De rong xue qiang
Derong Xueqiang is a folk dance popular in Waka Township, Derong County, Ganzi Prefecture. Its movements are strong, simple and generous, its next steps are strong and its feet are crisp. When the dancers bend down and change their steps, their movements appear flexible and free and easy. The combination of stamping and pedaling creates a unique charm of Qiang dance.
On June 7, 2008, the "Derong Xueqiang" declared by Derong County of Sichuan Province was listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.
Heritage serial number: 663 III-66.
Xueqiang, also known as "love dance", is a unique form of folk song and dance created by the ancestors of Waka on the basis of combining Tibetan and Naxi folk arts. According to the folk legend of Derong, Princess Wencheng of Tang Dynasty (Princess Naxi) came to Tibet by way of this place. In order to welcome the princess, Derong Tusi Geng Awu specially gathered local folk artists to create songs and dances that could make the princess understand and have local characteristics. Eventually, Qiang songs and dances, which integrated the styles of Han, Tibetan, Naxi and Bai nationalities, came into being.
Because of the remote location and inconvenient transportation, these folk art treasures have been hidden deep in the mountains. Through the help of Tibetan cadres and participation in the Festival of Non-Heritage, the Derong Cultural Heritage will come out of the mountains.
Xueqiang means dancing together. It is popular in Waka Town (Atomic Geng Township) of Derong County. It is also a kind of folk entertainment singing and dancing that the local people are most willing to participate in. The Qiang dance style and music color are unique, which is different from Ganzi Tibetan dance charm.
The movements are characterized by the bouncing and jumping of legs, and the lyrics are mostly about the love between young men and women. Nanlu Guozhuang is primitive, elegant and dignified. When performing, men and women circle around each other and sing and dance in turns. When dancing, they hold hands with each other or hold waist, bend down with low head, dance posture, upper body movements are small, and the main movements are concentrated on the foot and leg.
As a kind of folk dance, Xueqiang is closely related to the folk activities of the people. Every festival, gathering and village where men and women, old and young, gather together, jump up to learn Qiang to show harmony and auspiciousness. Especially on autumn harvest night, people light bonfires, gather around them, and add the game of "jumping fire". It can be seen that the dance form of learning Qiang is also connected with the people's play and play.
The dance originated from the folk and spread to the folk. It has strong local characteristics in terms of lyrics, rhymes and steps. It contains the spiritual beliefs and value orientations handed down from generation to generation by the people who have won the honor, and has unique humanistic significance.