Du Mu

Home Celebrity 2019-09-07

Du Mu

Du Mu (803 years - 852 years), Zi Mu Zhi, Fan Chuan Chuan, Han, Jing Zhao Wan (now Shaanxi Xi'an). Du Mu is Tang dynasty Outstanding poets, An essayist The prime minister. Du you Sun, Du from Yu Son. Emperor Wenzong of Tang Big sum Two years, 26 year old Jinshi, Hong Hong Wen Museum School Book Lang After that, he went to Jiangxi to observe the curtain, turn to Huainan's curfew, and observe the curtain. Huangzhou , Chizhou , Bokuju Governor's history And so on.

Later in life, he lived in the villa of Annan Fan Chuan, so later called "Du Fanchuan". Fan Chuan collection " Du Mu's Poetry four-line poem with seven characters per line It is famous for its content, mainly composed of history, and its poetry is pure and beautiful. It has achieved many achievements in the late Tang Dynasty. Du Mu called Xiao Du to be different from others. Du Fu "Da Du". and Li Shangyin Also called " Xiao Li Du "

Paul Mauriat's History

Early career

Du Mu ranked thirteen in the family, so it was called "Du Shisan" according to the custom of the Tang people. Du Mu's political brilliance was outstanding, when Du Mu was in his teens. Emperor Tang Xianzong Crusade Fan Town Cheer up the national affairs. After reading, he was concerned about military affairs. Later, Du Mu studied Sun Tzu, wrote thirteen "grandsons" annotations, and wrote many games of speech. In particular, he was once presented with the rank and file of the prime minister. Li De Yu The adoption was a great success.

Changqing In two years (822 years), when he was 20 years old, he was in charge of history and especially focused on chaos and military affairs. Du Mu was 23 years old to make "Fu Fang Gong Fu". At the age of 25, Du Mu wrote a long five character poem. Sentimental Poems To express his views on Fan town. At this time, Du Mu has become famous and his works are circulating.

In the past two years (828 years), Du Mu was 26 years old. In the same year, he was a good and upright person. Hong Wen Hall School Book Lang Try to join the army of Zuo Wu.

In seven years (833 years), Du Mu was in Huainan. governor of one or more provinces Cow and Buddhist priest He was awarded the post of "pushing officer" and later became Secretary of the palm, responsible for the official documents of the government. Beijing's title is to supervise Yushi lane. Du Mu lived in Yangzhou, especially enjoying banquet.

In nine years (835 years), Du Mu was thirty-three years old and was called into court by the court. official in charge of the discipline of public functionaries He went to Changan to work in the East. He took office in East Luoyang in August. So it escaped the November. Change of manna A dangerous storm. Here he met the old man of Xuanzhou and wrote the famous "Zhang Hao Shi". During his stay in Luoyang, he wrote many poems on the grounds of his leisure.

Two years (838 years), Du Muru Xuan Hui observer Cai Dan Under the curtain, he was called the judge of the Xuanzhou regiment.

After four years (839 years), Du Mu left Xuanzhou at the end of the year. Changan let Zuo Bu que And historian hall. After five years, Du Mu was promoted to office. Catering Department Wai Wai Lang

Relocation of officials

In the first year of Huichang (841), Du Mu was transferred to the Ministry. abroad Lang.

Huichang, two years (842 years), is yellow.

Governor of the state. The reason why Du Mu was released was not recorded in historical books. Du Mu himself thought it was the prime minister. Li De Yu Crowding out. Li Bai and the two are the world friends. Why Li Deyu doesn't like Du Mu? Some people think Du Mu is unassuming and informal. Competition between cattle and Lee Du Mu and Cow and Buddhist priest A good personal relationship may be considered by Li Deyu to be a Niu party. Later Du Mu was appointed to Chizhou and Mu Zhou. Governor's history For the government, it will help the people.

Huichang four years September (844 September), Du Muqian, Chizhou provincial governor, this year forty-two years old. Chizhou Prefecture, Qiu Pu county (now Guichi, Anhui).

