Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics is the first Institute of higher learning in Aeronautics and Astronautics founded in New China. It is a university with sacred mission and grand vision. Its ideals and aspirations, inheritance and development are closely related to national development and national rejuvenation.
In October 1952, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (now Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics) was established by the amalgamation of the aviation faculties of eight famous Chinese universities, such as Tsinghua University and Beiyang University. Since its establishment 66 years ago, Beihang has been a key national university. Now Beihang has two campuses, College Road and Shahe, more than 30,000 students and nearly 4,000 faculty members. The 16th Party Congress of the school established the vision of "building a world-class university rooted in China", and in 2017 the school was selected as the national "double-class" list of colleges and universities (category A).
The important characteristics of world-class universities are to create first-class teachers, cultivate first-class innovative talents, produce first-class scientific research achievements, and make historic contributions to the development of human civilization and social progress. The school adheres to the global vision, strengthens its characteristic development, actively explores and innovates, speeds up the construction of world-class universities leading the development and creating the future, demonstrates its value in the inheritance of human civilization, and strives to find a way to develop Beihang University with distinctive characteristics.
The school highlights the central position of talent cultivation, adheres to the educational concept of "cultivating first-class students into first-class talents", creates knowledge in talent cultivation, cultivates talents in knowledge creation, and trains a group of leading figures and founding talents for the development of China's aerospace industry and national construction, and a group of outstanding talents in various fields. From here, the industry elite will sow Beihang's spiritual fire all over the world. In 2017, Beihang ushered in the biggest talent training reform since its founding. According to the concept of "student-oriented, general knowledge-based, integration, innovation and openness", Beihang College covering the first and second grades was established to enroll students in all categories, strengthen general education, and implement professional setting and training with wide caliber and platform. Integrating the educational resources of the whole school, coordinating the construction of academies, and focusing on training leaders with lofty ideals, first-class knowledge, broad-minded and realistic mind. Beihang attracts the best students in China. Every year, there are nearly 10 million candidates in the National College Entrance Examination. On average, the top three thousandths of candidates can get into Beihang.
Schools always adhere to academic supremacy, forming a scientific research foundation and innovation around the national strategic needs and academic frontiers. In the fourth round of discipline evaluation in China, 14 disciplines of Beihang were classified as A + disciplines, including Aerospace Science and Technology, Instrument Science and Technology, Materials Science and Engineering, and Software Engineering. In 2017, Beihang Aerospace Engineering ranked second in the world and first in China. The university has always been in the forefront of the research field of advanced technology in China's universities. The successful development of various types of aircraft fills many gaps. In the past 13 years, it has won 12 first prizes of national science and technology awards. It has created a record that a university has continuously won national high-level science and technology awards. It is known as the "Beihang Model" of scientific and technological innovation. 。 Schools continue to strengthen basic frontier research, and the original innovation ability has been significantly improved. In recent years, a number of high-level basic research results have been published in top international journals such as Science and Nature, and have initially achieved leading scientific frontiers in bionic interfaces, thermoelectric materials, quantum measurement and other fields. At present, Beihang has an important academic discovery every month on average, and a major scientific research achievement is produced every two months.
Facing the cross-cutting frontier scientific research, the school has made an important strategic decision to expand the cross-cutting of medical workers by promoting the cross-integration of superior engineering science, life science, medicine and other disciplines. Through the construction of the Interdisciplinary Innovation Research Institute for Medical Workers at a high starting point, the world's top talents represented by Nobel Prize winners such as Professor Alan J. Heeger, Professor Albert Fert and Professor Thomas C. Syudhof have been brought together to build "Silicon Valley for Chinese Medical Workers" to form a world-class life sciences, medicine and engineering disciplines that radiate Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei and influence the whole world. An innovative platform for cross-learning and integration. In May 2018, Professor Liu Hong successfully conducted the 370-day "Moon Palace 365" experiment, which is the longest and closest bio-regeneration life support system experiment in the world, marking that China has entered the world's leading ranks in this technology level.
