Braised Shredded Chicken with Ham and Dried Tofu

Home Food 2018-10-27

Big boiled dried silk, also known as chicken juice, boiled silk, the traditional dishes are Huaiyang cuisine. Boiled dried silk is a refreshing and nutritious dish. Its delicious flavor has always been promoted to be a fine dish on the table and a watchdog dish in Huaiyang cuisine. The main raw materials are Huaiyang dried, knife requirements are extremely fine, a variety of seasonings after cooking, the fragrance compound tofu dried silk, tastes refreshing and appetizing, unusually precious, never tire of eating.

September 10, 2018, "Chinese cuisine" officially released, "boiled dried silk" was rated as the top ten classic dishes in Jiangsu.

"Yangzhou is good. The tea shop is invited. Add thousands of silk piled, fine copper, long pouches, wine and crystal dishes. The Ci poem "Wangjiang Nan" written by the Qing Dynasty Tao'an householder vividly depicts the residents of Yangzhou in the Qing Dynasty tasting "dried silk with added materials", which resembles a vivid folk painting. In the Qing Dynasty, under the six emperors of Qian Long, Jiangnan, local officials in Yangzhou presented "nine silk soup" to "flatter Qian Long". "Nine silk soup" is made of dried silk with ham, bamboo shoot, silver fish, fungus, mushroom, laver, egg skin and chicken shreds, and sometimes with sea cucumber, leech or bird's nest shreds. And because the tofu dried itself tastes very thin, to taste, you must borrow the taste of fresh and mellow chicken juice, a variety of seasonings after cooking, mixed into the tofu dried shreds, tastes refreshing and appetizing, exceptionally precious, people can not tire of eating. Nowadays, boiled dried silk, compared with the "nine silk soup", has been greatly developed, mainly dried silk, chicken silk, dry silk white, plus fresh shrimp, decorated with various ingredients, known as dried shreds, beautiful color, more fresh taste. "Big boiled silk" knife requirements are extremely fine, "Luan Dao Yingli, Huo Huolin", a piece of white dry, chef can be processed into 18 pieces, cut the dry silk is not only neat, uniform, and its thickness can not exceed the matchstick. Add color to the fragrance. The big boiled dried silk is not only famous throughout the country, but also praised by foreign guests as "the famous food in East Asia".

Because "boiled silk" and "hot-dried silk" are rich in nutrition, delicious and light, they are well received by large customers. Nowadays, visitors to Yangzhou often have "big boiled silk" or "hot dry silk" on the main points. Some old diners simply a pot of fragrant tea, a piece of dry silk, nothing else, it shows the charm of dry silk. In 2008, the dry silk production technology was approved by the Yangzhou municipal government as the second batch of the list.

Boiled dried shreds: dried shreds, tofu dried shreds, boiled in a lot of water, this seemingly easy dish, in fact, is not simple, but Huaiyang cuisine is the watchdog. This dish, fragrant, ham and open-air flavor into the very fine dried tofu, slightly into the buckle, but not a drop of oil flowers, no beany, is a fine representative.

Practice one

Main material

300 grams of bean curd skin and 50 grams of chicken breast silk.

Mixed ingredients

20 grams of shrimps, 30 grams of ham, 6 grams of salt, 300ml of chicken soup, 100 grams of bamboo shoots.

practice

1, wash the chicken first;

2. Prepare one portion of chicken soup (add water to the pot, add chicken, scallion, ginger, cooking wine, boil on high fire, simmer for 30 minutes);

3. Cut the bean curd skin into thin threads and add it to the hot water.

4, cut the ham meat into filaments and cut the bamboo shoots into filaments.

5, add water and chicken soup to the pot, add tofu wire into the pot.

6, put in chicken breast and fire.

7, 15 minutes after the shrimp, salt seasoning, and then add ham wire;

8, eat in a bowl and enjoy it.

Matters needing attention

This dish needs about 500 grams of chicken broth. If there is no chicken soup, soup or water should be used instead. 