In the five years (845 years) of Huichang, Wu Zong's decree banned Buddhism in July. Du Mu agreed with this measure. Later, he made the "new Hangzhou South Pavilion Pavilion" in the middle age of Xuanzong, detailing Wu Zong's prohibition against Buddhism.

Xuanzong two years (848 years), Zai Bai Bai Zhou Jie Help, into Si Xun Wai Wai Lang , Historiographers' Institute edit The official of the transfer office is Wai Lang.

Old age

Xuanzong three years (849 years), because Beijing officials Salary Low and difficult to support the family to request the release of Hangzhou provincial governor.

But no approval.

Xuanzong four years (850 years), he was promoted to Rinabe Toro. But Du Mu repeatedly asked for the release of the Huzhou provincial governor. He finally answered his request even after three. However, some people believe that Du Mu's request for external placement is not only an economic reason, but rather a dissatisfaction with the affairs of the state. In the same autumn, Du Mu became governor of Huzhou. He made a lot of poems in Huzhou by making friends with his predecessors. A year later, he was promoted to Kao Gong LAN Zhong , official in charge of secretarial matters Second years to Changan Chinese scholar During this period, Du Mu renovated his ancestral Fan Chuan villa, and often used his friends here in his spare time.

Xuanzong six years (852 years) died in winter.

Literary achievement

Summary of achievements

Du Mu's literary creation has many achievements. Poetry, Fu and ancient prose are all famous, and are fond of Lao Tzu and Taoism. Du Mu is the chief minister.

The main idea is to take the gas as the supplement, and take the words and phrases as the guard, and have a correct understanding of the relationship between the content and the form of the work. And can absorb and melt the strengths of predecessors, so as to form their own special style. Du Mu's classical poetry is influenced by Du Fu and Han Yu, with broad themes and strong strokes. Du Mu's modern style poetry is characterized by its clear and beautiful sentiment. His classical poetry is influenced by Du Fu , Han Yu The influence is broad and the writing is strong. His modern style poetry is characterized by its clear and beautiful sentiment. Qilu "early wild bird" expresses its remembrance of the northern frontier people who are displaced by the Hui and Hui by using the method of Bi Xing supporting things. On the nine day, Qi Mountain ascended high, writing bold mind and bold sorrow. The general trend of poetry in late Tang Dynasty is that it is painted by Du Mu. The common tendency of this kind of rhetoric is combined with the characteristics of his "heroic and handsome" character.

Poetry achievement

Lin Jianlve's "late Tang poet Du Mu" believes that Du Mu's poetry can be divided into two categories: one is heroic, the other is bright, and the former "or for the sake of anxiety, or for the ancients, or for sentimental work, is written in a kind of stubborn style, with a strange meaning"; the latter is mostly used in a fresh style to understatement, so it will not be full of paper. Wang Shuxiang's poet Du Mu believes that Du Mu's "Chen Houqi is changed like that, and poetry is so heroic and heroic". "His poetry is charming and moving, and it is so stubborn that sometimes it flows into the delicate." However, we must know that Yuan Zhen, Bai Juyi, Li Shangyin and Wen Tingyun are all the yuan and the body created by Yuan Bai, who do not want to be popular for the time being, but also do not want to be effective in the obscure nature of Li. Miao Qian's "Du Mushi's theory of simplicity" holds that the elegant style of Du Mu's poems can be found in the strong and beautiful style, which is outstanding in late Tang Dynasty, and is original in the whole Tang Dynasty. This is the characteristic of Du Mu, who is worried about the country and the people. Ge Xiaoyin's "Du Mu and his poetry" believe that "the desire to render meritorious service brings rich imagination and bold spirit to Du Mu's poetry, but his pragmatic spirit makes his imagination and metaphor never have the danger and wonder color of the immortal world." Moreover, because of his special talent in "the direct language expression of the keen sense of life beauty", Du Mu can always discover the unique beauty from the everyday scenery and find a harmonious mood with the artistic conception, which can be expressed through the ingenious organization of the picture. Wang Xiping and Zhang Tian, an analysis of the artistic beauty of Du Mu's poetry, hold that the artistic beauty of Du Mu's poetry lies in its "forthright and bright image beauty", "strong and magnanimous poetic beauty" and "fresh and bright artistic conception beauty". Wang Xiping's summary of Du Mu's creative personality and artistic style points out that Du Mu's performance is more direct and direct, and that he uses the theory of poetry instead of twists and turns. Wu Zaiqing's initial exploration of Du Mu's poetry shows that his poetry is vivid and appealing, which is closely related to his use of metaphor, personification, emotion, scenery, expression and contrast. The techniques of verdict, O Ichiba, questioning, and application of allusions have no effect on developing new artistic conception and deepening ideological connotation of his poetry. "Inverted expression of direct expression and grammatical sentence pattern has a direct impact on his ancient poetry's forthright and vigorous style and melancholy and unruly style". "Implicit and gentle, O Ichiba, affection, scenery, expression and questioning in depth" are more conducive to the formation of his distant verse, far from God, and flowing style.

