagle's claw. It has a remarkable fitness function, outstanding skill and strong practicability, and has been praised by the martial arts circles. A New Book of Chronicles by Qi Jiguang, a patriotic general of the Ming Dynasty. The Quick Summary of the Fist Classic says, "In ancient and modern boxing studies, Song Taizu has 32 powerful long fists, and eight flickers are also good people." It is also said that some boxing techniques are superior to others, but superior to others. Skills and "front, back, left, right, up, down, middle and double" eight flip techniques.

The Eagle Claw Flipping Boxing is a school of Eight Flipping Boxing. It is based on the eight Flipping Boxing techniques. It absorbs the grasping techniques of "Yueshi Sanshou" in Shaolin Boxing and the cunning grasping techniques of Eagle claw, and develops into a new type of Flipping Boxing with the characteristics of "Eagle Claw" hand.

In 2008, the Eagle Claw Turn Boxing was approved by the State Council and listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.

A Brief Introduction to the Kinds of Boxing

The Eagle Claw Turn Boxing is a kind of excellent boxing with a long history in the treasure house of Chinese traditional martial arts. It was named "Eight Flash Turn" in the Ming Dynasty and later commonly known as "Turn Boxing" and "Turn Boxing". Liu Chengyou is a grandson of Liu Shijun, a native of Guzhuangtou Village, Xiongxian County, Baoding City, Hebei Province. He was praised as Jiangbei Liu by Liu Shijun's Eagle grasping merit (known as Yueshi Sanshou). He once followed Yang Jingshan's flying legs in his studies and learned from renowned turnovers Liu Dequan and Dong Xianzhou.

A New Book of Chronicles by Qi Jiguang, a patriotic general of the Ming Dynasty. The Quick Summary of the Fist Classic says, "In ancient and modern boxing studies, Song Taizu has 32 powerful long fists, and eight flickers are also good people." It is also said that some boxing techniques are superior to others, but superior to others.

Eight flip-flops and backward flip-flops breed various schools of flip-flops, without the drawback of "top-down, bottom-up", but all adopt the flip-flops techniques of "top-down, down-up, head-tail, front-back, left, right, top-down, middle and double" and the eight flip-flops techniques of "front-back, left, right, top-down, middle and double".

The Eagle Claw Flipping Boxing is a school of Eight Flipping Boxing. It is based on the eight Flipping Boxing techniques. It absorbs the grasping techniques of "Yueshi Sanshou" in Shaolin Boxing and the cunning grasping techniques of Eagle claw, and develops into a new type of Flipping Boxing with the characteristics of "Eagle Claw" hand.

History

spread

In the past, it was mainly spread to Gaoyang, Hebei Province, and to northeast China in the late Qing Dynasty. Mainly in Hebei, Liaoning, Gansu, Shaanxi and other provinces more prevalent. Modern turning boxing originated from Duan's in Hebei Province. Nowadays, dumpling boxing is widely spread in Northwest and Northeast China, both of which belong to the same line, but they are slightly different in strength and style. In the northwest, after the evolution of general vigor, more attention was paid to waist force, thick and uniform; in the northeast, more attention was paid to brittle and fast. Fist techniques are mainly grasping and grabbing, splitting bones and tendons, tossing and rolling, sticking to inside flashing and jumping. In 1921, he transferred to Hong Kong Martial Arts Club, and the following year he went to Singapore Martial Arts Club. In 1923, Wuchang Jingwu Association of Hubei Province was founded and went to teach in the association. Legacy works include Eagle Claw Turn Boxing, Eagle Claw Lianquan 50 Routes, and Eagle Claw Turn Boxing Abstracts. In 2006, it was selected as the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage, numbered VI-27.

Tricks

The basic routines of turning-over boxing are standing-pile turning, followed by eight-fold turning, light-handed turning, captive turning, Jianzhong turning and other routines. In addition, in Hebei, Beijing and Tianjin, there are also six-handed turnovers, Yanqing turnovers, Eagle Claw turnovers and so on. The routine of turning boxer is generally short and sharp, and its strength is rapid. Its two fists are dense like rain, its posture is prone and flickering, and its movements are completed at one go. Therefore, the proverb of turning boxer is called "turning a whip on one go". The strength of turning boxing emphasizes brittleness, speed, hardness and bullet. In recent years, turning boxers are compatible with poking feet and splitting and hanging, so they also pursue the power of huff and puff, pulling back and agitating against the heavy splitting. The unique instruments of turning boxer include eight-step serial hand knife, Mian warfare knife and so on. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, turning boxing was listed as a national martial arts performance and competition.

