Cloth paste painting

Home Culture 2019-04-04

Cloth paste painting

Teng Teng is the founder of Teng's cloth paste painting. He was born in Fengning Manchu Autonomous County, Hebei Province in 1932. He is the director of Teng's cloth paste painting Research Institute and the director of the cloth paste painting professional art committee of the Chinese People's Association. In 1993, he was awarded "Master of Chinese Folk Arts and Crafts" by UNESCO. In 2006, he was awarded the title of "Master of Chinese Arts and Crafts" by the National Development and Reform Commission, the National Civil Affairs Commission, the Ministry of Supervision, the Civil Affairs Bureau, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Personnel, the Ministry of Land and Resources, the Ministry of Culture and the SASASASAC. The creation of Teng's paste painting, taking the expertise of many family crafts, takes the lost Manchu "flower filling" process as the matrix, and takes the painting, embroidery, Thangka, silk, relief, paper-cut, cloisonne, and cloth stickers, and inherits the traditional artistic styles of Chinese painting, including painting, sculpture, embroidery, papering, paper cutting, and so on, forming its own unique art. Color.

On July 16, 2014, the website of the General Office of the Ministry of Culture issued the "Notice on the List of Recommended Projects for the Fourth National Class of Non-material Cultural Heritage Representation Projects". Among 1111 projects declared all over the country, Teng's cloth paste painting of Fengning, known as "China's Baiyan, China's One Wonderful", was successfully listed in the fourth national intangible cultural heritage list.

brief introduction

Teng's cloth paste painting Teng's cloth paste painting is a new kind of painting invented by Teng Teng, a folk artist in Fengning, Hebei Province. It is known as "China's brilliant, China's unique". Creation techniques include painting, sculpture, embroidery, Thangka, paper-cut and other crafts. They are exquisite in materials, colorful, delicate in operation, vivid in pictures and extensive in materials. It has the effect of oil painting perspective, but it does not lose the characteristics of traditional Chinese painting; it has the sense of Meticulous Brushwork and the style of freehand brushwork. When a painting is finished, it must undergo 12 manual processes, such as drawing, decomposition, plate making, shaping, ingredients, cloth paste, assembly, decoration and painting. There are many kinds of materials, such as silk and satin, and more than 100 kinds of other materials, such as wood, cardboard, sponge, silk flowers, jewelry, etc. The representative works include "Dragon and Phoenix Wall", "the world's first cloth paste temple", "Phoenix treasure vase", "Daweide fears King Kong" and so on.

The name of "cloth paste painting" is different from cloth paste painting. The difference between paste and paste: the small floating plane is paste; the large area and three-dimensional is paste. The cloth paste painting was invented by Teng Teng and his family in Fengning Manchu Autonomous County. The invention patent is owned by Teng's family, so it was named Teng's cloth paste painting. Because Tengteng's county is under the jurisdiction of Chengde City, it is also called "Chengde Bu Paste Painting". Chengde Bu paste painting once appeared, that caused a sensation, the industry praise, recognized as a shining new flower in China.

development history

Chengde Bu paste painting was born in 1989. This year, Teng Teng retired at home, in order to cultivate offspring, based on Manchu traditional skills, set painting, relief, embroidery, Tang Ka, cloth stickers, silk and other craft essence, created a small work - "three monks without water to eat." I don't want this small work to be praised by family, friends and neighbors. At the Chengde International Folk Art Festival of China, when invited to exhibit, he worked with his wife Zhai Xiang and no daughters to design and produce murals such as "Tianchi Fairy", (5.4mx1.2m) and "Zhongkui", "Guanyu" and "Twelve Zodiac" for more than 30 pieces. His works were highly praised by people both inside and outside the industry once they were exhibited at the Art Festival. Then, they were invited to participate in the exhibition of Beijing Exhibition Hall during the Asian Games, which attracted the attention of the Chinese Academy of Art.

Since then, cloth paste painting, the "Chinese unique" has won national invention patents for its unique accumulation method, and its products have won more than 50 awards, including eight national gold awards. Cloth paste paintings "Peace and Prosperity Picture" and "Phoenix Treasure Phase Picture Bottle" were selected into Hebei Hall of the Great Hall of the People and highly praised by the Party and state leaders. In 2006, Mr. Teng Teng was awarded the title of the Fifth "Master of Chinese Arts and Crafts" by the state.

Teng Teng's positioning of "cloth paste painting" is "old, good, skillful and few". Old people insist on national tradition, even if they put their products in foreign countries, they should let people know China; well, they should have higher ornamental value and win the joy and love of customers; cleverly, they should fully display the unique skills of "cloth paste painting" and show genuine skill and art; less, they are not greedy, take the essence as their soul, adapt to the needs of different levels of the market, and go up to the hall of elegance. Go down to the house of ordinary people. Continuous innovation, keep pace with the times. In order to achieve this orientation, the strategic rule of "five-year embankment storage and one-day flood release by breaking embankments" has been implemented.