ancient poetry

Influenced by Du Fu and Han Yu, Du Mu's ancient poems are good at integrating the three elements of narration, argumentation and lyric. They are very close and strong, making sentences thin and strong, such as "sentimental poems", "Du Niu Niang's Poems", "Zhang Hao Shi", "Li Ganshi", "Jun Zhai Du Shu", "Xue Zhong Shu Huai", "falling in China to send scholars to travel to the East", "sending Shen Shen to Suzhou, Li Zhong Zhao Ying Zhao Shi Xian Xing", "Chizhou send Meng Chi predecessors", "Chizhou's water stop" and so on, are typical examples. The more common one is prose. Du Mu's ancient poetry was influenced by Han Yu's comments. But sometimes he talked in metaphors and images, and he was full of lyric. Du Mu's poems often do not have a realm, written in ancient simplicity, Yunho Kenro, such as "Chizhou sent Meng Chi ancestors." Poetry in late Tang Dynasty is characterized by low temperament and low temperament. Most of them are verses and verses. Few of them can make long poems. Du Mu's ancient poems are outstanding in the middle and late Tang Dynasty. His poetry and the excellent law and excellent work known as "handsome" constitute the three main aspects of his poetry creation.

Radical sentence

Du Mu's number of verses is quite similar to that of the rhyme poetry. Guan Shiming's "preface to the Tang poetry in snow mountain house" reads: "Duzi's genius is transgal, with the wind of Tai Bai, and when it comes and goes through dreams. Seven words, one sentence, one sentence, one must be expert. "He's a poem and a compilation of wine gardens," Yun said: "Du Zi Wei's poetry, with the most flavor and the highest flavor of the wind, has a long and interesting taste." Shen Deqian thinks that "Du Xing's faint" can be called the "heir" of the Tang Dynasty, and its characteristics are summarized as "far rhyme and distant God". His seven achievements are the highest, the artistic conception is beautiful, the discussion is police, the charm is meaningful. The history of history is extremely striking. Du Mu's scenery, lyric and lyric, the artistic conception is beautiful and lasting. Du Mu is good at capturing the image of Chinese and American natural scenery, depicting it in a short poem, refusing to refine and blending the feelings and scenes. In a short four sentences, he writes a complete and beautiful scene, just like a picture, such as Jiang Nan Chun Ju Ju.