Fanziquan is more popular in Hebei and more prevalent in Baoding, south of Beijing. Li Gengyun of Lishuyuan in Anxin County, Guoyindong in Xiongxian County, Dong Xianzhou and Liu Shijun were all famous rollers in the late Qing Dynasty. They were well-known in the capital city and in the south of Beijing.

Development

In "Unveiling the Secrets of East Fujian Wulin Series Report", this newspaper presents all kinds of powerful and profound Nanquan Kungfu, but in the highly inclusive East Fujian Wulin, there are still many schools of North Changquan. Beiquan, which is totally different from Nanquan, occupies a place in Wulin of Eastern Fujian with its stretching posture, flexible movement, fast and powerful, and distinct rhythm. On February 2, the reporter paid a special visit to Mr. Zhang Xiuqi, president of Jiaocheng Wushu Association and representative of Ningde Eagle Claw Turn Boxing, and felt the charm and charm of Changquan.

Second, invite famous teachers to teach boxing in the South

When he met Zhang Xiuqi, he was earnestly instructing the students in the training center of Jiaocheng Wushu Association. As deputy secretary-general of Ningde Wushu Association and President of Jiaocheng Wushu Association, he would come to the training center to teach boxing voluntarily whenever he was free. He is just sixty years old this year, but his appearance, figure and movements are the same as those of a man in his forties. Although he is now the representative of Ningde Eagle Claw Flipping Boxing disciples, Zhang Xiuqi told reporters that he started practicing Eagle Claw Flipping Boxing in his thirties. Influenced by his father, Zhang Xiuqi practiced traditional Nanquan with his local Nanquan master at the age of 13. He practiced traditional Nanquan for more than 20 years. He is still one of the representative disciples of Baihe Quan in Shaolin, Ningde.

Since he has been a traditional Nanquan since elementary school, how can he now have a traditional long boxing - Eagle Claw Turn Boxing so good? Originally, in 1983, the Japanese Shaolin Fist Federation visited Shanghai and discussed martial arts with three Chinese folk martial arts masters. One of them was Mr. Chen Zhengyao, the third generation representative of Eagle Claw Flipping Boxing. The martial arts masters shocked the members of the Japanese Shaolin Fist Federation and repeatedly marveled at Chinese folk martial arts. Yes. After reading the news from Xinmin Evening News, Zhang Xiuqi and five other friends who studied boxing had the idea of learning from Mr. Chen Zhengyao, so they went to Shanghai specially, hoping to ask Chen Zhengyao to authorize him to go south, but at that time he had been invited to teach in Japan by the Shaolin Fist League of Japan. The following year, Chen Zhengyao returned to China, and they went to Shanghai again. This time, Chen Zhengyao was moved by their sincerity. He went south to Fujian and held a training course in Ningde. The first group of 13 students, including Zhang Xiuqi and Yuan Mengmeng, taught Eagle Claw Boxing for two years. In 1987, Chen Zhengyao sent his son Chen Gui to Fujian to study the students'martial arts. He found that Zhang Xiuqi and Yuan Mengmeng had good talent, were diligent in practicing martial arts and had a sincere heart. They were formally accepted as the fourth generation of introductory disciples of Yingzhao Fanziquan. They became Chen Zhengyao's only two disciples in Fujian. After entering Chen Zhengyao's door formally, Zhang Xiuqi practiced diligently, and finally grasped the essence of the Eagle Claw Flipping Boxing. In order to carry forward the Eagle Claw Flipping Boxing in eastern Fujian, he began to teach it freely in 1989.

More than a hundred catties of stone is an extraordinary skill in legs

As Zhang Xiuqi originally practiced the traditional Nanquan Baihe Quan, in boxing practice and style routine, Baihe Quan and Changquan Eagle Claw Turn Quan are quite different, and Zhang Xiuqi has been practicing Eagle Claw Turn Quan for more than 30 years, so he walks more difficult than others on the practice road. Nanquan pays attention to strength and strength, while Changquan pays attention to soft skills. Zhang Xiuqi can't pass the basic skill of soft work. After more than 20 years of practice in Nanquan, his bones and muscles have been extremely hardened. He has suffered a lot just by pressing his legs. In order to loosen the muscles and bones of his legs, Mr. Chen Zhengyao asked Mr. Zhang Xiuqi to grind a stone weighing more than 100 kilograms and tie it to his legs when pressing on his legs. The pain was extraordinary, and the man in his thirties could not help but shed tears. However, the constant pursuit of martial arts, let Zhang Xiuqi feel pain, but still adhere to it, and finally in half a year later, practised extraordinary leg skills. Speaking of it, Zhang Xiuqi pressed his right leg on the table, signaling that reporters could sit up and try, so the reporter carefully sat on Zhang Xiuqi's hanging right leg, worried about whether he could bear it or not. When he saw him, he still talked and laughed, the reporter was relieved. Zhang Xiuqi said that even with one person's weight, there is no problem.

