Dai Medicine Sleeping Drug Therapy
Sleeping pill therapy, one of the ten traditional Dai medicine therapies, is the third batch of national cultural heritage in Yunnan.
Cultural Heritage Name: Dai Medicine (Sleeping Drug Therapy)
Areas: Inner Mongolia, Xishuangbanna, Dehong
Heritage Number: IX-20
Heritage category: traditional medicine
Date of declaration: 2008
Declarer/Declarator: Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province
According to historical records, the ancestor of Dai medicine, Santa La Sidao, founded the Dai medicine "Ya called Hatton", which is now listed in the national pharmacopoeia. With the extensive and in-depth medical practice of Dai medicine, the theory of Dai medicine has been formed, the core of which is the theory of "four towers and five implications". The Dai language of "Four Towers" refers to "Ta Du Zhi Xiao", which means "Ta Luo" (earth) is the human body; "Ta Nan" (water) refers to the human body's blood (body fluid); and "Ta Fei" (fire) refers to the human body's fire, heat, energy (Yang Qi); and "Ta Shu" (wind) corresponds to the category of "Zhengqi" in Chinese medicine of the Han nationality. Dai medicine also believes that there are five other elements in the human body besides the "four towers", which are called "five implications", namely, color implication, knowledge implication, reception implication, imagination implication and implication. The combination of "Four Towers" and "Five Stories" constitutes a complete body with thinking ability and life activities. The theory of "Four Towers and Five Implications" contains the human body's structure and spiritual perception, which systematically and perfectly expounds the Dai doctors'understanding of the human body's material and spiritual elements.
Under the guidance of this theory, through the study of human tissue structure and physiology and pathology, the diagnostic methods of "look, smell, ask and cut" are summarized clinically, and the therapeutic schemes of "cold treatment of fever, warm treatment of cold disease and tonifying of deficiency disease" are formulated. Dai medicines include plant medicine, mineral medicine and animal medicine. According to statistics, there are more than 2500 kinds of Dai medicines, of which plant medicine is the most widely used. Dai medicine is also summarized as "Four Qis", "Five Nature" and "Eight Tastes". Dai medical treatment methods are mainly divided into two categories, namely internal treatment and external treatment. Among them, external treatment is more popular in clinical practice. At present, there are mainly 10 external treatments of Dai medicine, namely, warm elegance (sleeping medicine therapy), baking elegance (fumigation therapy), Aya (washing medicine therapy), Shaya (pricking medicine therapy), Runya (sitting medicine therapy), Zaya (lining medicine therapy), Yanglangyong (trampling back therapy), Pulangduo (beating therapy), and bloodletting cupping therapy, which are known as the ten traditional treatments of Dai medicine.
"Warm and elegant" (sleeping medicine therapy), Dai doctor according to the different conditions with the corresponding fresh or dry Dai medicine, cut and add water or wine stir-fry heat, the hot medicine flat spread on the bed, so that patients directly sleep on the medicine, cover the bedding, so that the waste heat of drugs permeate the body, in order to achieve sweating, blood circulation, rheumatism and pain relief. It can be used to treat patients with severe cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases or long-term illness, who have poor physique and can not accept "baoya" (fumigation therapy), sequelae of stroke hemiplegia, rheumatism, etc.
Drugs (fresh or dried Dai medicine) are prepared according to the condition, chopped and stir-fried with water or wine until fragrant; hot drugs are spread evenly on the oilcloth of the bed and mixed with Dai medicine wine; according to the temperature tolerated by the patient, the underwear is ordered to sleep on the medicine, wrapped in the oilcloth, and covered with bedclothes, so as to achieve sweating, blood circulation, dispelling wind, removing dampness and relieving pain. It is mainly suitable for the treatment of severe cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, stroke hemiplegia, patients with long illness, poor physique and unable to accept fumigation therapy, as well as Yumei Lanshen (cold rheumatism: limbs, joints, muscles, bones, aches and pains), sequelae of stroke hemiplegia and other diseases, the treatment time is about 30-45 minutes.