Metrical poetry

The number of Du Mu's metrical poems is quite considerable. In the Fan Chuan Wen Ji, there are about one hundred, plus Fan Chuan Ji Ji and other collections, about 160 to 70. His metrical poems occupy an important position in all poems, and their artistic achievements are also very high, especially the Qilu. Du Mu's poetry is beautiful and vigorous, and his style is most outstanding in his metrical poems. Descendants of poetry have pointed out that "stubborn" is the characteristics of Du Mu's metrical poetry. In the Song Dynasty, Liu Kezhuang's "post village poetry" in the Song Dynasty: "Du Mu and Xu Hun are both bodies. In the law of the Tang Dynasty, pasturing is often stubborn rather than harsh. Ming Dynasty Yang Shenyun: "Li Shi" to the late Tang Dynasty, Li Yi Shan down, but Du Mu is the most. In the Song Dynasty, the poetry of the Song Dynasty was magnificent and beautiful, and it was very beautiful. It was very quiet in the rhythm of poetry. The reason why Du Mu used to be "less stubborn" or "particularly depressed" in the metrical poems was that Zhao Yi, as the Qing Dynasty put it, "since the middle Tang Dynasty, the rhythm of poetry prevailed and the disease of competition was heard, so the syllable was harmonious and the wind was round and round. Du Mu's fear was weak, and he created a bold and unconstrained one to overcome its disadvantages. On the one hand, on the one hand, it refers to the abrupt and vigorous momentum caused by the poems that are not changed according to the laws of physique; on the other hand, it refers to the bold and vigorous artistic conception which is similar to ancient poetry in the metrical poems. Du Mu in the body of the law used to make sentences, or out of the old sense, showing a kind of vigorous and vigorous, vigorous and vigorous momentum, so as to force the poetry of the delicate and mature wind. Du Mu's Qilu has a strong reality. In addition, Du Mu's metrical poems do not have a simple and natural charm in the ancient tune and the unrestrained and unrestrained.

Prose achievement

Wang Xiping and Zhang Tian on Du Mu's essay and Fu comprehensively expounded Du Mu's prose and Fu in Fan Chuan Wen Ji. The main characteristics are: first, sharp strokes and profound meaning; two, by following and attracting, analyzing and reasoning fully; three, combining discussion with lyric, with strong Lyric colors in the discussion; four, being good at describing and narrating vividly, vividly and vividly. The article also points out that we can see the imprinting of his articles from Tang to song in two aspects: one is the beginning of Bai Xiaochang's civilization, and the other two is the foundation of literature and art. Kou Yanghou ((Du Mu's prose) 5 points out that Du Mu's achievements in ideological content are mainly reflected in his long political treatises on politics and politics. Rigorous structure and careful reasoning. Clever use of even sentences, scattered arrogant contrast. Some of his narrative Lyric essays are unique in art. At the end of the article, "Du Mu inherits the fine tradition of ancient prose movement led by Han Yu, and at the same time he can create a new way." Wu Zaiqing's "Du Mu and Han Yu Ancient Prose Movement" believes that from Du Mu's creative ideas and creative practice, he has an obvious relationship with Han Liu, especially Han Yu. It is mainly manifested in the following aspects: first, in dealing with the relationship between the meaning, spirit and diction of the article, Du Mu inherited Han Liu's viewpoint and developed again. Two, Du Mu advocated the theory of "supplemented by Qi", which is roughly the same as Han Yu's concept of "Qi". Three, we can also see the relationship between Du Mu's inheritance and development of Han Liu in the form of words and phrases and style. At the end of the article, it is pointed out that in the late Tang Dynasty, with the development of the literary style, Du Mu was able to resist the trend and insist on the direction of the prose, avoiding the arrogance. It was more thorough than Han Yu.

Historical records

The old Tang Book du you Chuan with "Du Mu Zhuan"

New Tang Shu Du Mu Zhuan

Biography of Tang Cai Zi Du Mu Zhuan

Character evaluation

Li Shangyin Du Sixun: the wind and rain of tall buildings are deliberately damaged, and it hurts to break the spring again. Du Sixun is the only person in the world.

" Tang Cai Zi's biography "Posterity evaluation of pastoral poetry, such as copper pill walking slope, steed horse slope, that is, round fast struggle.

"Xuan he Shu Shu": pastoral work, grass, vigorous and vigorous, and its articles in the table.

Liu Xi Zai His poems are magnificent and beautiful. Carefully reading Du Mu, people like his poetry, personality publicity, such as crane dance sky, handsome and elegant.