Dried bean curd

There are two kinds of dried tofu in the restaurant. One is light brown, commonly known as "dried tea" and the other is white, commonly known as "dried tofu". The fragrant dried products should be of good quality, with smooth and uniform cross-section, and the quality of the fragrant dried products should be mixed with bean dregs, or filtered impermeably, and the cross-section should be taken apart. Uneven, a boil will rot, no matter. The dried fragrance looks like a piece of dried fragrance overlapped on a piece of dried fragrance, in fact, it is the production of indentation, in order to make it easy to split. Dried shellfish must first be sliced, and the term is called "film". Before the batch is dried, cut the four sides of the "big fragrant dry" into a complete cube. Batch of fragrant dried is a very interesting thing, but also a good opportunity to practice knife, knife is also very exquisite, it is best to use square blade knife, the knife can first dip in water, or with cotton paper dipped in oil to wipe the knife surface evenly, this can prevent the fragrant dried sheet sticking on the knife surface and break. When batching, the right hand holds the knife, the knife horizontal, knife face upward, left hand pressed dry fragrance, right hand knife with the cutting board parallel angle cut into dry fragrance, a knife in the end, batch out a piece. When batching, pay attention to the knife surface and the cutting board always keep parallel, and a knife is a knife, to be done in one breath, not mud and water, otherwise the fragrance of the batch is uneven thickness.

After the dried fragrant slices are finished, fold them together and cut them into silk. Of course, the finer the silk is, the better. A knife sticks to everything and can cut hundreds of knives. In this way, a piece of fragrant dried, you can cut out a thousand dry silk, therefore, three or four pieces of fragrant dried can be made into a full bowl. Cut dry silk and then drain.

Ham and Kaiyang

Dry silk is not enough, but also ham and open sea, ham to use the top, only use lean meat, but also cut into very thin filaments (about the selection and use of ham, as mentioned before, no longer repeat), clean to use. Kaiyang is made from dried shrimps cooked and dried. Good ocean opening, red and bright, smell fishy, taste fresh but not astringent, hand touch, dry and elastic; poor quality ocean opening, wet and salty, smell fishy, crushed with one hand. Kaiyang, the major Southern stores are sold, according to the quality of the price, from more than a dozen yuan to more than 100 yuan; Kaiyang according to the grade, origin and fishing time, there are golden hook, spring red, autumn red, pigeon feet and so on, of course, only the old can distinguish. The shells on the ocean may not be peeled off at all times, and can be leaked slightly after water. This dish has two uses for opening the ocean. If you want to taste it, you should pull it into silk. If you want to look for color, you should only use it.

Chicken soup

Big-boiled dried silk needs to be boiled with oil in chicken soup. The soup needs more soup and the fire needs to be big. So it is called "Big Boiled". After the soup boils, the dried silk is put in, stirred up slightly, and then the ham and chips are put in. After boiling for an hour, the pot can be filled with salt. When filling the pot, remove the dried silk, ham and chips and drain the soup. Put them in a small bowl to form. Then reverse the small bowl into a shallow soup pot. Remove the small bowl and soak it with sweat until the bottom of the pot is deep enough. This dish is fresh and not greasy, elegant but not monotonous, if disrelish the trouble of making, you can also buy a hundred thick pages, let the vendor twist the dough machine into silk, you can save the trouble of slicing fragrance dry, but the taste is slightly worse, in addition, if there is no chicken soup at home, can be replaced by water, more light.

Nutritive value

Bean curd skin

According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the skin of tofu is plain, sweet and has the effects of clearing away heat and moistening the lung, relieving cough and expectoration, nourishing the stomach, detoxifying and antiperspiration. Tofu skin is rich in nutrients, protein and amino acids. According to modern scientific determination, there are 18 kinds of trace elements, such as iron, calcium and molybdenum, which are necessary for human body. Children's consumption can improve their immunity and promote their physical and mental development. The long-term consumption of the elderly can prolong life. Especially for pregnant women during post natal consumption can not only restore health quickly, but also increase milk. Tofu skin is also easy to digest and absorb quickly. It is a good food for women, young, old and weak.

chicken

The chicken is sweet and mild. It can warm the spleen, replenish qi and nourish blood, replenish kidney and replenish essence. It is rich in protein, fat, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, potassium, sodium, vitamin A, B1, B2, C, E and niacin. Low fat content, which contains high unsaturated fatty acids. It contains cholesterol and histidine.