Based on talents, the school strives to build a world-class faculty with high-end leadership, solid reserves and overall excellence. At the beginning of its establishment, the school gathered a large number of teachers with international academic background, representing the highest level in China at that time. Among them, the outstanding graduates graduated from MIT, California Polytechnic, Imperial Polytechnic, Stanford, Oxford and other world-class universities, which can be described as a gathering of elites and shining stars. In recent years, Beihang adheres to the high-end leadership, takes the International Academy of Cross-disciplinary Sciences as the carrier, explores and implements the mode of international talent pooling and support led by major scientific issues, introduces three Nobel Prize winners, and brings together eight famous academicians such as the American Academy of Engineering, the European Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Nine academicians and more than 30 professors were selected into the high-level talent programs of various countries, such as Changjiang scholars and Jieqing. Taking the International Youth Scholars'Realistic Forum as a window, we have attracted a large number of outstanding young talents from Harvard University, MIT, Stanford University, Cambridge University, Oxford University and other top universities to join Beihang.
The school insists on rooting itself in China and accommodating China and foreign countries. Through the implementation of UPS internationalization development strategy, the construction of Beihang International Exchange and Cooperation Network and Platform, the formation of an all-round, multi-level, wide-ranging opening-up pattern, effectively enhance the international influence and competitiveness of the school. It has established long-term and stable cooperative relations with nearly 200 famous foreign universities, first-class research institutions and well-known multinational corporations. We have joined the International Astronautical Federation, the China-EU Alliance of Elite Universities, the China-Russia Alliance of Engineering Universities and other international alliances and academic organizations. A number of high-end international cooperation platforms have been created, such as the Sino-German Joint Software Research Institute and the Sino-British Joint Laboratory of Space Science and Technology. It has been approved to establish the Asia-Pacific Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education affiliated to the United Nations, the China Center for Education and Training of the Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization and the Beidou International Exchange and Training Centre. In 2017, the top universities in the "one belt and one way" area jointly built "Beidou Beidou road College" and opened the new starting point of Beidou navigation service in the "one belt and one road".
Beihang, a university with responsibilities, dreams and feelings. Here, Chinese and Western cultures converge, science and technology and art interweave, inheritance and innovation blend, passion and inspiration collide, where every stage can blossom dreams, and every road can lead to the distant. Over sixty years of school-running has been handed down and fruitful. This young and key university in China is glowing with vigor and vigor, and moving forward on the road of building a world-class university rooted in China.
Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (Beihang for short) was founded in 1952. It was formed by the Department of Aeronautics of Tsinghua University, Beiyang University, Xiamen University and Sichuan University. It is the first university of Aeronautics and Astronautics in New China and now belongs to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The school is located in Beijing, which is divided into College Road Campus and Shahe Campus. It covers an area of more than 3,000 Mu and has a total building area of more than 1.7 million square meters. Since its establishment, Beihang has been one of the national key universities, one of the first batch of 16 key universities in China, and one of the first batch of 22 universities to set up graduate schools after the restoration of the degree system in the 1980s. The first batch has entered the 211 Project, the 985 Project in 2001, and the first batch of the 2011 Plan countries in 2013. Collaborative Innovation Center, selected in 2017 national "double first-class" list of universities. The 16th Party Congress of the school put forward the vision of building a world-class university rooted in China.
In recent years, the school has made great efforts to upgrade the realm and pattern of running a school, vigorously promote the discipline trend of integration and development of Aerospace Credit, continuously optimize the training system of innovative talents, actively promote the construction of first-class teachers, accelerate the transformation and development of scientific research and innovation, practically carry out high-level international exchanges and cooperation, and vigorously promote the conditions for running a school and the people. The Party's construction and ideological and political work have been strengthened in an all-round way, and outstanding achievements have been made in the development of various undertakings. Comprehensive school-running ability and core competitiveness have been continuously strengthened, and they have become the first rank of high-level universities in China, and their international influence has been significantly enhanced.