Hu Zhen Heng The door of Du Mu is high, the spirit is glowing, the feeling is current, and the rate of painting is moderate.

Dong Qi Chang After Yu saw the Yan and Liu, if Wen Fei Qing and (DU) pastoral were also famous.

Ye Yi Bao The book of pasture is very popular in the Six Dynasties. Zong Bo (Dong Qichang) Yun: after Yan and Liu, if Wen Fei Qing, Du Muzhi is also famous.

Liu Ke Zhuang Cloud: "in pastoral law, there is often a tendency to overcome difficulties and overcome shortcomings." ( Post village Poetry )

Yang Shen (Du Mu) poetry is gorgeous, beautiful, and beautiful, and it is especially difficult to use in the rhythm of poetry.

Zhao wing "The poetry of northern Europe" says: since the middle Tang Dynasty, the rhythm of poetry was prevalent, and the disease was so loud that it had many syllables and harmony. Du Mu's fear was weak, and he created a bold and unconstrained one to overcome its disadvantages. Because of the valley, it is also precipitous and unwilling to follow the custom.

Lu You It is not enough to look at the mountain. Jiangnan temple building can be leaned on, and the body is like Du Mu.

Wanli Yang Li Bai should not be allowed to turn over the whale sea. Dao is Fan Chuan's light killing.

Jiang Kui "Yangzhou slow": Du Lang Jun appreciation, bean fan CI works, and "Pipa Fairy": ten li Yangzhou, Sansheng Du Mu, and "partridge days. Sixteen nights out": who knows Sansheng Du Muzhi under the Red Mansion of Dongfeng calendar.


Cui Li Li recommends

At that time, Chu Wei The servant was ordered to take the imperial examinations in Luoyang, east of the capital. At this time, Wu Wuling - Cui - Liu Zongyuan Old friends

Friend, a doctor in charge of Tai Xue, is also riding on an old donkey to join in the fun. Cui Yan was drinking happily at the banquet. I heard that Wu Lao, the famous clear water personage, had come over. He was very surprised and hurried away to greet him. Wu saw Cui Yan, pulled Cui aside and patted Choi's shoulder. He said, "you are responsible for this mission." As I am old, I can not solve the difficulties for the court. I should recommend a wise man for you. A few days ago, I found some students too excited to discuss an article, and came closer to see it. It was originally written by Du Mu, who was going to take the exam. Fang Fang Gong Fu " This article is very well written. This person is also talented. Cui Shi Lang, you work hard and are very busy. I am afraid I have no leisure to browse this article, so let me read it for you. Speaking of this, Wu Lao read the words "Fang Gong Fu" in a circle and shaking his head. Cui Yan was also an intellectual with a taste, and he praised him after listening. In the next exam, Du Mu asked him to win the battle in Wuling. Number one scholar Tsui said with a look of embarrassment: "the champion has been booked by others. Wu Lao kept up with it and said loudly: if he really can't win the champion, he will take a step back and let Du Mu take the fifth Jinshi and the first. Cui Yan hesitated and hesitated, saying that if he could not do so, he would return this gift to me to see if there was anything better written than that. When Cui was forced to do so, he had to promise, and then saw Wu Lao leaving.

Back at the banquet, the drinkers asked Dr. Wu what he was going to do. Cui Yan replied, Wu Lao recommended a person for fifth Jinshi. The wine guest hurriedly asked who it was, and Cui Shilang replied, "Du Mu". Someone immediately said, "I heard of Du Mu, his talent is great, but his conduct is not very good. He doesn't care about small matters. He likes to smoke and go all the way. Cui Shilang said in embarrassment: I have already promised Dr. Wu. Even if Du Mu is a butcher or a peddler selling wine, I will not change.

Play anecdote

According to usual practice, the new Jinshi is going to play in Qujiang. Qujiang was the most bustling place at that time.

Especially in spring. The late Tang poet Yao he Zeng had a big sigh and said, "the river head is apricot blossom, and the horses and horses are competing for it first. To wait for no one to watch the evening, the trees are full of dust at dusk.