Shrimp meat

1. Shrimp is rich in nutrients, containing several to dozens of times the protein of fish, eggs, milk; but also rich in potassium, iodine, magnesium, phosphorus and other minerals and vitamin A, aminophylline and other ingredients, and its flesh is soft, easy to digest, weak and sick people need to be reared is a good food;

2. Shrimp is rich in magnesium, which plays an important role in regulating cardiac activities and protecting cardiovascular system. It can reduce blood cholesterol, prevent atherosclerosis and dilate coronary artery, which is conducive to preventing hypertension and myocardial infarction.

3. Shrimp has a strong milking effect and is rich in phosphorus and calcium, especially for children and pregnant women.

4. Astaxanthin is one of the most important substances in shrimps, which is the red color on the surface. Astaxanthin is the strongest antioxidant found at present. The deeper the color, the higher the astaxanthin content. It is widely used in cosmetics, food additives and medicines. Scientists at Osaka University in Japan have found that astaxanthin in shrimps helps eliminate jet lag caused by jet lag.

Ham

1. Ham contains abundant protein and moderate fat, more than ten kinds of amino acids, vitamins and minerals.

2. Ham production through winter and summer, after fermentation and decomposition, various nutrients are easier to be absorbed by the human body, with nourishing stomach, Shengjin, kidney and Yang, bone marrow, foot strength, wound healing and other functions.

3. Ham meat temperature, taste sweet and salty; with the spleen appetizer, Sheng Jin Yixue, nourishing the kidney and filling essence effect, can be used to treat asthenia, deficiency of the spleen less food, diarrhea, lumbar and leg soreness and other diseases.

4. In the south of the Yangtze River, the soup is often used as an appetizer for pregnant women or after illness. Ham has the function of accelerating wound healing and is now used as an adjunct food after surgery.

Chicken soup

Chicken soup, especially old chicken soup, has always been known for its delicacy. Chicken soup can also relieve the symptoms of cold and improve the immune function of human body.

Bamboo shoots

Chinese medicine thinks bamboo shoots are sweet, cold and non-toxic. In medicine, it has the effects of clearing away heat and reducing phlegm, replenishing qi and stomach, eliminating thirst, benefiting water channel, and promoting the function of diaphragm and stomach. Bamboo shoots are rich in protein, amino acids, fats, carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorus, iron, carotene, vitamin B1, B2, C and so on, which are more than twice the content of Chinese cabbage; moreover, bamboo shoots are superior in protein, lysine, tryptophan, threonine, phenylalanine, as well as in the process of protein metabolism. Glutamic acid and cystine, which play an important role in maintaining protein configuration, have certain content and are excellent health vegetables.

Edible notes

Dried tofu: rich in calcium, not suitable for spinach and scallion with large amounts of oxalic acid.

Shrimp meat:

1. It is forbidden to take a large amount of vitamin C at the same time. Otherwise, it can generate trivalent arsenic and kill.

2. Avoid eating fruits containing tannic acid, such as apples, grapes, pomegranates, hawthorn, persimmons and other food, prone to vomiting, dizziness, nausea and abdominal pain and diarrhea.

Chicken:

1. Not suitable to eat with sesame, chrysanthemum, mustard, glutinous rice, plum, garlic, carp, turtle meat, shrimp, rabbit meat;

2, when taking L-dopa, it is not suitable to eat.

3, when taking iron preparations, it is not suitable to eat.

There are many kinds of tofu products in Huaiyang cuisine. The "big boiled dried silk" is also called "chicken juice boiled dried silk". It has always been regarded as a delicious dish. In the Qing Dynasty, Emperor Qian Long had tasted "nine silk soup" in the six Jiangnan area.

Today, compared with the "nine silk soup", there has been a great development, mainly dry silk, chicken silk, dry silk white, plus fresh shrimp, decorated with a variety of ingredients, known as dried shreds.

The seasoning of large-boiled dried silk also varies according to the seasons. In spring, bamboo crickets are used to taste the old season; in summer, crisp meals are cooked with dried silk; in autumn, crab yellow is used; and in winter, wild vegetables are used to add color and fragrance.

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