Drug Market Customs
Declaration area or unit: Zhangshu City, Jiangxi Province
Pharmaceutical market is a trade fair held regularly in the centralized distribution center of traditional Chinese medicines with historical origin. There are more than 110 centralized distribution centers of traditional Chinese medicines formed in the past dynasties. They have a wide influence in the whole country. They have complete functions of collecting, planting, making and using. They have a large amount of distribution and active trade in the four pharmaceuticals markets of Anguo, Camphor Tree, Baiquan and Yucheng. "."
Yao Wang Hui is a type of traditional temple fair, which appeared in Tang Dynasty. Sun Simiao, a famous doctor, is the industry God of traditional Chinese medicine and is respected as the "king of medicine". In addition, other famous doctors have been regarded as the "king of medicine" in a certain region in history. The temple fairs with King Yao as the God of faith are called "King Yao Hui". Most of the famous drug markets were developed by King Yao Hui, and some of them originated from the market trade of medicinal materials.
In addition to the drug trade, each drug market has formed its own trading rules, sacrificial rituals and traditional Chinese opera performances, entertainment activities and other folk customs, attracting the participation and appreciation of the broad masses of people outside the traders, making the drug market an influential local mass gathering place.
Zhangshu City is located in the central part of Jiangxi Province and the southern margin of Poyang Lake Plain. It has been the "main thoroughfare of eight provinces and the bustling city of industry and Commerce in central Jiangxi Province" since ancient times. Zhangshu began to appear in the Three Kingdoms, but in Tang Dynasty there was a medicine market. By Song Dynasty, it had formed a medicine market. In Ming Dynasty, it was known as "drug terminal". After entering Qing Dynasty, Zhangshu became "the collection of medicinal materials of North, South, Sichuan and Guangzhou". Practitioners of the "camphor gang" strict rules, processing techniques of Chinese herbal medicines excellence, forming a unique camphor medicinal custom.
In the Republic of China, traditional Chinese medicine was restricted, the market of traditional Chinese medicine was cut off, and the production and trade of medicinal materials were declining. Even so, camphor tree could still maintain its position in the provincial total market of medicinal materials. Since the founding of New China, Zhangshu has held a national drug Fair every year, which involves a wide range of regions, a large number of visitors, a large number of varieties and amounts of money. It ranks first in the national market of medicinal materials in North and South China. Therefore, the name of "medicinal capital" of Zhangshu has gradually risen and is highly respected by colleagues in the pharmaceutical industry at home and abroad.
Cinnamomum camphora medicinal customs include the trade customs of medicinal materials, processing of traditional Chinese medicine, medicinal diet, medicinal beliefs and other aspects. As a regional culture, its historical and cultural value can not be ignored. Today, the pharmaceutical industry is still one of the pillar industries in the economic development of camphor tree.