At that time, Du Mu looked at each other with great care. They came to Qujiang temple with three or five people. They happened to meet a meditating monk and talked. The monk asked Du Mu's name, and Du Mu proudly reported his name. He thought "anyone in the world does not know me". He thought the monks would be surprised and revealed the fanaticism of the "fans". Who knew that the monk's face was calm and silent, which made Du Mu feel lost and melancholy. Then he wrote a poem on the scene: "I live in the south of the city, and the two branches are immortal. The old monk did not know his name, but he felt the smell was long.

Zhang good poetry

In October and two months after October, Du Mu went to the then eight months. Hong Zhou That is to say Wang Bo The place where "Pavilion of Prince Teng preface" was written began the more than 10 years of Du Fu's shogunate career. At that time, Shen Chuan was the observer of Jiangxi, calling Du Mu to be the inspector of Jiangxi regiment. Shen family and Du family are the world's friends. Shen's brothers are lovers of literature. They are very much concerned about the famous literati at that time and have close ties with Du Mu. Du Mu wrote the preface of Li He, which is requested by Shen Shen's brother Shen Shen Shi. Du Mu often runs to Shen Si's house, listens to the song, enjoys the dance, rubbed the rice and rubbed the wine, and also has a good impression of Zhang Haohao, a singer in Shen's family. Unfortunately, the host has cherished the woman very much, took the first step, fulfilled herself, and made her into a concubine, so that little dukong had the admiration for fishing.

In the eight years of Da he and Xiao Du, he met with Zhang in Luoyang. At that time, Zhang Hao had already become a guest of other lands. Du Mu felt great emotion and wrote a five character long poem "Zhang Hao Shi". Because of the full of emotion, not only the writing is beautiful but also the calligraphy is more elegant, which has earned the reputation of calligrapher for Du Mu. "Xuan he Shu Pu" commented: "(DU) pastoral cultivation of grass, vigorous and vigorous, and its appearance." Qing Dynasty Ye Yi Bract "Jinshi Lu Bu" also gave a very high evaluation: "the book of pasture is easy and easy to escape, and enjoys the charm of Six Dynasties." Dong Qi Chang Cloud: after Yan and Liu, if Wen Feiqing and Du Muzhi are masters, too. There are few authentic works of Tang Dynasty that can be seen today. Song Hui Chung , Jia Shi Dao , New year's Eve , Qianlong And so on. That year Pu Yi When the emperor was "hunting in the north", he did not forget to bring this volume in his panic. Later, he was one of the four sons of the Republic of China, Zhang Boju. He donated the government to the the Imperial Palace Museum.

Du Qiuniang's Poetry

Another poem by Xiao Du related to the singing girl has won a great reputation for Du Mu. This is the poem of Du Qiu Niang. Du autumn mother This is Jinling beauty. It is charming and moving. It can sing and dance. It can compose poetry. When it was fifteen years old, a piece of golden hamstring captured the Zhenhai Jie Jie. Li Qi :

Persuade the king not to cherish the golden thread, but to encourage him to take care of his youth. After hearing this, Li Yi took her as a concubine and let her have a sweet time. Later, Li began to fight against the imperial court and was defeated, and Du Qiuniang was sent to the palace as a slave to continue to act as a singer. Du Qiuniang captured the young again with this piece of "golden thread". Emperor Tang Xianzong It was called autumn imperial concubine. Although Du Qiuniang always sang the same song, his intelligence quotient was very high, and he often participated in military affairs without any trace. Later, the prime minister Li Jifu advised Tang Xianzong to choose the beauties of the world to enrich the harem, and the emperor of the emperor of Zong said proudly that I had an autumn imperial concubine. After emperor ascended the throne, Emperor Mu Chang appointed Du Qiuniang as the prince. Li Cai The nanny. It was this appointment that made her involved in the contest of power. Li Cou lost his power and Du Qiuniang was sent back to his hometown.