School disciplines are prosperous and distinctive. There are 10 disciplines in industry, science, management, literature, law, economics, philosophy, education, medicine and art. There are eight national key disciplines of the first-level disciplines (ranked seventh in the national universities), 28 national key disciplines of the second-level disciplines, 10 key disciplines of Beijing, 10 disciplines with national defense characteristics and 14 A disciplines, of which Aerospace Science and technology, Instrument Science and technology, material science and engineering, and software engineering are A+disciplines. There are 60 undergraduate majors, 23 doctoral degree authorized first-level disciplines, 40 master's degree authorized first-level disciplines, and 20 post-doctoral research mobile stations. The school highlights the basic position of disciplines, and constructs a first-class discipline system of integration of space, space and information, science and technology, and medical and industrial integration, so as to form a benign discipline ecology of leading by Everest, peak cluster and plateau expansion. It has obvious comparative advantages in the fields of aviation, aerospace, power, information, materials, instruments, manufacturing and management. It has formed two dominant disciplines groups: aerospace and information technology. The backbone disciplines of national defense science and technology have reached the first-class level in China, including engineering, material science, physics, computer science and chemistry. ESI ranks in the top 1% of the world and engineering ranks in the top 1% of the world, which provides the foundation for building world-class disciplines. In 2018, Aerospace Engineering was ranked the first in the world among the top disciplines in Soft Science.
School distinguished teachers, outstanding people. At present, the total number of school staff reaches 3928, of which 2172 are full-time teachers. Of the full-time teachers, 73.75% have senior titles and 83.60% have doctoral degrees. It brings together high-level talents represented by 23 academicians of the two academies, 31 chief scientists of the 973 Program, 67 professors of the Yangtze River Scholars Award Program, 52 winners of the National Outstanding Youth Science Fund, and 3 famous teachers of teaching at the national level, 11 young scholars of the Yangtze River working full-time in schools, and the National Excellent Youth Science Foundation. Among the 52 gold medalists, a large number of first prize winners, field experts and model masters, as well as a large number of young, promising and accomplished experts and scholars have emerged.
The school educates excellent talents and builds up people by virtue. There are more than 30,000 full-time students, of which the proportion of undergraduates and postgraduates is 1:1, and nearly 1300 foreign students are studying for degrees. In recent years, the average score of the college entrance examination of enrollment sources in each province ranks in the top 3 and many provinces have entered the top 1 of the whole province. The overall quality of school science and engineering students ranks the ninth in the country. The school adheres to the fundamental task of Building Morality and cultivating people, stresses the central position of talent cultivation, combines the cultivation of top-notch talents with the strengthening of patriotic responsibility, cultivates talents in knowledge creation, creates knowledge in talent cultivation, and strives to cultivate leaders with lofty ideals, first-class knowledge, broad-minded and realistic mind. Create first-class undergraduate education, promote large-scale enrollment, expand professional autonomy, highlight the solid foundation, personalized, tutorial system, small class training, and improve the complete credit system. We will promote general education, academy education and give full play to the leading role of Hualuogeng class, Wu Daguan class, humanities and Social Sciences experimental class, Higher Institutes of technology, Sino-French College of Engineers and Honorary College. We should build a trinity classroom of knowledge learning, ability practice and international exchange, and strengthen interdisciplinary practice, social practice and innovative entrepreneurship practice. Postgraduate education adheres to the national strategic needs, bases itself on the international academic frontier, reforms the innovative education teaching mechanism, focusing on the implementation of such action plans as the convergence of top-quality students, the construction of excellent curriculum system, the deepening of international exchanges, multi-focus collaborative education, innovative incentives, classified excellence, and the construction of excellent tutors. Efforts should be made to create a quality brand of "innovation, strong ability and high specifications" for personnel training, and to explore the joint training mode of customized high-level personnel such as large aircraft class, engine class and information security class. It has 6 national innovative experimental zones, 5 experimental teaching demonstration centers, 5 teaching teams, 11 characteristic specialty construction points and 37 excellent courses. Talents training has been fruitful, and a large number of students'scientific and technological innovations represented by "Beihang No. 1", "Beihang No. 2" and "Beihang No. 3" sounding rockets have emerged. Since 2010, nearly 400 postgraduates have been awarded provincial and ministerial awards for scientific and technological achievements, among which more than 70 have been awarded national