After five years of painstaking research and elaborate production from 1990 to 1994, the ideal of "no song, no song, no song, no song". In August 1995, the United Nations held the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, which designated the origin of paste paintings as a designated visiting unit. During the meeting, they received representatives from 48 countries, which caused a great outcry. Hundreds of messages such as "Great country, superb art", "brilliant re-creation", "works of art with immortal value", "your superb handicraft is breathtaking". Therefore, the paste painting of Chengde Bu was commended by the General Assembly and won the "Contribution Award" of the Fourth United Nations Conference on Women. Since then, the awards have continued, the products are well known at home and abroad, and the scale of production and marketing has been expanding. Up to now, registered manufacturers of cloth paste painting include: Chengde Longteng Art Museum, Yixuan Cloth Paste Art Museum, Yan Qingteng Cloth Paste Painting Factory, Beijing Qiaoniang Studio, Changchun Branch of Teng's Cloth Paste Painting Development Base in China, etc., resettling more than 200 workers and employing more than 7.9 million yuan annually. The products are not only sold nationwide, but also exported to the United States, Canada, Australia and Japan. Singapore, Malaysia and other countries and regions.

To carry on the past and to build on the future, there will be successors. Under Teng Teng's careful cultivation, Chengde Bu Paste Painting has 6 provincial arts and crafts, 19 provincial folk arts and crafts artists, 9 members of China Folk Artists Association and 24 members of Hebei Folk Artists Association. A number of strong backbone teams have grown up. They not only have comprehensive skills, but also have innovations, and can lead independent production and operation. Among them are Teng Tianyi, who has been independently managing the Museum of Art for 15 years by creating new varieties of flowers and plants and creating the Museum of Art of Yixuan Cloth Paste Painting, who has studied and invented the concave-convex wrinkle-free method, and built the Tianxinqiaoniang Studio jointly by the Beijing Women's Federation, and the Xilian Dream jointly by the Beijing Xicheng Disabled People's Federation, who organized the employment production of disabled people, and Liu Haiyan, who invented the wrinkle method of cloth past Cong Xiuping (disciple Teng Teng) who invented the hanging accumulation method of cloth paste painting, established Tianjiebu paste painting factory and independent production and management of Teng Tianjie, etc.

artistic characteristics

Cloth paste painting, as a form of traditional arts and crafts, was shown in the Qing Dynasty. Beijing still holds treasures of cloth paste paintings of the Qing Dynasty, such as "Magu Xianshou" and "Baizitu". But it is on the verge of being lost. In addition, the cloth paste paintings of the Qing Dynasty were made of patchwork, plain paste and sewing, which had a weak stereoscopic sense, and no large and perfect works were handed down.

Chengde Bu paste painting has its own unique way, showing its own distinct artistic characteristics. Chengde cloth paste painting is different from folk cloth paste painting, wheat straw painting, birch skin painting, metal painting, shellfish sculpture painting, feather painting, etc. It avoids the shortcomings of similar crafts, gathers the advantages of painting, sculpture, embroidery, pasting, paper-cut, and is unique in its accumulation method. His works are well-designed, well-chosen in materials, gorgeous in color, fine in production and vivid in pictures; wide in subject matter, no matter the landscapes of characters, rare birds and animals, flowers, birds, insects and fish, they can be painted; concave and convex combination, changeable in style, not only has the effect of three-dimensional relief, but also has the characteristics of cloth paste painting; both the sense of Meticulous Brushwork and the style of traditional craftsmanship, can be placed and suspended, the big one is 210. Square metres, small only 0.05 square metres, melting Yangchun Baixue and Xialiba people as one, upper can enter the hall of elegance, lower can enter the homes of ordinary people, art and crafts, interior decorative paintings are in line with the times. In terms of its category, there are also three categories and six series. There are three kinds: cloth paste paintings combined with painting art, cloth paste paintings based on natural texture of cloth paste, and large-scale cloth paste paintings with color as the main part. Jiuda series are: ancient architectural decoration series, mural series, character series, traditional auspicious painting series, flower fair series, divine Buddha series.

Enlightened by Manchu traditional patchwork, Chengde Bu Paste Painting broke the old pattern of traditional "patchwork" production of cloth paste painting and created a new technology of "accumulation method" production. It became a new flower in the folk arts and crafts garden. On July 1, 1955, Chengde Bu Paste Painting was awarded the "Patent Certificate for Invention" of the Patent Office of the People's Republic of China 3107. It inherits the ancients and innovates beyond the ancients. It has a distinct style of Chinese arts and crafts, and an artistic style that integrates the Yangchun Snow and Xialiba people.