Xiao Du, who was on a business trip to Jinling, saw that Du Qiuniang, who had once been brilliant, was old and poor. He wrote down the poem of Du Qiuniang. This poem was so popular at that time that it was probably because everyone was familiar with this song. After Li Shangyin met Xiao Du, he wrote two to Du Mu, a self modesty "tall building wind and rain dare to be Sven, short wings worse than the group", praised "deliberately hurt the spring to recover the wound, the world only has Du Sixun", another sentence is "Du Musi Xun" pasture, a clear autumn "Du Qiushi", we can see "Xiao Li" also think this poem is "little Du" representative work.

About ten years

Du Mu Yu Xuanzhou When he was Secretary of the curtain, he heard that Huzhou's beautiful women were like clouds, so they went to Huzhou to play. Cui Jun Su of Huzhou's provincial governor knows the name of Du Mu's poems and treats them with great hospitality.

Cui called all the famous prostitutes in the state to choose Du. But Du Mu looked and looked, and said with regret, "beauty is beautiful!" But it is not perfect enough. " He added: "I hope to hold a recreational activity on the riverside to let all the people of Huzhou come to watch it. At that time, I walked slowly in the crowd, searching for it carefully, hoping that I might find someone I would like to see. According to Du Mu's wishes, the Huzhou provincial governor held such a competition. On that day, the people on both sides of the Straits were very dense, but Du Mu had been picking up the whole day until evening. In the crowd, there was an old woman in the village who led a girl about ten years old. Du Mu looked at it for a moment, and said excitedly, "this girl is really beautiful. The old ones are really empty." The mother and daughter came to the boat to talk. The mother and daughter were frightened. Du Mu said, "not to marry her right away, but to set a date for marriage." The old lady said, "what shall we do if we break faith in the future?" Du Mu said, "in less than ten years, I will come here to be a sheriff. If you don't come in ten years, marry others according to your wishes. The girl's mother agreed. Du Mu gave valuable betrothal gifts.

After that, Du Mu always missed Huzhou and missed the girl. But Du Mu's office was so low that he could not make a request for transfer to Huzhou. Later, Du Mu took office in Huangzhou, Chizhou and the governor of the state of Chizhou. When Du Mu's good friend Zhou Qi became prime minister, Du Mu wrote three letters in succession, requesting to serve as Huzhou provincial governor. In the three years of Da Zhong, Du Mu was forty-seven years old and was awarded the position of Huzhou provincial governor. At that time, the distance between the distance and the time appointed by the mother and daughter was fourteen years ago. The girl has been married for three years and has three children. Du Mu called the girl's mother. The old woman brought her grandchildren to meet Du Mu. Du Mu asked, "once you promised to give your daughter to me, why did you break your promise?" The old woman said, "the original agreement is ten years, but you haven't been here for ten years. This is the only way to get married. Du Mu took out the covenant and looked at it. He thought, and said, "she speaks very well. If she is coerced, it will cause trouble. " She gave the old lady many gifts and let her go. For this sad matter, Du Mu wrote " Sigh "

Book house

After the entry of officials, the officials were transferred to the Ministry of transport. Be pushed out by Li Deyu and then used again. enter

Chao, Guan to Shu Shu Ren. Made by Sentimental Poems "Qing Hua Gong Qing Ju Ju", "Chibi", "Jiangnan Chun", "poking Qinhuai", "mountain line" and so on, the meaning is profound, elegant style. Many books were collected, and grandfather Du You, who was a prime minister at the time of emperor de Zong, wrote the 200 volume of "Tong Dian". Du Mu inherited the remains of the Duke family. For this reason, he wrote, "the old opening of Zhu men, the central city of Changan. There is nothing in the middle. Du Mu himself read all the poems and books in Tibet, claiming himself: "scriptures contain the essence, historical books read and rise and fall. Gao Qu Song Yan, dense smoked ban Ma Xiang. Li Bai is vast and mighty, Hananagi Makurara. There were many poems in his life. After his death, he was edited by Pei Yanhan, his nephew, as the 20 volume of Fan Chuan Wen Ji and 450 articles.