A generation of master originally created Eagle Claw Turn Boxing Eagle Claw Turn Boxing is a modern type of boxing, created by a generation of master Chen Zizheng. Mr. Chen Zizheng is a famous martial arts master and educator in modern China. Since childhood, good martial arts have the essence of Shaolin boxing, Zi Zi boxing, Yue's Sanshou, and eagle claw catching method. He is good at Eagle Claw Boxing and has the reputation of "King of Eagle Claw" in China. Mr. Chen Zizheng was born in Lilinzhuang Village, Xiongxian County, Hebei Province in 1878. He was calm and introverted since childhood, with a strong figure and quick action. When I was a child, I often won by skillful means or even by a few enemies in fighting with my companions. His uncle Liu Chengyou is a great martial arts master of a generation. He was trained in Yang Jingshan, Liu Dequan, Dong Xianzhou, who is famous for his "flying legs". He later got the true biography of Liu Shijun's Yue Sanshou, who is known as "Jiangbei Liu" in his time. Once Chen Zi was climbing up a tree top, climbing twigs, drooping and laughing with people, still playing games, his face did not change color. Liu Chengyou saw this scene and said in great surprise, "This son is the one who passes on my skills." So Chen Zizheng was accepted as a disciple. Since then, Chen Zizheng has earned Liu Chengyou's excellent biography. He has practiced many kinds of skills, both inside and outside, with boxing, palms, arms, legs and being in the position of meritorious service. Especially the "Eagle Claw Boxing" is especially deep, and the grasp of objects is damaged, while the grasp of people is both bone and flesh injured. Once, more than a dozen young people in the village had to discuss martial arts with Chen Zi. In order to avoid being hurt by mistake, Chen Zi took off his coat silently, lifted a boulder of hundreds of kilograms in the yard with two fingers, and then pressed his clothes under the stone. More than a dozen young people immediately withdrew. Since then, no one in the village dared to compete with Chen Zi. Quantity.

In the early years of the Republic of China, bandits ran rampant, and thieves often appeared in Chen Zizheng's hometown. In 1913, a group of bandits came to the village to rob again, and Chen Zi was stepping forward. Seeing that Chen Zizheng was alone, the bandits rushed up and surrounded him. Chen Zi was bare-handed, flashing and moving, so that the bandits could not touch him. Suddenly, Chen Zi was leaping up to a willow tree, holding the trunk with his arm, and pulling up a willow tree three inches in diameter. So, holding willow trees, he first knocked down the gunman, then swept across, and knocked down the bandits on both sides. The rest of the bandits had to flee in a hurry. From then on, bandits no longer dared to invade Chen Zizheng's village. All his life, Mr. Chen Zizheng obeyed the teachings of his teacher Liu Chengdu and used his skills to strengthen the people's physique and spirit. He has been engaged in martial arts activities for more than 20 years, traveling all over the motherland, and enjoying a wide range of peaches and plums. Later, he found Shaolin boxing, Eagle Claw boxing, and Zi Zi Quan have their own characteristics and advantages. Therefore, he changed the Yueh Sanshou, and incorporated Shaolin fist, fist boxing and all kinds of boxing skills into a new boxing style, which is characterized by internal and external characteristics, the eagle hand boxing. After the death of Mr. Chen Zizheng, his nephew Chen Guoqing, Chen Guojun and others continued to carry forward the Eagle Claw Turn Boxing. They set foot in the north and south of the Yangtze River and taught in Singapore, the Philippines, Hong Kong and other countries or regions.

Source and course

Eagle Claw fist boxing is created by the great master Chen Zizheng, who integrates Shaolin boxing, Zi Zi Quan, Yue's Sanshou and hawk's claws. Chen Zizheng (1878-1933), known as Jiping, is a native of Lilinzhuang, Xiongxian County, Hebei Province. He is good at Eagle Claw Boxing and is known as the "King of Eagle Claw". In the seventh year of the Republic of China (1918), he performed "Eagle Claw Arhat Boxing" in Shanghai and taught "Eagle Claw Boxing" in Shanghai Jingwu Sports Association.