awards for scientific and technological achievements. The number of papers published in top international academic journals has increased significantly. Excellent achievements in the practice of National Engineering Masters and outstanding contributions of National Engineering Masters degree have been awarded. The number of national honorary titles such as winners is in the leading position. The long-standing "Feng Ru Cup" competition of Beihang has been held for 28 consecutive sessions, attracting more than 65,000 students to carry out innovative research. The school is the only university to win the "Cup of Excellence" in the national "Challenge Cup" competition for 15 consecutive sessions, and will host the 16th "Challenge Cup" competition in 2019. Students' innovative and entrepreneurial works won the gold award of China's "Internet +" College Students' innovation and entrepreneurship competition for three consecutive years, winning the championship and runner up one. Spring and autumn fruits, fragrant peaches and plums all over the world. In the 66 years since its establishment, Beihang has trained a large number of academic elites, talents and pillars of governing the country. It has delivered more than 200,000 excellent graduates to the mainstream industries and backbone units of the country. The employment rate of graduates at one time has remained above 98%. In the past six years, 18 alumni of Beihang Airlines have been elected academicians.
Schools serve the country and are committed to innovation. Guided by the country's major strategic needs, the school strengthens basic, forward-looking and strategic high-tech research, guides and supports the convergence of innovative elements to key bottleneck technologies and the deep integration with industry, University and research, and builds top-level innovation platforms and first-class research teams. The total amount of scientific research continues to expand, and the per capita funding for scientific research ranks among the national colleges and universities. First. There are 1 National Laboratory (National Laboratory of Aeronautical Science and Technology), 9 National Key Laboratories (including 4 National Key Laboratories of Defense Science and Technology), 4 National Engineering Research Centers, 3 Beijing High-end Innovation Centers, more than 70 provincial and ministerial key laboratories; and 7 Innovation Research Groups of National Natural Science Foundation Committee. We have 12 innovation teams of the Ministry of Education and 6 innovation teams of national defense science and technology. The school highlights independent innovation, strengthens collaborative innovation, actively builds a national innovation platform, sets up a large team, undertakes major scientific research projects, and major scientific and technological achievements continue to emerge. Over the past 60 years since its establishment, Beihang has created more than 40 domestic first scientific research achievements, and has always been in the forefront of domestic universities in the field of advanced technology research. The development of successful launch (test flight) of various types of aircraft has filled many gaps in China, such as the first light passenger aircraft in China, "Beijing 1" and the first sounding rocket in Asia. Beijing No. 2, the first unmanned aerial vehicle in China, Beijing No. 5, Bee series aircraft, coaxial dual-rotor unmanned helicopter, etc. In recent years, the school has continuously strengthened its ability to serve the national strategy. It has made breakthroughs in the research of aviation power, key raw materials, core components and other bottlenecks. A number of landmark achievements have been directly applied to national defense construction. The school team participated in the demonstration and helped to develop the first domestic aircraft C919 successfully, and developed the first new near space airship in China. School-led design and development of a certain type of UAV finalization and implementation of important tasks, in commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Anti-Japanese War parade in the front of the UAV formation. Since the Tenth Five-Year Plan, Beihang has won more than 60 national science and technology awards, including 14 first-class national science and technology awards and 4 second-class national natural science awards in the past 14 years. It has created a record of a university winning national high-level science and technology awards continuously, and has been praised as the "Beihang Model" of scientific and technological innovation by the society. The number and quality of academic papers in schools have increased in coordination, which has made a breakthrough in publishing articles in top journals such as Nature and Science. The school vigorously promotes collaborative innovation and carries out strategic cooperation with key national key enterprises such as aviation, aerospace, engine and ship. "Advanced Aeroengine Collaborative Innovation Center" was recognized as the first batch of "2011 Plan". China Aeronautical Engineering Science and Technology Development Strategy Research Institute was established in conjunction with China Academy of Engineering to build the first national think tank in the field of aviation engineering science and technology in China. Fully integrated into the construction of the National Science and Technology Innovation Center in the capital, and built the "knowledge-based economy circle around Beihang University", the Science and Technology Park of Beihang University was recognized as an excellent national university science and technology park.