Gambling on wine

Zhang Huji, the famous poet Du Mugen in late Tang Dynasty, was better. Once, when Zhang came to Huainan to attend the banquet, he saw that Du was here. At that time, two people loved a beautiful Geisha in the seat, so they decided to ask for a dice to decide who had the right to continue to love. Du Mu began to leisurely chant at the moment: "dice" was wrapped in hands, and no reason could be seen. Zhang Hu listens to him and refuses to show his weakness, but he must report the falling of his hair. When the voice dropped, the two laughed, but instead forgot about the original gambling wine.

Burn before death

When Du Mu was dying, he knew the great limit was coming, and he wrote the epitaph. But this short essay was written without any mention of the writer. According to New Tang Dynasty book Written in the epitaph, Du Mu closed the door at home and collected articles before his death. He only told the fire to burn ten of two or three.

personal works

Du Mu has the twenty volume of Fan Chuan Wen Ji, compiled by his nephew Pei Yanhan. After Song Dynasty, he also compiled Fan Chuan Yuan Ji and Fan Chuan et al. Four series of publications Fan Chuan collection Twenty volumes, a collection of volumes, and a collection of volumes, which are photocopied in the Song Dynasty. There are also Yang Shouchang's Jing Su Yuan Ying song Ben, the book of Yang Shoujing's book from the maple mountain official library of Japan. These two books are all good books. This passage is published by the Shanghai ancient book publishing house in 1978. This school edition is based on four series of publications, which are printed in the Song Dynasty. Tang Wen Jie "," Wen Yuan Ying Hua "For the purpose of participating in the school, and referring to other relevant materials, this article is based on this, which is quoted in Du Mu's poetry. The first four volumes of the book of Fan Chuan compiled by Pei Yanhan are believable, but Pei Yanhan's hand compiled Fan Chuan anthology is incomplete, so in the Song Dynasty, Fan Chuan Yuan Ji and Fan Chuan et al. In addition to the appendixes of these two collections, Feng Zun Wu, the Qing man, has added "Fan Chuan poetry supplement". In 1962, Yin Feng Ji Wu, the Shanghai editor of Zhonghua Book Company, added "Fan Chuan Ji's collection of poems", according to "Fan Chuan Chuan Shi Ji Zhu", so there are altogether 486 questions and 524 questions.

Commemoration of future generations

Public memorial ceremony

The first 2012 Ching Ming memorial ceremony for Du Mu

In April 1, 2012, "the first 2012 Ching Ming memorial ceremony for Du Mu" was held in Xinghuacun.

The poetry platform was held ceremoniously. More than 3000 descendants of Duke, Chizhou primary and secondary school students, scenic tourists and people from all walks of life attended the Du Mu memorial ceremony.

In the scenic area of Xinghuacun scenic spot, the 4 meter tall Du Mu elephant has been put up with fragrant incense and tribute. In the solemn atmosphere, the public memorial activities were kicked off. The representatives of Chizhou's descendants and Chizhou college came to speak and read Qingming poems. Representatives from all walks of life like to respect the dugong.

The second memorial ceremony of Du Mu in Xinghuacun

On the morning of March 31, 2013, Xinghuacun's second memorial ceremony was held at the Du Mu grand ceremony and the poetry recitation of the "Qingming Festival for the spirits".

Hundreds of people from Chizhou's descendants of Duji, Chizhou Institute, Chizhou Xinghuacun primary school, and people from all walks of life who were interested in supporting Xinghuacun were gathered in Xinghuacun square, where solemn and solemn public memorial ceremonies were held. After the public memorial ceremony, a poetry recitation competition was held.

Du Mu cemetery

" Xianning The epitaph of the county's tomb, "Tomb of Du Mu, was buried in the tomb of Sima village, Shaw." After its founding, its tomb remains, in the southwest of Sima village, about 7 meters high, with an area of about 1 mu, and a large tree at the top of the tomb, which was destroyed in 60s.


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