Dispute on the meaning of Cheongsam
After thousands of years of understanding of the evolution of Chinese robes, the word cheongsam is questioned.
Under the influence of the Qing Dynasty's Qiren's robes, women's gowns have been referred to as cheongsam since the Republic of China. Due to the influence of the environment at that time, most people know that the women of the Manchu and Qing Dynasty had their own cheongsam, but they mistakenly believed that the women of the Han Dynasty only wore skirts, which was different from the qipaos. Therefore, today people all say that skirt is the clothing of Han women, but we do not know that for two or three thousand years, Chinese women used both robes and skirts, and took robe shaped long clothes as traditional dresses. However, due to the changes of the times, there are conflicts between robes and skirts, which need to be clarified. In Taiwan, there was a movement to rectify the name of cheongsam, which was named Qipao. Remove its ambiguity and take its auspicious meaning. It is logical that we should consider the name and the reality and clarify the mistakes of several common names. Chinese women have many kinds of gowns, which have been handed down in the same line for two or three thousand years. The word cheongsam should not be used to cover everything. Wang Yuqing, chairman of the Chinese cheongsam Research Association in Taiwan, once launched a name rectification campaign to change cheongsam into Qipao, and submitted it to the government office for approval. The reasons are as follows: "most of the stores in a city have used Qipao for more than ten years. Two Qi means good luck. Why it is necessary to change Qipao to Qipao, because the Chinese women's robe is an ancient ritual for two or three thousand years, and the term Qipao originated very late, only 300 years ago, and can be used as the true meaning of 3000 year old women's robes? The cheongsam worn by the cheongsam people has its own style and is relatively fixed. However, the Chinese women's robes for thousands of years are so colorful that they can't be compared with those of the cheongsam. How can we call it the cheongsam? Therefore, we must win the flag. He also said why it is not only called "Robe" or "women's Robe". Because of the lack of women's exclusive parts of speech, women's gowns are not used to not smooth, and there is no feasibility. If we don't change it, we will not live up to the name. Moreover, the flag, Qi and Kai are in a mess, and we can't agree. And there are many precedents, such as the carved silk of Kesi and the gentry of the gentry. "
In fact, Qipao was renamed Qipao on New Year's day in 1974. On this day, the founding meeting of the Chinese cheongsam Research Association was held in Taipei. The flag was changed to Qi and passed unanimously. It was immediately written into the provisions of the Constitution and submitted to the competent officer's office for approval. Then the final decision was made and the official records were recorded in the Ming Dynasty.
In terms of the evolution process of robes and clothes, the evolution history of robes and clothes is a history of national integration and cultural blending. The round collar of the robe and clothing popular in the late Northern Dynasty was produced by the influence of the northern minorities. The change of the sleeves from loose to tight is the result of the interaction between the clothing culture of the ethnic minorities and the Han nationality. In general, the evolution of Chinese robes is just like the evolution of the Chinese nation. It is a basic fact that the evolution of traditional robes is mainly based on the mainstream style of the Han nationality and absorbing the good elements of other ethnic groups The influence of western culture is profound, putting the cart before the horse until it basically loses all the traditional culture. The loss of culture is undoubtedly a major disaster for a nation. It is undoubtedly the responsibility of every Chinese to appeal for the inheritance of the traditional costume and the inheritance of the traditional costume. This requires the popularization of the traditional costume culture by the public, the attention of the ruling party to the clothing culture, and the advocacy of the literary and artistic intelligentsia.