Schools are global-oriented, open and integrated. Through the implementation of UPS internationalization development strategy, the construction of Beihang International Exchange and Cooperation Network and Platform, the formation of an all-round, multi-level, wide-ranging opening-up pattern, effectively enhance the international influence and competitiveness of the school. It has established long-term and stable cooperative relations with nearly 200 famous foreign universities, first-class research institutions and well-known multinational corporations. He has joined international alliances and academic organizations such as the International Astronautical Federation, the "T.I.M.E. Alliance" and the "China-Russia Union of Comprehensive Universities". A number of high-end international cooperation platforms have been created, such as the Sino-German Joint Software Research Institute and the Sino-British Joint Laboratory of Space Science and Technology. The Sino-French College of Engineers, co-founded with the French Central University of Technology Group, combines the advantages of Engineering Education between China and France, and is praised as a model of Sino-French cooperation in higher education. Establish "International General Engineering College" and strive to build a new high-level international general engineering education demonstration college. Implementing the Global Campus Plan, establishing high-level and distinctive student exchange, joint training, double-degree and international summer school projects, and extending Beihang Campus to all corners of the world, so that Beihang students can fully enjoy the global high-quality educational resources. Attracting excellent students worldwide, international students'scale, quality of students, training level and education level have entered the forefront of national universities. It has been approved to establish the Asia-Pacific Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education affiliated to the United Nations, the China Center for Education and Training of the Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization and the Beidou International Exchange and Training Centre. The top universities in the countries along the "one belt and one road" jointly build "Beidou Silk Road College" and open the new starting point of Beidou navigation service in the "one belt and one road". With the deepening internationalization of teaching staff and the emergence of achievements in international scientific research cooperation, eight national-level "bases for introducing talents for Discipline Innovation in Institutions of higher learning" have been established, and "Moon Palace No. 1" has been selected as "ten achievements of introducing talents in 65 years of New China".
School culture educates people, inherits and innovates. The school implements the "cultural campus construction plan" and "Da Ai Run Hang Project", inherits and innovates the spirit of "serving the country in the sky and daring to be the first" and the "open, inclusive and pragmatic" culture of Beihang. Emphasis should be placed on educating people through culture, taking the cultural venues such as the Aerospace Museum, Concert Hall, Art Museum, School History Museum, Art and Elegance Court, Zhizhen Creative Space, Yongman Theatre, Art and Literature Space as the position, and moving Beihang, I love my teacher, Beihang Lecture Hall, Resident Artist/Writer Plan, College Student Art Troupe as the carrier. To carry out various, healthy and elegant campus cultural activities, and form traditional brand, typical leading brand, cultural landscape brand and humanistic nourishing brand, which play an exploratory and exemplary role in Colleges and universities throughout the country. The original musical Luoyang has been successfully performed in 30 performances, covering more than 60,000 audiences. The Chinese Aesthetic Education Yearbook compiled by the Social Science Center of the Ministry of Education systematically introduces Beihang's aesthetic practice and typical cases of cultural education in nearly 30,000 words. Since 2011, the school has been awarded 2 first-class prizes and 2 first-class prizes for outstanding achievements in cultural construction in Colleges and universities throughout the country, 1 demonstration project for cultural education and 2 special exhibition projects, and has also been awarded the title of "Top Ten Beautiful Campuses" by Beijing Universities.
The clouds set out on a long journey with bright stars. Entering a new era and composing a new chapter, the school will speed up the construction of a world-class university rooted in China with firm confidence, heroic courage and 100 times of efforts, and help realize the "Chinese dream" of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with the "Beihang Dream".