When Chen Zi was in Singapore in Li Nian, an American strongman challenged Chinese martial arts. He was making a good agreement with Chen Gongzi to compete in martial arts. The American strongman hit Chen Zizheng in the face with lightning boxing. Chen flashed a little, stretched out his hand to obstruct his opponent's right fist, used the method of dividing muscles and bones, and only listened to the strongman's grotesque cry, instantly. Kneeling to beg for mercy, his hand and back bone fracture, oral, even claimed to praise the strength of Chinese Kung Fu Eagle Claw Boxing.

Characteristic

1. strength

Powerful and powerful. Emphasis is laid on the strength of the fountain, strength from the spine, and requires that all attacks must have deep skills, one punch and one foot is a combination of hand, eye, body, spirit, strength and work, with the whole body strength, through relaxation of the limbs, focus on the hands and feet. Strength should be cold and crisp, heavy and firm, accompanied by a fearsome spirit.

2. Like thunder and wind, sitting like a mountain. Sitting like a mountain is difficult to shake, like a gale of wind and thunder. The routine embodies that the superior position adopts the axillary position of standing tightly in silence to show strict barriers and judge the enemy's situation.

3. Straight out and straight in, fist in the middle.

The basic skills include internal, external and frame work.

The important basic skills are wheel work, iron arm work, eight turning of station piles and eight driving potentials of driving piles.

Skills and Books

Hawk's claws and iron sands. The palm is amazing, splitting several green bricks.

Relevant books:

Eagle Claw Turn Boxing

Eagle Claw Turn Boxing

Liu Fameng's Comment on Falcon's Skill of Turning Over the Eagle's Claw

representative figure

Chen Zizheng

Chen Zizheng was appointed to teach at Shanghai Jingwu General Association in 1919, and later became Vice President. During this period, he absorbed the "eight flash flip", "Yue style Sanshou" and the essence of all kinds of school boxing. A total of fifty hawk claw flipping punches were reorganized (published in 1986 by the Xiongxian Sports Bureau Zhang Xingyi, published by the Hebei people's Publishing House). During his teaching period, he first taught turning boxing, then gave Eagle Claw Xingquan and Eagle Claw Lianquan, which were highly praised by the martial arts circles. Later, he was invited to teach art in Guangzhou and Hong Kong, and defeated Einstein, a German strongman, to strengthen his national prestige. The Eagle Claw Turn Boxing is popular in Northeast China, South China, Hong Kong and Singapore.

Chen Zizheng's second generation of descendants was an inverted disciple, Chen Guoqing, who had received Chen Zizheng's true biography since childhood and excelled in martial arts. In his early years, he taught in the Boxing Class of Shanghai Jingwu Federation, and later in Hankou Jingwu Branch, specializing in the skills of Yingzhao Tuozi Quan. After "September 18th", he became angry with Japan, invaded China and returned home with hatred. He died of illness in 1986.

Chen Dexin

Chen Dexin, the great-grandson of Chen Zizheng, and the owner of Chen Zizheng's former residence in Xiongxian County, set up Chen Zizheng's Wushu inheritance class in the West Court of Chen Zizheng's former residence, in order to protect Chen Zizheng's former residence, make cultural relics live, culture fire up and inherit Wushu well, so as to combine the former residence of cultural relics with non-legacy Wushu organically and strive to build a living museum. Now 60 students in the first phase are all children of this village, and they are not charged tuition fees and are obligated to teach. Having received strong support from the relevant units of the county and the government of Xianggang Town, Chen Zizheng will not forget his first intention and continue to advance in order to carry forward his martial arts spirit. To do one's part for Xiongan's unyielding development.

Chen Zhengyue

Chen Zhengyue, one of the three generations of Eagle Claw Turn Boxing, is skilled and has traveled all over the country. He participated in the Congress celebrating the seventy-fifth anniversary of the founding of Huo Yuanjia's elite Martial Arts Association in Shanghai in 1984. He later set up a martial arts school in his hometown and passed on Chen Shaoyu in the fourth generation. He also filmed the TV play Chen Zizheng, the king of Eagle Claw Boxing. He introduced the legendary life of Chen Zizheng, the founder of this boxing, to domestic and foreign audiences and friends of the martial arts circle through the screen, so that the family of martial arts successors, so as to carry forward Chinese martial arts.

Chen Guixue

Chen Guixue is the successor of the fourth generation Eagle Claw Turn Boxing.

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